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      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        Income Distribution and Factors Affecting the Bank’s Stability

        Viet Xuan TRINH(Viet Xuan TRINH ),Du Kim DO(Du Kim DO),Anh Thi Lan NGUYEN(Anh Thi Lan NGUYEN ) 한국유통과학회 2022 유통과학연구 Vol.20 No.9

        Purpose: Research on banking sustainability plays an important role in helping banks understand the level of risk in different types of companies. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the factors affecting the sustainability of Joint Stock Commercial Banks in Vietnam. Research design, data and methodology: The following theories, the factors affecting the bank's sustainability include: Business model diversification (income diversification), bank size, loan ratio, and net interest margin. Data was collected from Joint Stock Commercial banks in Vietnam from 2015 to 2019. With GLS model on panel data with banks listed on Vietnam stock exchange. Results: The analysis results show that net interest income has a positive impact on the sustainable business results of banks through the rate of return on total assets (ROA). The non-interest income hasn’t impact on bank stability. From this result, there aren’t positive signs of income diversification in banks. At the same time, with the obtained results, the study also provides a policy implication for banks. Conclusions: The study also provides some policy implications to improve the bank stability. Diversifying income in banks is necessary, but how to make it influential banks has not yet been done. Therefore, the adjustments in non-interest business activities need to be carefully considered by banks.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        Changes in cancer screening before and during COVID-19: findings from the Korean National Cancer Screening Survey 2019 and 2020

        Thao Thi Kim Trinh(Thao Thi Kim Trinh ),Yun Yeong Lee(Yun Yeong Lee),Mina Suh(Mina Suh),Jae Kwan Jun(Jae Kwan Jun),Kui Son Choi(Kui Son Choi) 한국역학회 2022 Epidemiology and Health Vol.44 No.-

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        OBJECTIVES: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has negatively affected every aspect of medical care. However, information regarding the impact of the pandemic on cancer screening is lacking. This study aimed to explore cancer screening changes by geographic region before and during the pandemic in Korea. METHODS: Korean National Cancer Screening Survey data for 2019 and 2020 were used. Changes in the screening rate before and during the COVID-19 pandemic were calculated by subtracting the rate in 2020 from the rate in 2019. Multivariate logistic regression analyses examined the differences in screening rates at the national and 16 provincial levels before and after the COVID-19 outbreak. RESULTS: The 1-year screening rates for the four types of cancer decreased during the pandemic (stomach cancer: -5.1, colorectal cancer: -3.8, breast cancer: -2.5, cervical cancer: -1.5%p). In metropolitan areas, the odds of undergoing screening tests during the pandemic were significantly lower than before the pandemic for stomach (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 0.66; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.56 to 0.76), colorectal (aOR, 0.63; 95% CI, 0.50 to 0.79), and breast cancers (aOR, 0.75; 95% CI, 0.60 to 0.94). Furthermore, the likelihood of undergoing stomach cancer screening during the pandemic was significantly lower than before the pandemic in non-metropolitan urban areas (aOR, 0.81; 95% CI, 0.70 to 0.94), while it was higher in rural areas (aOR, 1.54; 95% CI, 1.10 to 2.16). CONCLUSIONS: Since the COVID-19 pandemic, the cancer screening rate has decreased significantly, especially in large cities. Public health efforts are required to improve cancer screening rates.

      • KCI등재

        On the properties of positive Boolean dependencies by groups in the database model of block form

        Trinh Ngoc Truc,Trinh Dinh Thang,Tran Minh Tuyen 한국전산응용수학회 2022 Journal of applied mathematics & informatics Vol.40 No.3

        The article proposed a new type of data relationship: Positive Boolean dependencies by groups on block and slice in the database model of block form, where instead of considering value pairs, we consider a group of p values ({p \geq 2}). From this new concept, the article stated and demonstrated the equivalence of the three types of deduction, namely: deduction by logic, deduction by block with groups, deduction by block has no more than p elements with groups. Operations on blocks or slices performed for index attributes on blocks, the properties related to this new concept as theorem the equivalen of the three types of deduction, closure of set positive Boolean dependencies by groups and representation and tight representation set of positive Boolean dependencies by groups when the block degenerated into relation are true in the relational database model and also stated and proven in this paper.

      • SCISCIESCOPUS

        Fully integrated and slidable paper-embedded plastic microdevice for point-of-care testing of multiple foodborne pathogens

        Trinh, Kieu The Loan,Trinh, Thi Ngoc Diep,Lee, Nae Yoon Elsevier 2019 Biosensors & bioelectronics Vol.135 No.-

        <P><B>Abstract</B></P> <P>This study presents a slidable paper-embedded plastic microdevice fully integrated with DNA extraction, loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP), and colorimetric detection functionalities. The developed microdevice consists of three layers that allow a sliding movement to mix the sample and reagents for DNA purification, amplification, and detection in a sequential manner. An FTA card was employed in the main chamber for DNA extraction and purification from intact bacterial cells. Subsequently, LAMP reagents and fuchsin-stored chambers were pulled toward the main chambers for DNA amplifications at 65 °C. After 30 min, the detection reagents-stored chambers were then moved to main chambers for result analysis. For the detection of LAMP amplicons, a novel colorimetric fuchsin-based method was employed. The wide applicability of the integrated microdevice was demonstrated by successfully screening three major foodborne pathogens, namely <I>Salmonella</I> spp., <I>Staphylococcus aureus</I>, and <I>Escherichia coli</I> O157:H7 in food, enabling highly sensitive detection of 3.0 × 10<SUP>1</SUP> CFU/sample of Gram-negative bacteria (<I>Salmonella</I> spp. and <I>Escherichia coli</I> O157:H7) and 3.0 × 10<SUP>2</SUP> CFU/sample of Gram-positive bacteria (<I>Staphylococcus aureus</I>) within 75 min. The portable and integrated microdevice presented in this study holds significant promise for point-of-care applications to accurately and rapidly diagnose and control diseases.</P> <P><B>Highlights</B></P> <P> <UL> <LI> The integrated microdevice could identify major foodborne pathogens in 75 min. </LI> <LI> DNA extraction, amplification, and detection were performed in a seamless manner. </LI> <LI> The loading and moving of samples were controlled simply by sliding the microdevice. </LI> <LI> The results were analyzed directly on chip using fuchsin, a triphenylmethane dye. </LI> <LI> 3 × 10<SUP>1</SUP> CFU/sample of Gram-negative bacteria and 3 × 10<SUP>2</SUP> CFU/sample of Gram-positive bacteria were detected. </LI> </UL> </P>

      • KCI등재

        An Empirical Study of Commodity Market Patterns in Ethnic Minorities and Mountainous Areas: Evidence from Vietnam

        Trinh Thi Thanh THUY,Nguyen Thi BINH,Trinh Thi Thu HUONG,Nguyen Thu THUY,Dang Thanh PHUONG,Tran Thi Bao KHANH,Nguyen Thi YEN 한국유통과학회 2021 The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Busine Vol.8 No.11

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        The development of the ethnic minorities and mountainous areas (EMMA) is currently receiving the attention of countries around the world. This is demonstrated through a large number of studies, in many respects, in many different countries. The objective of the study is to find out the current situation of the commodity market in the ethnic minorities and mountainous areas (EMMA) of Vietnam. In particular, the authors will study whether there is a link between the ability to access governmental policies and the characteristics of this commodity market. To achieve the goal, the authors employed the secondary data collection method to gather the relevant information on government policies for EMMA and conducted an interview of seventy (70) enterprises in the Northern midlands and mountainous regions and the Central Coast to clarify the characteristics of commodity market. By Levene’s test, the results showed that the accessibility to governmental policies has a certain influence on the development of the commodity market patterns in the EMMA in terms of diversification of distribution forms and sales method of the business. These findings brought some basic solutions to further enhance the role of the government in developing commodity markets in the EMMA of Vietnam.

      • KCI등재

        ON THE PROPERTIES OF POSITIVE BOOLEAN DEPENDENCIES BY GROUPS IN THE DATABASE MODEL OF BLOCK FORM

        TRUC, TRINH NGOC,THANG, TRINH DINH,TUYEN, TRAN MINH The Korean Society for Computational and Applied M 2022 Journal of applied mathematics & informatics Vol.40 No.3

        The article proposed a new type of data relationship: Positive Boolean dependencies by groups on block and slice in the database model of block form, where instead of considering value pairs, we consider a group of p values (p ≥ 2). From this new concept, the article stated and demonstrated the equivalence of the three types of deduction, namely: deduction by logic, deduction by block with groups, deduction by block has no more than p elements with groups. Operations on blocks or slices performed for index attributes on blocks, the properties related to this new concept as theorem the equivalen of the three types of deduction, closure of set positive Boolean dependencies by groups and representation and tight representation set of positive Boolean dependencies by groups when the block degenerated into relation are true in the relational database model and also stated and proven in this paper.

      • KCI등재SCIESCOPUS

        Preparation of red nitride phosphor from powder mixture of metal nitrides using spark plasma sintering

        Trinh, H.Q.,Jo, J.O.,Lee, S.B.,Mok, Y.S. Elsevier 2014 CURRENT APPLIED PHYSICS Vol.14 No.8

        A red nitride phosphor with a chemical formula: (Sr<SUB>0.8</SUB>Ca<SUB>0.2</SUB>)AlSiN<SUB>3</SUB>:Eu<SUB>0.0075</SUB><SUP>2+</SUP> was successfully synthesized using spark plasma sintering at a temperature of 1680 <SUP>o</SUP>C from powder mixture of metal nitrides of Sr, Ca, Al, and Si and europium (III) oxide. The prepared phosphor showed a wide excitation band ranging from 300 to 550 nm and a broad emission band centered at a wavelength of about 618 nm, being suitable for use in down-conversion white LEDs. The effects of sintering temperature, holding time as well as uniaxial pressure on phosphor characteristics were investigated. Increasing the sintering temperature increased the crystallization and PL characteristics of the phosphor. The excitation and emission intensity of the phosphor was also affected by the holding time at the maximum temperature. When the synthesis was carried out at 1680 <SUP>o</SUP>C and 30 MPa, the optimal holding time was around 30 min. Increasing the uniaxial pressure resulted in the improvement of the excitation and emission intensity. The optical properties of the phosphor synthesized at an increased uniaxial pressure of 42 MPa (1680 <SUP>o</SUP>C for 30 min) was comparable to those of the commercial phosphor. The experimental results indicated that the spark plasma sintering method is a viable method to prepare nitride phosphors at relatively low temperatures in short synthesis time, compared to conventional methods.

      • A comprehensive observational filter for satellite infrared limb sounding of gravity waves

        Trinh, Q. T.,Kalisch, S.,Preusse, P.,Chun, H.-Y.,Eckermann, S. D.,Ern, M.,Riese, M. Copernicus GmbH 2015 Atmospheric measurement techniques Vol.8 No.3

        <P><p><strong>Abstract.</strong> This paper describes a comprehensive observational filter for satellite infrared limb sounding of gravity waves. The filter considers instrument visibility and observation geometry with a high level of accuracy. It contains four main processes: visibility filter, projection of the wavelength on the tangent-point track, aliasing effect, and calculation of the observed vertical wavelength. The observation geometries of the SABER (Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry) and HIRDLS (High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder) are mimicked. Gravity waves (GWs) simulated by coupling a convective GW source (CGWS) scheme and the gravity wave regional or global ray tracer (GROGRAT) are used as an example for applying the observational filter. Simulated spectra in terms of horizontal and vertical wave numbers (wavelengths) of gravity wave momentum flux (GWMF) are analyzed under the influence of the filter. We find that the most important processes, which have significant influence on the spectrum are the visibility filter (for both SABER and HIRDLS observation geometries) and aliasing for SABER and projection on tangent-point track for HIRDLS. The vertical wavelength distribution is mainly affected by the retrieval as part of the 'visibility filter' process. In addition, the short-horizontal-scale spectrum may be projected for some cases into a longer horizontal wavelength interval which originally was not populated. The filter largely reduces GWMF values of very short horizontal wavelength waves. The implications for interpreting observed data are discussed.</p> </P>

      • SCISCIESCOPUSKCI등재
      • Versatile preparation of poly(1,4-phenylenevinylene-co-1,4-phenylene-1,2-ethanediyl) by CVD polymerization of p-(methoxymethyl)benzyl chloride

        Trinh Tung, Ngo,Yu, Young-Jun,Kim, Kyungkon,Joo, Sung-Hoon,Park, Yongsup,Jin, Jung-Il Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company 2005 Journal of polymer science Part A, Polymer chemist Vol.43 No.4

        <P>It was demonstrated that a series of copolymers consisting of 1,4-phenylenevinylene (PV) and 1,4-phenylene-1,2-ethanediyl (PE) units could be prepared from a single monomer, p-(methoxymethyl)benzyl chloride, via the chemical vapor deposition polymerization (CVDP) method. The composition of the copolymers could be varied simply by altering the monomer activation temperature. The higher the temperature, the lower the content of the PV unit. The photo (PL)- and electroluminescence (EL) properties of the copolymers that revealed a blueshift when compared with PPV strongly depend on the amount of the PE units incorporated. The external quantum efficiencies of the electroluminescence devices having the configuration of ITO/PEDOT-PSS/copolymer/Al-Li were higher than that of PPV, which can be ascribed to the improved confinement of excitons. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 43: 742–751, 2005</P> <B>Graphic Abstract</B> <P>It was demonstrated that a series of copolymers consisting of 1,4-phenylenevinylene (PV) and 1,4-phenylene-1,2-ethanediyl (PE) units could be prepared from a single monomer, p-(methoxymethyl)benzyl chloride via the chemical vapor deposition polymerization (CVDP) method. The compositions of the copolymers could be varied by simply altering the monomer activation temperature. The higher the temperature, the lower the content of the PV unit became. <img src='wiley_img/0887624X-2005-43-4-POLA20537-gra001.gif' alt='wiley_img/0887624X-2005-43-4-POLA20537-gra001'> </P>

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