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1. 갓대의 年齡別에 따른 各組成分이 一般 竹類의 그것과 가까운 傾向을 나타내지 않았다. 水分은 竹類에 있어서 1年生이 大體로 많은데 供試材 갓대는 그렇지 않았다. 2. 全갓대를 通하여 그의 特徵은 灰分이 많음과 同時에 1年生이 많았다. 3. 갓대의 冷水 및 溫水抽出物은 年齡別에 따라 各各 달랐고 日本産 Sasa 보다 어느 것이든 그 量이 조금 많았다. 1% NaOH 抽出物은 木材나 대나무에 비해 많은 것이 特徵이다. Alcoho-Benzene 抽出物은 年齡間 平均 5.20%이 었다. 4. 갓대의 重要成分中 年齡別 Cellulose는 大差가 없었고 全體的으로 Lignin의 量이 比較的 적었다. 5. 粗蛋白質은 2年生과 3年生이 同等하였고 1年生이 많은 값을 갖이고 있다. 木材 0.7∼1.0% 前後에 比하면 갓대가 平均的으로 많은 것이다. There is no report on the chemical components of bamboo produced in Korea. First of all, we investigated the kat-tae (Sasa-amorpha chiisanensis Nakai) grown in the College Experimental Forest which is located in Samjang-myun, Sanchun-gun, Kyungsangnam-do. Up to date, the kat-tae is little used and is regarded as a kind of obstacle in the way of silviculture and forest management, and as yet we have scarcely done any research in connection with it. It is a real factor that the growing stock and increment of kat-tae is comparable with bamboo, so can be valuable for meeting the scarcity of pulp and fibre materials. Realizing the above mentioned facts, it is important to research into the chemical compositions of kat-tae as a matter of utilization. The method of analysis employed was the wood analyses. The time in which kat-tae was obtained was Nov., 9, 1961, from the above said place, and the number of samples was 90 specimen of kat-tae from first, second, third years each. The portion of the culm from which was taken is the part of 20-40cm from the ground. After air-drying, 60-80 mesh fraction is used for analyses. Results obtained are shown in table 10. The values given are averages of two or five analyses. 1. The composition of kat-tae between ages does not have a similar tendency to that of bamboo. One-year old of bamboo is generally rich in moisture content, while, in case of kat-tae, the moisture content of three-year old was higher than that of one-year old in the samples tested after being air-dryed. 2. The ash of the kat-tae is characterized by the facts that its value is much higher in comparition with bamboo, at the same time the value of one-year old kat-tae is much more than the two or three-year old. 3. The cold water and hot water extractives vary from one-year old to three-year old, as are shown in table 10. The high content of solubility in 1% NaOH is characteristic os kat-tae, compared with wood and bamboo. The alcohol-benzene extractives contain average of 5.20% between ages. 4. It reveals no apparent differences by aging in the total cellulose value of kat-tae, where as their lignin content is less than that of wood and bamboo. 5. The protein value of 2-year old and 3-year old is approximately equal, but the one-year old has relatively high value. It is established that kat-tae is high in protein value compared with no less than 0.7-1.8 of wood.
This researcher investigated the consciousness about the actual condition of training on the basis of the questionnaire that made an object of study 156male of Tae Kwon Do player who participated in the 67th national athletic meet. The result is as follows; 1) Trainer and Traine´e · Trainer is showed in order that coach is 69.2%, master is 15.4%, senior 10.3%, and oneself is 5.1%. · Trainee is showed that a male of experience more than 8 years is the most as 86 male, that is 55.2%. 2)The Space of Education · A place of training is showed that the school is 66.6% and gymnasium is 32.1%. · An average training time in a day is showed that more than 2 hours is 65.4%. · Training time in a day is showed that the afternoon is the most as 74.3% and the forenoon is the lest as 5.1%. · It is found that satisfied is 52.1%, so-so is 29.5% and a very small is 17.9%, as to you are satisfied with gymnasium which you are training now. · As to aid exerciser which can train foundational physical strength in the gymnasium, it is found that more necessary is 42.3%, satisfied is 35.9% and none is 21.8%. That is to say, total 64.1%, more than the majority, emphasizes the need of aid exerciser. 3) The Contents of Education and The Method of it. · As to the contents of training, Kyeo Ru Gi is superior over whelmingly as 93.6%. Kyeok Pa is showed that it isn't trained. · As to the time of training; The training for foundational motions is showed that 53.8% trains from 10 to 20 minutes, 19.2% does less than 10 minutes, 11.5% does from 30 to 60 minutes and 10.3% does not train. · Pum Ce is showed that 65.4% does not train, and any traine´e does not train it in more than 1 hour. · Kyeo Ru Gi is showed that training from 10 to 20 minutes is the most as 50.0%. · As to what do you think is the most important contents when you train, it is showed that Kyeo Ru gi is 66.7%, foundational motions is 30.7%, and Pum Ce or Kyeok Pa is 1.7% each. · It is showed that 92.3% thinks that it is necessary to learn the theory of Tae Kwon Do. So the need of education on the theory of Tae Kwon Do is emphasized. · As to the teaching method of present master or coach, it is found that 55.1% is satisfied, 21.8% wants to learn more practical skill, 16.7% wants to be taught more theory or Knowledge of Tae Kwon Do, and 6.4% hope to be taught more manners in Tae Kwon Do. · While the degree of satisfaction about present teaching method is decreased in order of high school, university and general person, the degree of wanting the education of theory and manners is increasing. · It is found that total 78.2% is not satisfied with judgement of a game. 4) The Phenomena of Education. · It is found that 87.2% is satisfied with the garment of a taoist. · It is found that 66.7% is agree that Tae Kwon Do is our national sport to be loved by every Korean. · Total 94.8% is showed that he thinks the number of traine´e is increasing. · As to the goods that he can get when he trains Tae Kwon Do, it is found in order that self-command is 34.4%, self-assurance is 26.6%, health is 20.8%, sense of responsibility is 13.0%, and cooperative spirit is 5.2%. And it is found that there is not a desire for learning. · While he thinks that he can get the rise of seif-command and self-assurance because he can cultivate a spirit of chivalry as training, cooperative spirit is found weak because Tae Kwon Do is a sport of individual game. · In parents' opinion about training, 61.5% is showed that generally supports training. · The aim of training is found in order that 69.2% is to be an excellent player, 19.3% is to improve personality, 7.7% is to be a knighterrant, and 3.8% is to be healthy. 5) As to the Development of Tae Kwon Do ; · And the problem of the way a head is 11.9%, the problem of improving a spirit of chivalry is 9.5%. The problem of technical exchange is found the lowest as 1.2.
Literally, the mean of Tae-gye is highest brook. And on the basis of the acupuncture theory, Tae-gye point is the Soo earth point and source point of the Kidney Channel as well. In addition, Tae-gye point is one of the Yang-Returning Nine points. We were trying to study bibliographically on the Tae-gye point because Tae-gye point can be used very broadly across the symptoms in the theoretical aspect described above. As a results, we found out that according to the classical books of acupuncture, Tae-gye point is entering point of the Meridian Water as a source point and can be used at both Kidney-Sufficient Syndrom and Kidney-Deficient Syndrom. And Tae-gye can be applied to the disease of kidney or bladder that is urogenital symtoms, Also, Tae-gye is an useful option of tooth-ache, asthma, indigestion, constipation, edema etc whose cause is related with decrease of Kidney ki.
( Tae Hwan Ha ), ( Tae Hoon Oh ), ( Sung In Yu ), ( Min Kim ), ( Jong Wook Kim ), ( Won Ki Bae ), ( Jae Hyung Kim ), ( Seung Suk Baek ), ( Mi Jin Ryu ), ( Ye Na Choi ), ( Ji Young Park ), ( Eileen L Yoon ), ( Tae) 대한내과학회 2014 대한내과학회 추계학술대회 Vol.2014 No.1
Background: Non-variceal upper GI bleeding (NVUGIB) is a common medical problem that has signifi cant association with morbidity and mortality. Angiographic detection and subsequent transarterial embolization (TAE) is a primary treatment option when medical and endoscopic treatments fail. We investigated clinical factors that could affect the success of the angiographic detection and prognosis after TAE in patients with NVUGIB refractory to endoscopic therapy. Methods: A retrospective analysis of the clinical data was done in patients with failed endoscopic treatment who underwent angiography for the treatment of acute NVUGIB between May 2002 and May 2013. Patients were divided into detection or non-detection groups according to the presence of bleeding stigmata in angiographic fi nding. Rebleeding defi ned as subsequent bleeding event within 7 days and mortality within 30days were analyzed as outcome parameters after TAE following detection in angiography. Results: A total 45 patients 37 (male, mean age, 65.9±14.9 years) were analyzed and classifi ed as a detection group (n=25, 55.5%) and non-detection group (n=20, 44.6%). Peptic ulcers were the most common cause of refractory NVUGIB. Larger transfusion amount (5.7±3.9 unit vs. 3.5±2.8 unit; P=0.03), prolonged aPTT level (34.2±17.3 sec vs. 21.8±13.8 sec; P=0.01) and short time interval between last endoscopy and angiography (17.5±25.9 hours vs. 34.3±59.5 hours; P=0.04) were found to be signifi cant factors for predicting angiographic detection. TAE was performed in all patients detected in angiography. Rebleeding (44%) was significantly associated with higher Rockall score (8.3±1.5 vs. 6.6±2.4; P=0.046) and mortality (12%) was signifi cantly associated with higher Rockall score (9.3±0.6 vs. 7.1±2.2; P=0.002) and higher level of BUN (55.3±47.4 vs. 27.6±17.4; P=0.01). Conclusions: Clinical characteristics associated with angiographic detection in patients with NVUGIB refractory to endoscopic therapy were severe bleeding, bleeding tendency and early angiographic intervention. The Rockall score is useful parameter for predicting rebleeding and mortality after TAE.
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Purpose of this research is to find out what kind of Psychological Effects Tae-Kwon-Do Sparring Training can cause to Elementary school Students. The data are collected for 12 weeks. The results are compared between competition anxieties, emotional / psychological anxiety and came up with following 4 conclusions below. 1. Tae-Kwon-Do sparring competition training effectively decreased participant's anxiety level(p<.05). 2. Tae-Kwon-Do Sparring Competition training also reduced physical anxiety level(p<.001). 3. Tae-Kwon-Do sparring competition increased participant's self-confidence(p<.001). 4. Tae-Kwon-Do sparring competition training decreased most pessimistic mental health factors such as anger, depression, tiredness, confusion, and emotional disability. However it did increased vital power of participants. In conclusion, participants who participate in sparring competition training only had positive outcomes in the end. It was easy to notice that participant's anxiety levels were down and they were mentally healthier than before. Through the research, we also noticed physiological improvements of participants after 12 weeks of training and improved social abilities as well.
Through study of movement of Tae-Geuk-Guan(太極拳), we understand Tae-Geuk-Guan(太極拳) & essential movement. Theory about creator of Tae-Geuk-Guan(太極拳) is indistinct. there are Jangsampung-theory(張三豊設), Wangjongak-theory(王宗岳設), Jinwangjung-theory(陳王廷設), Jinbok-theory(陳卜設). Tae-Geuk-Guan(太極拳) is military arts developed before Song empire(宋). Tae-Geuk-Guan(太極拳) has many branch.(Jin-sik陳式, Yang-sik楊式, Mu-sik武式 O-sik吳式, Son-sik孫式) Tae-Geuk-Guan(太極拳) manual movement use fist(拳), palm(掌), hook shape(鉤), its using form has many type like Bung, Yi, Jae, An, Chae, Yul, Ju, Go. Its gait has many type like Sang-bo(上步), Tae-bo(退步), Jin-bo(進步), Deng-gak(댕脚), Bun-gak(分脚), Bak-gak(拍脚). Essential theory of Tae-Geuk-Guan(太極拳) is Yi-Sim-Hang-Gi(以心行氣) & Yi-Gi-Un-Sin(以氣運身). It means mind(心) moves and qi(氣) moves body(身).
본 연구는 신종 발표시 기록하지 않았던 진노랑상사화 Lycoris chinensis Traub var. sinuolata K. Tae et S. Ko에 대하여 라틴어 기재를 추가하였고, 또한 근연관계에 있는 L chinensis Traub와 L. aurea Herb를 포함한 새로운 분류군에 대한 검색표를 제시하였다. For Lycoirs chinensis Traub var. sinuolata K. Tae et S. Ko ex K. Tae et S. Ko, Korean endemic plant, latin description is add to the previous study, and a key including L. chinensis Traub and L. aurea Herb. which are closely related to the above variety, is newly provided.
Tae-Geuk-Guan(太極拳) Tae-Geuk(太極) is arranged Yum-Yang-O-Hang(陰陽五行) and created from Mu-geuk(無極) means great chaos. Jin-sik Tae-Geuk-Guan(陳式太極拳) has tenth essential theory. There are Li(理), Qi(氣), Samjul(三節), Sacho(四梢), Ojang(五臟), Samhap(三合), Yukjin(六進) Sinbup(身法) Bobup(甫法), Gangyou(剛柔). Li(理) is Rules of all things. Qi(氣) is body. Body is diveided into Samjul(三節), Sacho(四梢), Ojang(五臟) is inside body and make human'sbody and Qi(氣), Samhap(三合) is union of mind & intention, Qi & power, muscle & bone. Yukjin(六進) is movement of body. Sinbup(身法) has Chong(縱), Hoeng(橫), Ko(高), Jeo(低), Jin(進), Toe(退), Ban(反), Chuk(側). Bobup(步法) has Jin(進), Toe(退), Ban(反), Chuk(側). Yang-sik Tae-Geuk-Guan(揚式太極拳) has tenth essential theory. There are Songyo(송腰), Heolungjungkyung(虛靈頂경), Hamhungbalbae(含胸拔背), Chimgyungsuju(沈궁수주), Bunheosil(分虛實), Yongeuibulyonglyuk(用意不用力), sanghasangsu(上下相隋), Naeoesanghap(內外相合), Sangyunbudan(相連不斷), Dongchungguchung(動中求精)
이 논문은 해방 후 1세대 한국 기독교철학자들의 생각을 소개하고 정리하는 데 목적이 있다. 여기에 속하는 철학자로는 김하태, 안병욱, 김형석, 조요한, 최명관, 고범서, 이규호의 7인을 들 수 있지만1 이 논문에서는 우선 앞의 네 철학자를 다룬다. 이들은 1910년대에 출생한 김하태를 제외하고는 모두 3.1만세운동 후인 1920년대에 태어났으며 해방과 분단, 한국전쟁과 4.19과 5.16 이후 3공화국에서 제5공화국에 이르는 군부독재와 산업화를 온몸과 영혼으로 겪은 세대에 속한다. 이들 대부분은 대한민국이 제대로 된 민주주의를 이룩한 1980년대 후반까지 교수로서 활동했다. 이들은 1910년대에 출생한 김하태를 제외하고는 모두 3.1만세운동 후인 1920년대에 태어났으며 해방과 분단, 한국전쟁과 4.19, 5.16 이후 3공화국에서 제5공화국에 이르는 군부독재와 산업화를 온몸과 영혼으로 겪은 세대에 속한다. 이들 대부분은 대한민국이 제대로 된 민주주의를 이룩한 1990년대 초반까지 교수로서 활동했다. 따라서 이들에게 철학함이란 역사적 현실의 문제 - 남북분단과 이념대결, 한국 사회의 경제적 발전과 맞물린 개발독재와 민주화의 대립 - 를 기독교 신앙의 입장에서 철학적으로 생각하는 일이었다. 그렇기에 대체로 그들은 크리스천이면서도 정치적으로 보수적인 교회와 갈등을 겪었고 정치와 거리를 두면서도 사회와 정치현실에 대해 신랄한 비판의식을 견지했다. 그러나 그들은 그리스에서 시작된 서양철학을 사유의 도구로 사용하면서도 항상 기독교 신앙을 그들 사유의 출발점이자 대화의 파트너로 삼았다. 그들은 대한민국의 탄생과 굴곡진 발전 과정을 경험하고 바라보면서 기독교에서 답을 찾으려는 시도를 포기하지 않았다. 이제 그들의 생각의 출발점에서 시작하여 귀결에 이르는 과정을 탐구해 보기로 하자. This paper aims to introduce and organize the thoughts of the first generation of Korean Christian philosophers after liberation. The seven philosophers belonging to this include Kim Ha-tae, Kim Hyung-seok, Ahn Byung-wook, Cho Yo-han, Choi Myung-gwan, Ko Boem-seo, and Lee Kyu-ho, but this paper deals first with the preceding four philosophers. They were born in the 1920s after the March 1st Independence Movement except for Kim Ha-tae, who was born in the 1910s, and were part of the generation that experienced military dictatorship and industrialization from the 3rd Republic to the 5th Republic of Korea. Most of them served as professors until the late 1980s when the Republic of Korea achieved proper democracy. Therefore, philosophy for them was to think philosophically of the issue of historical reality - the division of the two Koreas, ideological confrontation, developmental dictatorship coupled with economic development in Korean society. Therefore, in general, they had conflicts with the Christian and politically conservative churches, and remained at arm's length from politics, but remained scathingly critical of society and political reality. However, while using Western philosophy, which originated in Greece, as a tool for reason, they always used Christian faith as a partner in conversation. They did not give up their attempts to find answers in Christianity by experiencing and looking at the birth and curved development of the Republic of Korea. Kim Ha-tae (1916-2007), a graduate of Yeonhui College of Liberal Arts, earned a doctorate in philosophy from the University of Southern California before liberation, and returned to study at Yonsei University's Theological School. Having re-immigrating to the United States in 1961, he served as the leader of the early Korean community in Southern California, and also presented immigration theology in the mid-1970s. He pursued the encounter of Christian faith and Oriental thought in "Modern Man and Religion" (1961), "Ego and Nothing" (1974), and "Finding the Real Reality of the Ultimate" (2005). Ahn Byung-wook (1920-2013) was born in Ryonggang County, South Pyongan Province and graduated from Waseda University in 1943 with a degree in philosophy. In 1958, he became a professor at Soongsil University in 1969 after a week of "Sasanggye". He wrote philosophical lectures for the public and many public philosophical books. The uniqueness of his ideas lies in the dissolution of Western existentialism and the Confucian scriptures into Christian faith. He was also involved in the Heungsadan in respect of Dosan Ahn Chang-ho. Kim Hyung-seok (1920-present) was born in Unsan, North Pyongan Province and grew up in Daedong-gun, the same hometown as Kim Il-sung. He graduated from Soongsil Middle School in Pyongyang with a degree in philosophy at Sophia University in Japan. He defected to North Korea in 1947 and worked as a teacher and vice principal at Jungang Middle and High School in Seoul. He served as a professor of philosophy at Yonsei University for 31 years from 1954. Like Ahn Byung-wook, he served as a philosopher and essayist, contributing to promoting philosophy to the public. In particular, his essays "The Disease of Solitude" and "The Dialogue of Eternal Love" sought to present young people with social ethics based on Christian existentialism in the 1960s and 1970s. He retired in 1985 and has been writing and lecturing since he is over 100 years old. Jo Yo-han (1926-2002) was born in North Korea in the same year, studied philosophy at Seoul National University and graduate school at the same University, and took the path of a typical academic scholar as a professor at Soongsil University. Starting with Kierkegaard and Jasper's existential philosophy, he became interested in Western classical philosophy and aesthetics. He was very critical of the dictatorship and became a dismissed professor as president of the Council of Christian Professors and later deeply involved in reality as president of Soongsil University. In this paper, I would like to reveal how I contributed to the history of Christian philosophy in return by finding traces of Christian reflection by the first generation of Christian philosophers in Korea after liberation and revealing their differences according to their personal orientation.
1. Objectives : The Purpose of this case is to report that a Tae-eumin patient diagnosed as Herpes Zoster was treated with Yeoldahanso-tang and then his symptoms improved. 2. Methods : We diagnosed the patient as Tae-eumin-Kanyeol-byung(太陰人肝熱病). So we treated him With Yeoldahanso-tang, and used Visual Analogue Scale(VAS) and pictures of the affected part for the assessment. 3. Results : After we treated the patient with Yeoldahanso-tang, the vesicles were cleared and his symptoms improved. 4. Conclusions : This case study show an efficient result of using Yeoldahanso-tang in Tae-eumin diagnosed to Herpes Zoster.