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1. 갓대의 年齡別에 따른 各組成分이 一般 竹類의 그것과 가까운 傾向을 나타내지 않았다. 水分은 竹類에 있어서 1年生이 大體로 많은데 供試材 갓대는 그렇지 않았다. 2. 全갓대를 通하여 그의 特徵은 灰分이 많음과 同時에 1年生이 많았다. 3. 갓대의 冷水 및 溫水抽出物은 年齡別에 따라 各各 달랐고 日本産 Sasa 보다 어느 것이든 그 量이 조금 많았다. 1% NaOH 抽出物은 木材나 대나무에 비해 많은 것이 特徵이다. Alcoho-Benzene 抽出物은 年齡間 平均 5.20%이 었다. 4. 갓대의 重要成分中 年齡別 Cellulose는 大差가 없었고 全體的으로 Lignin의 量이 比較的 적었다. 5. 粗蛋白質은 2年生과 3年生이 同等하였고 1年生이 많은 값을 갖이고 있다. 木材 0.7∼1.0% 前後에 比하면 갓대가 平均的으로 많은 것이다. There is no report on the chemical components of bamboo produced in Korea. First of all, we investigated the kat-tae (Sasa-amorpha chiisanensis Nakai) grown in the College Experimental Forest which is located in Samjang-myun, Sanchun-gun, Kyungsangnam-do. Up to date, the kat-tae is little used and is regarded as a kind of obstacle in the way of silviculture and forest management, and as yet we have scarcely done any research in connection with it. It is a real factor that the growing stock and increment of kat-tae is comparable with bamboo, so can be valuable for meeting the scarcity of pulp and fibre materials. Realizing the above mentioned facts, it is important to research into the chemical compositions of kat-tae as a matter of utilization. The method of analysis employed was the wood analyses. The time in which kat-tae was obtained was Nov., 9, 1961, from the above said place, and the number of samples was 90 specimen of kat-tae from first, second, third years each. The portion of the culm from which was taken is the part of 20-40cm from the ground. After air-drying, 60-80 mesh fraction is used for analyses. Results obtained are shown in table 10. The values given are averages of two or five analyses. 1. The composition of kat-tae between ages does not have a similar tendency to that of bamboo. One-year old of bamboo is generally rich in moisture content, while, in case of kat-tae, the moisture content of three-year old was higher than that of one-year old in the samples tested after being air-dryed. 2. The ash of the kat-tae is characterized by the facts that its value is much higher in comparition with bamboo, at the same time the value of one-year old kat-tae is much more than the two or three-year old. 3. The cold water and hot water extractives vary from one-year old to three-year old, as are shown in table 10. The high content of solubility in 1% NaOH is characteristic os kat-tae, compared with wood and bamboo. The alcohol-benzene extractives contain average of 5.20% between ages. 4. It reveals no apparent differences by aging in the total cellulose value of kat-tae, where as their lignin content is less than that of wood and bamboo. 5. The protein value of 2-year old and 3-year old is approximately equal, but the one-year old has relatively high value. It is established that kat-tae is high in protein value compared with no less than 0.7-1.8 of wood.
This researcher investigated the consciousness about the actual condition of training on the basis of the questionnaire that made an object of study 156male of Tae Kwon Do player who participated in the 67th national athletic meet. The result is as follows; 1) Trainer and Traine´e · Trainer is showed in order that coach is 69.2%, master is 15.4%, senior 10.3%, and oneself is 5.1%. · Trainee is showed that a male of experience more than 8 years is the most as 86 male, that is 55.2%. 2)The Space of Education · A place of training is showed that the school is 66.6% and gymnasium is 32.1%. · An average training time in a day is showed that more than 2 hours is 65.4%. · Training time in a day is showed that the afternoon is the most as 74.3% and the forenoon is the lest as 5.1%. · It is found that satisfied is 52.1%, so-so is 29.5% and a very small is 17.9%, as to you are satisfied with gymnasium which you are training now. · As to aid exerciser which can train foundational physical strength in the gymnasium, it is found that more necessary is 42.3%, satisfied is 35.9% and none is 21.8%. That is to say, total 64.1%, more than the majority, emphasizes the need of aid exerciser. 3) The Contents of Education and The Method of it. · As to the contents of training, Kyeo Ru Gi is superior over whelmingly as 93.6%. Kyeok Pa is showed that it isn't trained. · As to the time of training; The training for foundational motions is showed that 53.8% trains from 10 to 20 minutes, 19.2% does less than 10 minutes, 11.5% does from 30 to 60 minutes and 10.3% does not train. · Pum Ce is showed that 65.4% does not train, and any traine´e does not train it in more than 1 hour. · Kyeo Ru Gi is showed that training from 10 to 20 minutes is the most as 50.0%. · As to what do you think is the most important contents when you train, it is showed that Kyeo Ru gi is 66.7%, foundational motions is 30.7%, and Pum Ce or Kyeok Pa is 1.7% each. · It is showed that 92.3% thinks that it is necessary to learn the theory of Tae Kwon Do. So the need of education on the theory of Tae Kwon Do is emphasized. · As to the teaching method of present master or coach, it is found that 55.1% is satisfied, 21.8% wants to learn more practical skill, 16.7% wants to be taught more theory or Knowledge of Tae Kwon Do, and 6.4% hope to be taught more manners in Tae Kwon Do. · While the degree of satisfaction about present teaching method is decreased in order of high school, university and general person, the degree of wanting the education of theory and manners is increasing. · It is found that total 78.2% is not satisfied with judgement of a game. 4) The Phenomena of Education. · It is found that 87.2% is satisfied with the garment of a taoist. · It is found that 66.7% is agree that Tae Kwon Do is our national sport to be loved by every Korean. · Total 94.8% is showed that he thinks the number of traine´e is increasing. · As to the goods that he can get when he trains Tae Kwon Do, it is found in order that self-command is 34.4%, self-assurance is 26.6%, health is 20.8%, sense of responsibility is 13.0%, and cooperative spirit is 5.2%. And it is found that there is not a desire for learning. · While he thinks that he can get the rise of seif-command and self-assurance because he can cultivate a spirit of chivalry as training, cooperative spirit is found weak because Tae Kwon Do is a sport of individual game. · In parents' opinion about training, 61.5% is showed that generally supports training. · The aim of training is found in order that 69.2% is to be an excellent player, 19.3% is to improve personality, 7.7% is to be a knighterrant, and 3.8% is to be healthy. 5) As to the Development of Tae Kwon Do ; · And the problem of the way a head is 11.9%, the problem of improving a spirit of chivalry is 9.5%. The problem of technical exchange is found the lowest as 1.2.
Literally, the mean of Tae-gye is highest brook. And on the basis of the acupuncture theory, Tae-gye point is the Soo earth point and source point of the Kidney Channel as well. In addition, Tae-gye point is one of the Yang-Returning Nine points. We were trying to study bibliographically on the Tae-gye point because Tae-gye point can be used very broadly across the symptoms in the theoretical aspect described above. As a results, we found out that according to the classical books of acupuncture, Tae-gye point is entering point of the Meridian Water as a source point and can be used at both Kidney-Sufficient Syndrom and Kidney-Deficient Syndrom. And Tae-gye can be applied to the disease of kidney or bladder that is urogenital symtoms, Also, Tae-gye is an useful option of tooth-ache, asthma, indigestion, constipation, edema etc whose cause is related with decrease of Kidney ki.
( Tae Hwan Ha ), ( Tae Hoon Oh ), ( Sung In Yu ), ( Min Kim ), ( Jong Wook Kim ), ( Won Ki Bae ), ( Jae Hyung Kim ), ( Seung Suk Baek ), ( Mi Jin Ryu ), ( Ye Na Choi ), ( Ji Young Park ), ( Eileen L Yoon ), ( Tae) 대한내과학회 2014 대한내과학회 추계학술대회 Vol.2014 No.1
Background: Non-variceal upper GI bleeding (NVUGIB) is a common medical problem that has signifi cant association with morbidity and mortality. Angiographic detection and subsequent transarterial embolization (TAE) is a primary treatment option when medical and endoscopic treatments fail. We investigated clinical factors that could affect the success of the angiographic detection and prognosis after TAE in patients with NVUGIB refractory to endoscopic therapy. Methods: A retrospective analysis of the clinical data was done in patients with failed endoscopic treatment who underwent angiography for the treatment of acute NVUGIB between May 2002 and May 2013. Patients were divided into detection or non-detection groups according to the presence of bleeding stigmata in angiographic fi nding. Rebleeding defi ned as subsequent bleeding event within 7 days and mortality within 30days were analyzed as outcome parameters after TAE following detection in angiography. Results: A total 45 patients 37 (male, mean age, 65.9±14.9 years) were analyzed and classifi ed as a detection group (n=25, 55.5%) and non-detection group (n=20, 44.6%). Peptic ulcers were the most common cause of refractory NVUGIB. Larger transfusion amount (5.7±3.9 unit vs. 3.5±2.8 unit; P=0.03), prolonged aPTT level (34.2±17.3 sec vs. 21.8±13.8 sec; P=0.01) and short time interval between last endoscopy and angiography (17.5±25.9 hours vs. 34.3±59.5 hours; P=0.04) were found to be signifi cant factors for predicting angiographic detection. TAE was performed in all patients detected in angiography. Rebleeding (44%) was significantly associated with higher Rockall score (8.3±1.5 vs. 6.6±2.4; P=0.046) and mortality (12%) was signifi cantly associated with higher Rockall score (9.3±0.6 vs. 7.1±2.2; P=0.002) and higher level of BUN (55.3±47.4 vs. 27.6±17.4; P=0.01). Conclusions: Clinical characteristics associated with angiographic detection in patients with NVUGIB refractory to endoscopic therapy were severe bleeding, bleeding tendency and early angiographic intervention. The Rockall score is useful parameter for predicting rebleeding and mortality after TAE.
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Purpose of this research is to find out what kind of Psychological Effects Tae-Kwon-Do Sparring Training can cause to Elementary school Students. The data are collected for 12 weeks. The results are compared between competition anxieties, emotional / psychological anxiety and came up with following 4 conclusions below. 1. Tae-Kwon-Do sparring competition training effectively decreased participant's anxiety level(p<.05). 2. Tae-Kwon-Do Sparring Competition training also reduced physical anxiety level(p<.001). 3. Tae-Kwon-Do sparring competition increased participant's self-confidence(p<.001). 4. Tae-Kwon-Do sparring competition training decreased most pessimistic mental health factors such as anger, depression, tiredness, confusion, and emotional disability. However it did increased vital power of participants. In conclusion, participants who participate in sparring competition training only had positive outcomes in the end. It was easy to notice that participant's anxiety levels were down and they were mentally healthier than before. Through the research, we also noticed physiological improvements of participants after 12 weeks of training and improved social abilities as well.
Through study of movement of Tae-Geuk-Guan(太極拳), we understand Tae-Geuk-Guan(太極拳) & essential movement. Theory about creator of Tae-Geuk-Guan(太極拳) is indistinct. there are Jangsampung-theory(張三豊設), Wangjongak-theory(王宗岳設), Jinwangjung-theory(陳王廷設), Jinbok-theory(陳卜設). Tae-Geuk-Guan(太極拳) is military arts developed before Song empire(宋). Tae-Geuk-Guan(太極拳) has many branch.(Jin-sik陳式, Yang-sik楊式, Mu-sik武式 O-sik吳式, Son-sik孫式) Tae-Geuk-Guan(太極拳) manual movement use fist(拳), palm(掌), hook shape(鉤), its using form has many type like Bung, Yi, Jae, An, Chae, Yul, Ju, Go. Its gait has many type like Sang-bo(上步), Tae-bo(退步), Jin-bo(進步), Deng-gak(댕脚), Bun-gak(分脚), Bak-gak(拍脚). Essential theory of Tae-Geuk-Guan(太極拳) is Yi-Sim-Hang-Gi(以心行氣) & Yi-Gi-Un-Sin(以氣運身). It means mind(心) moves and qi(氣) moves body(身).
본 연구는 신종 발표시 기록하지 않았던 진노랑상사화 Lycoris chinensis Traub var. sinuolata K. Tae et S. Ko에 대하여 라틴어 기재를 추가하였고, 또한 근연관계에 있는 L chinensis Traub와 L. aurea Herb를 포함한 새로운 분류군에 대한 검색표를 제시하였다. For Lycoirs chinensis Traub var. sinuolata K. Tae et S. Ko ex K. Tae et S. Ko, Korean endemic plant, latin description is add to the previous study, and a key including L. chinensis Traub and L. aurea Herb. which are closely related to the above variety, is newly provided.
'소견(消遣)' 개념을 가지고 조선시대 소설비평의 일면을 살펴보았다. 소견 개념은 조선시대에 소설비평의 중요한 개념으로 쓰였고, 개념의 깊이와 폭이 계속 변화를 거쳤다. 서거정은 골계전을 저술한 목적을 "세상 염려를 풀어 없앤다(消遣世慮)"는 것으로 표명하였다. 그의 골계전에서는 벼슬에서 잠시 물러난 관인이 무료함을 풀고, 예교의 구속으로부터 일탈하고자 하는 비교적 가벼운 욕구를 읽을 수 있다. 그러나 김시습, 송세림. 성여학 같은 불우한 문인들에게서는 소견에 대한 욕구가 더욱 절박하고 심각해졌다. 김시습은 『전등신화』에 대한 비평에서 현실을 초월하는 허구적 진실이 가져다주는 해방적 감동을 말하였다. "평생의 무겁게 눌린 마음이 씻은 듯 후련해진다"는 표현은 소설의 소견 기능을 강렬하게 표현한 것이다. 이승소는 서거정보다 한층 심각하게 사대부층의 내면에 자리 잡고 있는 억압을 의식하였다. 그는 소견문학의 필요성을 억눌리고 막힌 마음의 소통이라는 차원에서 인식하였다. 그는 소설이 옛 사람과 소통할 수 있는 소통의 장이 된다고 하였다. 소설에서 옛 사람과 소통함으로써 무료하고 불평한 독자의 막힌 가슴속이 시원하게 트인다는 것이다. 정사룡은 송세림의 불우를 깊이 연민하연서 "선비 중에 재능을 품고도 그것을 당대에 쓰지 못하는 이들은 반드시 소설에서 장난하여 그 뜻을 붙인다"고 말하였다. 그는 소설을 시대에서 소외된 불우한 선비가 자신의 불평한 마음을 푸는 자기구제 행위라고 보았다. 홍서봉은 송세림이 지은 『어면순』에 대하여 그것이 무료한 사람들과 실의적막한 무리로 하여금 얼굴을 펴고 웃게 하고 우수를 잊게 만든다고 말하였다. 송세림에게서는 서거정의 경우에 비하여 자신의 불평한 뜻을 우의하는 성향이 보다 강하다. 18세기 이후는 중국 청초 비평가인 김성탄의 비평이 조선 문인들에게 강하게 영향을 미쳤다. 박태석에 이르러서는 김성탄의 소견론이 받아들여져 소견에 대한 사변이 깊어졌다. 박태석이 인생의 무상을 인식하고 소설의 독서와 창작을 소견법으로 삼는 것은 김성탄과 기본 발상이 같다. 하지만 박태석의 소견론은 조선조 문인들의 소견론의 전통을 따른 독자적인 측면을 갖고 있다. 박태석이 소설에서 소견하는 요체로 삼는 것은 작가의 정신을 읽고 공감하는 것이다. 박태석이 추구하는 소견의 핵심은 작가와 독자의 정신의 소통에 있다. 이것은 조선조 문인들이 소설을 통하여 추구한 소견의 면면한 흐름이다. 김성탄의 소견론에서 소통의 의미는 비교적 약하다. 김성탄의 소견은 "마음 내키는 대로 스스로 함"에 있는 것이기 때문에 타인과의 소통은 소견의 핵심에서 비껴나 있다. 그에게서 소견은 나와 타인 사이에 있는 것이 아니라 절대적인 나와 "잠깐 있는 나" 사이의 문제이다. 이에 대하여 박태석의 소견관의 핵심은 현재의 "잠깐 있는 나"인 작가와 미래의 "잠깐 있는 나"인 독자 사이의 정신의 소통에 있었다. Some part of Novel Criticism of Chosun Era was examined with the concept of Sogyun(消遣removal of worries). The concept of Sogyun was used as an important concept in novel criticism, and it was apparent that the width and depth of the concept had been changing ever more. Su Cuh Jung expressed his purpose of authoring Gol Gye Jun(滑稽傳 humorous stories) as "to solve and remove the worries of this world". We could read from his Gol Gye Jun the petty desire to run away from the confucianism suppress of a man who had stepped down from the high ranking government position for a while. However, the need and desire for the So Gyun became more imminent and serious to the ill fated writers like Kim Si Seup, Song Se Rim and Sung Yo Hak. Kim Si Seup said, in his criticism of Jun Deung Shin Wha(剪燈新話), of the liberating emotion from the false truth that is transcending the reality. His expression of "heavily suppressed life-long burden is relieved and refreshed" well described the role of So Gyun in novels. Gol Gye in Uh Myun Soon(禦眠楯) by Song Se Rim and Sok Uh Myun Soon(續禦眠楯) by Song Yo Hak was far more obscene and extreme. The bureaucratic writers like Lee Seung So, Chung Sa Ryong and Hong Su Bong recognized seriously the desires of So Gyun of this ill fated writers and offered the criticism of the same understanding. Lee Seung So ever more seriously recognized than Su Gu Jung. the suppression that was deeply seated in the hearts of gentleman class. He understood the need of So Gyun literature in the dimension of communication of the stuffed hearts. He mentioned that the novel can be the ground of communication with people of the past. By communicating with the people of the past, the stuffed hearts of the boring and discontented might be refreshed. Commiserating the ill fate of Song Se Rim, Chung Sa Ryong commented that "Among the learned men, there are those whose talents are not publicly recognized by people, who will surely manifest the talent through novel by playing allegory. He understood the novel as the act of self satisfaction from his discontentment of ill fated learned men. After the 18th century, the criticism of Kim Sung Tan, the Cheong Dynasty critic in China, influenced Chosun literary men a lot. And in the foreword of Park Tae Suk's Han Dang Yu Sa(漢唐遣事), the SoGyunRon of Kim Sung Tan was accepted, thereby the thought about SoGyun deepened. The notion of Park Tae Suk that 'life is flying and is vanity' is almost the same perspective of Kim Sung Tan. Park Tae Suk's expression of self vanity as 'transient me' is also borrowed from Kim Sung Tan's words. However, Park Tae Suk's SoGyunRon has some independent feature in accordance with the tradition of SoGyunRon of Chosun literary men. Park Tae Suk's key to 'remove worries' in novel is to read the mind of the author and to sympathize with him. This means that the core of SoGyun that Park Tae Suk pursued was in the emotional communication of the author and the readers. This quest of SoGyun has never discontinued through the novels of Lee Seung So and other literary men of Chosun Era. In Kim Sung Tan's SoGyunRon, the meaning of communication is comparatively less emphasized. In Kim Sung Tan's SoGyunRon, the 'removal of worries' is absolutely my problem. To him, SoGyun is not between me and others, but the problem between 'the absolute me' and 'the transient me', while Park Tae Suk's core of SoGyun is in the emotional communication between the present author-'the transient me' and the future reader-'the transient me'
Tae-Geuk-Guan(太極拳) Tae-Geuk(太極) is arranged Yum-Yang-O-Hang(陰陽五行) and created from Mu-geuk(無極) means great chaos. Jin-sik Tae-Geuk-Guan(陳式太極拳) has tenth essential theory. There are Li(理), Qi(氣), Samjul(三節), Sacho(四梢), Ojang(五臟), Samhap(三合), Yukjin(六進) Sinbup(身法) Bobup(甫法), Gangyou(剛柔). Li(理) is Rules of all things. Qi(氣) is body. Body is diveided into Samjul(三節), Sacho(四梢), Ojang(五臟) is inside body and make human'sbody and Qi(氣), Samhap(三合) is union of mind & intention, Qi & power, muscle & bone. Yukjin(六進) is movement of body. Sinbup(身法) has Chong(縱), Hoeng(橫), Ko(高), Jeo(低), Jin(進), Toe(退), Ban(反), Chuk(側). Bobup(步法) has Jin(進), Toe(退), Ban(反), Chuk(側). Yang-sik Tae-Geuk-Guan(揚式太極拳) has tenth essential theory. There are Songyo(송腰), Heolungjungkyung(虛靈頂경), Hamhungbalbae(含胸拔背), Chimgyungsuju(沈궁수주), Bunheosil(分虛實), Yongeuibulyonglyuk(用意不用力), sanghasangsu(上下相隋), Naeoesanghap(內外相合), Sangyunbudan(相連不斷), Dongchungguchung(動中求精)
1. Objectives : The Purpose of this case is to report that a Tae-eumin patient diagnosed as Herpes Zoster was treated with Yeoldahanso-tang and then his symptoms improved. 2. Methods : We diagnosed the patient as Tae-eumin-Kanyeol-byung(太陰人肝熱病). So we treated him With Yeoldahanso-tang, and used Visual Analogue Scale(VAS) and pictures of the affected part for the assessment. 3. Results : After we treated the patient with Yeoldahanso-tang, the vesicles were cleared and his symptoms improved. 4. Conclusions : This case study show an efficient result of using Yeoldahanso-tang in Tae-eumin diagnosed to Herpes Zoster.