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Dr. Inje Paik was born in the city of Jungju, Pyungbuk Province, Korea in 1899. He graduated from Kyungsung Medical School in Seoul. He was a top student in his class. He later became chairman of the Department of Surgery at the medical school. He was trained in Germany two separate times and continued upgrading his medical skill. He opened his private practice, Paik Surgical Clinic, 1941. His clinic flourished due to alls excellent surgical skill and modern medical knowledges. After the liberation from Japanese Annexation in 1945, he contributed much to the founding of the Korean Medical Association. He served as the first and second president of Seoul Branch of Korea Medical Association, as well as the Korean Surgical Society. He donated most of his asserts in order to start the first nonprofit foundation hospital in Korea. He was taken to North by the communists during the Korean war in 1950. But Paik clinic kept on growing by the former students of his. And finally the clinic smarted its own Inje Medical College in Pusan by 1979 which later became Inje University in 1989. The foundation operates three hospitals now, Seoul Paik Hospital, Pusan Paik Hospital, and Sanggye Paik Hospital. These hospitals run over 2,000 beds and an another hospital in Ilsan near Seoul will be open at the end of 1999. Inje Paik and his student made enormous contributions in various fields of surgery in Korea. Inje Paik introduced the decompression method for the patients of mechanical intestinal obstruction in 1937 for the first time in the world, three years before the Wangensteen's seminal publication on intestinal decompression for ileum. A private blood bank was introduced in Paik Hospital in 1954 for the first time in Korea. Pelvic exenteration, intramedullary nail fixation, choledocho-duodenostomy, esphagoplasty were also introduced at Paik Hospital in the early 1960s. I reported 328 cases of intussusception, the largest number of cases so far at that time. I started Swenson's operation for the Hirshsprung's disease fort the first time in Korea around 1960. Inje Paik in a way. Godfather of modern medicine as well as surgery of Korea, and his former students, we may call it the Paik, Inje Tree, have made an impressive contribution to the advancement of modern medicine in Korea.
韓國産 가게거미屬은 岸田(1936), 白·八木沼·南宮(1969) 및 白(1971, 1972, 1974)등에 依하여 다음 7種이 報告되었다. Coelotes exitialis L. Koch, 1874 어리가게거미 C. coreanus Paik et Yaginuma, 1969 고려가게거미 C. songminjae Paik et Yaginuma, 1969 민자가게거미 C. kayasanensis Paik, 1972 가야산가게거미 C. kimi Paik, 1974 용기가게거미 C. dimidiatus Paik, 1974 팔공가게거미 C. quadraticulvus Paik, 1974 모가게거미 著者는 本報에서 다음 5新種을 報告하였다. Coelote euini n. sp. 입가게거미(新稱) C. ovatus n. sp. 방울가게거미(新稱) C. bicaudatus n. sp. 오대산가게거미(新稱) C. bifidus n. sp. 민무늬가게거미(新稱) C. lunatus n. sp. 속리가게거미(新稱) 이들 중 C. bicaudatus만 后牙提齒가 3개고 나머지 4種은 C. kayasanensis, C. kimi, C. dimidiatus, C. quadrativulvus 및 C. coreanus등과 마찬가지로 2개의 后牙提齒를 가지는 hamamurai groop (Paik, 1974 p.34)에 屬하는 것이었다. 이로서 韓國産으로 報告된 가게거미屬은 總 12종이 되는데 그 중 C. exitialis는 이미 著者가(1971) 言及한바와같이 韓國産으로서 의문이 있는 種이다.
민자가게거미는 蔚珍郡 平海面 鶴谷里 所在 "영치굴"에서 採集된, 單 한 個體의 암컷에 依하여 記載된 種이다. (Paik, Yaginuma and Namkung, 1969, pp, 839-841, figs, 65-69) 여기에 著者는 새로이 수컷의 記載와 많은 資料에 依據한 암컷에 對한 補充 記載를 하였다. 또 從來 韓國에서 Coelotes insidiosus로 報告된 것은 全部 本種의 Synomym임을 밝혔다. 韓國産 Coelotes屬의 거미는 C. exitialis L. Koch, 1877; C. coreanus Paik et Yaginuma, 1969; C. songminjae Paik et Yaginuma, 1969의 3種이 되는데, 이 중 C. exitialis는 Kishida(1936)가 "Yachigumo"라는 日名만으로 報告한 것에 對해, Paik & Kim(1956) 및 Paik(1967)등이 C. exitialis란 學名을 適用한 것으로서, Kishida 이후 本種을 採集한 記錄이 없다. 따라서, 本種이 韓國에 난다는 것은 매우 의심스러운 일이다.
韓國産가게거미屬의 거미는 岸田(1936), 白·八木沼·南宮(1969) 및 白(1971, 1972) 등에 의하여 다음 4種이 報告되었다. Coelotes exitiales L. Kcch, 1878 C. coreanus Paik et Yaginuma, 1969 C. songminjae Paik et Yaginuma, 1969 C. kayasanensis Paik, 1972 著者는 本報에서 다음 3新種을 記載하였다. Coelotes kimi n. sp. C. dimidiatus n. sp. C. quadrativulvs n. sp. 이들 3新種은 2개의 後牙堤齒를 가지는 點으로 미루어 旣히 韓國 및 日本에서 報告된 C. coreanus Paik et Yaginuma, 1969, C. kayasanenis Paik, 1972(以上은 韓國産) C. hamamurai Yaginuma, 1969, C. grandivulva Yaginuma, 1969, C. decolor Nishikawa, 1973, C. personatus Nishikawa, 1973(以上은 日本産)의 6種과 緊密한 關係를 가지고 있으나 암수의 生殖器의 構造로 이들 關係되는 6種과는 勿論 지금까지 記載된 本屬의 모든 種과도 뚜렷이 識別되었다. 이로서 韓國産 가게거미屬은 7種이 되는데 그 중 C. exitialis는 著者가(1971) 이미 言及한 바와 같이 그것이 韓國에 난다는 것이 의심스러운 일이다.
가게거미屬(Coelotes)은 가게거미科 (Agelenidae)의 한 屬으로서 韓國에서는 C. exitialiss L. Koch, 1877, C. coreanus Paik et Yaginuma, 1969 및 C. songminjae Paik et Yaginuma, 1969의 3種이 報告되었다. 著者는 本報에서 一新種 Coelotes kayasanensis n. sp. 가야산 가게거미를 記載하였다. C. exitialis는 著者(1971)가 이미 論及한바와 같이 韓國에 棲息함이 疑心스러운 種이므로 이것을 除外하면 韓國産이 確實한 가게거미屬의 거미는 本新種까지 合쳐서 3種이 된다.
( Namyoung Paik ), ( Dong Hyun Sinn ), ( Jung Hee Kim ), ( Wonseok Kang ), ( Geum-youn Gwak ), ( Yong-han Paik ), ( Moon Seok Choi ), ( Joon Hyeok Lee ), ( Kwang Cheol Koh ), ( Seung Woon Paik ) 대한간학회 2016 춘·추계 학술대회 (KASL) Vol.2016 No.1
Aims: The prognosis of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infected patientsshowing low level viremia (HBV DNA < 2,000 IU/mL) are generallyexcellent, yet, those with cirrhosis are still at risk for developing hepatocellularcarcinoma (HCC). Liver biopsy is the gold standard to differentiatecirrhosis in this population, yet, due to its invasiveness, manyhad to rely on noninvasive liver fibrosis predictors. We tested whethersimple noninvasive liver fibrosis predictors, the AST to platelet ratioindex (APRI) and the Fibrosis-4 (FIB-4), can effectively risk-stratify HCCrisk in patients with low level viremia.Methods: A retrospective cohort of 1,380 CHB patients with low levelviremia (HBV DNA < 2,000 IU/mL) was assessed for the developmentof HCC. Cirrhosis was defined clinically by cirrhotic configuration,varix, thrombocytopenia with splenomegaly. Based on APRI and FIB-4score, patients were divided into two groups based on known cutoff(0.5 for APRI and 1.45 for FIB-4), which has shown high negativepredictive value for advanced fibrosis.Results: During a median 5.7 years (range: 1.0-9.2 years) of follow-up,HCC developed in 65 patients. The HCC incidence rate was higherfor cirrhotic patients (40/237 patients, 16.7% at 5-years), but wasnot null for non-cirrhotic patients (25/1,143 patients, 1.9% at 5-years,p < 0.001). The AUROCs for the HCC development at 3/5 yearswas 0.78/0.73, 0.79/0.78, and 0.79/0.76 for cirrhosis, APRI and FIB-4,among overall cohort, respectively, and was 0.73/0.83 and 0.83/0.89for APRI and FIB-4, among non-cirrhotic patients. When stratifiedby APRI and FIB-4, the 5-year cumulative HCC incidence rate was13.7%, 2.8% and 1.4% for both high, any high, and both lowAPRI and FIB-4, among overall cohort (p < 0.001), and was 11.5%,2.4% and 0.2% for both high, any high, and both low APRI andFIB-4, among non-cirrhotic patients (p < 0.001), respectively.Conclusions: The combined use of APRI and FIB-4 can effectively riskstratify individuals risk for HCC, and can be useful in clinical practicefor the HCC prediction among patients with low level viremia, includingthose without clinical evidence of cirrhosis.
서울백병원 혈액은행의 최근 2∼3년 동안의 헌혈, 성분 제재 사용 현황, 전혈 사용 현황, 질환별 수혈 현황 및 1인 평균 수혈량 등을 통계 처리하여 혈액 사용의 현황을 제시하고자 하였다. The blood bank of Seoul Paik Hospital has the longest history as a blood bank of private hospital in Koera. We have served for Clinician during last 33 years. Total transfusion amount has increased slowly since the foundation of blood bank, but we have some problems still to solve in future steps. Author summarized the recent status about some fields of transfusion with recent 2 to 3 years data to compare with the status in other institutions in Korea. Blood component transfusion and blood donation have been remarkable increased during recent 2 to 3 years, especially since last autumn (1986). The reason might be activated cardiovascular surgery & active liver surgery since last autumn. Some data about transfusion were briefly summarized as follows : 1.The number of blood donation increased 2.7 times during 1987 compared with the number in 1985. 2.The ratio of blood component therapy increased 2.4 times during 1987 compared with the ratio in 1985. 3.Total transfusion amount (the number of whole blood used plus the number of blood components used) increased 2.4 times during 1987 compared with the amount in 1985. 4.Lots of transfusion was done in cardiovascular surgery compared with the one in other disease. 5.Average transfusion amount per 1 patient was 5.9 units. 6.The recipient of 1 unit transfusion still occupied 17.8% among the total recipients of transfusion. 7.Effective platelet transfusion is impossible without using apheresis. 8.Emergency fresh whole blood transfusion without any laboratory tests could make problems if we look forward AIDS.