http://chineseinput.net/에서 pinyin(병음)방식으로 중국어를 변환할 수 있습니다.
변환된 중국어를 복사하여 사용하시면 됩니다.
개별검색 DB통합검색이 안되는 DB는 DB아이콘을 클릭하여 이용하실 수 있습니다.
통계정보 및 조사
예술 / 패션
<해외전자자료 이용권한 안내>
- 이용 대상 : RISS의 모든 해외전자자료는 교수, 강사, 대학(원)생, 연구원, 대학직원에 한하여(로그인 필수) 이용 가능
- 구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색 및 등록된 대학IP 대역 내에서 24시간 무료 이용
- 미구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색을 통한 오후 4시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용
※ 단, EBSCO ASC/BSC(오후 5시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용)
본 연구는 경영자의 자기과신 성향에 따라 기업의 자본비용이 어떤 관계를 가지는 가를 살펴보고, 기업의 이익의 질이 높고 낮음에 따른 자본비용의 관계를 살펴보는 데 목적이 있다. 연구표본은 유가증권 시장에 상장된 제조업을 표본으로 연구기간은 10년이다. 실증분석 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 자기자본비용을 종속변수로 설정한 모형에서는, 경영자의 과신성향이 높을수록 자본비용이 높게 나타나는 것으로 나타났다. 그리고 타인자본비용을 종속변수로 하는 모형에서도 과신성향이 높을수록 자본비용이 높게 나타나 가설1이 지지되었다. 둘째, 자기자본비용을 종속변수로 한 모형에서, 재량적 발생액이 크고, 경영자 과신성향도 높은 기업의 경우 자본비용이 높은 것으로 나타났다. 이는 이익의 질이 좋을수록 경영자 과신성향으로 인한 자본비용은 낮아지는 것으로 해석할 수 있다. 그러나 종속변수를 타인자본비용으로 설정하였을 경우, 변수의 유의성이 확인되지 않아 가설은 지지되지 않았다. 따라서 가설 2는 부분적으로 가설을 지지한다. 본 연구는 최근 경영자 과신성향에 관한 다양한 주제들이 연구되고 있는데, 그 중 자본비용과 경영자 과신성향이라는 주제를 새롭게 접목시켜 연구하였다는 점에서 의의를 가진다. 또한 어려운 환경에 처해있는 기업들에게 경영자의 의사결정이 기업의 자본비용에 까지 영향을 미친다는 점을 확인시켜 줌으로써 의사결정에 도움을 줄 수 있다는 시사점을 가진다. 연구의 한계점은 자본비용의 측정에 있어 정교함을 가지지 못하였다는 점이다. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between the cost of capital of a company according to managers' tendency to overconfidence, and to examine the relationship between the cost of capital according to the high and low of earning's quality. The research sample is a sample of manufacturing industries listed on the securities market with a 10-year research period. The empirical analysis results are as follows. First, the model of setting cost of equity as a dependent variable shows that the higher the overconfidence tendency of the manager, the higher the cost of equity. And even in the model with the cost of debt as a dependent variable, the higher overconfidence tendency of the manager, the higher the cost of capital, thus supporting Hypothesis 1. Second, in the model using the cost of equity as a dependent variable, the cost of capital was found to be high in the case of a company with a large discretionary accrual and a high overconfidence tendency of the manager. It was interpreted that the higher earning's quality, the lower the capital cost due to overconfidence tendency of the manager. However, when the dependent variable was set as the cost of debt, the hypothesis was not supported because the significance of the variable was not confirmed. Therefore, it was concluded that Hypothesis 2 partially supported the hypothesis. This study is significant in that a variety of topics related to managerial overconfidence propensity are being studied recently, of which cost of capital and overconfidence tendency of the manager are newly grafted and studied. The limitation of the study is that it does not have more sophistication in measuring the cost of capital.
The purpose of this study was to generalize the conception of chronic pelvic pain(CPP)through the literature of oriental medicine and occidental medicine. The results are obtained as follows. First, chronic pelvic pain(pain of more than 6 months' duration) may include pain of gynecologic, gastroenterologic, urologic neurologic, and musculoskejetal origin. In this study, the etiologic of chronic pelvic pain may remain obscure and the relationship between certain types of pathologic, such as endometriosis or adhesions, and the pain response may be inconsistent and often inexplicable. Second, the causes of CPP through the literature of oriental medicine were reviewed as pains due to a wind-pathogen, a cold, disorder of Qi, disorder of blood stasis, a improper diet, disorder of fluid, and deficiency type etc... And the charateristic pains were concerned with a aching pain, a heavy pain, a distending pain, a pain due to mass in the abdoman, a pain likes pulling etc... The degree an4 classification of charateristic pains in current of time were dependent on subjective factors. Third, in oriental medicine, it wasn`t to be suggested concretely recognition of etiological factor in pain, But they recognised that facters were influenced by pain. For example, diretic peripheral demages were concerned with a blood stasis, a phlegm, a damp phlegm, heart, and the pains that were occurrenced by sevn emotions were concerned with a stagnancy of Qi or a stagnancy of liver-Qi.
[연구목적] 본 연구의 목적은 의료기관인증제도의 운영이 병원 조직유효성에 미치는 영향을 분석하는 것이다. 이를 검증하기 위해 의료기관인증제도, 조직신뢰, 구성원 인게이지먼트, 그리고 병원 조직유효성 간의 관계를 실증분석하려고 한다. [연구방법] 의료기관인증제도를 잘 이해하고 있는 병원 내부구성원들을 설문대상으로 하여 자료를 수집하고 PLS 구조방정식을 이용하여 연구모형을 분석하고 가설을 검증하였다. [연구결과] 첫째, 의료기관인증제도 운영은 병원 조직유효성에 영향을 미치지 않는 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 의료기관인증제도는 조직신뢰에는 영향을 미쳤지만, 구성원 인게이지먼트와는 관계가 없는 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 조직신뢰는 구성원 인게이지먼트와 병원조직유효성에 영향을 미쳤고, 구성원 인게이지먼트도 병원 조직유효성에 영향을 미쳤다. 검증결과를 통해 조직신뢰와 구성원 인게이지먼트는 매개역할을 수행하는 것으로 확인되었다. [연구의 시사점] 본 연구는 의료기관인증제도와 관련하여 의료서비스 공급자인 병원의 조직유효성에 대해 연구하였다. 연구결과는 의료기관인증제 운영을 통해 조직유효성을 확보하기 위해서는 조직신뢰와 구성원 인게이지먼트가 선행되어야 함을 보여주고 있다. [Purpose] This study empirically investigates the causal relationship between healthcare accreditation system and hospital organization effectiveness in hospital. Organizational trust and employee engagement is introduced as a mediate variables to examine the mediating roles of the relationship between healthcare accreditation system and hospital organization effectiveness. [Methodology] To accomplish this, respondents were asked to assess healthcare accreditation system, organizational trust, employee engagement and hospital organization effectiveness of the hospital organization. A total of 144 questionnaires collected were used to test hypotheses. The structural model was analyzed with PLS. [Findings] The results of this study can be summarized as followings. First, healthcare accreditation system had not a positive significant on the hospital organization effectiveness. Second, healthcare accreditation system had a positive significant on the organizational trust but not on the employee engagement. Third, organizational trust had a positive significant on the employee engagement and hospital organization effectiveness. Forth, employee engagement had a positive significant on the hospital organization effectiveness. [Implications] In brief, it was founded that organizational trust and employee engagement were causal relationship between healthcare accreditation system and hospital organization effectiveness.
The effects of daily feeding frequency (Exp I), water temperature (Exp II), and stocking density (Exp III) on the growth of river puffer, Takifugu obscurus, juvenile fish of 10 and 40 g in body weight were examined to develop effective techniques to produce river puffer in a non-exchange water system. In Exp I, fish were fed commercial floating feed with 45 % protein one to five times per day to apparent satiation each by hand daily for 8 weeks at 25℃. In both the 10- and 40-g size groups, the final body weight, daily feed consumption, and weight gain of fish fed one meal per day were significantly lower than those of fish fed five meals per day (P < 0.05). However, there were no significant differences in the final body weight, daily feed consumption, and weight gain among fish fed two, three, and five meals per day. Feed efficiency showed decreasing tendency with increasing size of fish. In Exp II, fish of 10 and 40 g in initial body weight were reared with the commercial feed at 15-30℃ for 8 weeks. The weight gain of fish increased with raising water temperature up to 25℃ and decreased drastically at 30℃ for both sizes. The Q10 of specific growth rate was decreased with raising water temperature from 5.04 (temperature interval, 15-20℃) to 0.66 (25-30℃) for the 10-g fish and from 4.98 to 0.31 for the 40-g fish. In Exp III, the effect of stocking density on growth was examined with fish of 10 and 40 g in initial body weight. The final body weight for initial stocking densities of 4, 8, and 12 kg/m3 was significantly higher than that of 20 kg/m3 for the 10-g fish, and the final stocking density reached 10.1, 19.2, 28.7, and 39.9 kg/m3, respectively. For the 40-g fish, the final body weight for initial stocking densities of 3 and 6 kg/m3 was significantly higher than that of 9 and 15 kg/m3 and the final stocking density reached 7.38, 13.5, 17.1, and 27.5 kg/m3, respectively (P < 0.05). In both groups, weight gain tended to decrease with increasing stocking density; however, survival showed no significant difference.
Charge Trapping Mechanism in Amorphous Si-In-Zn-O Thin-Film Transistors During Positive Bias Stress Sang Yeol Lee Department of Semiconductor Engineering, Cheongju University, Cheongju 28503, Korea Received July
The mechanism for instability under PBS (positive bias stress) in amorphous SIZO (Si-In-Zn-O) thin-film transistorswas investigated by analyzing the charge trapping mechanism. It was found that the bulk traps in the SIZO channellayer and the channel/dielectric interfacial traps are not created during the PBS duration. This result suggests thatcharge trapping in gate dielectric, and/or in oxide semiconductor bulk, and/or at the channel/dielectric interface is amore dominant mechanism than the creation of defects in the SIZO-TFTs.
( Sang Yeol Lee ), ( Suck Chei Choi ), ( Yong Sung Kim ), ( Young Woo Sohn ), ( Yong Yeol Oh ), ( Geom Seog Seo ), ( Tae Hyeon Kim ), ( Myung Gyu Choi ), ( Yong Ho Nah ) 대한소화관운동학회 2005 대한소화관운동학회 춘계학술대회 Vol.16 No.-
<Objective> Gastroenterologists have been criticized for underrecognizing and undertreating mental health disorders. This criticism assumes patients with recognized disorders and those with unrecognized disorders suffer the same burden of illness. The cur
'스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.
The purpose of this thesis is to identify the semantic characteristics of complex predicate hada . That s because the semantic characteristics have not been discussed a lot. Also the reason why the subject of study is confined to complex predicate hada is to be accepted as complex predicate in most studies for complex predicate to be discussed. Complex predicate constructions have the internal separation and independent argument structure. Though the preceding constituent of complex predicate has predicative, that s not absolutely the case. However the preceding constituent must have not argument hada but other argument. If not so, a new argument must be realized. In case that asyntactic root, adverb or bound noun is used as the preceding constituent, complex predicate can not be realized. Light verb is its lexical meaning is not meaningless but very abstract, so light verb performs a role that sense subject of preceding constituent can be realized as the subject of complex predicate construction. However it is verb which can t confine the semantic role the subject of complex predicate construction has . Therefore hada was set differently compared to existing light verbs in this thesis. Hada is heavily dependent since its meaning is very abstract in the process of forming complex predicate. Thus it can not have the independent argument structure. However it can have the dependent argument structure as it is combined with the meaning of preceding constituent and forms complex predicate. Syntactic intimacy and semantic relationship among associating constituent can t be the core characteristic to distinguish complex predicate.