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      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        Ultrasonic Degradation of Endocrine Disrupting Compounds in Seawater and Brackish Water

        So,Young,Park,Jong,Sung,Park,Ha,Yoon,Lee,Ji,Yong,Heo,Yeo,Min,Yoon,Kyung,Ho,Choi,Nam,Guk,Her 대한환경공학회 2011 Environmental Engineering Research Vol.16 No.3

        In this study, a series of experiments was conducted on the relative degradation of commonly known endocrine-disrupting compounds such as bisphenol A (BPA) and 17α-ethinyl estradiol (Ee₂) in a single-component aqueous solution using 28 and 580 kHz ultrasonic reactors. The experiments were conducted with three different types of model water: deionized water (DI), synthetic brackish water (SBW), and synthetic seawater (SSW) at pH 4, 7.5, and 11 in the presence of inert glass beads and humic acids. Significantly higher sonochemical degradation (93-97% for BPA) occurred at 580 kHz than at 28 kHz (43-61% for BPA), regardless of water type. A slightly higher degradation was observed for Ee₂ compared to that of BPA. The degradation rate of BPA and Ee₂ in DI water, SBW, and SSW after 30 min of ultrasound irradiation at 580 kHz increased slightly with the increase in pH from 4 (0.073-0.091 min-1 for BPA and 0.081-0.094 min-1 for Ee₂) to 7.5 (0.087-0.114 min-1 for BPA and 0.092?0.124 min-1 for Ee₂). In contrast, significant degradation was observed at pH 11 (0.149-0.221 min-1 for BPA and 0.147-0.228 min-1 for Ee₂). For the given frequencies of 28 and 580 kHz, the degradation rate increased in the presence of glass beads (0.1 mm and 25 g) for both BPA and Ee₂: 0.018-0.107 min-1 without beads and 0.052-0.142 min-1 with beads for BPA; 0.021-0.111 min-1 without beads and 0.054-0.136 min-1 with beads for Ee₂. A slight increase in degradation of both BPA and Ee₂ was found as the concentration of dissolved organic carbon (DOC, humic acids) increased in both SBW and SSW: 0.107-0.115 min-1 in SBW and 0.087-0.101 min-1 in SSW for BPA; 0.111-0.111 min-1 in SWB and 0.092-0.105 min-1 in SSW for Ee₂. After 30 min of sonicating the humic acid solution, DOC removal varied depending on the water type: 27% (3 mg L-1) and 7% (10 mg L-1) in SBW and 7% (3 mg L-1) and 4% (10 mg L-1) in SSW.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        Ultrasonic Degradation of Endocrine Disrupting Compounds in Seawater and Brackish Water

        Park,,So-Young,Park,,Jong-Sung,Lee,,Ha-Yoon,Heo,,Ji-Yong,Yoon,,Yeo-Min,Choi,,Kyung-Ho,Her,,Nam-Guk Korean Society of Environmental Engineers 2011 Environmental Engineering Research Vol.16 No.3

        In this study, a series of experiments was conducted on the relative degradation of commonly known endocrine-disrupting compounds such as bisphenol A (BPA) and $17{\alpha}$-ethinyl estradiol (EE2) in a single-component aqueous solution using 28 and 580 kHz ultrasonic reactors. The experiments were conducted with three different types of model water: deionized water (DI), synthetic brackish water (SBW), and synthetic seawater (SSW) at pH 4, 7.5, and 11 in the presence of inert glass beads and humic acids. Significantly higher sonochemical degradation (93-97% for BPA) occurred at 580 kHz than at 28 kHz (43-61% for BPA), regardless of water type. A slightly higher degradation was observed for EE2 compared to that of BPA. The degradation rate of BPA and EE2 in DI water, SBW, and SSW after 30 min of ultrasound irradiation at 580 kHz increased slightly with the increase in pH from 4 (0.073-0.091 $min^{-1}$ for BPA and 0.081-0.094 $min^{-1}$ for EE2) to 7.5 (0.087-0.114 $min^{-1}$ for BPA and 0.092-0.124 $min^{-1}$ for EE2). In contrast, significant degradation was observed at pH 11 (0.149-0.221 $min^{-1}$ for BPA and 0.147-0.228 $min^{-1}$ for EE2). For the given frequencies of 28 and 580 kHz, the degradation rate increased in the presence of glass beads (0.1 mm and 25 g) for both BPA and EE2: 0.018-0.107 $min^{-1}$ without beads and 0.052-0.142 $min^{-1}$ with beads for BPA; 0.021-0.111 $min^{-1}$ without beads and 0.054-0.136 $min^{-1}$ with beads for EE2. A slight increase in degradation of both BPA and EE2 was found as the concentration of dissolved organic carbon (DOC, humic acids) increased in both SBW and SSW: 0.107-0.115 $min^{-1}$ in SBW and 0.087-0.101 $min^{-1}$ in SSW for BPA; 0.111-0.111 $min^{-1}$ in SWB and 0.092-0.105 $min^{-1}$ in SSW for EE2. After 30 min of sonicating the humic acid solution, DOC removal varied depending on the water type: 27% (3 mg $L^{-1}$) and 7% (10 mg $L^{-1}$) in SBW and 7% (3 mg $L^{-1}$) and 4% (10 mg $L^{-1}$) in SSW.

      • KCI등재

        가압가열 및 Microwave 처리가 생면의 품질에 미치는 영향

        박시우,김꽃봉우리,김민지,강보경,박원민,김보람,박홍민,최정수,최호덕,안동현,Bark,,Si-Woo,Kim,,Koth-Bong-Woo-Ri,Kim,,Min-Ji,Kang,,Bo-Kyeong,Pak,,Won-Min,Kim,,Bo-Ram,Park,,Hong-Min,Choi,,Jung-Su,Choi,,Ho-Duk,Ahn,,Dong-Hyun 한국식품영양학회 2013 韓國食品營養學會誌 Vol.26 No.4

        중력분을 이용하여 제면한 후 가압가열, microwave 및 가압가열과 microwave 병행 처리한 후, 생면 및 삶은 면의 품질에 미치는 영향에 대하여 알아보았다. 생면의 pH는 microwave 1 min 처리구에서 무처리구와 유의적인 차이를 보이지 않았으며, 수분 함량은 autoclave 50 min 처리구에서 무처리구와 유의적인 차이를 보이지 않았고, 그 외의 처리구에서는 모두 수분 함량이 감소함을 확인하였다. 면의 색도 측정 결과는 명도는 무처리구에 비해 모든 처리구에서 감소하였으며, 적색도는 microwave 1 min 처리구는 감소한 반면, 나머지 처리구는 증가하였다. 황색도는 autoclave 50 min 처리구와 autoclave 50 min/microwave 1 min 병행 처리구에서 증가한 반면, 나머지 물리적 처리구에서는 감소하였다. 삶은 면의 색도에서는 명도, 적색도, 황색도 모두에서 무처리구에 비하여 물리적 처리구에서 증가한 값을 나타내었다. 물성 측정 결과는 경도, 부착성, 응집성, 검성, 복원성에서 무처리구와 비교시 microwave 1 min 처리구는 유의적으로 감소하였으며, 그 외 처리구에서는 유의적으로 증가한 값을 나타내었다. 탄력성과 전단력은 모든 처리구에서 유의적으로 증가하였으며, 인장력은 가압가열 30 min 처리구와 무처리구가 유의적인 차이를 보이지 않았으나, 나머지 물리적 처리구에서는 유의적으로 증가하였다. 관능 평가 결과는 생면의 경우 색 항목에서 물리적 처리구들이 유의적으로 낮은 점수를 받았다. 맛, 질감, 향 항목에서는 무처리구와 물리적 처리구간 유의적 차이를 보이지 않았다. 전체적인 기호도에서는 microwave 1 min 처리구가 가장 높은 점수를 얻었으며, 가압가열(50 min)과 microwave(1 min) 병행 처리구는 무처리구와 비슷한 점수를 얻었다. 따라서 제면 후 가압가열 및 microwave 처리가 생면 및 삶은 면에 있어서 색과 질감 항목을 보완, 개선시킨다면 알러겐성이 저감화된 면을 제품화하는데 적합할 것으로 사료되어진다. This study was conducted to determine the effects of physical treatments for quality of wet noodles. Noodles were being tried with a microwave (for 1 min), an autoclave (for 30 or 50 min), and both autoclave and microwave (for 30/1 min or 50/1 min). The results showed that the pH levels were slightly decreased after treatments of autoclave and autoclave/microwave. The moisture contents were considerably decreased as compared to the control except autoclave (50 min). After all treatments, the lightness was decreased in all samples, but, redness was increased (except microwave) and the yellowness was increased after autoclave (50 min) and autoclave/microwave (50/1 min). Texture was increased as compared to the control except microwave. In the sensory evaluation, the noodles treated with microwave, autoclave (50 min), and autoclave/ microwave (50/1 min) showed a high score in overall preference. From these results, both the autoclave and microwave methods can be applied to the wet noodles without diminishing its quality to a great extent.

      • SCIEKCI등재

        Reduction of Bacillus cereus Contamination in Biofilms on Stainless Steel Surfaces by Application of Sanitizers and Commercial Detergent

        Lee,,Min-Jeong,Ha,,Ji-Hyoung,Kim,,Yong-Su,Ryu,,Jee-Hoon,Ha,,Sang-Do The Korean Society for Applied Biological Chemistr 2010 Applied Biological Chemistry (Appl Biol Chem) Vol.53 No.1

        We established the effectiveness of a washing, detergent and sanitizer treatments for reducing Bacillus cereus (B. cereus) contamination in biofilms on stainless steel surfaces. A water treatment did not affect biofilms and chlorine treatments at 200 ppm for 10 min and 300 ppm for 5 min, iodophor at 200 ppm for 10 min, and QAC at 400 ppm for 10 min were used to eliminate all B. cereus cells. B. cereus cells after detergent treatment were eliminated by chlorine at 100 ppm for 10 min, 200 ppm for 5 min, and 300 ppm for 3 min, and with iodophor at 100 ppm for 10 min and 200 ppm for 10 min, and QAC at 400 ppm for 10 min.

      • KCI등재

        가압가열 및 Microwave 처리에 의한 중력분 Gliadin의 항원성 변화

        곽지희(Ji-Hee Kwak), 김꽃봉우리(Koth-Bong-Woo-Ri Kim), 이청조(Chung-Jo Lee), 김민지(Min-Ji Kim), 김동현(Dong-Hyun Kim), 선우찬(Chan Sunwoo), 정슬아(Seul-A Jung), 강주연(Ju-Youn Kang), 김현지(Hyun-Jee Kim), 최정수(Jung-Su Choi), 김성원(Seong-Won ) 한국식품영양과학회 2011 한국식품영양과학회지 Vol.40 No.10

        본 연구에서는 가압가열 및 microwave 처리가 gliadin의 항원성에 미치는 영향을 살펴보기 위해 중력분에 가압가열과 microwave를 단독 또는 병행으로 처리하여 Ci-ELISA, SDS-PAGE 및 immunoblotting을 실시하였다. 가압가열 처리의 경우, 처리 시간이 길어질수록 IgG와의 결합력이 감소하였으며, 특히 50분 처리구에서 약 69%로 가장 낮은 결합력을 보였다. 또한 SDS-PAGE와 immunoblotting 결과에서도 무처리구에서 강하게 보였던 gliadin band가 처리에 의해 거의 소실되고 항체와 반응하지 않았다. 가압가열 및 microwave를 병행 처리한 경우도 마찬가지로 gliadin의 결합력이 다소 감소하였으며, 처리구 중에서는 가압가열 50분, microwave 5분 처리구에서 약 73%로 가장 낮은 결합력을 보였다. 반면 microwave를 단독으로 처리하였을 때에는 일부 단백질의 변화는 관찰되었으나 항원성 감소에는 큰 영향을 미치지 않았다. 이상의 결과를 통해 가압가열을 단독 처리에 의해 gliadin의 항원성이 다소 감소되었으며, microwave 병행 처리에 의한 차이는 크게 나타나지 않은 것을 확인하였다. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of physical treatments on the antigenicity of gliadin in medium wheat flour. The wheat flour was treated with an autoclave (5, 10, 30, 50 min), a microwave (1, 5, 10 min), and both (10, 30, 50 min/ 5, 10 min), and investigated by SDS-PAGE, immunoblotting and Ci-ELISA using anti-gliadin IgG. The results showed that the binding ability of anti-gliadin IgG to gliadin in wheat flour was slightly decreased when autoclaved or when autoclaved and microwaved. Especially, it was reduced to about 69% after autoclaving for 50 min and 73% after autoclaving for 50 min and microwaving for 5 min. In addition, gliadin bands in the 50 min autoclaved group disappeared in both SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting. On the other hand, the antigenicity of gliadin was unaffected by microwaving alone. Consequently, there were no considerable changes in using an autoclave alone or in combination with a microwave. These results suggest that autoclaving may affect the reduction of the antigenicity of gliadin in medium wheat flour.

      • 고농도 산소 공급이 노인의 인지 능력과 혈중 산소 포화도에 미치는 영향

        김지혜(Ji-Hye Kim), 신채호(Chae-Ho Shin), 최윤정(Yoon-Jeong Choi), 최미현(Mi-Hyun Choi), 이수정(Su-Jeong Lee), 양재웅(Jae-Woong Yang), 민병찬(Byung-Chan Min), 박세진(Se-Jin Park), 정순철(Soon-Cheol Chung) 대한인간공학회 2010 대한인간공학회 학술대회논문집 Vol.2010 No.10

        This study investigated changes in cognitive task performance and blood oxygen saturation (SpO2) of old people when the concentration and supply rate of oxygen administration were varied (21% (1L/min), 93% (1L/min), and 93% (5L/min)). It recruited totally 20 elderly subjects including 9 males (75.1±4.2 years) and 11 females (73.1±4.3 years). The experiment consisted of 1-back task performed under three conditions (21% (1L/min), 93% (1L/min), and 93% (5L/min)). Each run consisted of three phases: Adaptation of oxygen administration (3 min), Control (2 min), and 1-bak task (2 min). SpO2 [%] was measured during each phase. Higher concentration and supply rate of oxygen administration were associated with more pronounced increase in SpO2 and decrease in response time of 1-back task.

      • KCI등재

        가압가열 및 microwave에 의한 중력분 반죽 gliadin의 항원성 변화

        곽지희(Ji-Hee Kwak), 김꽃봉우리(Koth-Bong-Woo-Ri Kim), 이청조(Chung-Jo Lee), 김민지(Min-Ji Kim), 김동현(Dong-Hyun Kim), 선우찬(Chan Sunwoo), 정슬아(Seul-A Jung), 김현지(Hyun-Jee Kim), 최정수(Jung-Su Choi), 김성원(Seong-Won Kim), 안동현(Dong-Hyun) 韓國食品科學會 2012 한국식품과학회지 Vol.44 No.1

        본 연구에서는 가압가열 및 microwave 처리에 의한 중력분 반죽 추출물 내의 gliadin 단백질의 항원성 변화에 대해 살펴보았다. 중력분 반죽에 가압가열과 microwave를 단독 또는 병행으로 처리하여 ci-ELISA, SDS-PAGE 및 immunoblotting을 실시하였으며, 가압가열 처리에 의해서 anti-gliadin IgG 항체와 gliadin과의 결합력이 다소 감소한 것을 확인하였다. 특히 30 min 이상 처리시 더욱 감소한 것으로 나타났으며, SDS-PAGE와 immunoblotting 결과에서도 gliadin band의 강도가 약해지고 항체와의 반응도 나타나지 않았다. Microwave 처리의 경우, 5 min 이상 처리시 일부 gliadin 단백질의 소실이 관찰되었으나, 항원성에는 큰 변화가 없었다. 또한 가압가열 및 microwave 병행 처리에 의해 항원-항체 결합력이 더욱 감소되었으며, 특히 가압가열 50 min, microwave 10 min 처리시 약 35.0%로 감소되었다. 이상의 결과를 통해 가압가열 처리에 의해 중력분 반죽 추출물 내 gliadin의 항원성이 감소되는 것을 확인하였으며, microwave와 병행 처리하는 경우, 더욱 감소하는 것을 확인하였다. The aim of this study was to determine the optimal physical treatment to reduce the antigenicity of gliadin in wheat dough. Medium wheat dough was treated with an autoclave (5, 10, 30, and 50 min at 121℃, 1 atm), a microwave (1, 5, and 10 min) or both (10, 30, and 50 min/5, 10 min). The proteins in the dough extracts were analyzed by SDS-PAGE and the binding ability of anti-gliadin IgG to gliadin was examined by ci-ELISA and immunoblotting. Results showed that the ability of anti-gliadin IgG to bind to gliadin in wheat dough treated with an autoclave alone or in combination with a microwave was decreased. Especially, it declined to ~77% after autoclaving for 30 min and 35% after both autoclaving for 50 min and microwaving for 5 min. In addition, the intensity of gliadin bands in SDS-PAGE were weakened and anti-gliadin IgG did not recognize gliadin in immunoblotting. However, microwaving alone did not affect the antigenicity of gliadin in wheat dough. These results indicate that autoclaving may affect the reduction of the antigenicity of gliadin in medium wheat dough. Moreover, autoclaving in combination with microwaving is more effective for reducing the antigenicity of wheat dough.

      • KCI등재

        원저 : 태연혈(太淵穴)의 유침 시간에 따른 체온 변화 -적외선체열촬영(赤外線體熱撮影)을 중심으로-

        이봉효 ( Bong Hyo Lee ), 이경민 ( Kyung Min Lee ), 박지하 ( Ji Ha Park ), 김민서 ( Min Seo Kim ), 김산들 ( San Deul Kim ), 박병규 ( Byeong Gyu Park ), 양현동 ( Hyun Dong Yang ), 예성호 ( Sung Ho Yea ), 이호정 ( Ho Jung Lee ), 최재원 ( Jae ) 대한경락경혈학회 2012 Korean Journal of Acupuncture Vol.29 No.2

        Objectives: This study was performed to find the desirable remaining time of needle in the acupuncture treatment. Methods: The 21 volunteers were given acupuncture at LU9 vertically and needles were remained for 2 min, 10 min, 15 min, 30 min, respectively. The thermographic change induced by acupuncture was measured with Digital Infrared Thermographic Image at the following acupoints: LU11, LU10, LU9, LU8, LU5, LU1, and PC7. The statistical significance of thermographi change was evaluated using paired t-test and post hoc Wilcoxon test. Results: The most significant changes after acupuncture were produced when needles were remained for 10 min or 15 min. LU11, LU5, LU1, and PC7 were the point at which all of the remaining time produced significant change commonly. At LU11, the biggest change was produced when needle was remained for 15 min, while at LU5, LU1, and PC7, the biggest change was produced when needle was remained for 30 min, and the smallest change was produced when needle was remained for 10 min at all of acupoints of LU11, LU5, LU1, and PC7. The unbalance between left side and right was decreased the most largely in 15 min group. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that the desirable remaining time of acupuncture needle might be 15 min.

      • KCI등재

        Accuracy of cardiac output measurements during off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting: according to the vessel anastomosis sites

        Sung,Yong,Park,Dae,Hee,Kim,Han,Bum,Joe,Ji,Young,Yoo,Jin,Soo,Kim,Min,Kang,Yong,Woo,Hong 대한마취통증의학회 2012 Korean Journal of Anesthesiology Vol.62 No.5

        Background: During beating heart surgery, the accuracy of cardiac output (CO) measurement techniques may be influenced by several factors. This study was conducted to analyze the clinical agreement among stat CO mode (SCO), continuous CO mode (CCO), arterial pressure waveform-based CO estimation (APCO), and transesophageal Doppler ultrasound technique (UCCO) according to the vessel anastomosis sites. Methods: This study was prospectively performed in 25 patients who would be undergoing elective OPCAB. Hemodynamic variables were recorded at the following time points: during left anterior descending (LAD) anastomosis at 1 min and 5 min; during obtuse marginal (OM) anastomosis at 1 min and 5 min: and during right coronary artery (RCA) anastomosis at 1 min and 5 min. The variables measured including the SCO, CCO, APCO, and UCCO. Results: CO measurement techniques showed different correlations according to vessel anastomosis site. However, the percent error observed was higher than the value of 30% postulated by the criteria of Critchley and Critchley during all study periods for all CO measurement techniques. Conclusions: In the beating heart procedure, SCO, CCO and APCO showed different correlations according to the vessel anastomosis sites and did not agree with UCCO. CO values from the various measurement techniques should be interpreted with caution during OPCAB. Background: During beating heart surgery, the accuracy of cardiac output (CO) measurement techniques may be influenced by several factors. This study was conducted to analyze the clinical agreement among stat CO mode (SCO), continuous CO mode (CCO), arterial pressure waveform-based CO estimation (APCO), and transesophageal Doppler ultrasound technique (UCCO) according to the vessel anastomosis sites. Methods: This study was prospectively performed in 25 patients who would be undergoing elective OPCAB. Hemodynamic variables were recorded at the following time points: during left anterior descending (LAD) anastomosis at 1 min and 5 min; during obtuse marginal (OM) anastomosis at 1 min and 5 min: and during right coronary artery (RCA) anastomosis at 1 min and 5 min. The variables measured including the SCO, CCO, APCO, and UCCO. Results: CO measurement techniques showed different correlations according to vessel anastomosis site. However, the percent error observed was higher than the value of 30% postulated by the criteria of Critchley and Critchley during all study periods for all CO measurement techniques. Conclusions: In the beating heart procedure, SCO, CCO and APCO showed different correlations according to the vessel anastomosis sites and did not agree with UCCO. CO values from the various measurement techniques should be interpreted with caution during OPCAB.

      • 彈法이 竝行된 電鍼刺戟이 鎭痛效果에 미치는 影響

        閔炳一,李宣和,金志勳,李惠貞 WHO COLLABORATING CENTRE FOR TRADITIONAL MEDICINE 1999 東西醫學硏究所 論文集 Vol.1999 No.-

        Thruming the needle (Tan technic) is one of several needling methods frequency used for acupuncture in the oriental medicine. The present study was conducted to see if Tan technic erhanced the antinociceptive effect produced by electroacupuncture(EA) in the rat tail flick test. The results are as follows. l. In the group of EA stimulation of "Zusanli(ST 36)", after the stimulation time of 20min with 3Hz, 3-6V, biphasic wave, TFL increased sigroficantly comparing with simple anesthesia group. 2. In the group of EA stimulation combined with the Tan technic, TFL increased more higher than simple EA stimulation group. But the results did not show significant difference in accordance with interval and maintenance duration of combined Tan technic. In this experiment two methods for Tan technic were used; thruming 1 time per 1 second persisted for 1 min in every 5 mins (long-duration and long-interval; MAlEA group) and thruming 1 time per 1 second persisted for 10 sec in every 1 min (short-duration and short-interval; MA2EA group). During the stimulation period the MA2EA group showed higher results . 31.0±17.9% after 10 min and 28.1±8.0% after 20min compared to MAIEA 21.2±12.3% and 26.5±8.6% respectively. In the recovery period, however, there are no significant differed between the two groups. These results indicate that EA combinded with Tan technic increases TEL in the rat the rat and that there are no significant differences in accordance with duration and interval cembinded Tan technic.

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