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      • KCI등재

        Ways of Telicization in Chinese Resultative Compounds

        Chenchen Song(Chenchen Song),Ke Wu(Ke Wu) 한국생성문법학회 2022 생성문법연구 Vol.32 No.3

        In this paper, we build on Song (2018) and undertake a comparative study of the syntactic behavior of verb-resultative (V-R) compounds in three Chinese varieties: Standard Mandarin, Dongying Mandarin, and Wenzhou Wu. They systematically differ from each other in whether they require an obligatory post-V-R morpheme and, if they do, whether the choice of that morpheme is a purely grammatical issue. We find that while both Dongying Mandarin and Wenzhou Wu require a post-V-R morpheme (whereas Standard Mandarin does not), they sharply differ in the choice of said morpheme. We attribute this cross-dialectal variation to the way Chinese varieties telicize their resultative compounds and propose an analysis based on root syntax. After laying out our analysis, which is an extension of the analysis in Song (2018), we further discuss the parameterization of the three-way variation, arguing for a parameter hierarchy-based model over a flat model.

      • 국제동향 - APSF promotion activities and current issues in China

        Wu, Qingyi 한국파렛트컨테이너협회 2014 파렛트 뉴스 Vol.75 No.-

        본 원고는 지난 2014년 9월 24일부터 26일까지 3일간 태국 방콕에서 열린 제 9차 아시아파렛트시스템연맹(APSF) 정기총회 발표 원고로 중국물류구매연합회 파렛트분과위원회 주임 겸 북경과기대학 물류연구소 소장인 Qingyi Wu가 "중국에서 APSF 진흥 활동과 현 이슈"란 주제로 발표하였다.

      • KCI등재

        漢語蘇州方言和合肥方言入聲字的比較研究

        吳舒雅(Wu, Shu-Ya),李偉(Li, Wei),吳世畯(Oh, Se-Jun) 대한중국학회 2019 중국학 Vol.67 No.-

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        中國地域廣袤,方言種類繁多,但是,信息科技飛速發展的今天,方言正在悄然流逝,人們 對地方方言和傳統文化漸漸漠視和遺忘,方言的喪失必將導致傳統文化的失根,所以對方言的重視 和保護很重要。作為一名語言文化研究愛好者,希望通過研究比較更多的方言來讓人們更了解自己 的語言。方言作為母語,在我們學習第二語言的時候會直接影響到第二語言的習得,不僅存在積極 的促進作用,也存在消極的阻礙作用,這就需要我們對兩種語言進行深刻的了解和多方面的比較研究。蘇州和合肥分別歸屬於吳語區和江淮官話區,雖然是兩種方言,但是從地理位置上看,相互接連,可見兩種方言之間一定存在一些共同特點和差別。筆者就蘇州和合肥的語言上進行比較研究,選擇展現入聲字的中古音在兩地的今讀,分別從方言的聲母和韻母的對比進行分析和解說,以此來 找出兩種方言之間的差異。 However, with the rapid development of information technology, dialects are slipping away. People are gradually ignoring and forgetting local dialects and traditional culture. The loss of dialects will surely lead to the loss of traditional culture. As a language and culture research enthusiast, I hope to make people know more about their own language by studying and comparing more dialects. As the mother tongue, dialect will directly affect the acquisition of the second language when we learn the second language, which not only has a positive role in promoting, but also has a negative role in hindering, which requires us to have a deep understanding of the two languages and a comprehensive comparative study. Suzhou and Hefei belong to the wu-speaking area and the jianghuai guanhua area respectively. Although they are two dialects, they are connected with each other from the geographical position. It can be seen that there must be some common characteristics and differences between the two dialects. Based on a comparative study of the languages of Suzhou and Hefei, the author chooses to present the modern pronunciation of the Chinese ancient pronunciation of rusheng characters in the two places, and analyzes and explains the differences between the initial and final vowels of the dialects respectively, so as to find out the differences between the two dialects.

      • KCI등재

        Ways of Telicization in Chinese Resultative Compounds

        Chenchen Song,Ke Wu 한국생성문법학회 2022 생성문법연구 Vol.32 No.3

        In this paper, we build on Song (2018) and undertake a comparative study of the syntactic behavior of verb-resultative (V-R) compounds in three Chinese varieties: Standard Mandarin, Dongying Mandarin, and Wenzhou Wu. They systematically differ from each other in whether they require an obligatory post-V-R morpheme and, if they do, whether the choice of that morpheme is a purely grammatical issue. We find that while both Dongying Mandarin and Wenzhou Wu require a post-V-R morpheme (whereas Standard Mandarin does not), they sharply differ in the choice of said morpheme. We attribute this cross-dialectal variation to the way Chinese varieties telicize their resultative compounds and propose an analysis based on root syntax. After laying out our analysis, which is an extension of the analysis in Song (2018), we further discuss the parameterization of the three-way variation, arguing for a parameter hierarchy-based model over a flat model.

      • KCI등재

        HCV-Specific Interleukin-21+CD4+ T Cells Responses Associated with Viral Control through the Modulation of HCV-Specific CD8+ T Cells Function in Chronic Hepatitis C Patients

        Guo-Hua Feng,Fu-Sheng Wang,Ji-Yuan Zhang,Qing-Lei Zeng,Lei Jin,Junliang Fu,Bin Yang,Ying Sun,Tianjun Jiang,Xiangsheng Xu,Zheng Zhang,Jinhong Yuan,Liyuan Wu 한국분자세포생물학회 2013 Molecules and cells Vol.36 No.4

        Interleukin-21 (IL-21)+CD4+ T cells are involved in the immune response against hepatitis B virus (HBV) by secreting IL-21. However, the role of IL-21+CD4+ T cells in the immune response against chronic hepatitis C (CHC) virus infection is poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate the role of IL-21+CD4+ T cells in CHC patients and the potential mechanisms. The study subjects in-cluded nineteen CHC patients who were grouped by viral load (low, < 106 RNA copies/ml, n = 8; high, > 106 RNA copies/ml, n = 11). The peripheral frequency of HCV-specific IL-21+CD4+ T cells was higher in the low viral load group and was negatively correlated with the serum HCV RNA viral load in all CHC patients. Meanwhile, IL-21+ cells accumulated in the liver in the low viral load group. In vitro, IL-21 treatment increased the expression of proliferation markers and cytolytic molecules on HCV-specific CD8+ T cells. In summary, these findings suggest that HCV-specific IL-21+CD4+ T cells might contribute to HCV control by rescuing HCV-specific CD8+ T cells in CHC patients.

      • KCI등재

        탁구경기 내용분석기법의 적용 및 활용방안 탐색

        이강헌(Kang-hun Lee),오윤경(Yoon-kyeong Oh),강우용(Wu-yong Kang) 한국코칭능력개발원 2012 코칭능력개발지 Vol.14 No.3

        본 연구는 탁구경기 내용분석기법을 적용하여 활용방안을 탐색하는데 목적을 두고 2009년에서 2011년까지 여자 대학탁구선수의 59경기를 분석한 것이다. 분석은 현장에서 기록한 내용과 비디오카메라로 녹화한 분석대상 선수의 영상을 이용하여 실시하였으며, 분석도구는 강우용(2009)이 개발한 탁구경기 내용분석 기록지를 사용하였다. 분석대상 경기를 승리한 경기, 패배한 경기, 연도별로 경기내용을 분류하여 득점과 실점의 세부기술별로 분석하였다. 분석결과 K선수의 공격성공율은 83%로 가장 높은 득점요인으로 나타났고, 반면 실점요인에서는 공격실패가 63%로 가장 높은 요인으로 나타났다. 그 다음으로 높은 실점요인은 범실로 23%인 것으로 나타났다. 범실은 공격수비 범실과 서비스 범실 그리고 리시브 범실로 구성되어 있다. 분석결과 K선수는 공격을 많이 시도하는 반면 실패율이 높으며, 특히 리시브 요인에서 10%이상의 범실율을 보이는 것으로 나타났다. 따라서 K선수는 다른 어떤 요인보다도 공격실패율을 최소 50%이하로 줄이고 리시브를 강화시켜 자신의 범실과 실패율을 최소화 한다면 경기력 향상을 도모할 수 있을 것이다. The purpose of this study was to study plans to utilize methods to analyze contents of table tennis games by applying them and it analyzed 59 games of female players in the universities from 2009 to 2011. The analysis was carried out using the images of the players which were recorded by the video camera. And for the analysis tool, the recording paper to analyze the contents of table tennis that Wu-yong Kang (2009) developed. The analyzed games were classified into the winning games, the defeated games, and the games by year and they were analyzed by technical details of scoring and losing points. The analytical result has found that the successful offense rate of the player K is the highest factor to score points as 83% but the failure of offense is the highest factor in the losing point factor as 63%. The second highest losing point factor has found to be unforced errors as 23%. The unforced errors consist of offense and defense, service, and receive. The anlaytical result has found that the player K tried offense very much but recorded the higher failure rate and especially, the unforced error rate of more than 10% is shown in the receive factor. Therefore, the player K can improve athletic performance if she will minimize her unforced errors and failure rate by decreasing the failure of offense by more than 13% at least rathe than any other factors and reinforcing receive.

      • Residue Number System에서 다중비트주사기법을 이용한 8비트 승산기

        김우완,장상동 경남대학교 정보통신연구소 1999 연구논문집 Vol.1 No.-

        최근 레지듀 수 체계를 기반으로 하는 컴퓨터 영상 처리, 음성 출력 등의 디지털 신호 처리 하드웨어에 관한 연구가 고속 저가의 하드웨어 구현에 크게 기여하고 있다. 그리고 범용 계산 컴퓨팅에 있어서 RNS 수체계는 나눗셈, 크기비교, 부호나 오버플로우 검출 등의 어려움으로 광범위하게 사용되어지지 않고 있었으나, 이러한 문제해결을 위해 여러 방법들이 제시되면서 다시 산술연산기 구현에 있어 중요한 수체계로 인식되고 있다. 본 논문에서는 모듈라이 (2^(k)-1, 2^(k), 2^(k)+1)을 사용하여 RNS에서 웨이티드 수체계로 변환하는 방법을 제시하고 구현한다. 이는 중첩 비트 주사기법을 응용한 새로운 방법을 CRT변환시에 적용하는 것으로서, 실제 시뮬레이션을 통해 본 논문의 방법이 타당함을 보여준다. 그 결과, 병렬 수행과 캐리 부재의 특성으로 인해 기존의 방법보다 속도를 향상시킬 수 있음을 알 수 있다. Digital signal processing hardware based in RNS is currently considered as an important method for high speed and low cost hardware realization. However, it did not achieve widespread use in general purpose computing due to difficulties associated with division, magnitude comparison, sign and overflow detection. Various researches in order to overcome such problems, make RNS directly comprehensive attentions. RNS have computational advantages since operation on residue digits are basically two methods that are used for residue to binary conversion. The first approach uses the mixed radix conversion algorithm, and the second approach is based on the Chinese remainder theorem. In this paper, the residue to binary convert architecture based on the Chinese remainder theorem(CRT) is presented. This is achived by a general moduli form(2k-1, 2k , 2k+1). Then, it simulates the implementation using an overlapped multiple-bit scanning method in the process of CRT conversion. In conclusion, the simulation shows that the CRT method which is adopted in this research, performs arithmetic operations faster that the traditional approaches, due to advantages of parallel processing and carry-free arithmetic operation.

      • 二階位相固定回路의 인입同期特性

        李宇一,文相在 慶北大學校 1975 論文集 Vol.20 No.-

        Pull-in behavior of second order phase locked loop(PLL) with a sinusoidal comparator has been investigated in the absence of noise. The approach is based on the fact that the unlocked behavior of first order PLL can be applied to the transient analysis of second order PLL. With this method, closed form expressions for the pull-in behavior and pull-in time of second order PLL have been obtained.

      • Ρ-n接合에 있어서의 Avalanche Breakdown의 遲延時間

        李宇一,孫炳基,李健一 慶北大學校 1970 論文集 Vol.14 No.-

        The fluctuation of current pulse delay time in the onset of the avalanche breakdown of p-n junctions after the application of a step voltage has been investigated. The pulse counting rate R for the delay time t is expressed in terms of the trapped carrier density, the detrapping time, the activation energy of the trap, temperature, and illumination. The theory predicts the linearity between In R and t provided that the temperature and illumination of the junction are kept constant. The prediction was in good agreement with experimental results.

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