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      • KCI등재

        혈관질환 정보관리 시스템

        김동익,김덕경,허세호,이병붕,김용신,김은숙,문지영,도영수,신성욱,김동수,김만태,진재욱,김용신 대한혈관외과학회 2002 Vascular Specialist International Vol.18 No.1

        As medical technology progresses rapidly, there is a rise in the average age along with the Korean dietary lifestyle becoming more westernized, which leads to an increase in the number of vascular disease patients in Korea. Thus, we need to manage the medical information of a disease systematically in order to diagnose and treat constructively. However, since there has been no standardized method of man agement to date, a great deal of information could not be properly utilized nor studied. Therefore, the departments of Cardiology, Radiology and Neurology of Samsung Seoul Hospital recently got together to develop an information management system called the Vascular Data System. This program was developed to be run on win98 O/S, upper Pentium Ⅲ, and upper 128 MB Memory, and its source code is Dephi 4.0. It was configured for the user to set the configurations as well as do a variety of search and analysis. If this program were to be updated continuously, it may be used extensively as well as in various parts of clinical research activities.

      • KCI등재

        Surgical technique for single-port laparoscopy in huge ovarian tumors: SW Kim`s technique and comparison to laparotomy

        ( Jeong Sook Kim ),( In Ok Lee ),( Kyung Jin Eoh ),( Young Shin Chung ),( Inha Lee ),( Jung-yun Lee ),( Eun Ji Nam ),( Sunghoon Kim ),( Young Tae Kim ),( Sang Wun Kim ) 대한산부인과학회 2017 Obstetrics & Gynecology Science Vol.60 No.2

        Objective This study aimed to introduce a method to remove huge ovarian tumors (≥15 cm) intact with single-port laparoscopic surgery (SPLS) using SW Kim`s technique and to compare the surgical outcomes with those of laparotomy. Methods Medical records were retrospectively reviewed for patients who underwent either SPLS (n=21) with SW Kim`s technique using a specially designed 30×30-cm2-sized 3XL LapBag or laparotomy (n=22) for a huge ovarian tumor from December 2008 to May 2016. Perioperative surgical outcomes were compared. Results In 19/21 (90.5%) patients, SPLS was successfully performed without any tumor spillage or conversion to multi-port laparoscopy or laparotomy. There was no significant difference in patient characteristics, including tumor diameter and total operation time, between both groups. The postoperative hospital stay was significantly shorter for the SPLS group than for the laparotomy group (median, 2 [1 to 5] vs. 4 [3 to 17] days; P<0.001). The number of postoperative general diet build-up days was also significantly shorter for the SPLS group (median, 1 [1 to 4] vs. 3 [2 to 16] days; P<0.001). Immediate post-operative pain score was lower in the SPLS group (median, 2.0 [0 to 8] vs. 4.0 [0 to 8]; P=0.045). Patient-controlled anesthesia was used less in the SPLS group (61.9% vs. 100%). Conclusion SPLS was successful in removing most large ovarian tumors without rupture and showed quicker recovery and less immediate post-operative pain in comparison to laparotomy. SPLS using SW Kim`s technique could be a feasible solution to removing huge ovarian tumors.

      • KCI등재후보

        내관지압이 슬관절 전치환술 받은 노인 환자의 오심, 구토 및 통증에 미치는 효과

        유제복 ( Je Bog Yoo ),장희정 ( Hee Jung Jang ),나은희 ( Eun Hee Na ),김선영 ( Sun Young Kim ),신동수 ( Dong Soo Shin ) 경희대학교 동서의학연구소 2011 동서간호학연구지 Vol.17 No.2

        지압은 수직압, 지속압, 조화압으로 경혈을 찾은 다음 치료하는 사람의 체중을 실어서 위에서 아래로 누르는 방법으로 어깨에 불필요한 힘을 뺀 상태에서 자연스럽게 상체의 체중을 손가락에 집중을 시켜 수직으로 경혈을 보통 3-4초 정도 지속적으로 눌러 주는것을 말한다(East-west nursing research institute, 2000; Kim, 1999). 내관지압의 오심· 구토 경감 효과를 검증한 연구를 살펴보면, Alsaid 등(1997)이 수술 후 오심· 구토 감소에 효과가 있다고 보고하였고, Ming 등(2002)은 기능적 내시경 부비동 수술에 지압이 효과가 있다고 하였으며, Apfel 등(1999)은 항암화학요법을 받는 유방암 환자에게 지압이 오심과 구토에 유의한 차이가 있다고 보고하였다. Kim. 2003). Kim (2003)의 연구결과 내관지압이 항암화학요법을 받는 폐암 환자의 오심· 구토에 미치는 영향을 연구한 결과, 실험군에서 제2일과 3일에 오심 정도를 감소시키는 효과를 검증한 바 있다. 수술 환자의 자가 통증 조절기 사용은 최근 널리 적용되고 있는 통증완화를 위한 방법으로 자가 통증 조절기는 통증 완화를 위한 치료 효과는 높지만 오심· 구토는 대부분의 수술 후 자가 통증 조절기를 사용하는 환자들이 경험하는 심각한 불편감으로, 자가 통증조절기(PCA) 사용을 중단하게 되는 원인이 되기도 한다(Lee, 2006). 수술 후 오심, 구토는 통증보다 더욱 힘든 것으로 보고되고 있어, 이를 경감시켜 주기 위한 다양한 간호중재 전략의 개발이 요구된다Song & Shin, 1988). 본 연구는 슬관절 수술 환자의 자가 통증 조절기 사용 후 오심· 구토의 완화를 위해 내관지압을 적용하여 그 효과를 검증함으로써 비 침습적이고 독자적인 간호중재로서 발전시키기 위해 시도되었다. 본 연구 결과에서 내관지압 제공 후 24시간에 구토영역과 오심·구토 전체 영역에서 유의한 차이가 있었는데, 이는 Lee (2008)의 중이수술 대상자에게 손목밴드 내관지압을 적용한 결과 마취 종료후 24시간에 오심· 구토의 전체영역에서 유의한 차이가 나타났다는 결과와 일치하였다. 그러나 본 연구에서는 오심 영역은 유의미한 차이를 나타내지 못하여 Kim (2003)의 연구에서 항암화학요법주기 제2일 오심불편감이 실험군과 대조군 간에 통계적으로 유의한 차이를 보였다는 결과와 일치하지 않는 결과를 나타내었다. 이는 대상자의 차이에 의한 것으로 수술 환자와 항암요법대상자의 차이에서 비롯된 것으로 본다. Shin (2002)의 연구에서는 지압교육실험군에서 항암화학요법제투여 2일, 3일, 4일, 5일째 오심· 구토 정도가 유의미하게 감소하였다. 본 연구에서는 내관지압 제공 후 12시간에서 유의미하게 구토영역에서 감소를 나타내기 시작하였다. 이는 대상자가 다르기 때문으로 판단되며 항암요법을 실시하고 있는 대상자보다 고관절치환술 후자가통증조절기를 보유하고 있는 대상자의 오심· 구토 정도가 상대적으로 항암 환자보다 낮은 정도이기 때문으로 본다. Lee (2002)의 연구결과 오심 정도는 제3일째는 유의미한 차이가 있었으나 구토정 도에서는 유의미한 차이를 나타내지 않았다. 본 연구결과와는 차이를 나타내었다. 역시 항암요법을 받는 난소암 환자가 대상자이기 때문에 대상자의 차이로 인한 결과라고 본다. 따라서 앞으로 연구 시에는 동일대상자에 대한 반복연구가 필요함을 시사할 뿐 아니라 최초 효과발현 시기에 대해 다양한 대상자별 반복연구가 필요함을 알 수 있었다. 본 연구의 결과에서 내관지압 제공 후 24시간 시점에서 두 군 간의 오심· 구토 전체 점수는 유의미하게 낮았고 특히 구토 횟수, 구토불편감, 구토 양은 통계적으로 낮아 유의한 차이가 있었다. 그러나 Lee (2008)의 연구에서는 마취종료 후 24시간에 오심· 구토 전체 점수에서 유의미하게 차이가 났다는 결과와는 일치하였으나 세부 하위영역에서 유의미한 영역은 차이가 있다. 즉, Lee (2008)는 특히 오심에서 유의미한 차이를 나타내어 본 연구결과와 일치하지는 않았다. 이는 대상자의 수술의 심각성 정도에 따라 차이를 나타낸 것으로 보인다. Shin (2002)의 연구에서 항암화학요법을 받은 위암 환자에게 내관지압이 하위영역 구토 횟수 감소에 유의한 효과를 나타냈다는 결과와는 일치하였으며 Kim 등(2007)의 연구와도 일치하였다. 이는 지압 제공 후 12시간보다는 24시간에 효과가 큰 것은 시간이 지남에 따라 지압의 효과가 축적되어 나타나는 것이라 본다. Kwon(2011)의 결과 갑상선절제술 환자에게 손목밴드를 이용한 내관지압을 적용하였을 때 시간이 경과함에 따라 오심· 구토 점수가 감소하였다는 결과가 있었고 Kim 등(2010)의 결과에서는 시간에 따라 오심감소가 유의미하게 있었으므로 앞으로도 시간이 경과함에 따라오심· 구토의 감소효과를 계속해서 연구할 필요가 있다. Aidah 등(2002)의 연구결과 24-48시간에 구토의 부작용이 가장 심하게 나타난다는 연구결과가 있었는데 이때 지압을 통해 구토영역이 유의미하게 낮은 점수를 나타낸 것은 대조군은 구토의 부작용이 지속되지만 실험군은 지압의 효과로 구토의 부작용을 최소화하였기 때문이라 볼 수 있다. 그래서 본 연구의 실험군에서도 24시간에 가장 구토영역의 유의미하게 낮은 점수를 나타낸 것으로 본다. 본 연구결과는 24시간 시점에서 집중적으로 오심· 구토를 중재할 수 있는 간호 중재의 요구도가 있다는 것을 나타내는 증거라고 본다. 그러므로 앞으로는 내관(P6)지압을 24시간 이후 48시간에도 계속 적용한 후 오심· 구토 정도를 확인하는 반복 연구가 필요하다. 내관지압의 통증감소효과에 대한 가설을 세웠으나 본 연구결과 통증에는 효과가 나타나지 않았음을 보였다. 지압이 통증 감소에 영향을 미친다는 연구결과와 일치하지 않는 것을 보였다. Ju (2010)의 연구결과 경혈지압마사지가 요통 환자의 통증감소에 효과적이었다고 보고하였으나 이는 8주간의 장시간을 두고 효과를 검증한 것이었다. Shin (2004)은 자궁 적출술 환자의 통증 자가조절교육과 함께 내관지압을 실시한 실험군에서 통증감소효과가 있었다고 보고한 것과도 일치하지 않는 결과를 나타내었다. 이는 본 연구에서 이미 대상자 스스로 통증치료를 위해 PCEA를 사용하고 있으므로 통증에 대해서는 스스로 조절을 하는 부분이 더 영향을 미쳤을 것으로 본다. 그러나 앞으로의 연구에서는 PCEA를 착용하고 있으므로 이를 통한 통증약물 사용량을 함께 측정함으로써 통증 정도를 좀 더 정확하고 광범위하게 측정하여 통증 정도의 효과를 검증하는 것이 필요하다고 본다. 이상에서 논의한 바와 같이 본 연구는 수술 후 자가 통증 조절기사용 환자의 오심 및 구토, 통증 완화에 지압을 이용한 간호중재가 부분적으로 오심· 구토 감소에 효과를 나타낸다는 것을 검증하였으므로 임상에서 내관(P6)지압을 간호중재의 하나로서 적극 활용할 것을 제안한다. Purpose: Patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) is an effective method for controlling post surgical pain. However, it is associated with adverse drug reactions such as nausea and vomiting. In this, study we tested the effects of Nei-Guan (P6) acupressure on PCEA-associated nausea, vomiting, and pain in geriatric patients after total knee replacement arthroplasty (TKRA). Methods: Ninety-nine patients who had TKRA for the first time were randomly assigned to either, experiment group (n=50) or control groups (n=49). All patients received PCEA immediately after surgery, but acupressure on Nei-Guan (P6) point was applied to experiment group only. Ten minutes of finger acupressure on Nei-Guan (P6) acupressure point was applied twice with 15 minute-interval in the experiment group. The incidence of nausea, vomiting, and retching as well as pain intensity were assessed at 12 and 24 hours after surgery. Nausea, and vomiting were assessed by Index of Nausea, Vomiting and Retching (INVR) questionnaire. Pain intensity was measured with frequency of analgesics. Results: Vomiting both was significantly different between two groups at 12 hours (t=-2.18, p=0.03) and 24 hours (t=-2.64, p=0.01) after surgery. Total scores of nausea, vomiting and retching in experimental group was significantly lower than control group 24hours after surgery (t=- 2.18, p=0.03). However, pain was not different between two groups. Conclusion: Nei-Guan (P6) acupressure may be considered as an effective nursing intervention to decrease PCEA-associated nausea and vomiting in older patients after TKRA.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        모발로 분화하는 종양에 대한 임상 및 병리조직학적 소견 : 대한피부과학회 피부병리 연구분과위원회 공동연구

        김유찬,강원형,고재경,김낙인,김방순,김상원,김수남,김수찬,노영석,명기범,박석돈,방동식,서기석,손숙자,신동훈,원영호,오지원,윤태영,이미우,이일수,이증훈,이철헌,임철완,조광현,조백기,최광성,함정희,박찬금 대한피부과학회 2003 大韓皮膚科學會誌 Vol.41 No.9

        Background : Data on the clinicopathologic features of hair follicle tumors in Korea are limited. Objective : The Purpose was to investigate the clinical and histopathologic characteristics of hair follicle tumors in Korea. Methods : Two hundred sixty four cases of hair follicle tumors seen from 1999 to 2001 in Korea were analyzed clinically and histopathologically. Results and Conclusion : 1. The most common hair follicle tumor in Korea was pilomatricoma(81.0%), followed by trichoepithelioma(6.4%), dilated pore of Winer(3.8%), and proliferating trichilemmal tumor(2.2%). 2. Hair follicle tumors usually occurred as a solitary skin-colored nodule. The most commonly involved site was the face, and the peak age of presentation was 10 to 19. 3. Pilomatricoma usually occurred as a solitary skin-colored nodule. The most commonly involved site was the arm, and more than 50% of tumors occurred before the age of 20. Histopathologically, the tumor was often surrounded by fibrous capsule and was composed of basophilic and shadow cells. It was usually located in the dermis and extended into the subcutis. Retraction spaces between tumor nests and stroma were frequently observed. 4. Trichoepithelioma usually occurred as multiple skin-colored papules on the face. Histopathologically, the tumor was usually located in the dermis with sometimes connected to the epidermis. It frequently showed peripheral palisading. 5. Dilated pore of Winer usually occurred as a solitary brownish to pigmented papule on the face in middle-aged persons. 6. Proliferating trichilemmal tumor occurred as a solitary or multiple tumors. Histopathologically, the tumor was usually surrounded by incomplete fibrous capsule. Tumor cells frequently showed clear cell formation, nuclear atypia, mitosis, peripheral palisading, trichilemmal keratinization, and individual keratinization. (Korean J Dermatol 2003;41(9) : l177~l186)

      • KCI등재

        낮은 상관 특성과 큰 선형 복잡도를 갖는 새로운 p-진 수열군

        김영식(Young-Sik Kim),정정수(Jung-Soo Chung),노종선(Jong-Seon No),신동준(Dong-Joon Shin) 한국통신학회 2008 韓國通信學會論文誌 Vol.33 No.7C

        최근에 홀수인 소수 p, n=4k, 그리고 d=((p<SUP>2k</SUP>+1)/2²에 대해서 Seo, Kim, No, Shin<SUP>[1]</SUP>이 m-sequence와 d로 decimation한 부분 수열들 사이의 상관 분포를 유도하였다. 하지만 이러한 상관 분포로부터 수열군이 자명하게 결정되지는 않는다. 본 논문에서는 우선 위의 상관 특성을 유지하는 수열군을 선택하는 방법을 제시한다. 더 나아가서 이 수열군과 동일한 상관 특성을 가지면서도 더 큰 선형 복잡도를 갖는 수열군을 새롭게 생성할 것이다. 끝으로 3진 수열의 선형 복잡도를 특정 경우에 대해서 유도하고 이 경우 원래의 수열군보다 더 큰 선형 복잡도를 가짐을 보일 것이다. For an odd prime p, n=4k, and d=((p<SUP>2k</SUP>+1)/2², Seo, Kim, No, and Shin<SUP>[1]</SUP> derived the correlation distribution of p-ary m-sequence of period pⁿ-1 and its decimated sequences by d. In this paper, two new families of p-ary sequences with family size p<SUP>2k</SUP> and maximum correlation magnitude 2√pⁿ-1 are constructed. The linear complexity of new p-ary sequences in the families are derived in the some cases and the upper and lower bounds of their linear complexity for general cases are presented.

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        야뇨증 환아들의 심리사회적 특성에 대한 다기관 연구 : 행동 및 정서 문제를 중심으로

        조수철,김재원,신민섭,황준원,한상원,박관현,이상돈,김경도,김건석,서홍진,이유식,정재용,김영균,문두건,남궁미경,한창희,조원열,김영식,배기수,이종국,정우영,신의진 大韓神經精神醫學會 2005 신경정신의학 Vol.44 No.6

        Objectives : The aim of this study was to examine the behavioral and emotional problems associated with nocturnal enuresis in Korean children. Methods : Three hundred eighteen children with nocturnal enuresis, together with their parents, completed the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), Disruptive Behavior Disorder Scale according to DSM-IV (DBDS), Children's Depression Inventory (CDI), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (STAIC), and Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale (PHCSC). Ninety-three normal students were selected as the control group. Results : Compared to the normal control group, the mean scores with regard to the withdrawn, social problems, attention problems, delinquent behavior, aggressive behavior, externalizing problems and total problems profiles were significantly higher in the nocturnal enuresis group according to the CBCL results. The nocturnal enuresis group also scored significantly higher in the ADHD and ODD profiles of the DBDS. The nocturnal enuresis group was more depressed and anxious than the control group according to the results of the CDI and STAI. The mean score of the PHCSC was significantly lower in the nocturnal enuresis group when compared to the normal control group. Conclusion : The results of this study suggest that children with nocturnal enuresis in Korea have clinically relevant behavioral and emotional problems. The findings support the link between nocturnal enuresis and psychopathology in Korean children.

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        쓰레기 매립장 주변 농촌 주민들의 삶의 질 연구

        이명경,최준열,김인경,조영아,김영신,정혜진,김리나,이영규,조영태,Lee, Myung-Kyung,Choi, Jun-Yeol,Kim, In-Kyoung,Cho, Yeong-Ah,Kim, Young-Shin,Jung, Hye-Jin,Kim, Li-Na,Lee, Young-Kyu,Cho, Young-Tae 대한예방의학회 2006 Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health Vol.39 No.4

        Objectives: This study aims to examine if a garbage dumping site has real and negative influence on the quality of life (QOL) for the nearby residents. The net effects of the residential distance from the garbage dumping site and from the garbage truck route were investigated for five domains of the QOL. Methods: Two hundred fifty seven Shin-dong Myeon residents, Chun-cheon Si, participated in a self-administrated survey. The Shin-dong Myeon garbage dumping site began operating in 1996. ANCOV A with generalized linear models and multiple regression analysis were performed. Results: Descriptive analyses show that a residence nearby a garbage dumping site is negatively associated with the physical and environmental domains of the QOL. The residential distance from the garbage truck route does not exert any significant effect on various domains of QOL, except for the environmental domain. On the multivariate analysis, the residents living near the garbage dumping site tended to have a significantly negative QOL in the physical and environmental domains. However, the distance from the garbage truck route did not show a significant nor substantial effect on the QOL. The demographic and socioeconomic control variables are associated with a number of the QOL domains, and their patterns are consistent with the general expectations. Conclusions: The results indicated that a garbage dumping site is considered to be an environmental hazard among the nearby residents according to the lower scores on the physical and environmental domains of the QOL. The findings from this study provide comprehensive understanding on the residents' QOL, and they may help politicians and policy makers make decisions for appropriate interventions.

      • 흉통의 양상에 따라 분류한 불안정형 협심증 환자의 임상적 소견의 비교

        김명수,김성구,정호석,온영근,신원용,김철현,최태명,현민수,권영주 순천향의학연구소 2001 Journal of Soonchunhyang Medical Science Vol.7 No.1

        Background and aims : The clinical syndrome unstable angina pectoris that encompasses a variety of symptoms and clincal presentations of transient episode of myocardial ischemia, was devided to several subgroups. Also, it has variable pathophysiologic factors to cause myocardial ischemia. According to clincal presentation, coronary angiographic finding and prognostic factor, the result of unstable angina pectoris is variable. In fact, there were a few data reported on the prognosis of wide spectrum of patients with unstable angina. However, the precise risk of subgroups according to classitication has not been established because it was difficult to compare between studies. We classified unstable angina pectoris by clinical nature of chest pain, and performed to establish and compare the clinical presentations, coronary angiographic findings, treatement and prognosis of patients with unstable angina within subgroups of classification. Methods : Retrospenctive data for 164 unstable angina pectoris patients admitted to the Internal Cardiology Division of Soon Chun Hyang University Hospital from May 1996 to July 1999 was analyzed. The patients were classified into one of the following categories: Class I, new onset of severe angina; Class II, acceleration of previous chronic stable angina; Class III, angina at rest. Clinical presentations, echocardiographic findings, coronary angiographic findings, treatment and prognosis were compared. Results : From the total 164 patients, the subjects of classes were as follows : Class I, 46 cases (28.1%); Class II, 74 cases (45.1%); Class III, 44 cases (26.8%). In view of age distribution, the 7th decade had the highest incidence, and then, 6th, 8th decades were followed. There was no baseline differences among the 3 classes with respect to gender, number of risk factors. Significantly, class II showed more severe findings in abnormal Q wave 15 cases (20.8%), total occclusive lesion 10 cases (20.8%) and three vessel coronary disease 11 cases (22.9%) than other classes. The change of ST segment was significantly apparent (p<0.02) among class I 28 cases (60.8%), class III 26 cases (59.0%), comparing with class II 30 cases (40.5%). Class III had the higher incidence of one vessel coronary artery disease than class I and III. The heparin treatment was performed in 99 cases (60.1%). The incidence of nonfatal myocardial infarction was much more in class I and III, each 4 cases (8.7%, 9.8%) than in class II 1 cases (1.4%). In-Hospital death was occurred in class I and II, each 1 case. Conclusion : The patients with the acclerated angina from chronic stable angina had more severe coronary artery disease than other classes, but they had better in-hospital prognosis.

      • 산후에 발병한 특발성 부갑상선 기능저하증 I 예

        김정인,김상용,신병철,김경남,서영욱,이범주,김진화,배학연 朝鮮大學校 附設 醫學硏究所 2002 The Medical Journal of Chosun University Vol.27 No.2

        Hypoparathyroidism is usually the result of an inadvertent surgical removal of all the parathyroid glands, In some instances, not all the tissues are removed, but the remainder undergoes vascular supply compromise secondary to the fibrotic changes in the neck after surgery, Previously, the surgery for hyperthyroidism was the most frequent cause of acquired hypoparathyroidism. Idiopathic hypoparathyroidism is a relatively rare disease that is characterized by hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia due to a parathyroid hormone deficiency of an unknown cause, It usually develops at a young age, and shows various clinical symptoms and signs accompanied with hypocalcemia. In addition, it is rarely associated with polyglandular autoimmune syndrome during the follow-up. Hypocalcemia and idiopathic hypoparathyroidism associated with labor and lactation are rarely reported condition previously. We here describe a case of a woman in whom the symptomatic severe hypocalcemia appeared after her delivery. We reviewed all the previously reported cases and suggest a possible physiological explanation for the association between pregnancy, lactation, and the appearance of symptomatic hypocalcemia.

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        ACTN-3 유전자 다형성과 무산소성 파워 능력

        김철현,이영익,김윤만,조인호,제임스전,김지연,박재현,김혜진,신경아,이승주,오윤선,이규성,조준용 한국운동영양학회 2004 Journal of exercise nutrition & biochemistry Vol.8 No.3

        The α-actinin is an actin-binding protein belonging to the spectrin protein superfamily. a-actinin-3(ACTN-3) expression is limited to skeletal muscle, especially Type Ⅱ muscle fiber. This gene has homozygosity for a premature stop codon resulting in a-actinin-3 deficiency. The deficiency in the type Ⅱ muscle is able to be compensated by a-actinin-2(ACTN-2). While that deficiency does not induce a disease phenotype, the ACTN-3 is highly conserved in evolutionary terms because of its functions independent of the ACTN2. Researchers have suggested that this trait is related to muscle function at the extremes of power performance. Therefore, we compared the relative frequencies of the ACTN-3 R577X polymorphism between anaerobic power athletes and control group. For this study, we recruited 158 sprint or power elite athletes and 414 healthy adults. The results of the current study showed significant differences in the genotype frequencies such that elite anaerobic power athletes have 4% higher of the RR genotype and 9% lower of the XX genotype than the healthy adults. With respect to the allele frequencies, the athletic group had significantly higher R allele frequency and significantly lower X allele frequency than the control group. In summary, these results suggest that the ACTN-3 R577X genotype may represent a genetic marker for anaerobic power performance.

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