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        • KCI등재

          일제강점기 초등학교<역사>교과서의 ‘아코사건’ 고찰

          YOSHIDA YUKO 한국일본어문학회 2017 日本語文學 Vol.1 No.74

          This paper, an extension of the research on Japanese Elementary School National Textbooks, aimed to examine the descriptive aspects of the "Ako Incident" in the compilation of the Elementary History Textbook by the Joseon Governors’ Office. In particular, this study focused on analyzing and studying the meanings of "chushingura" in Japanese Elementary School National Textbooks that overlapped with the Emperor’s occupation period. According to the analysis, "Oishi Yoshio", a device to instill loyalty in Japanese hearts, reappeared in 1921 in the third period of the Shimsang Primary School History Textbook, second volume. In 1922, it was written in the same sentence as that of the Joseon Governor’s Office compilation of the second volume of the Elementary History Textbook. This is due to the Joseon education philosophy that was aggressively advocated by Saito’s Governor to strongly internalize traditional Japanese culture and history. This movement aimed to implant the Japanese spirit instead of the Korean spirit, metaphorically, this is similar to pulling out the roos of the Mugungwha trees in the schools and planting Sakura trees instead. The "Ako Incident", which symbolized ‘Oishi Yoshio’ directly appeared in the History Textbook of the Joseon Governor’s Office. 본고는 일본 문부성 편찬 초등 국정 <歴史>교과서 연구의 연장으로, 조선총독부 편찬 초등 <歴史>교과서에 ‘아코사건’의 서사양상을 고찰하려는 것으로, 특히 ‘아코사건’의 언급이 갖는 의미를 분석 고찰하는 것을 그 목적으로 한다. 일본 문부성 편찬 국정교과서에 ‘아코사건’ 『주신구라』가 서사되는 시기가 일제강점기와 맞물려 있기 때문이다. 결과의 따르면, 일본인의 속마음에 있는 충성심을 자극하는 장치라 할 수 있는 ‘오이시 요시오’는 1920년대라는 시대적인 흐름에서 1921년 제3기 일본 문부성 편찬 『尋常小學校國史』 下卷에 다시 등장했다. 그리고 1922년 조선총독부 편찬 『普通學校國史 児童用』 下卷에도 같은 문장으로 기술되었다. 조선 교육침략이라는 문화통치를 펼쳐가면서 사이토 총독이 일본 전통적인 문화와 역사를 강력하게 내면화하려고 했기 때문이다. 학교 교정에 심어져 있는 무궁화를 뽑고, 벚꽃을 심었던 것처럼 한국의 魂과 體面을 뽑고, 일본정신 (大和魂)를 심고 싶었던 것이다. 그 상징이라고 할 수 있는 무사인 ‘오이시 요시오’ 바로 ‘아코사건’이 조선총독부 편찬 <歴史>교과서에서도 그대로 등장 했던 것이다. 지배계급인 조선총독부에서는 ‘아코사건’의 ‘오이시 요시오’가 보여준 리더십과 47인의 아코의사들의 희생전신을 본보기로 하여 조선학생들의 마음을 일신 하고 싶었던 것이었다. 그러나 조선총독부 <歴史>교과서에 ‘아코사건’이 등장했던 시기는 학생들을 위한 항일운동이 활발했다. 1929년에 발생한 ‘광주학생사건’은 어디가지나 민족독립을 지향한 저항이고 ‘아코사건’은 복수라는 맥락은 다르지만 외부적으로 유사한 점들이 다수 존재한다. 1919년 3·1 독립운동은 많은 희생을 치른 대가로 조선총독부 <歴史>교과서에 한국사를 부활시켰다고 할 수 있다. 그러나 반면 일본 정통적인 무사도정신을 상징하는 ‘아코사건’도 동시에 교과서에 부활했었다. 이러한 지배계급과 피지배계급의 투쟁이라고 할 수 있는 결과물이 하나의 교과서 조선총독부 편찬『普通學校國史 児童用』 下卷에 서사되었던 것이다.

        • KCI등재

          태평양전쟁기 특공대(特攻隊) 출현과 무사도 교육-초등학교국정교과서 분석을 중심으로

          YOSHIDA YUKO 한국일본어교육학회 2021 日本語敎育 Vol.- No.98

          The national textbook system, which began in Japan in 1904, began in 1911 in Korea during the Japanese colonial period and continued until the end of the war in 1945. The power of ideological chains contained in national textbooks can be said to be strong considering that it can unite all students (future citizens) into one ideology. In this way, 'Busado' was also engraved through textbooks across time in the minds of the people. Based on the Japanese spirit of ‘Yamato Tamashii’, the ‘Bushido’ was clearly highlighted when the country was injured in a crisis situation. A representative example is the emergence of kamikaze members who expressed the 'Bushido' in their own bodies. Like the historical genes of the Japanese people, 'Bushido' is similar to the history of war that developed in the modern era. In this respect, considering that the 'Bushido', which was considered important in modern times, was continued until modern times, and became the soil for producing 'National ego' that achieved the ideological integration of patriotism. Considering the fact that it has influenced even to the present day, the national textbooks will have to be thoroughly reviewed once again. 일본에서 1904년부터 시작한 국정교과서 체제는 일제강점기 조선에서도 1911년부터 시작되었고 1945년 전쟁이 끝날 때까지 지속되었다. 국정교과서에 내포되어 있는 사상연쇄의 힘은 모든 학생(미래의 국민)을 하나의 사상으로 통합시킬 수 있다는 점을 고려할 때 강력하다고 하겠다. ‘무사도’ 또한 이와 같이 국민의 마음속에 시대를 초월하여 교과서를 통해 새겨져갔던 것이다. 일본정신인 ‘야마토 다마시이(大和魂)’를 근간으로 한 ‘무사도’는 국가가 위기상황에 다쳤을 때 뚜렷하게 부각되었다. 대표적인 것이 바로 ‘무사도’를 자신들의 몸으로 표현한 특공대원들의 출현이라고 할 수 있다. 이와 같이 특공대가 출현한 배경에는 ‘무사도’의 세계관이 매우 큰 영향을 미쳤던 것이다. 이러한 무사도는 교육을 통해 시대를 넘어서 국민들에게 전달되어 국가가 위기상황에 처하면 애국심이라는 ‘국아(國我)’가 형성되었다. 특히 ‘국정교과서’를 통해 국민으로서의 자부심, 국민으로서의 의무 등을 포함한 국가의식이 강력한 국가적 집단아, 즉 ‘국아’를 국민들의 마음속에 심게 되었던 것이다. ‘무사도’는 일본국민의 역사적인 유전자처럼 근세에서 전개되었던 전쟁역사를 다시 근대에서 비슷하게 전개되었다. 그런 면에서 근세에서 중요하게 여겨졌던 ‘무사도’가 근대까지 연쇄되었고, 애국심이라는 사상통합을 이룬 ‘국아’를 생산하는 토양이 되어 만일 현대까지 영향을 미치고 있다고 한다면 국정교과서는 다시 한 번 깊이 검토해야만 할 것이다.

        • KCI등재

          近代日本の初等学校国定教科書における赤穂事件研究 - 国定修身教科書と乃木希典 -

          YOSHIDA YUKO 한국일본어문학회 2016 日本語文學 Vol.1 No.71

          The “Ako incident” that occurred in the Genroku era was transformed into a work called “Chushingura”, it played a significant role as a symbol to stimulate Japanese loyalty. This paper examines how the classical literary work “Chushingura” and “Ako incident” are described in the national textbook of the first half of the twentieth century to learn about Japanese imperialism. 本論文では、武士社会に存在していた忠誠心を象徴的に示す"赤穂事件"と、それをもとにした創作物である『忠臣蔵』という古典文学作品が、帝国主義に進んでいた20世紀前半の日本の小学校の教科書でどのように取り上げられてどのように活用されたかを考察したものである。調査結果によると、近代日本の教育政策は、国定教科書を通して主君に忠誠を尽くす武士社会の伝統的な忠誠心(小義)を家族国家の天皇への忠誠心(大義)に転換させた。その中心人物は、乃木大將(乃木希典)であった。"赤穂事件"を主導した大石良雄は"赤穂事件"に内包された反逆という政治的な問題のために<國語> <國史>教科書には登場したが、<修身>教科書には登場しなかった。しかし、国民学校体制に変わった1941年に発行された第5期<修身>教科書では、これを乃木大將の忠誠心(大義)と結びつけて近代的な忠誠心を誘導したのである。國民学校教育では、"赤穂事件"、『忠臣蔵』はすべての科目に記述され「国民科」の複数の科目に適用することで、強力な「皇国臣民育成」を推進したといえる。

        • KCI등재

          太平洋戦争期における特攻隊の出現と武士道教育 ― 初等学校国定教科書の分析を中心に ―

          吉田優子 ( Yoshida Yuko ) 한국일본어교육학회 2021 日本語敎育 Vol.- No.98

          The national textbook system, which began in Japan in 1904, began in 1911 in Korea during the Japanese colonial period and continued until the end of the war in 1945. The power of ideological chains contained in national textbooks can be said to be strong considering that it can unite all students (future citizens) into one ideology. In this way, ‘Busado’ was also engraved through textbooks across time in the minds of the people. Based on the Japanese spirit of ‘Yamato Tamashii’, the ‘Bushido’ was clearly highlighted when the country was injured in a crisis situation. A representative example is the emergence of kamikaze members who expressed the ‘Bushido’ in their own bodies. Like the historical genes of the Japanese people, ‘Bushido’ is similar to the history of war that developed in the modern era. In this respect, considering that the ‘Bushido’, which was considered important in modern times, was continued until modern times, and became the soil for producing ‘National ego’ that achieved the ideological integration of patriotism. Considering the fact that it has influenced even to the present day, the national textbooks will have to be thoroughly reviewed once again.

        • HYBRID NATURE OF CONSUMERS IN THE COMMODITY FOOD MARKET AS REVEALED BY DIFFERENCES IN DESIRED CHARACTERISTICS DEPENDENT UPON FOOD CHOICE

          Erina Yoshida,Yasushi Kyutoku,Miho Aizawa,Yuko Minami,Ippeita Dan 글로벌지식마케팅경영학회 2018 Global Marketing Conference Vol.2018 No.07

          We examined whether hybrid consumers exist in the commodity food market by comparing food products in general, fresh pork and precooked pork patties using an online questionnaire (N=200). The same consumers changed their selection criteria depending on the type of commodity food product they were considering, reflecting hybrid consumer attitudes.

        • SCOPUSKCI등재

          Differential Effects of Cod Proteins and Tuna Proteins on Serum and Liver Lipid Profiles in Rats Fed Non-Cholesterol- and Cholesterol-Containing Diets

          Hosomi, Ryota,Maeda, Hayato,Ikeda, Yuki,Toda, Yuko,Yoshida, Munehiro,Fukunaga, Kenji The Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition 2017 Preventive Nutrition and Food Science Vol.22 No.2

          Fish muscles are classified into white and red muscles, and the chemical composition of the two fish muscles have many differences. Few reports have assessed the health-promoting functions of white fish muscle proteins (WFP) and red fish muscle proteins (RFP). We therefore evaluated the mechanisms underlying the alteration of lipid profiles and cholesterol metabolism following the intake of WFP prepared from cod and RFP prepared from light muscles of tuna. Male Wistar rats were divided into six dietary groups: casein (23%), WFP (23%), and RFP (23%), with or without 0.5% cholesterol and 0.1% sodium cholate. Compared to the WFP-containing diet, the RFP-containing diet supplemented with cholesterol and sodium cholate significantly increased serum and liver cholesterol contents. However, in the RFP groups, an alteration in cholesterol metabolism including an increased tendency to excrete fecal sterols and hepatic cholesterol $7{\alpha}$-hydroxylase was related to the reduction of hepatic cholesterol contents. This phenomenon might be related to the tendency of an increased food intake in RFP-containing diets. These results highlight the differential effects of WFP and RFP on serum and liver lipid profiles of Wistar rats fed non-cholesterol- or cholesterol-containing diets under no fasting condition.

        • DIFFERENCES BETWEEN CONSUMERS’ AND EMPLOYEES’ BRAND IMAGES OF A FOOD COMPANY

          Miho Aizawa,Yasushi Kyutoku,Erina Yoshida,Yuko Minami,Ippeita Dan 글로벌지식마케팅경영학회 2018 Global Marketing Conference Vol.2018 No.07

          This study examined discrepancies in the brand image of a Japanese frozen food company perceived by the company’s employees and its consumers. Using a hypothesized model leading to brand loyalty, structural differences between the company’s employees’ (internal) and consumers’ (external) brand images were revealed: the two images did not structurally match.

        • KCI등재

          Differential Effects of Cod Proteins and Tuna Proteins on Serum and Liver Lipid Profiles in Rats Fed Non-Cholesterol- and Cholesterol-Containing Diets

          Ryota Hosomi,Hayato Maeda,Yuki Ikeda,Yuko Toda,Munehiro Yoshida,Kenji Fukunaga 한국식품영양과학회 2017 Preventive Nutrition and Food Science Vol.22 No.2

          Fish muscles are classified into white and red muscles, and the chemical composition of the two fish muscles have many differences. Few reports have assessed the health-promoting functions of white fish muscle proteins (WFP) and red fish muscle proteins (RFP). We therefore evaluated the mechanisms underlying the alteration of lipid profiles and cholesterol metabolism following the intake of WFP prepared from cod and RFP prepared from light muscles of tuna. Male Wistar rats were divided into six dietary groups: casein (23%), WFP (23%), and RFP (23%), with or without 0.5% cholesterol and 0.1% sodium cholate. Compared to the WFP-containing diet, the RFP-containing diet supplemented with cholesterol and sodium cholate significantly increased serum and liver cholesterol contents. However, in the RFP groups, an alteration in cholesterol metabolism including an increased tendency to excrete fecal sterols and hepatic cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase was related to the reduction of hepatic cholesterol contents. This phenomenon might be related to the tendency of an increased food intake in RFP-containing diets. These results highlight the differential effects of WFP and RFP on serum and liver lipid profiles of Wistar rats fed non-cholesterol- or cholesterol-containing diets under no fasting condition.

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