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In a shared memory multiprocessor system, it is easy and cost effective to interconnect processors and shared memories via a shared bus, but is prone to saturate the bus as the number of processors increase. In order not to saturate the bus, we attach cache memory to each processors and use pended bus to broaden the bus bandwidth. In this paper, we propose a new pipeline bus protocol based on a pended bus protocol and then compared and analyzed the performance of the proposed bus with conventional locked bus and pended bus. We also estimate the influence of the cache size to the performance of the system. Using the newely proposed pipeline protocol, we then designed a bus controller for the processor module and memory module. We also designe a clock generator to synchronize the system clock.
The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of children's participation in physical activity on development of emotional intelligence. The subjects for this research were selected from elementary school students who were sport player and participated in physical activity in sport centers or gyms in Namyangjusi and Furisi and an affiliated organization Kyonggido during 2001-2002. The study used a stratified cluste random sampling method. A questionnaire was used in practice to analyze 297(99%) of 300 subjects. The Cronbach's α of .702∼.769 of mean was based on a questionnaire, which examined emotional recognition, emotional expression, emotional introduction, and emotion application. The research used descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Fisher's LSD (Least Significant Difference) post hoc comparison, standard multiple regression, and correlation coefficient. The results of this study were as follows: First, according to the demographic characteristics, the results were as follows. There was a statistically significant correlation between the distinction of sex and development of children's emotional intelligence, but there was not a correlation between age, or residence and development of children's emotional intelligence. There was a statistically significant correlation between the mother's job and the development of children's emotional intelligence, but there was not a statistically significant correlation between the father's job and the factor. There was a statistically significant correlation between the father's education level and children's development of emotion intelligence, but there was not a statistically significant correlation between the mother's education level and the factor. Also, there was a statistically significant correlation between the parent's concern and others emotion control ability among the development of children's emotional intelligence. Second, according to the demographic characteristics, there was a statistically significant correlation between the distinction of sex and children's participation frequency, and between age and participation term and frequency in physical activity. There was a statistically significant correlation between residence and participation intensity and frequency. There was a statistically significant correlation between the father's job and participation intensity and term, and between the mother's job and participation intensity. There was a statistically significant correlation between the father's education level and participation intensity, but was not a significant correlation between the mother's education level and participation. Also, there was a significant correlation between parent's concern and participation intensity. Third, there was not a statistically significant correlation between participation type and children's development of emotional intelligence. Fourth, according to the children's participation in physical activity, the children's participation intensity was affected by their emotional recognition, but other variables were not effected. Finally, there was a statistically significant correlation between children's development of emotional intelligence and the primary factors examined above.
The purpose of this study was to compare the characterists and change in physique and physical function by college student of physical education major(287males and 40 females of age groups ranging from 18 to 26). The results were as following; 1) The characteristics of physique and physical function by sex and age. ① The male group of 18yrs old showed higher values in Height, Weight, Upper Limb Length, Strength, Flexibility, and Vital Capacity than any other groups, but female group showed lower values in Height, Weight, Chest Girth, Lower Limb Length, Thigh, Girth, Calf Girth and all of the Physical function. ② The male group of 19yrs old showed high values in power and Agility, then female group showed in Strength and Flexibility. ③ The male group of 20yrs old showed the lower values in Weight, Waist Girth, Upper Limb Length, Fore Arm Girth, Thigh Girh.Calf Girth, Vital Capacity, and female group are very lowed in Upper Arm Lenght, Fore Arm Length, Skin Fold Thickness and 5 minute Run. ④ The male group of 23yrs old showed the high values in Upper Arm Girth, Fore Arm Girth and Balance, and then female group higher in Weight, Chest Girth, Waist Girth, Upper Arm Girth, Fore Arm Girth, Thigh Girth, Power, Shuttle Run, Balance and vital capacity than any other age Groups. ⑤ In male group, Chest Girth, and Blood Pressure were significantly related, and Side Step and Trunk Extension were nagatively related to the age at 0.1% level, and then in female group, Sargent Jump, Standing Long Jump and Vital Capacity were showed a significantly related at 0.5% level. 2) The difference of physique and physical function between male and female by age. ① Everage difference in whole physique items except skinfold thickness was 9.8%, and that 21.1% in all of physical function except Trunk Flextion between male and female group subjects. ② About the ages, the 18yrs old male group showed the 22.8% higher values of 26 items, but 22yrs old male group were about 12.2% in 23 items, thus it is very lower than any other groups. 3) The difference of physique and physical function between General group and physical education group in age-matched. ① In the physique male physical education groups showed about 7% higher in Weight, Chest Girth, Upper Limb Length, Upper Arm Girth, Thigh Girth, and female group showed about 7% higher in Weight and Upper Limb Length. ② In the physical function, Trunk Flextion, 5 minute Run, and Blood Pressure(Diastolic) were about 8% high values in whole group, and female group showed about 8% higher in Standing Long Jump, Shuttle Run, and Trunk Extension. ③ In 22yrs old male and female physical education group were very dominated in physique and physical function than the other age group against the general group.
Purpose - Brand equity has emerged as an indispensable marketing tool for firms engaging their business in developing nations. This study proposes that the country of origin image and advertising will affect the Korean brand equity formation, which leads to repurchase intention of Korean brands. In the study, attitude factors are applied in brand equity theory to predict repurchase intention of Korean brands. Cognitive brand equity, such as brand awareness, brand association, brand image and attitudinal brand equity, such as perceived quality and brand loyalty are considered with regards to their attitude towards the Korean brand. Design/methodology - A total of 178 Myanmar consumers out of 200 participants who have used Korean brands answered the survey and data were analyzed through SmartPLS 3.3.2 version. PLS-SEM is considered a more suitable analysis to pin down and evaluate the cause-effect relationship among all of the constructs with relatively complex models. Findings - Our results substantiate that the country of origin image positively affects brand awareness, brand associations, and brand image and advertising awareness positively affects brand awareness. Brand awareness gives positive effect only on brand association, which sustains a positive effect on brand image and brand loyalty. Brand image only has a positive effect on perceived quality, which again affects repurchase intention and brand loyalty. Brand loyalty also shows a positive effect on repurchase intention. Originality/value - Brand equity dimensions were viewed as cognitive and attitudinal outcomes of brand equity which affects repurchase intention. The drivers of brand equity were considered from the perspective of country of origin image that firms cannot control or mange, and advertising awareness which firms can control and manage. The findings also explored the relationships between cognitive and attitudinal brand equity.
Tree species diversity is an important aspect of forest ecosystem stability. Tree species inventories at defined sites and in minimum diameter classes give a reliable indicator of the diversity level as well as the structural stability level of a study site. This study was conducted to investigate the species composition and the stand structure of the natural forest, timber-harvested forest (logged-over forest) and degraded forest of the Oak-twin Township in the Bago Yoma Region of Myanmar. Natural forest showed the highest family and species richness in all the investigated forests. At the family level, Verbenaceae occupied the highest importance value index (IVI) in all the forest stands while teak (Tectona grandis Linn. f.) occupied the highest IVI at the species level. However, the small diameter classes of T. grandis and other commercial species were less than those of big diameter classes in all the investigated forests. This abnormal pattern of diameter distribution could be a problem for the sustainable production of commercial timber species in the near future.