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      • KCI등재

        클로르헥시딘이 초음파 치석제거기에 의해 발생된 에어로졸 내 세균 수에 미치는 영향

        손우경,신승윤,계승범,양승민,Son, Woo-Kyung,Shin, Seung-Yun,Kye, Seung-Beom,Yang, Seung-Min 대한치주과학회 2009 Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science Vol.39 No.3

        Purpose: The aerosol generated by ultrasonic scaler can contain bacteria or virus which can penetrate into body through respiratory systems of dentists, dental hygienist or patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of chlorhexidine digluconate as preoperative mouthrinse or lavage for ultrasonic scaler on the reduction of viable organisms in aerosol produced during periodontal treatment using ultrasonic scaler. Methods: 30 patients with moderate chronic periodontitis were included and divided into 3 groups: Control (no preoperative mouthrinse and tap water as lavage), CHG (preoperative mouthrinse with 0.1% chlorhexidine digluconate and tap water as lavage), CHL (no preoperative mouthrinse and 0.1% chlorhexidine digluconate as lavage). Each patient received scaling or subgingival curettage for 30 min. In CHG group, mouthrinse with chlorhexidine digluconate was performed for 1 min. before treatment. Before, during and after scaling or subgingival curettage, air sampling was performed for 7 min. each (1000 L/7 min.) with trypticase-soy agar plate. Agar plates were incubated in $37^{\circ}C$ aerobically. The numbers of colony-forming units (CFU) were counted and compared. Results: The numbers of CFUs of the samples obtained during treatment were $97{\pm}14.0$ in control, $73.1{\pm}14.9$ in CHG group and $44.5{\pm}9.0$ in CHL group. The difference among the 3 groups was determined to be statistically significant (one-way ANOVA with Bonferroni's correction, p-value: 0.0003). In contrast, the numbers of CFU of samples obtained before and after treatment were not significantly different among the groups. Conclusions: Chlorhexidine digluconate used as preoperative mouthrinse or lavage for ultrasonic scaler can reduce the microorganisms in aerosol produced during periodontal treatment using ultrasonic scaler. Less number of microorganisms were detected when chlorhexidine was used as lavage for ultrasonic scaler.

      • KCI등재후보

        Methylation Status and Expression of E-cadherin in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinomas Compared to Benign Oral Epithelial Lesions

        Son, Hyun-Jin,Chu, Jung-Youb,Cho, Eui-Sic,Lee, Dong-Geun,Min, Myung-Gee,Lee, Suk-Keun,Cho, Nam-Pyo The Korean Academy of Oral Biology 2006 International Journal of Oral Biology Vol.31 No.2

        Expression of invasion/metastasis suppressor, E-cadherin, is reduced in many types of human carcinomas. Although somatic and germline utations in the CDH1, which encodes the human E-cadherin, have frequently been reported in cases with diffuse gastric and lobular breast ancers, irreversible genetic inactivations are rare in other human carcinomas. Recently, it has been well documented that some genes in human cancers may be inactivated by altered CpG methylation. Herein, we determined the expression and methylation status of E-cadherin in oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) by immunohistochemistry and methylation-specific PCR. The expression of E-cadherin was significantly higher in the well-differentiated oral SCCs than the moderately or poorly differentiated ones. None of eight tested benign pithelial hyperplasias showed aberrant methylation, whereas five of 12 oral squamous cell carcinomas showed aberrant methylation. When we compared E-cadherin expression with methylation status, oral SCCs with normal methylation showed a higher expression of E-cadherin than those with methylation. These findings suggest that aberrant CpG methylation of CDH1 promoter region is closely associated with transcriptional inactivation and might be involved in tumor progression of the oral mucosa.

      • Pharmacokinetics and Biodistribution of a pGT2-VEGF Plasmid DNA After Administration in Rats

        Son, Mi-Kyung,Choi, Jae-Hoon,Lee, Dong-Sop,Kim, Chae-Young,Choi, Seul-Min,Kang, Kyung-Koo,Byun, Jonghoe,Kim, Duk-Kyung,Kim, Byong-Moon Lippincott Williams Wilkins, Inc. 2005 Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology Vol.46 No.5

        Intramyocardial administration of gene therapy vectors expressing angiogenic factors have been attempted as an alternative to conventional surgical methods for the management of myocardial ischemia. In this study, we have developed the pGT2-VEGF, a plasmid DNA vector expressing human VEGF165, for the management of ischemic cardiovascular disease and investigated in vivo pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of pGT2-VEGF after intramyocardial and intravenous administration in rats. A high concentration of pGT2-VEGF was observed in the heart after intramyocardial injection of 300 μg, which is in line with the assumption that direct intramyocardial delivery enables extended localization at the administration site. Leakage of the pGT2-VEGF to the blood circulation was observed after intramyocardial injection, with an area under the curve (AUC) of 3.8 μg min/mL, as compared with 37.3 μg min/mL after intravenous injection of the same dose. The pGT2-VEGF concentration in blood peaked at 5 minutes after intramyocardial administration and declined rapidly to undetectable levels by 2 hours post-administration. In tissue distribution studies, pGT2-VEGF peaked at 5 minutes post-administration in various organs but was undetectable at 2 hours in all organs except heart, lung, and liver. Taken together, the results suggest that intramyocardial-delivered pGT2-VEGF was degraded rapidly in vivo and mainly persisted in target tissues, the heart. In addition, intramyocardial-administered pGT2-VEGF was expressed for longer periods than the persistence of the pGT2-VEGF plasmid DNA in a target tissue. Therefore, a direct myocardial injection of pGT2-VEGF might be useful for local therapeutic angiogenesis.

      • KCI등재

        Effect of Action Observation Training with Auditory Feedback for Gait Function of Stroke Patients with Hemiparesis

        ( Hyeong Min Kim ),( Sung Min Son ) 대한물리치료학회 2017 대한물리치료학회지 Vol.29 No.5

        Purpose: Previous studies have reported that action observation training has beneficial effects on enhancing the motor task, such as bal-ance and gait functions. On the other hand, there have been few studies combined with action observation training and auditory feedback. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of action observation training with auditory feed-back on the gait function in stroke patients with hemiparesis Methods: A total of 24 inpatients with post-stroke hemiparesis were assigned randomly to either an experimental group 1 (EG 1, n=8), experiment group 2 (EG 2, n=8), control group (CG, n=8, EG 1). The EG 2 and CG watched video clip demonstrating three functional walking tasks with auditory feedback, without auditory feedback, and showing a landscape image, respectively. The exercise program consisted of 30 minutes, five times a week, for four weeks. The participants were measured to 10MWT (10 m walk test), 6MWT (6 min-utes walking distance test), TUG (timed up and go test), DGI (dynamic gait index), time and steps of F8WT (figure-of-8 walk test). Results: In the intra-group comparison after the intervention, EG 1 and EG 2 showed a significantly different gait function (10MWT, 6MWT, DGI, TUG, F8WT) (p<0.05). In the inter-group comparison after intervention, EG 1 showed significant improvements in the entire gait parameters and EG 2 only showed significant improvement in DGI and TUG compared to CG (p<0.05). Conclusion: These findings show that action observation training with auditory feedback may be used beneficially for improving the gait function of stroke patients with hemiparesis.

      • KCI등재

        Whole-genome resequencing analysis of 20 Micro-pigs

        Da‑Hye Son,Nam‑Hyun Hwang,Won‑Hyong Chung,Ha‑Seung Seong,Hyungbum Lim,Eun‑Seok Cho,Jung‑Woo Choi,Kyung‑Soo Kang,Yong‑Min Kim 한국유전학회 2020 Genes & Genomics Vol.42 No.3

        Background Miniature pigs have been increasingly used as mammalian model animals for biomedical research because of their similarity to human beings in terms of their metabolic features and proportional organ sizes. However, despite their importance, there is a severe lack of genome-wide studies on miniature pigs. Objective In this study, we performed whole-genome sequencing analysis of 20 Micro-pigs obtained from Medi Kinetics to elucidate their genomic characteristics. Results Approximately 595 gigabase pairs (Gb) of sequence reads were generated to be mapped to the swine reference genome assembly (Sus scrofa 10.2); on average, the sequence reads covered 99.15% of the reference genome at an average of 9.6-fold coverage. We detected a total of 19,518,548 SNPs, of which 8.7% were found to be novel. With further annotation of all of the SNPs, we retrieved 144,507 nonsynonymous SNPs (nsSNPs); of these, 5968 were found in all 20 individuals used in this study. SIFT prediction for these SNPs identified that 812 nsSNPs in 402 genes were deleterious. Among these 402 genes, we identified some genes that could potentially affect traits of interest in Micro-pigs, such as RHEB and FRAS1. Furthermore, we performed runs of homozygosity analysis to locate potential selection signatures in the genome, detecting several loci that might be involved in phenotypic characteristics in Micro-pigs, such as MSTN, GDF5, and GDF11. Conclusion In this study, we identified numerous nsSNPs that could be used as candidate genetic markers with involvement in traits of interest. Furthermore, we detected putative selection footprints that might be associated with recent selection applied to miniature pigs.

      • 기계적 자극을 이용한 인체 중간엽줄기세포로부터 유사-섬유모세포로의 분화 유도

        최경민 ( Kyung Min Choi ),서영권 ( Young Kwon Seo ),윤희훈 ( Hee Hoon Yoon ),권순용 ( Soon Yong Kwon ),이화성 ( Hwa Sung Lee ),박용순 ( Yong Soon Park ),손영숙 ( Young Sook Son ),송계용 ( Kye Yong Song ),김영진 ( Young Jin Kim 한국조직공학과 재생의학회 2006 조직공학과 재생의학 Vol.3 No.4

        Recently, in vitro reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament(ACL) has been tried using tissue engineering technique, especially mesenchymal stem cell(MSC) is considered as a good cell source. In this study, we tried to find the effect of mechanical stimulus on the differentiation of bone marrow-derived MSC into ACL fibroblastlike cell using a cell training bioreactor imposing cyclic mechanical tension whose parameters were 120 min/day, 1 Hz, and 5% strain. After 2 weeks of culture, MSCs under cyclic tension showed more regularly oriented alignment and lower expression of CD73 and CD105 than control by microscopy and FACS analysis. In transcriptional level, type I collagen, type II collagen, fibronectin, elastin, α-smooth muscle actin mRNA expressions of MSCs under cyclic tension were higher than control and similar to native ACL. In conclusion, it is thought that mechanical cyclic tension induced the loss of stemness of MSC, therefore improved the differentiation into ACL fibroblast-like cell.

      • KCI등재

        파 에너지 (자외선, 초음파)/과황산나트륨을 이용한 이부프로펜 분해특성 연구

        나승민 ( Seung Min Na ),안윤경 ( Yungyong Ahn ),손영규 ( Ming Can Cui ),김지형 ( Young Gu Son ),( Jeeh Yeong Kim ) 한국환경과학회 2014 한국환경과학회지 Vol.23 No.5

        In this study, ibuprofen(IBP) degradation by the photochemical (UV/S2O82-) and sonochemical (US/S2O82-) processes was examined under various parameters, such as UV (10~40±5 W/L) and US (50~90±5 W/L) power density, optimum dosage of persulfate ion (S2O82-), temperature (20~60℃) and anions effect (Cl-, HCO3-, CO32-). The pseudo?first?order degradation rate constants were in the order of 10-1 to 10-5 min-1 depending on each processes. The synergistic effect of IBP degradation in UV/S2O82- and US/S2O82- processes could investigated, due to the generation of SO4- radical. This result can confirm from the produced H2O2 and SO42- concentration in each processes. IBP degradation rate affected by the S2O82- dosage, temperature, power and anion existence parameters. In particular, IBP degradation rate increased with the increase of the temperature (60℃) and applied power density (UV:40±5 W/L, US:90±5 W/L). On the other hand, anions effect on the IBP degradation was negative, due to the anion play as a the scavenger of radical.

      • KCI등재

        Fumaric acid와 mild heat의 병합 처리에 따른 시금치의 저장 중 미생물 제어 효과

        손현정 ( Hyeon Jeong Son ),강지훈 ( Ji Hoon Kang ),오덕환 ( Deog Hwan Oh ),민세철 ( Sea Cheol Min ),송경빈 ( Kyung Bin Song ) 한국응용생명화학회 2016 Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry (J. Appl. Vol.59 No.1

        시금치에 fumaric acid와 mild heat의 병합처리를 통해 병원성 미생물 제어효과를 규명하고자 시금치에 E. coli O157:H7, L. mon℃ytogenes 를 접종한 후 각 단일처리 후 미생물 수 변화를 측정하였다. Fumaric acid (0.1, 0.3, 0.5%)와 mild heat (40, 50, 60℃)의 각 단일처리 실험 결과를 토대로, 병합처리를 위한 fumaric acid의 최적농도는 0.5%, mild heat 처리조건으로 50℃ 에서 5 min으로 선정하였고, 병합처리 시 L. mon℃ytogenes, E. coli O157:H7의 수는 대조구에 비해 각각 2.53, 2.62 log CFU/g 감소하였다. 그리고 신선한 시금치에 병합처리 후 4℃에서 12일간 저장하면서 미생물 수 감소 및 품질 변화를 조사하였다. 시금치의 초기 미생물 수에 있어서 대조구와 비교하여, 병합 처리구에서 총 호기성 균을 2.77 log CFU/g 감소시켰다. 특히, 저장 12일 후 병합 처리구의 총 호기성 균 수는 4.84 log CFU/g으로 대조구와 비교하여 1.82 log CFU/g의 감균 효과를 가졌다. 또한 시금치의 저장 중 Hunter 색도 값 및 비타민 C 함량에 있어서 처리구 간의 유의적인 차이를 보이지 않았다. 따라서 본 연구 결과, fumaric acid와 mild heat의 병합처리가 시금치의 미생물학적 안전성 유지에 효과적인 처리라고 판단된다. The objective of this study was to examine the combined effect of fumaric acid with mild heat on the inactivation of microorganisms on spinach. Spinach leaves were in℃ulated with Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Listeria mon℃ytogenes. Based on the results of single treatment of fumaric acid (0.1, 0.3, and 0.5%) or mild heat (40, 50, and 60℃) regarding the inactivation of the in℃ulated bacteria, the optimal condition for the combined treatment was suggested to be 0.5% fumaric acid and mild heat treatment at 50℃ for 5 min. The combined treatment of fumaric acid with mild heat caused 2.53 and 2.62 log reductions of the populations of L. mon℃ytogenes and E. coli O157:H7, respectively. In addition, during storage of fresh spinach at 4℃ for 12 d, the combined treatment reduced initially the populations of total aerobic bacteria by 2.77 log CFU/g compared with the control. In particular, after 12 d of storage, the population of total aerobic bacteria for the combined treatment sample was 4.84 log CFU/g, whereas the control sample had 6.66 log CFU/g. Color and vitamin C content of spinach samples were not altered significantly by the combined treatment during storage. These results indicate that the combined treatment of fumaric acid with mild heat is an effective method to control microorganisms on spinach during storage.

      • KCI등재

        Effect of Ar Plasma Treatment for Surface of Insert Metal on Property of TLP Bonding Joint for Power Module

        Seungju Baek,Dong-Yurl Yu,Jun-Hyuk Son,Junghwan Bang,Jungsoo Kim,Min-Su Kim,Han-Bo-Ram Lee,Yong-Ho Ko 대한용접·접합학회 2020 대한용접·접합학회지 Vol.38 No.4

        In this study, we investigated the effect of plasma treatment for the surface of an insert bonding metal on the properties of a transient liquid phase (TLP) bonding joint for a power module. Sn preforms, as the insert bonding metal for the TLP bonding, were used with and without Ar plasma treatment. To investigate the effect of Ar plasma treatment, the TLP bonding for two structures of Cu-finished Si chip/Sn preform/organic solderability preservative (OSP)-finished direct bond copper (DBC) substrate (Cu/Sn/Cu), and Ni-finished Si chip/Sn preform/Ni(P)-finished DBC substrate (Ni/Sn/Ni) was performed with 1 MPa at 300 ℃ and the bonding times were 10, 30, and 60 min, respectively. After the TLP bonding, we observed interfacial reactions and formations of intermetallic compounds (IMCs) under various bonding conditions. To evaluate mechanical properties, a shear test was also performed. Compared to the TLP bonding joint that used bare Sn preforms without Ar plasma treatment, growth of IMCs at the bonding joint that used Sn preforms with Ar plasma treatment occurred faster, and the IMCs could be formed through the entire joint despite the bonding time of 10 min. Meanwhile, by increasing the bonding time, Cu₆Sn₅ and Cu₃Sn were formed at the Cu/Sn/Cu TLP bonding joint, whereas Ni₃Sn₄, Ni-Sn-P, and Ni₃P were observed at the Ni/Sn/Ni joint. In the case of the Cu/Sn/Cu joint, we observed that increasing Cu₃Sn formation while increasing the bonding time could be beneficial to the shear strength of the joint. Further, shear strengths of the joint were not significantly changed under the bonding conditions after Ni₃Sn₄, Ni-Sn-P, and Ni₃P IMCs were formed at the entire joint of the Ni/Sn/Ni.

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