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A thesis insisting that Sugjong’s medical doctor Yoo Itae(劉以泰) and the author of Marjinpyeon Yoo Itae(劉爾泰) are not a same person and his activities were in Heonjong(현종) period, and his writing Marjinpyeon is in 1846, is published. In this study, I’d like to reveal that Yoo Itae(劉爾泰), the Marjinpyeon’s author and Yoo Itae(劉以泰), Sugjong’s medical doctor are a same person through analysis of Geochang Yoo’s genealogy, articles, The True Record of the Joseon Dynasty, Seungjeonilgi, Taeweonseonsaengan, Sancheong-gun’s paper, Sancheong Hyanggyo’s paper, Sancheong-gun’s paper, The geographic paper, Dongyuhagan, Sawoo Munjib, and analysis of folk story, the wrote year of his Marjinpyeon and Inseomunkyunrok and his birth year. According to my analysis, Yoo Itae(劉爾泰) the Maninpyeon’s author and Yoo Itae(劉以泰), Sugjong’s medical doctor are a same person. And Marjinpyeon is written in 1696, the year of Byongja, and other his books, InseoMungyonlok at 1709, the year of Gichug. In conclusion, Yoo Itae(劉以泰劉爾泰) was a famous medical doctor at Sancheong, born in 1652 (HyoJong the 3rd year) and passed in 1715 (SugJong the 41th year), left books of Marjinpyeon, Silheomdanbang, and Inseomunkyunrok.
This study was to suggest tourism resource development strategies of Yoo-yang dong, Yangju city using Space Syntax. Space Syntax is a analytical tool to abjectly evaluate structural characteristics of a space. In particular, it quantitatively analyzes the relationship between spatial structure and tourists`` use pattern using three elements: average depth, degree of integration, and degree of control. Results found that the degrees of integration of some historical places in Yoo-yang dong were relatively low even though it was not far away from entrance places. Based on the Space Syntax, two alternative trails were proposed. Results from this study imply that Space Syntax could provide a guideline for place marketing and installation of trails.
본 논문은 대용량의 텍스트 문서를 효율적으로 처리하기 위해 단어 분별도(term discrimination) 개념을 이용한 2단계 합성 요약화일 방법(THM)을 제안한다. 또한 보다 더 나은 검색성능을 위해 2단계 합성 요약 파일 방법에 고분별력 단어들의 유사성에 의해 유사한 요약들을 함께 결집하는 Yoo가 제안한 요약 결집 방법을 적용한다. 검색 시간, 부가 저장 공간의 측면에서 제안된 2단계 합성 요약화일 방법(THM)의 성능 분석 모델을 제공하고 기존의 방법들 즉, 비트 슬라이드 방법(BM), 2단계 요약화일 방법(TM), 합성방법(HM)들과 성능 평가를 수행한다. 성능 비교결관 일치하는 레코드의 수가 160이하일 때 100,000개의 대용량 데이터베이스에서 제안된 THM이 검색 성능면에 있어서 가장 좋은 성능을 보인다. In this paper, we propose a two-level hybrid signature file method(THM) to efficiently deal with large text database that use a term discrimination concept. In addition, we apply Yoo's clustering scheme to the two-level hybrid signature file method. The clustering scheme groups similar signatures together according to the similarity of the highly discriminatory terms so that we may achieve better performance on retrieval. The space-time analytical model of the proposed two-level hybrid method is provided. Based on the analytical model and experiments, we compare it with the existing methods, i.e., the bit-sliced method(BM), the two-level method(TM), and the hybrid method(HM). As a result, we show that THM achieves the best retrieval performance in a large database with 100,000 records when the number of matching records is less than 160.
본 논문은 18세기 전반에 활동한 중인층 문인인 靑泉 申維翰(1681~1752)의 의고주의 한시창작의 일환으로서 『楚辭』의 학습과 수용양상을 살피는 것을 목표로 하였다. 신유한은 先秦古文에 대한 애호에서 나아가 그것들의 문학적 가치와 수사적 탁월함의 인식을 기반으로 이를 詩文에 적극적으로 도입하려 하였다. 그는 『詩經』 이후에 정감의 진솔한 표현을 실현하고 계승한 것이 『楚辭』라 하여 그 가치를 인정하였는데, 이는 난초와 佩玉 등에 가탁하여 시인의 울결된 감정을 기탁하고 시적으로 형상화하여 詩道를 완전히 구현한 것이라는 인식에서 비롯된 것이다. 또한 『楚辭』에 쓰인 수사법을 사물에 감정을 가탁하는 수법(實中有虛)과 가설적 수법(虛中有實)로 나누어 분석하고, 시인의 내면에 있는 감정과 의지가 그것을 표상하는 사물과 상황의 설정을 통해 표현되고 있다고 보았다. 한편 신유한 한시의 실제 시작에 있어서 의고주의적 태도가 『楚辭』 등에 나타난 전통적 상징을 수용하면서도 그것이 개인적 상징체계로 변용되는 양상을 고찰하였다. 신유한 한시에 높은 빈도로 등장하며 중요한 의미를 지니는 상징들을 검출하여 분석한 바, 龍과 봉황 등은 주로 자신의 불우한 처지와 관련된 의미를 내포하고 난초, 계수나무 등은 자신의 고결한 인격의 표상으로써 작용하고 있음을 보았다. 아울러 『초사』에 담긴 道家的·遊仙的 사상과 모티브가 그의 한시에 어떠한 양상으로 도입되었는지를 살펴보았는데, 기질적으로 중국 고대 남방문화권과 친연성을 보이면서도 완전히 신선적 사상으로 경도되지 않고 현실참여적인 태도에서 벗어나지 않음을 알 수 있었다. The purpose of this manuscript is to study a receptive aspect and learning of the Chu-Ci as a part of writing of Chinese poetry with pseudo-archaism [擬古主義] by Shin Yoo-Han who was active as a literary man of the middle class in the first half of the 18th century. He intended actively to introduce something to have been based on their value of literature and recognition of a rhetorical excellence as well as loving of Pre-Qin archaic texts[先秦古文] into poetry and prose. Following the Shih-Ching[詩經], he recognized the value of the Chu-Ci as it realized and succeeded a true expression with sentiment. This came from recognition that it made an orchid or a jade commit the care of a poet`s sentiment with a depressed mood what expresses thought or feeling through things, and it embodied a poetic ideal to be of imagery with poetry. Also, it analyzed to divide a rhetorical method which was written in the Chu-Ci into Expression of feeling through things[實中有虛] and Expression of supposition[虛中有實]. It found that the poet`s inner sentiment and will would be expressed through setting of situation and things which symbolized it. On the other hand, in an actual poem writing of his Chinese poetry it considered such aspects that his attitude of pseudo-archaism was diverted it into a personal symbolic system as well as accepting a traditional symbol appeared on the Chu-Ci. This manuscript analyzed the symbols with a significant meaning and a high frequent appearance on his Chinese poetry, so that it found that the dragon and a Chinese phoenix have a meaning related to himself who was in adverse circumstances and the orchid and a cinnamon tree was worked as a representation of himself own noble-mindedness. Besides, it studied that motive and thought of Taoism which was contained within the Chu-Ci was introduced into his poetry with any aspect. Thesis found that he was of a friendly disposition to Southern cultural area in Chinese ancient history, however he did not devote himself to a perfect Taoism and also he did not escape from himself own attitude of participation in reality.
이 연구는 1960년대 동시의 형식 실험을 분석하고, 이러한 형식 실험이 추구한 동시의 현대성과 미학성의 성격을 고찰하고자 했다. 1960년대 동시의 형식 실험을 대표할 수 있는 조유로와 이석현의 작품을 분석하고, 그들의 창작이 개인의 창작론과 창작 지향에 따른 면밀한 실천임을 살펴보면서, 이것이 오늘날 동시 장르에 여전히 유효한 질문과 모색임을 분석했다. 현재 동시 장르의 새로운 형식에 대한 모색은 ‘어린이 독자’라는 아동문학 장르의 대명제 아래서 실험과 전위의 범주가 상당 부분 제한적으로 규정되며 되풀이되고 있다. 따라서 동시의 형식 실험이 가장 전위적이고 광범위하게 일어났던 1960년대의 창작 양상과 의미를 밝히는 일은 단지 특정 시대나 특정 작가의 개별 창작 시도를 문학사적으로 복원하는 데 그치지 않고 2000년대 후반부터 다시 활발해진 오늘날 동시의 창작 실험에 대한 모색과 연결되며 확장될 수 있다. In the 1960s, several children’s poets introduced various forms in their works the most in the history of children’s poetry in South Korea. Of those, Joe Yoo-ro is incomparable. He tried various forms in his six children"s poetry books published in the 1960s. Also, he clarified the underlying philosophy and purpose in the preamble of each book. Therefore, the meaning of his works can be better understood when linked to his purpose and philosophy about creation. The narrative poems of Lee Suk Hyun are also noteworthy. Lee Suk-hyun coined his second poetry book <House of echoes> (St. Paul Publisher), published in 1966, ‘a book of the narrative poems’. Lee Suk Hyun is the representative poet of creating the narrative poems in the 1960s. He also had a clear purpose of the narrative poems as a form experiment. According to the magazines and critics of children’s literature in those days, he took the creation of narrative poems very seriously in the area of the form experiment in children’s poetry, by participating in the discourse of the narrative poems or encouraging other poets such as Park Kyung-yong to create such poems. Therefore, his narrative poems should be also analyzed considering his philosophy about creation. Because the form experiment in children’s poetry has been limitedly repeated under the assumption of ‘children as readers’, the form experiment in the 1960s still contributes to the current creation practices. The examination of the creation trend and its meaning in the 1960s, the era when the form experiment in the children’s poetry was the most radical and extensive, is not just limited to a cultural and historical restoration of a specific era or a specific poet’s individual try of creation. This is related to and expands through the pursuit of the creation experiment in children’s poetry that has been revived since the late 2000s.
‘忠情五賢’의 한 사람 초려는 조선 중기 ‘山林’의 중요한 구성원이다. 초려는 총 440수의 한시를 남겼는데, 이들은 近體詩의 형식으로만 이루어졌다. 초려의 시는 유배기를 중심으로 양분된다. 유배 이전에 지은 시는 193수이고, 유배 기간 에 지은 시는 모두 247수이다. 유배 이전에 지어진 시들은 濂洛風의 성격을 강하게 지니고 있다. 내용적으로 居敬存心의 진지한 학문적인 자세가 바탕이 된 시들이다. 유배기의 시들은 連作化라는 특징을 지니고 있다. 내용적으로는 家統의 유지라는 현실적인 고민 아래 지어진 시들과 초려 개인의 내밀한 심상이 노출된 시들로 구분이 된다. 사림학자들의 시들과 크게 다른 초려 시만의 두가 내용상의 특징이라고 하겠다. Choryo Lee yoo-tae(AD 1607~1684) is not only one person of Chungchong-ohyun(忠情五賢) but also an important members of Sanlym(山林) in the middle of the Chosun dynasty(朝鮮). He composed a total of four hundred and forty Chinese poetry, and all of them were in the type of modern(近體詩). His Chinese poetry could be divided into two regions according as he was exiled before and after. The number of poetries written before exile was one hundred and ninety three and two hundred and forty seven poetries were written in a period of banishment. Poetries written before deportation have a strong character of Yeomrak style(濂洛風) however, their contents were on the base of sincere academic attitude as honesty (居敬存心). Poetries written in the time of exile have features of prolongation. These could be divided into two classes, and one of which was poetries written under the circumstances of realistic agony such as keeping of a family tradition and lineage. The other were poetries which his inmost thought was exposed. These two characteristics were quite different from those of other Sanlym in term of contents.
While illocutionary force of exclamation is manifested by many different sentence types, it is controversial what kind of sentences have sentential force of exclamatives. Drawing upon some recent works such as Michaelis and Lambrecht (1996b), Ginzburg and Sag (2000), and Zanuttini and Portner (2003), this paper focuses on essential semantic properties of exclamatives, factivity and scalar implicature. We argue that in English, not only wh-exclamatives but also inverted exclamatives and nominal exclamatives are characterized as exclamative constructions by these semantic properties. Departing from Zanuttini and Portner (2003), who, linking such semantic properties to syntactic components, recognize a factive marker and wh-operator as key syntactic elements, this work proposes an analysis in which different syntactic forms exhibit the same core semantic properties of exclamatives. While none of the previous analyses account for the three different types of exclamatives, i.e., WH, inverted, and nominal exclamatives by a coherent mechanism, the present paper provides a unified account of their semantic properties within the framework of HPSG, with their syntactic differences taken care of by different phrasal type constraints.
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After brain death criteria was first established at Harvard University in 1968, Korea included brain death in mthe guidelines for the determination of death, through the organ transplant law in February 1999. Since then, various legal, medical, ethical, and social issues regarding the determination of death related to brain death have surfaced, but no research has been conducted from the perspectives of comparative religion regarding the position towards the brain death. The author will examine the life ethics related to the brain death from the perspectives of the Catholicism, Protestantism, Judaism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam and Confucianism. Three arguments will be unfolded through this paper at large. Firstly, internal and external perspectives on the brain death will be briefed, and secondly, issues related to brain death will be examined from the perspectives of various religions, and thirdly, a few proposals will be made from the perspective of the life ethics. Through this paper’s various religion’s organic perspectives on the entire human life overcoming biological or reductionist perspectives regarding the brain, the author expects the understanding of the human life to deepen in relation to the brain death.
Connectivity effects have been central issues in dealing with specificational pseudoclefts. While syntactic approaches motivate their analysis in order to explain connectivity effects in terms of a connected clause, these accounts have numerous problems including a wide range of anti-connectivity effects that constitute crucial counterevidence. On the other hand, semantic accounts of connectivity effects treat BV and BT connectivity by independent interpretive mechanisms providing a more fundamental explanation for connectivity effects. Yet existing semantic accounts have limitations in explaining syntactic properties and syntactic connectivity effects in SPCs, and in accounting for BV anti-connectivity effects in English. Focusing on BV connectivity, this paper explores how the relevant (anti-)connectivity facts can be accounted for by an analysis that provides both an elaborate syntactic analysis of SPCs and a semantic mechanism for bound anaphora. Based on Yoo's (2005) non-deletion based, question-answer pair analysis of SPCs, this paper shows that a functional question analysis of a specificational subject, when combined with a theory of operator scope and a non-configurational condition on bound anaphora, can explain various BV (anti-)connectivity patterns in SPCs and related constructions.