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        • Inhibition of α-glucosidase by 2-thiobarbituric acid: Molecular dynamics simulation integrating parabolic noncompetitive inhibition kinetics

          Qin, Xiu-Yuan,Lee, Jinhyuk,Zheng, Li,Yang, Jun-Mo,Gong, Yan,Park, Yong-Doo Elsevier 2018 Process biochemistry Vol.65 No.-

          <P><B>Abstract</B></P> <P>The phenomenon of α-glucosidase inhibition has attracted the attention of researchers due to its association with type 2 diabetes treatment in humans. In this study, we found that 2-thiobarbituric acid (TBA) induces complex inhibition of α-glucosidase using kinetics tests and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Computational MD and docking simulations demonstrate that TBA interacts with three residues on active sites of α-glucosidase such as Met69, Arg212, and His348. These biochemical tests indicate that TBA reversibly inhibits α-glucosidase in a parabolic noncompetitive manner (<I>IC</I> <SUB>50</SUB> =17.13±1.14mM; <I>K</I> <SUB>i</SUB> =13.25±0.56mM) and that this inhibition is accompanied by a biphasic kinetic process. The tertiary conformational changes were not synchronized with TBA inhibition but we observed hydrophobic disruption after inactivation at higher concentrations of TBA. Our results provide insight into the functional roles of residues located at the active sites of α-glucosidase, and we suggest that compounds similar to TBA (heterocyclic compounds) targeting the key residues of active sites are potential α-glucosidase inhibitors.</P> <P><B>Highlights</B></P> <P> <UL> <LI> 2-Thiobarbituric acid (TBA) induces complex inhibition of α-glucosidase. </LI> <LI> Computational MD simulations demonstrate that TBA interacts with Met69, Arg212, and His348. </LI> <LI> TBA reversibly inhibits α-glucosidase in a parabolic noncompetitive manner (<I>IC</I> <SUB>50</SUB> =17.13±1.14mM; <I>K</I> <SUB>i</SUB> =13.25±0.56mM). </LI> <LI> The high dose of TBA induces hydrophobic disruption after inactivation. </LI> <LI> Heterocyclic compounds targeting the key residues of active sites are potential α-glucosidase inhibitors. </LI> </UL> </P> <P><B>Graphical abstract</B></P> <P>[DISPLAY OMISSION]</P>

        • KCI등재

          Properties of an AlGaN/AlN Distributed-Bragg-reflector Structure

          Li-Li Zhang,Zhan-Hui Liu,Xiao-Gu Huang,Qing-Fang Li,Rong Zhang,Zi-Li Xie,Xiang-Qian Xiu 한국물리학회 2014 THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN PHYSICAL SOCIETY Vol.65 No.7

          An AlGaN/AlN distributed-Bragg-reflector (DBR) structure with a high Al content was grown byusing plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy (PA-MBE). The properties of the sample were characterizedby using the transmission electron microscopy, high-resolution X-ray diffraction, atomicforce microscopy, and reflectivity spectrum measurements. The reciprocal space mapping analysisindicated that the strain in the AlGaN layers was partially relaxed. The morphology of the DBRexhibited a surface covered by grains (average size of about 130 nm), and the surface roughness wasabout 2 nm. The spectral measurements showed that the DBR structure presented a peak reflectivityof 68.8% at the center wavelength of 247 nm, which indicated that this DBR structure couldwork in the deep solar-blind UV region with acceptable reflectivity. However, the optical propertiesof the DBR structure were deteriorated by the fluctuation of the Al composition, non-uniformity ofthe layer thickness, the blurry, rough interface in the DBR structure, and so on.

        • KCI등재

          Determination of Protein, Fat, Starch, and Amino Acids in Foxtail Millet [Setaria italica (L.) Beauv.] by Fourier Transform Near-Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy

          Xiu-Shi Yang,Li-Li Wang,Xian-Rong Zhou,Shaomin Shuang,Zhi-Hua Zhu,Nan Li,Yan Li,Fang Liu,San-Cai Liu,Ping Lu,Guixing Ren,Chuan Dong 한국식품과학회 2013 Food Science and Biotechnology Vol.22 No.6

          Quantitative detection of protein, fat, starch,and amino acids in foxtail millet using Fourier transformnear-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) was investigated. Foxtail millet samples (n=259) were analyzed using NIRS. Spectral data were linearized with data from chemicalanalyses. Calibration models were established using apartial least-squares (PLS) algorithm with cross-validation. Optimized models were tested using external validation setsamples with coefficients of determination in the externalvalidation (R2val) of >0.90. Residual predictive deviation(RPD) values were nearly equal to or >2.5 for crudeprotein, alanine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, isoleucine,leucine, and serine. However, for glycine, histidine,phenylalanine, proline, threonine, tyrosine, and valine, theR2val values were >0.83 and RPD values were nearly equalto or >2.0. For crude fat, total starch, arginine, and lysine,the R2val values were >0.70 and RPD values were >1.5. NIRS is a rapid determination tool for foxtail milletbreeding, and for quality control.

        • KCI등재

          A novel inverse opal zirconia pigment with controllable color saturation

          Li-li Wang,Xin-xin Liu,Xiao-peng Li,Xiu-feng Wang,Li-na Feng,Xu-ri Hou 한양대학교 세라믹연구소 2021 Journal of Ceramic Processing Research Vol.22 No.2

          The inverse opal zirconia pigments were prepared by template method using polystyrene microspheres with the size of 340 ± 10nm as raw material and the in situ carbon was formed to achieve controllable and adjustable color saturation by sintering atvarious temperatures in nitrogen atmosphere with various nitrogen flow rates. The effects of nitrogen atmosphere, nitrogenflow rate and sintering temperature on the morphology, phase and color saturation of the inverse opal zirconia wereinvestigated. The results showed that when the inverse opal zirconia was sintered at 450 oC to 600 oC in nitrogen atmosphere,the green color saturation could be adjusted by changing the nitrogen flow rate from 0.2 L/min to 0.8 L/min. When thenitrogen rate was 0.8L/min, the green color saturation of the inverse opal zirconia could be adjusted by changing the sinteringtemperature from 450 oC to 600 oC. It indicated that the more the amount of in-situ carbon was generated, the more stray lightwas absorbed and the higher green color saturation of the inverse opal zirconia could be obtained. Further increasing thesintering temperature to 700 oC would destroy the inverse opal morphology of zirconia and affect the carbonization of theorganic component.

        • Clinical Risk Factor Analysis for Breast Cancer: 568,000 Subjects Undergoing Breast Cancer Screening in Beijing, 2009

          Pan, Lei,Han, Li-Li,Tao, Li-Xin,Zhou, Tao,Li, Xia,Gao, Qi,Wu, Li-Juan,Luo, Yan-Xia,Ding, Hui,Guo, Xiu-Hua Asian Pacific Organization for Cancer Prevention 2013 Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention Vol.14 No.9

          Objectives: Although there are many reports about the risk of breast cancer, few have reported clinical factors including history of breast-related or other diseases that affect the prevalence of breast cancer. This study explores these risk factors for breast cancer cases reported in Beijing in 2009. Materials and Methods: Data were derived from a Beijing breast cancer screening performed in 2009, of 568,000 women, from 16 districts of Beijing, all aged between 40 and 60 years. In this study, multilevel statistical modeling was used to identify clinical factors that affect the prevalence of breast cancer and to provide more reliable evidence for clinical diagnostics by using screening data. Results and Conclusion: Those women who had organ transplants, compared with those with none, were associated with breast cancer with an odds ratio (OR)=65.352 [95% confidence interval (CI): 8.488-503.165] and those with solid breast mass compared with none had OR=1.384 (95% CI: 1.022-1.873). Malignant tendency was strongly associated with increased risk of breast cancer, OR=207.999(95% CI: 151.950-284.721). The risk of breast cancer increased with age, $OR_1$=2.759 (95% CI: 1.837-4.144, 56-60 vs. 40-45), $OR_2$=2.047 (95% CI: 1.394-3.077, 51-55 vs. 40-45), $OR_3$=1.668 (95% CI: 1.145-2.431). Normal results of B ultrasonic examination show a lower risk among participants, OR= 0.136 (95% CI: 0.085-0.218). Those women with ductal papilloma compared with none were associated with breast cancer, OR=6.524 (95% CI: 1.871-22.746). Therefore, this study suggests that clinical doctors should pay attention to these high-risk factors.

        • KCI등재

          A Novel 3D Polypseudo-rotaxane Metal-organic Framework Based on a Flexible Bis-pyridyl-bis-amide Ligand

          Xiu-Li Wang,Na Han, Hong-Yan Lin,Chuang Xu,Jian Luan,Guo-Cheng Liu 대한화학회 2012 Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society Vol.33 No.11

          A novel 3D compound {[Cu(L)(H2O)4][Cu2(SIP)2(L)2]}·2H2O (1) (L = N,N-bis(4-pyridinecarboxamide)-1,4- butane, SIP = 5-sulfoisophthalate) is hydrothermally synthesized. X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that compound 1 is composed of 2D anionic [Cu2(SIP)2(L)2]n 2n− double-layers and discrete 1D cationic [CuL(H2O)4]n 2n+ polymeric chains, which represents a rare 3D polypseudo-rotaxane MOF from intercalation of 1D and 2D framework. In addition, the luminescent property and electrochemical behavior of compound 1 have been investigated.

        • KCI등재

          Genome of Betaproteobacterium Caenimonas sp. Strain SL110 Contains a Coenzyme F420 Biosynthesis Gene Cluster

          ( Xiu Ling Li ),( Fu Ying Feng ),( Yong Hui Zeng ) 한국미생물 · 생명공학회 2014 Journal of microbiology and biotechnology Vol.24 No.11

          To probe the genomic properties of microbes thriving in desert lakes, we sequenced the full genome of a betaproteobacterial strain (SL110) belonging to the understudied genus Caenimonas of the family Comamonadaceae. This strain was isolated from a freshwater lake in the western Gobi Desert, Northern China. Its genome contains genes encoding carbon monoxide dehydrogenase, nitrate reductase, nitrite reductase, nitric oxide reductase, and sulfur oxidation enzymes, highlighting the potentially important contribution of this group of bacteria to the cycling of inorganic elements in nature. Unexpectedly, a coenzyme F420 biosynthesis gene cluster was identified. A further search for F420 biosynthesis gene homologs in genomic databases suggests the possible widespread presence of F420 biosynthesis gene clusters in proteobacterial genomes.

        • KCI등재

          Purification and Characterization of Cathepsin B from the Gut of the Sea Cucumber (Stichopus japonicas)

          Li-Ming Sun,Bei-Wei Zhu,Hai-tao Wu,Lei Yu,Da-Yong Zhou,Xiuping Dong,Jing-Feng Yang,Dong-Mei Li,Wen-Xiu Ye,Yoshiyuki Murata 한국식품과학회 2011 Food Science and Biotechnology Vol.20 No.4

          Cathepsin B from the gut of sea cucumber (Stichopus japonicas) was purified 81-fold with a 3%recovery by ammonium sulfate fractionation and a series chromatography on DEAE Sepharose CL-6B, Sephadex G-75, and TSK-Gel 3000 SWxl. The purified protein appeared as a single band on Native-PAGE but showed 2bands of 23 and 26 kDa on SDS-PAGE. The optimum activity was found at pH 5.5 and 45°C. The enzyme was stable at pH 4.5-6.0 and the thermal stability was up to 50oC. The enzyme was strongly inhibited by E-64, iodoacetic acid, and antipain, demonstrating it is a cysteine protease containing sulfhydryl groups. Cu^2+, Ni^2+, and Zn^2+ could strongly inhibit the enzyme activity. The amino acid sequences of the purified enzyme were acquired by mass spectrometer, which did not show any homology with previously described cathepsins, suggesting it may be a novel member.

        • Influence of Intravenous Contrast Medium on Dose Calculation Using CT in Treatment Planning for Oesophageal Cancer

          Li, Hong-Sheng,Chen, Jin-Hu,Zhang, Wei,Shang, Dong-Ping,Li, Bao-Sheng,Sun, Tao,Lin, Xiu-Tong,Yin, Yong Asian Pacific Organization for Cancer Prevention 2013 Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention Vol.14 No.3

          Objective: To evaluate the effect of intravenous contrast on dose calculation in radiation treatment planning for oesophageal cancer. Methods: A total of 22 intravein-contrasted patients with oesophageal cancer were included. The Hounsfield unit (HU) value of the enhanced blood stream in thoracic great vessels and heart was overridden with 45 HU to simulate the non-contrast CT image, and 145 HU, 245 HU, 345 HU, and 445 HU to model the different contrast-enhanced scenarios. 1000 HU and -1000 HU were used to evaluate two non-physiologic extreme scenarios. Variation in dose distribution of the different scenarios was calculated to quantify the effect of contrast enhancement. Results: In the contrast-enhanced scenarios, the mean variation in dose for planning target volume (PTV) was less than 1.0%, and those for the total lung and spinal cord were less than 0.5%. When the HU value of the blood stream exceeded 245 the average variation exceeded 1.0% for the heart V40. In the non-physiologic extreme scenarios, the dose variation of PTV was less than 1.0%, while the dose calculations of the organs at risk were greater than 2.0%. Conclusions: The use of contrast agent does not significantly influence dose calculation of PTV, lung and spinal cord. However, it does have influence on dose accuracy for heart.

        • SCOPUSKCI등재

          Alien Chromosome-Specific PCR Markers for Selection of Powdery Mildew Resistance lntrogressed from Haynaldia villosa in Wheat

          Xiu Mei Dai,Ru Hong Xu,Jun Lu,Fang Li,Jia Na Li,You Rong Chai 한국유전학회 2008 Genes & Genomics Vol.30 No.5

          In the introgression of the distinguished powdery mildew resistance from Haynaldia villosa to wheat, a focus task is to develop applicable molecular markers for tracing alien genetic substances and breeding selection. In an attempt to breed wheat breeding lines combining powdery mildew resistance of wheat stock 010714 conferred by alien 6V chromosome from H. villosa with thermo- photo-sensitive genic male sterility (TGMS) from wheat line C050S, a molecular marker RM874 was identified in PCR amplification using RAPD primer S2018. Batched sequencing indicated that the band contained large amounts of equal-length homologues amplified from Ty3-gypsy retrotransposon-like repetitive regions. Based on comparative cloning and bioinformatic analysis, it was converted into a more reproducible sequence characterized amplified region (SCAR) marker SM142. In wheat genetic background, the marker is 6V-specific and linked to powdery mildew resistance. The linkage of the marker is further verified in F5 generation. The approach of transforming repetitive regions-derived RAPD band into a specific SCAR marker can be referred for SCAR marker development of other genes. GISH (Genome in situ hybridization) analysis of 010714 and F7 translocation lines indicated that the resistance gene is conferred by the short arm of 6V.

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