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이 논문은 소월의 대표시 다섯 편을 소리?뜻(프로조디)을 중심으로 분석한 논문이다. 다섯 편의 리듬 분석을 통해 7·5조 정형률로만 평가받던 김소월의 시에 소리?뜻을 중심으로 구축되는 자유시의 리듬이 내재해 있음을 확인하였다. 매 시편마다 두 개 이상의 소리 복합체가 동심원의 중심을 이루고 확산되면서 리듬을 구성하고 있었다. 이를 통해 확인된 리듬론의 일반원칙은 다음과 같다. 첫째, 정형적 척도로서의 강세 대신에 의미상의 강세를 중심으로 리듬을 기술해야 한다. 주체의 발화는 늘 의미론적 맥락에 따라 더 강조하고 덜 강조하는 지점을 발생시키기 때문이다. 둘째, 개별 음소가 아니라 여러 층위의 음운복합체가 소리?뜻을 이루는 단위가 된다. 자음이나 모음 단독으로는 유의미한 소리?뜻을 얻기 어렵다. 셋째, 한 편의 시에는 서로 다른 의미자질을 중심으로 펼쳐지는 둘 이상의 소리?뜻이 있으며, 둘의 간섭과 상호작용에 따라 시 전체의 리듬이 모습을 드러내는 경우가 많다. 넷째, 의미 분석이 리듬 분석에 선행해야 한다. 시에서의 핵심어가 의식적, 무의식적으로 반복되면서 소리?뜻들을 출현시키기 때문이다. 핵심어에 의미론상의 강세가 오는 것은 지극히 자연스러운 일이다. This paper analyzed five representative poems by So?wal and focused on ‘a sound?meaning(prosody)’. Mostly his poems rated as one of traditional poems consists of 7.5 syllable rhythm. It means that the rhythm of So?wal’s poems contains not a fixed form of verse but the free verse. The rhythm of each and every poem consists of circles that having sense and meaning at the same time and there are the complicated system with more than two sounds. We will be able to get if we follow the following potential benefits to the General Convention of the rhythm theory proposed in this article. At first, the rhythm should be described by the semantic accent instead of the accent as a fixed measure. Since the utterance of the subject causes a differences of emphasis(more emphasized and less emphasis) according to the context of meaning. Second, it’s not a segmental phoneme but the complex phonological system with many levels that the unit consists of a ‘sound?meaning(prosody)’. It’s difficult for a single vowel or a single consonant to get a meaningful ‘sound?meaning’. Third, a poem contains two or more sound?meaning(prosody)s with different semantic features and the interaction between them mostly shows the rhythm of a whole poem. At last, the analysis of rhythm must be preceded by the semantic analysis. Because the conscious and unconscious repetition of a keyword in the poem brings sound?meaning(prosody).
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등대는 전통적인 기능과 역할에 충실한 항로표지일 뿐만 아니라 사람들의 향수와 해양문화의 기억들이 묻어있는 공간이다. 최근에는 적절한 해양문화공간으로 개발함으로써 해양문화에 대한 인식을 높이고, 지역관광에 공헌을 하고 있는 추세이다. 특히, 해양수산부는 2006년 "희망의 빛 조형등대 설치계획"을 통하여 마산지방해양수산청 소속의 통영시 도남항 동방파제 등대를 건설하였다. 지역과 문화적 특색을 살릴 수 있는 기념등대로 개발하고자 하였으며, 이에 따라 통영의 훌륭한 문화적 성과를 기념대상으로 지정하였다. 이에 현상공모를 통해 한국해양대학교의 안웅희 교수의 작품이 당선되었다. 본 연구는 기존의 등대의 형태에서 벗어난 추상적이면서 기하학적인 형상을 통해 통영 일대의 문화적, 관광적 요소에 미치는 영향을 살펴봄으로써, 향후 등대건축의 방향성을 제시하고, 다양하게 검토되어야 할 논제들을 밝히는 것에 그 목적이 있다. The Lighthouse is not only functioning as a traditional aids to navigate for the vessel, but also space that has memory about marine culture and man's nostalgia. Recently, it contributes to regional tourism and makes a new meaning about marine culture through the development of lighthouse to a proper space of ocean culture. Especially, MOMAF has constructed the sculpture lighthouse in Tongyeong as "the light of hope-sculptural lighthouse project". They hoped to develop the memorial lighthouse that represents characteristic of the region and culture and it became a symbol of the great culture in Tongyeong. Through the competition, prof. Ahn Woong-Hee's design won the project, and constructed. For this situation, we intended to reveal in this study that all the issues which relate to the design for lighthouse in the future through the abstract, geometrical form of lighthouse that deviated the traditional design.
Body means 1)the whole structure and substance of a man, animal, or plant 2) the trunk or torso of a man or animal 3) part of garment that covers the trunk 4) the fresh or material substance, as opposed to the spirit. Human body could be distinguished as fresh and spirit. Body has the meaning of physicality. Physical means the bodily and constitution, but in the meaning of constitution there is the content of spirituality. Physicality means the appearing or arising of trace or image or nuance of body. The paintings which are using bodies are 1) directly draw bodies 2) twisting or transformation or nuance of the body and highly upgrade the physical emotion or fantastic bodily nuance 3) directly rubbing artist's body on the surface of painting with pigments to elect tactile specification. These physical art have appeared broadly by various artists, mainly with the social aspects of sex, drug, psycho sexual issues. In case of Joel peter Whitkin, the reason of strong physicality in the art is from the mind of the rejection and resistance of real world which is targeting top, perfect and beauty. Further explanation, being the world which is separated top and under, men and women, beauty and ugly; further in the situation, the hierarchy, terror and pressure began and many difficult problems has derived. The contents of attacking feminists's art works are very obscene to reveal female and male's phallus strongly. Sometime, it is strongly related in the political issues. The physical paintings have strong meanings in the action by hands and feet. It supports that it could reveal the humanity with smell, breath, and traces of bodies. In the bodies, the origin of life begins which gives human life by blood lines and water. Sometime, the physical paintings are made by the blood and urine to stick the physicality for special nuance. The physical paintings are made by the image of penis and clitoris which are related in the image of urinating, ejaculation and sometime is symbolized as pens and candles to drop liquid. The selected painters who are related in physical painting are Jackson Pollock, Andrea Serano, Eve Klein, Francis Bacon, Francesco Clemente, Lichard Long, Jakes & Dinos Chapman, Anselm Kiefer, Kiki Smith and Park, Ki Woong. Francis Bacon's style is destructive in representing human shapes which give us special message about the unbearable activity of men politician, high brain, wealthy and religious people. Francesco Clemente's method is to use throat, ear hole, mouse, clitoris, belly nostrils and every holes of body to transmute human physical body. Lichard Long uses directly his body in drawing the surface of painting by using liquid of mud Jakes & Dinos Chapman destroys or transforms the bodies of human. It sometime appears wrong location of the bodies that the penis and vulva is in between human faces or nose of women, Anselm Kiefer uses human hair for representing the human decaying martyrs, and indirectly using straw, he gives special ritual action to repent the Nazi's fault. From 2002 to 2003, Park KI Woong used women womb images to intermingle the smoke shape of <9.11 terror, 2001> in New York to reveal the painful situation of the time(*).
The present paper is an introduction to the whole project of "The systematic studies on Korean Betulaceae". Three studies under the project were performed this year and presented in this report : a review of taxonomic literatures and the construction of distribution maps by Woo-Tchul Lee, pollen morphology by Sang-Tae Lee and Moo-Yeol Kim, and wood anatomy by Woong-Young Soh and Kwan-Bae Jeon.
This study is to examine the degree of damages for the view of cultural properties, extract the validity of control methods of import elements and suggest the preservation method of view of cu1tural properties. For these, it evaluates and analyzes the views of cultural properties in Hwasun-gun, suggests the preservation methods through computer simulation and the conclusions are as follows. First, it is suggested that the degree of satisfaction is generally low and the need of control is high. Second, the highest correlations to traditionality are aesthetics and harmony and to keep the traditionality, control of import elements against harmony should be accompanied. Third, control methods of import elements are based on that unnecessary view should be removed and in case that it is difficult it should be moved to a place not to be found easily or concealed. In addition, it can be considered that materials of import elements should be changed into traditional materials or colors should be changed simply.
The major characteristics of the developed corn hybrids were compared at each different planting time; 1st time(April 28) and 2nd time(August 20), respectively. Among traits surveyed, stem height showed highly at 1st time than 2nd, while ear height, stem diameter and ear length were similar at two times. Sugar content of the used hybrids showed highly at 2nd planting time than 1st. Pericarp thickness was also high at 2nd planting time. Especially, among hybrids CNU99 was the highest in stem height and ear length, CNU11 and CNU56 were high in sugar content, and CNU51 and CNU124 were thiner than other hybrids in pericarp thickness. Accordingly, these hybrids will be planted and recognized in 2nd yield trial for superior corn hybrid selection.
In this study, we analyze the study on the activating plans of commission education of the open university. This study make the most of peculiarities of Open University and offer the necessity of the commission education by the substitution plans as a result of the decrease in number of the newly enrolled students. We calculate the break-even point for the commission education and analyze the contribution standards for the commission education by the analysis of balance. Finally, we propose to carry out the incentive system for the commission education in order to induce the positive participation of the professors and in order to activate the commission education.