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Suh & Trabasso(1993) has shown that readers integrate sentences through causal inferences at the points predicted by the Causal Network Model(Trabasso, van den Broek, & Suh, 1989). The purpose of the present study is to find out whether the causal connections confirmed by Suh & Trabasso remain in a stable representation of a discourse and affect its recall. For this, subjects read and recalled two versions of stories which were similar in their surface content but very different in their causal network structures. It was found that the subjects` recall was better for the sentences that had more causal connections according to the Causal Network Model. In conclusion, causal integrations that occur during on-line reading remain in a stable representation of a discourse and affect the recall of the discourse later.
Jensen-Suh's equation for the atomic anisotropic thermal factor Exp[-2π^(2)(h^(2)(u_(x)^(2)/α^(2))+k^(2)(u_(y)^(2)/b^(2))+l^(2)(u_(z)^(2)/c^(2)) 2hk(u_(x)/a)(u_(y)/b)+2lk(u_(z)/c)(u_(x)/a)] and Cruckshank's one exp[-2π^(2)(U_(11)h^(2)a^(*2)+U_(22)k^(2)b^(*2)+U_(33)k^(l)c^(*2)+2U_(12)hka^(*)b^(*)+2U_(23)klb^(*)c^(*)+2U_(31)lhc^(*)b^(*)] are found to be identical provided U_(11)=u_(x)^(2) sin^(2)β^(*)sin^(2)γ, U_(22)=u_(y)^(2) sin^(2)γ^(*)sin^(2)α, U_(33)=u_(z)^(2) sin^(2)α^(*)sin^(2)β, U_(12)=u_(x)u-(y)sinαsinβsin^(2)γ^(*), U_(23)=u_(y)u-(z)sinβsinγsin^(2)α^(*), U_(31)=u_(z)u-(x)sin γ sinαsin^(2)β^(*), and it is much easier to derive and understand Jensen-Suh's equation rather than Cruickshank's one.
I found it at my uncle's (who is the grandson of the autho Jai-chull Chung) in Tong-Koo-Mi. Suh-Myon when I took a summer vacation trip to Wool-lung Island to collect hidden folksongs in the year 1967. The main points of conclusion are as below. 1. This $quot;Ka-Sa$quot; is not a rolled paper but a rare volume of copy written in $quot;Han-Kul$quot; the original Korean characters. 2. This is one of the early works wich dealt with Wool-lung Island as a subject matter of literature, and it was written 14 years after 1878. the year of The King Ko-Chong's $quot;The royal reclamationcommand$quot; was issued. 3. As for author's family lineage there were many famous and distinguished persons among his ancestors in the early days of Lee-dynasty, but after the chaotic government of The King Kwang Hai, they mainly engaged in teaching local disciples. 4. The Author was born at Kang-Suh-Myon Wol Sung Koon North Kyong San Province on the 5th, august, 1835, died at Tong-Koo -:1~Ii. Suh ~1~Iyon Wool lung Island on the 22nd June 1896. He was 62 years old. 5. I estimated that He wrote it during the winter of 1892, at that time his age was 58. 6. Sool-Hoe-Ka is a long one and He described his own life and experiences in it. 7. I've researched it by dividing it into 16 paragraphs, and I recognized that it describes excellently not only natural beauty but on account of a trip. 8. From the total statistics through analysis of syllabic metre, I found, that the $quot;Ka-sa$quot; was based on the 3.4 syllabic metre or 4.4 syllabic metre. 9. There are very good materials for etymological study of place name in Wool-lung Island.
기존의 전유공 케이슨 방파제로부터의 파 반사를 계산하기 위하여 개발된 Suh and Park의 이론 모형을, 케이슨 전면 하부의 연직벽을 경사가 매우 급한 경사벽으로 가정함으로써, 부분 유공 케이슨 방파제에 적용하였다. 또한, 이 모형에서, Kano and Liu가 제안한 차단계수를 이용하여 유공벽에서의 관성저항항을 수정하였다. 이 모형을 1993년도에 보고된 Park et al.의 수리실험 자료와 비교해 본 결과, 실험 자료 및 이론 모형 결과에서 모두 관성저항의 영향이 중요하여 B/Lc가 약 0.2일 때 반사율이 최소가 됨을 보이는데 (여기서 B=유수실의 폭, Lc=유수설 내에서의 파장), 이 값은 찬성저항의 영향을 무시했을 때 얻어지는 값 0.25보다 약간 작은 값이다. 또한 선형파 이론에 근거한 이 모형은 파의 비선형성이 증가함에 따라 반사율을 크게 계산하는 경향이 있음을 보이며, 따라서 이 모형은 파형경사가 작은 통상파에 적용하는 것이 바람직함을 알 수 있었다.있었다. The Suh and Park's analytical model. originally developed to calculate wave reflection from a conventional fully perforated caisson breakwater, is applied to a partially perforated caisson breakwater by approximating the vertical wall of the lower part of the front face of the caisson as a very steep sloping wall. Also, in the model, the inertial resistance term at the perforated wall is modified by using the blockage coefficient proposed by Kakuno and Liu. The model is compared against the hydraulic experimental data reported by Park et al. in 1993. Both the experimental data and the analytical model results show that the influence of inertial resistance is important so that wave reflection becomes minimum when B/L. is approximately 0.2 (in which R : wave chamber width, and 1, : wave length inside the wave chamber), which is somewhat smaller than the theoretical value B/L, : 0.25 obtained by assuming that the influence of inertial resistance is negligible. It is also shown that the analytical model based on a linear wave theory tends to overpredict the reflection coefficient as the wave nonlinearity increases, thus the model is preferably to be used for ordinary waves of small steepness.
The purpose of sports is to enjoy physical exercise by shouting and sweating. Players and spectators can contribute to not only the development of their communites but the peace of the world through the sports. The Olympices was formed on the basis of this function of sports, however, there are many phenomens damaging this function in really. These problems arise in the Olympics when political and econmic intentions take higher priority than the positive funcions of sports. These problems, which may be divided into internal and external trobles of the Olynpices from the IOC, reflect the contradicion of modem society. Even though the problems surrounding the Olympics are very serious and extensive, we must not jump to the conclusion that the Olympices itself is hopeless. The most important point is that we shall acknowledge these problems, search for the soluntion and try to realize the expectation and possibilites of the Olympic games. In this spirit, I propose the following possible changes to renovate the Olympics. 1. There shall be only one venue for the Olympic games, such an Athens, Greece, the birthplace of the Olympics, or Genneva, Switzerland as a neutral power. 2. Olympics related organizations should be located at the city hosting the Olympic games. We may name the city the Olympic coummunity. 3. The period for the Games shall be set at 20-25days. 4. When the Games is not being held, the Olympic coummunity shall be independent by hosting recreational and nonprofit events and encouraging the popularzation of the Olympics 5. The members of the Olympic comunity shall include doctors for sports, coaches, trainers, and sports psychologists. 6. The expenses for establishing and managing the community shall be probided by income from tourism, admission fees, contributions, loans and broadcasting fees. 7. The expressions giving rise to nationalism, such as national songs, flags and marching in nations should be avoided. 8. Women and young Olympic veterans leaders shall paricipate in IOC and renovate the Olympics. 9. It is necessary to cultivate understanding of the Olympic Games.
In the era of 2.0 web, blog has become the media that men can express themselves with fashion more actively and independently, as paying much attention to their personal appearance and cultivating an upscale lifestyle. They often create their fashion images in the virtual space where enables a free and creative operations of self-expression. The study aims to identify the types of men`s ego-images represented on the personal fashion blogs based on the framework of analysis from the previous research (Suh, 2014), to build the base data for analyzing men`s fashion style in 21st century that reflects changes in men`s sexual images, and to verify the framework as comparing with the previous case study about the women blogs (Suh, 2014). The case studies conducted 5 men`s personal blogs such as bryanboy, iamgala, little fashionisto, katelovesme, and stylentonic. The study results almost same types of women`s ego-images as following. The imaginary ego-image is classified as narcissism, regression, identification, and virtuality, the social ego-image as symbolism of roles and others` desire, the real ego as primary instinct, practical reality, object a, jouissance and sexual perversion. The personal style of men shown on the fashion blogs appears as a significant factor to analyze male customers in the growing men`s beauty and fashion market.
The Rivellia syngenesiae species group from Korea is taxonomically studied. As a result, The following species are recognized: R. alini Enderlein, R. mandschurica Hennig, R. parilis Frey, R. tridentata Byun et Suh sp. nov., R. harai Byun et Suh sp. nov., and R. longialata Byun et Suh sp. novo Among these species, only R. mandschurica has been previously known from Korea. These six species belong to the R. syngenesiae species group, which can be characterized by the base of apodemal lobe distinctly separated from imaginary line connecting the bases of lateral arms when viewed from ventrally. A key, descriptions, and illustrations are provided for these species. In addition, we designated a lectotype for R. charbinensis Enderlein, which was examined for a comparison with the closely related R. parilis.
본 연구는 이익조정과 보고이익의 정보성 간의 관계를 분석하는 데에 주요 목적이 있다. 경영자가 기업의 조정 전 회계이 익과 추가적으로 사적 정보를 관찰하는 경우를 가정하여 각 정보의 질이 이익유연화의 정도와 보고이익의 정보성 간의 관 계에 미치는 영향을 분석하였다. 본 연구는 Kim & Suh(2008)의 연구를 이용하여 다음과 같은 결과를 도출하였다. 첫째, 균형 하에서의 이익조정은 이 익유연화 형태를 가지고 있음을 증명하였다. 이 결과를 통하여 Kim & Suh(2008)의 연구를 이익유연화에 대한 연구로 확장하고 있다. 둘째, 기업의 조정 전 회계이익의 질과 경영자가 추가적으로 관찰한 사적정보의 질이 이익유연화의 정도 에 상반된 영향을 미친다는 것을 보였다. 균형에서 조정 전 회계이익의 질이 높을수록 이익유연화 정도는 낮아지는 반면, 사적 정보의 질이 높을수록 이익유연화 정도는 높아진다. 셋째, 두 정보의 질에 따라 이익유연화의 정도와 보고이익의 정 보성의 관계가 서로 다른 균형을 갖는다는 것을 보였다. 경영자가 추가적으로 관찰한 사적정보의 질이 동일하다면 이익유 연화 정도의 증가는 보고이익의 정보성에 긍정적인 영향을 주는 것이 균형이다. 반면에, 조정 전 회계이익의 질이 동일한 경우에는 이익유연화 정도의 증가는 이익유연화는 보고이익의 정보성에 긍정적인 영향을 주는 것이 균형이 된다. 위의 결과는 경영자가 추가적으로 관찰한 사적 정보의 질이 높은 경우에 발생하는 이익유연화 현상은 경영자가 보고되는 회계이익의 정보성을 높이기 위한 결정에 수반되는 현상이라는 것을 의미한다. The purpose of this thesis is to analyze the relationship between income smoothing and informativeness of reported earnings and provide a theoretical basis for an empirical research. Based on the assumption that agent observes firm's earnings before management and additional private information, we analyze how the quality of information affects the relationship between income smoothing and informativeness of reported earnings. Our conclusion can be summarized as follows. First, agent's optimal earnings management leads to income smoothing. Second, the degree of income smoothing diminishes as the quality of earnings before management increases while increasing the quality of additional private information observed by an agent leads to the higher degree of income smoothing. Third, when the quality of earnings before management is the same, the degree of income smoothing has the negative effect on the quality of reported earnings. On the other hand, when the quality of private information is the same, the degree of income smoothing has the positive effect on the quality of reported earnings.