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      • 중국 성선설 소고

        박성기 통합연구학회 1997 통합연구 Vol.10 No.3-4

        This article deals with 'Seung -sun'(The doctrine that man's inborn nature is goo - theory which constitutes the base of anthropocentric world view in ancient china. The content consists of the following categories : 1. preface, 2. formation of the 'Seung - sun' - theory, 3. the 'Seung - sun' - theories of the Confucius and Mencius, 4. the 'seung - ak'(the doctrine that man's inborn nature is evil) -theory of Hsun zu. 5. 'Seung - sun' - theory of Sung - dynasty, 6. a virtual image of the 'Seung - sun' - theory, 7. a real image of it. 8. soteriology. We can't redeem ourselves ; Jesus Christ only can and must be our redeemer.

      • KCI등재

        『여창가요록』 양승민본의 문헌적 특징과 자료적 가치

        양승민 ( Seung Min Yang ) 한국시가학회 2012 韓國 詩歌硏究 Vol.33 No.-

        이 글은 새로 발굴한 필자 소장본 『여창가요록』을 소개, 고찰한 논문이다. 『여창가요록』 양승민본은 1853년도에 雲谷先生이라는 사람이 鶴仙娘子라는 京妓에게 필사해준 가집이다. 현전 『여창가요록』 중 最古本에 해당하는 이본이다. 늦어도 1853년 이전에 편찬되었기에, 『가곡원류』의 초창기 형성 과정을 보여주는 자료이다. 양승민본 『여창가요록』은 후대 『가곡원류』가 갖춘 기본적 체재를 두루 구비한 이본이다. 따라서 여창 중심으로 편찬된 책이긴 하나 『가곡원류』의 한 이본으로 평가할 수 있다. 적어도 박효관 주변에서 필사된 책이며, 박효관이 직접 엮고 필사한 책일 가능성도 높다. 편찬 시기가 늦어도 1853년이므로, 『가곡원류』와 같은 가집의 체재가 이미 19세기 전반기에 완성되었음을 알 수 있다. 또한 『여창가요록』은 이후의 집대성 완성본 『가곡원류』에서 별도로 파생된 것이 아니라 오히려 먼저 이루어졌다. 여창 중심의 기방 유행본 『가곡원류』가 이미 초기본의 형태로 존재했다. 이후 안민영과의 공동 작업으로 국악원본 『가곡원류』와 같은 증보 완성본이 편찬된 것으로 파악할 수 있다. 양승민본은 『가곡원류』의 형성 시기가 사실상 19세기 전반기임을 보여준다. 이 초기본의 발견으로 『가곡원류』의 형성기 모습 자체에 대한 연구가 구체적으로 가능해졌다. 『가 곡원류』라는 가집은 일시에 완성된 것이 아니라 19세기 가단의 움직임 속에서 다양하고 점진적인 형성 과정이 있었고, 여러 형태의 이본들이 당대의 시대적, 상황적 수요에 따라 유통되었다. This paper presents an introduction and examination of "Yeochanggayorok" of the Yang Seung-min version that had been newly excavated. The Yang Seung-min version of "Yeochanggayorok" was an anthology transcribed and provided by Master Woongok to a Gyeonggi gisaeng called Maiden Hakseon in 1853. It is an early version that is the oldest of the different remaining versions of "Yeochanggayorok." Since it was published before 1853 at the latest, it offers important materials to show the early formation process of "Gagokwonryu." First, the Yang Seung-min version of "Yeochanggayorok" is widely equipped with the formal framework of "Gagokwonryu" and accordingly another version of its in spite of the fact that it was published with a focus on Yeochang. Second, it is estimated that Park Hyo-gwan himself compiled and transcribed the Yang Seung-min version and published it in 1853. Such Yeochang-centric anthologies as the version must have been published before the completion of "Gagokwonryu" and in vogue around gisaengs`` saloons. Third, the version claims its worth as a material to advance the formation time of "Gagokwonryu" to the former half of the 19th century at the latest. The discovery of this early version of "Yeochanggayorok" made it possible to conduct concrete research on the aspects of "Gagokwonryu" themselves during its formation period. Finally, it is estimated that the anthology of "Gagokwonryu" was not completed at a time but went through various gradual formation processes in the middle of the movements of Gadan in the 19th century. As a matter of fact, there was no certain complete version of "Gagokwonryu"; instead, its versions of many different forms were widely distributed according to the demands of the times and situations those days.

      • KCI등재

        Recolonization of benthic macroinvertebrates after anthropogenic disturbance in natural streams, South Korea

        Seung-phil,Chun,Seung-hoon,Chon,Seung-oh,Lee,Jang-hyuk,Im,Woo-kyun,Lee,Myoung-chul,Kim 한국환경생태학회 2015 한국환경생태학회지 Vol.29 No.2

        Stream ecosystems are closely related to many human activities. Therefore, streams are affected by anthropogenic disturbances such as riverine development and gravel-mining as well as deterioration of water quality. The goal of this study was to elucidate the recolonization process of the macroinvertebrate community after a small-scale anthropogenic disturbance. Field studies were conducted at three sites in a natural stream. The number of recolonizing species tended to increase slightly over time, exceeding the total species number of the control. Ephemeroptera contributed the most to shaping the recolonizing pattern of the entire community. From the result of changes in dominant species, the early recolonizers of each site were the species that showed more frequent occurrence particulary at each sites. But the late recolonizers are Chironomidae at all the sites commonly. This result implies that the actual differences exist among the recolonizing trends of each benthic macroinvertebrate taxon. Collector-gatherers and scrapers comprised about 70% of the recolonizing species. These results indicate that the recolonizing process of an aquatic community after an artificial disturbance depends on the environmental conditions(particularly substratum composition or organic pollution) of the habitat.

      • KCI등재

        승효상의 건축에서 ‘비움'의 의미와 형식에 관한 연구

        이승헌(Lee, Seung Heon) 한국디지털디자인협의회 2014 디지털디자인학연구 Vol.14 No.3

        ‘비움'은 물리적 장치를 세우고 나서 우연찮게 남은 공터가 아니다. 처음부터 의도적으로 생각이 담긴 특정한 장소를 만드는 것이다. "비움"을 통해 대지가 드러나며, 세계가 열린다. 대지와 세계가 만들어내는 시간성과 장소성 위에 자연의 요소들이 개입하고, 인간의 삶이 펼쳐진다. 승효상이 언설을 통해 표명한 “동결된 비움”이 아닌, “생명력을 가진 공간”으로서의 비움은 아직 완벽히 실현되지 못하고 있다. 비움의 궁극적인 목적을 감안할 때, 표현 형식은 정해진 틀을 떨쳐버리고 다양한 방식의 실험이 가능해야 한다. 사유 형성에 영향력이 컸던 기존의 이미지들에 천착하지 않고, 사용자들의 체험을 강조하는 새로운 이미지의 창출이 필요하다. 그 때에 비로소 ‘비움'은 활성화될 것이다. "Emptiness" is not just a void space accidentally left resulting from established physical installation. It is a particular place intentionally created with thoughts from the beginning. Through the "Emptiness", Mother Earth is revealed and the world is open. On the temporality and placeness created by Mother Earth and the world, factors of nature intervene and human life spreads. The Emptiness as "a space with life" not as the "frozen void" expressed in Seung Hyo-Sang"s comments is still not realized perfectly. Considering an ultimate purpose of the Emptiness, the forms of expression should bring out many different types of experiment by dispelling fixed frames. Creation of new image is required that focuses on users" experience, not delving into existing images much affecting reason formation. And then only the "Emptiness" will be vitalized.

      • KCI등재

        Pre-hospital delay and emergency medical services in acute myocardial infarction

        Seung,Hun,Lee,Hyun,Kuk,Kim,Myung,Ho,Jeong,Joo,Myung,Lee,Hyeon-Cheol,Gwon,Shung,Chull,Chae,In-Whan,Seong,Jong-Seon,Park,Jei,Keon,Chae,Seung-Ho,Hur,Kwang,Soo,Cha,Hyo-Soo,Kim,Ki-Bae,Seung,Seung-Woon,Rha 대한내과학회 2020 The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine Vol.35 No.1

        Background/Aims: Minimising total ischemic time (TIT) is important for improving clinical outcomes in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction who have undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). TIT has not shown a significant improvement due to persistent pre-hospital delay. This study aimed to investigate the risk factors associated with pre-hospital delay. Methods: Individuals enrolled in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institutes of Health between 2011 and 2015 were included in this study. The study population was analyzed according to the symptomto- door time (STDT; within 60 or > 60 minutes), and according to the type of hospital visit (emergency medical services [EMS], non-PCI center, or PCI center). Results: A total of 4,874 patients were included in the analysis, of whom 28.4% arrived at the hospital within 60 minutes of symptom-onset. Old age (> 65 years), female gender, and renewed ischemia were independent predictors of delayed STDT. Utilising EMS was the only factor shown to reduce STDT within 60 minutes, even when cardiogenic shock was evident. The overall frequency of EMS utilisation was low (21.7%). Female gender was associated with not utilising EMS, whereas cardiogenic shock, previous myocardial infarction, familial history of ischemic heart disease, and off-hour visits were associated with utilising EMS. Conclusions: Factors associated with delayed STDT and not utilising EMS could be targets for preventive intervention to improve STDT and TIT.

      • KCI등재SCIE

        Anti‑inflammatory effect of Rosa laevigata extract on in vitro and in vivo model of allergic asthma via the suppression of IgE and related cytokines

        Seung‑Hyeon,Lee,Seung‑Han,Choi,In‑Seung,Lee,Yumi,Kim,Eun‑Jin,An,Hyeung‑Jin,Jang 대한독성 유전단백체 학회 2020 Molecular & cellular toxicology Vol.16 No.2

        Backgrounds Exposure to a toxic stress environment leads to excessive inflammatory reactions and induces allergic asthma resulting in airway hyper-responsiveness. We investigated whether Rosa laevigata Michx. (RL) exhibits anti-inflammatory effects related allergic asthma in both an in vitro and in vivo studies. Methods To investigate the preventive effect of RL, A549 cells were pretreated with non-toxic doses of RL (500, 1000 μg/ mL) and induced by epidermal growth factor (EGF) (10 ng/mL). First, we evaluated cytotoxicity via a MTT assay. The inhibitory effects of NF-κB activity and COX-2 expression were confirmed by a western blot assay. In the in vivo study, BALB/c mice were challenged with regard to ovalbumin via an intraperitoneal injection of RL (50, 100 mg/kg) and were killed to collect bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, lung tissues and blood serum. The number of inflammatory cells, the secretion of IgE and related cytokines were monitored by ELISA and multiplex assays. Results RL significantly suppressed NF-κB activity and COX-2 expression levels in EGF-induced A549 cells. In a chronic inflammation mice model, pretreatment of RL attenuated allergic airway inflammation by reducing inflammatory cells, the secretion of IgE and related cytokines in a dose-dependent manner. Conclusions The results of this study present the possibility of RL as a therapeutic agent for allergic asthma patients via the suppression of IgE and related cytokines.

      • KCI등재

        斗山그룹의 成長과 發展

        Seung Uk Lee(李承郁) 한국경영사학회 2002 經營史學 Vol.28 No.-

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        Started from a small size Seung-Jik Park Shop, one of the oldest in Korean modern history of commerce, and grown with traditional Korean spirit of politeness and perseverance, Doosan Group today has become one of the largest groups of companies including such a gigantic company as Doosan Heavy Industries Co., Ltd. This study aims to explore the courses of growth and development of Doosan Group from historical and functional point of view and extract the characteristics of growth and the modes of behavior in order to define the growth factors. The method adopted for the study is based on the management history with particular focus on entrepreneurs involved. In 1896, the year classified in this study as embryo period of Doosan Group, ‘Maeheon' Seung-Jik Park opened Seung-Jik Park Shop selling drapery. Then he established Kwang Jang Co, and Kong Ik Sa, a trading house, developed cosmetic product Parkabun and ventured into beer industry through the acquisition of Sohwa Kirin Beer. In this embryo period, the factor that enabled his companies to grow and develop was the management philosophy based on harmony, thrifty, honesty and trust that formed the company motto and enhanced the image of the companIes. The focus was rather on specialization of organizations for growth than diversification of activities for expansion. In the beginning his business was mainly on drapery with major focus on quality and reliability. By the time he ventured into such commodity business as cosmetics and beer, the quality of products be came the prime target to pursue and achieve. This period could be seen as initial stage of the group to accumulate the capital required for further growth. From the year 1951 when ‘Yonkang' Doo-Byung Park began to lead the group, the formation period set in place. In such time of Rehabilitation followed by social chaos, Sohwa Kirin Beer was transformed into Oriental Brewery Co., Ltd. and Doosan Group began to be formed. This formation period marked the dawn of Doosan Group pioneering the beer market, launching construction and machinery industries and exploring the overseas markets. This period was the time when the need for the management to be separated from the capital was strongly felt in order to maximize the management philosophy carried forward from the initial stage of the Doosan Group. The growth factor from the management point of view was the corporate philosophy based on harmony, honesty and public service spirit. In 1974, a new era began with the appointment of management expert Soo-Chang Jung as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. It was a major turning point for Doosan Group. The efforts of the top management in this period could be characterized by its focus on creation of growth paths for electronic industries, accumulation of technologies through strategic alliance or merging with the companies of advanced countries, and expansion or realignment of existing businesses. The first growth factor in this period was the emphasis of creativity that provided the basis and momentum for healthy management and the second was organizational restructuring to be prepared for acquisition and merging and maintain the specialty of each business unit. Take-off period started with the arrival of Chairman Yong-Kon Park in 1981 and continued until 1995. In this period, development of overseas markets was reinforced in the areas of beer. construction, electronics, glass, machinery and trading while new businesses were actively explored. The Group was pressing forward with continuous expansion, horizontally as well as vertically. The growth factors from the management point of view were customer-satisfaction, priority on Quality, innovation, recruitment of talented people as well as organizational change aimed for diversification and specialization through the new system and mixed use of business divisions and teams. The year 1996 saw the beginning of innovation period of Doosan Group, As the external e

      • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

        Bone cement grafting increases implant primary stability in circumferential cortical bone defects

        Shin,,Seung-Yun,Shin,,Seung-Il,Kye,,Seung-Beom,Chang,,Seok-Woo,Hong,,Jongrak,Paeng,,Jun-Young,Yang,,Seung-Min The Korean Academy of Periodontoloy 2015 Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science Vol.45 No.1

        Purpose: Implant beds with an insufficient amount of cortical bone or a loss of cortical bone can result in the initial instability of a dental implant. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of bone cement grafting on implant initial stability in areas with insufficient cortical bone. Methods: Two different circumferential defect depths (2.5 mm and 5 mm) and a control (no defect) were prepared in six bovine rib bones. Fourteen implants of the same type and size ($4mm{\pm}10mm$) were placed in each group. The thickness of the cortical bone was measured for each defect. After the implant stability quotient (ISQ) values were measured three times in four different directions, bone cement was grafted to increase the primary stability of the otherwise unstable implant. After grafting, the ISQ values were measured again. Results: As defect depth increased, the ISQ value decreased. In the controls, the ISQ value was $85.45{\pm}3.36$ ($mean{\pm}standard$ deviation). In circumferential 2.5-mm and 5-mm defect groups, the ISQ values were $69.42{\pm}7.06$ and $57.43{\pm}6.87$, respectively, before grafting. These three values were significantly different (P<0.001). After grafting the bone cement, the ISQ values significantly increased to $73.72{\pm}8.00$ and $67.88{\pm}10.09$ in the 2.5-mm and 5.0-mm defect groups, respectively (P<0.05 and P<0.001). The ISQ value increased to more than double that before grafting in the circumferential 5-mm defect group. The ISQ values did not significantly differ when measured in any of the four directions. Conclusions: The use of bone cement remarkably increased the stability of the implant that otherwise had an insufficient level of stability at placement, which was caused by insufficient cortical bone volume.

      • KCI등재

        Recolonization of benthic macroinvertebrates after anthropogenic disturbance in natural streams, South Korea

        ( Seung Phil Chun ), ( Seung Hoon Chon ), ( Seung Oh Lee ), ( Jang Hyuk Im ), ( Woo Kyun Lee ), ( Myoung Chul Kim ) 한국환경생태학회 2015 한국환경생태학회지 Vol.29 No.2

        Stream ecosystems are closely related to many human activities. Therefore, streams are affected by anthropogenic disturbances such as riverine development and gravel-mining as well as deterioration of water quality. The goal of this study was to elucidate the recolonization process of the macroinvertebrate community after a small-scale anthropogenic disturbance. Field studies were conducted at three sites in a natural stream. The number of recolonizing species tended to increase slightly over time, exceeding the total species number of the control. Ephemeroptera contributed the most to shaping the recolonizing pattern of the entire community. From the result of changes in dominant species, the early recolonizers of each site were the species that showed more frequent occurrence particulary at each sites. But the late recolonizers are Chironomidae at all the sites commonly. This result implies that the actual differences exist among the recolonizing trends of each benthic macroinvertebrate taxon. Collector-gatherers and scrapers comprised about 70% of the recolonizing species. These results indicate that the recolonizing process of an aquatic community after an artificial disturbance depends on the environmental conditions(particularly substratum composition or organic pollution) of the habitat.

      • KCI등재

        Is the Modified AIMS65 Score Suitable for Distinguishing the Low Risk Group and the High Risk Group for Patients with Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding?

        ( Seung Woo Yoo ), ( Jin Woong Lee ), ( Sung Uk Cho ), ( Jun Wan Lee ), ( Won Joon Jeong ), ( Yong Chul Cho ), ( Yeon Ho You ), ( Seung Ryu ), ( Seung Whan Kim ), ( In Sool Yoo ) 대한응급의학회 2017 大韓應急醫學會誌 Vol.28 No.1

        Purpose: The goal of this study was to increase the performance of the AIMS65 score in the prediction of outcomes in upper gastrointestinal bleeding by modifying the AIMS65 score. Methods: Data were collected retrospectively between January 2015 and June 2015. A total of 212 adult patients, who visited the emergency department with an upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage during this period were included for analysis. High risk patients were defined as follows: those who needed an endoscopic or surgical hemostasis, suffered rebleeding, hospitalized in an intensive care unit, and those who were deceased within 30 days or required a blood transfusion. The seven parameters of the modified AIMS65 score were as follows: Albumin levels, international normalized ratio (prothrombin time), altered mental status, systolic blood pressure, age>65 years, hemoglobin levels, and heart rate. Results: The high-risk group was comprised of 163 patients, while the low risk group was comprised of 49 patients. The areas under the curve for AIMS65 and modified AIMS65 scores were 0.727 (95% confidence interval, 0.662-0.786) and 0.847 (95% confidence interval, 0.791-0.892), respectively, which were significantly different (p<0.001). The AIMS65 score had a sensitivity of 53.0% and a specificity of 78.5% at a score of 0. The modified AIMS65 score had a sensitivity of 22.4% and a specificity of 99.3% at a score of 0. For the modified AIMS65 score of 3 or lower, the sensitivity was 97.9% with a specificity of 21.4%. Conclusion: The modified AIMS65 score was effective in distinguishing between the low-risk group and the high-risk group among patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding.

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