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임화와 홍기문은 조선어학회의 언어규범화운동을 비판하면서 사회주의 민족어를 주장했다. 임화와 홍기문은 민족을 하나의 형식으로 이해했고, 그 안에 프롤레타리아적 문화요소를 채우는 것을 사회주의 민족문화라고 보았다. 민족어도 언어가 사회경제적 조건에 규정된다는 유물론적인 인식과 언어의 발전은 언어 간의 상호접촉으로 진행된다는 언어관을 기반으로 해야한다고 했다. 임화와 홍기문은 사회주의 언어관을 바탕으로 다수 인민이 사용하는 일상어를 표준어로 제시했다. 조선어학회의 표준어가 노동계급의 언어를 간과하고 부르주아 계급의 언어를 강제한다고 비판했다. 현재 조선의 부르주아 계급은 사회경제적 한계로 인해서 독자적인 문화수립의 역량이 없기 때문에 많은 문제가 있었다. 따라서 언어규범화운동을 사회주의자들이 대신 진행해야 했다. 임화와 홍기문이 말하는 다수 인민은 노동자·농민이었다. 이들은 언어 인구의 다수를 차지했고, 고유한 조선어를 많이 사용하고 있었기 때문에 표준어 기준이 되었다. 하지만 임화와 홍기문은 사회주의 민족어를 만드는 방법론에 있어서 입장이 달랐다. 언어 학자였던 홍기문은 민족어 규범의 통일화와 표준화에 필요한 근대적 시스템이 식민권력에 장악되어있기 때문에 언어규범화운동은 해방 이후의 사업이고, 식민지 상황에서는 조선어 정리만 해야 한다는 유보적인 입장이었다. 반면에 임화는 사회주의 문학가들을 통한 민족어 형성을 구상했다. 문학을 통해서 노동계급의 일상어를 표준화하고 문학작품을 통해서 전국적인 통일화를 이루려고 했다. Lim-hwa and Hong Gi-mun asserted the Socialism National Language during criticized the standardization of Korean language movement by the Korean Language Society. Lim-hwa and Hong Gi-mun understood the Korean nationalism in a single format, and asserted the Society National culture with proletarian cultural constituent. They also asserted that The native Korean base on the perception with materialism, what is provided with social-economic condition, and view of language in the development of the mutual linguistic contact. Lim-hwa and Hong Gi-mun suggested ordinary Korean, what was used by most of the proletarian on the Social linguistic, as standard native Korean. They criticized to standard Korean without ordinary Korean of the proletarian by the Korean Language Society. In addition, Korean bourgeois do not have any capability. for separate cultural establishment cause of lack of the social-economic condition. So they want to lead the standardization of Korean language movement by the socialist. Proletarian and farmer were set as 'the people' by Lim-hwa and Hong Gi-mun. These people positioned most of using indigenous and ordinary Korean. So it was the main reason for the standard Korean. However there are different stance to makes the socialism standard Korean between Lim-hwa and Hong Gi-mun. Hong Gi-mun, who was a linguist, asserted that the standardization of Korean language movement is a work after independent, because modern system, which for the harmonization and standardization, was dominated by the Japanese colonial government. Also he asserted linguistic arrangement of the Korean first at that time. Meanwhile Lim-hwa formulated native Korean by socialism literary people. He formulated proletarian ordinary lan-guage and nationwide by literary work.
This paper presents the analysis of the analysis of thrust characteristics of linear induction motors(LIMs) according to secondary reaction plate. LIMs are well known as high speed transport systems, which can obtain thrust directly without gears and links, or auxiliary mechanisms. A simple structure, easy maintenance, and less environmental pollution are advantages of LIMs. In transport systems using LIMs, the secondary reaction plate is an important design factor, because it has considerable impact on the cost of the railway as well as the performance of the LIMs. This paper deals analyzed the characteristics of linear induction motor used for moving the vehicle of container scanner. Thrust, efficiency and load characteristic were interpreted with FEM regarding two models whose material of secondary reaction plate was copper and aluminum. It suggested the interpretation of thrust, efficiency and power factor characteristic along slip and compared the operation ability of linear induction motor through characteristics analysis along the load.
Ce qui retient notre attention par rapport au Misanthrope, la plus grande comédie de Molière, c est qu’il y a mêlé les portraits de mœurs de l’époque et de caractère, composés de structure fragmentée mais de traits variés et vifs, et l’intrigue d’amour des deux personnages principaux, motrice de la continuité dramatique, mais de fil ténue et souvent interrompue. On se demande alors comment il a envisagé de combiner ses deux composantes de construction narrative en essayant d’y intégrer leurs mérites, et d’éviter d’y laisser entrer leurs déficiences. Il est intéressant de noter que Molière opte, en tant que couple d’amour, pour les deux héros montrant des idées contraires sur la norme dominante du beau monde en but de surmonter les limites de construction juxtaposée, en mettant l’héroïne Célimène du côté des courtisans, qui attachent de la valeur à la sociabilité et aux intérêts, et, de ce fait. ont le faible pour la vanité et l’hypocrisie, et aussi en choisissant Alceste comme l’opposant des courtisans et l’amant de Célimène. De cette manière, le dramaturge, au cours de l’exposition, fonde la base de cohérence dramatique au niveau psychologique sur l’élévation de la tension dramatique et la mise en œuvre de l’évolution sentimentale entre eux. Le nœud de la pièce comique – les actes II, III, IV – s’attache à montrer l’agrandissement du conflit dans le couple d’amour, lié à la divergence de vues sur l‘honnêteté, noyau de la norme du monde et de son application pratique. En effet, Alceste est traité de trouble-fête par les fréquentés du salon et, d’ailleurs, d’incrédule tenace de fidélité par Célimène. Par contre, Célimène monte sur le trône de la reine du beau monde, après avoir remporté la victoire contre Arsinoé dans la dispute autour du sujet de la conduite féminine. Au contraste radical dans la réputation social entre les deux personnages principaux succède la perte des deux procès consécutifs, d’abord celui avec Oronte, causé par l’avis franc d’Alceste sur le sonnet d’Oronte, ensuite celui avec un adversaire politique qui se voit renforcé par sa cabale y compris Oronte et circule un livre abominable contre Alceste. Il est amené à la catastrophe sociale et financière et sentimentale, car il s’expose à l’isolement politique, au paiement de l’amende énorme et à la nécessité d’ajournement de la négociation sentimentale définitive avec Célimène. La présence menaçante du monde hors-théâtral révèle le fait que le destin comique d’Aceste dépend non seulement de son caractère lui-même, mais aussi du décor social qui l’entoure. Le monde hors-théâtral intervient sous la forme fortuite mais répétée comme on voit dans les portraits en juxtaposition de mœurs et de caractère, ceci également en but de concrétiser l’envers des mœurs du temps et le comique de la constance dans l’inconstance’ dans l’évolution psychologique du personnage central au cours de la progression empêchée dans l’intrigue amoureuse de la pièce comique. Curieusement, c’est l’apparition d’Arsinoé, elle aussi personnage pénétré de la part du monde hors-théâtral qui fixe l’intrigue amoureuse, seul garant de la linérarité logique de l’action comique parce qu’elle joure
This study aims at analyzing the flow characteristics of the electromagnetic pump using a linear induction motor (LIM) for transferring molten metals. The flow characteristics of the pump are simulated by magnetohydrodynamic(MHD) program. In this system, the LIM is used for transferring molten metal by electromagnetic force. The molten metal is treated as the secondary part of the LIM. Since the LIM produces an electromagnetic force in the duct, the molten metal can flow from the furnace to the reservoir. The flow characteristics of the pump are analyzed using MHD program for magnetic field of 0.1[T] in duct. In order to prove the analysis, we made a prototype electromagnetic pump using LIM.
The types of biofilter modeling may be primarily classified in accordance with whethef a biofilm is differentiated from other phases in each model. It may be a secondary classification with regard to biofilter-modeling whether sorption volume and / or adsorption are adopted as reservoirs or not. Thirdly, biofilter models are classified as to whether adsorption is assumed to exist through gas phase and / or a biofilm. Among all the biofilter-models of previous investigators all model-components including gas phase, a biofilm, sorption volume and adsorption surface are considered only in the model of Lim. Since his model does not require a numerical solution to describe the concentration of organic pollutants in waste-ari-streams along the height of a biofilter even under unsteady-state conditions, it satisfies the condition of simplicity that is one of the important model requirements. In spite of its simplicity, Lim's model predictions are fairly good to fit Hodge and Devinny's experimental data.
Exposure to sufficient and appropriate listening materials in a foreign language is significant for language learners in processing verbal information. Based on this concept, the present study investigates the application of a digital listening tool called text-to-speech (TTS) to integrative listening tasks and dictogloss and influence the listening ability of language learners in specified elements and their perspectives. For this study, a total of 29 university students participated in six TTS-based listening tasks (three dictogloss, two fill-in-the-blanks, and mixed tasks) in the first semester (spring) of 2022. Data were derived from pre- and posttests as academic achievement tests, a questionnaire, and a semistructured interview conducted at the end of the semester. The study employed mixed-method analysis to examine the in-depth integrative understanding of the learning effect of using TTS in dictogloss for listening skills. For quantitative analysis, each test score was compared using paired sample t-test; for qualitative analysis, the study employed content analysis for open-ended questions and semistructured interviews. The findings of the study were obtained as follows. First, the study noted significant differences in specific listening elements such as listening comprehension of details and vocabulary. Second, the participants perceived that TTS-based dictogloss was effective for understanding different accents and writing skills and motivating their self-learning ability. Along with these findings, the study suggested several pedagogical implications.
In this study, big data on text containing tourism brands were collected and analyzed targeting comments and web pages that were actually searched on various online media such as portals, SNS and YouTube using tourism brands as search terms. To this end, text mining analysis was performed on online big data for the Boryeong Mud Festival. Textom, a processing program for big data collection and analysis, was used as the analysis tool. In the analysis results, keywords related to the Boryeong Mud Festival shown in big data were mainly terms related to global and tourism products. Therefore, in the case of the Boryeong Mud Festival as a tourism brand, its value as an ecotourism and stay-type tourism brand was found to be very large in terms of experiential tourism resources. Matrix analysis shows that the Boryeong Mud Festival has high tourism brand value as an online festival, international forum and international marine city in Asia. In the results of the topic modelling analysis, topics related to the use of ecotourism resources such as air bounce, large mud bath and experience were extracted as keywords related to the event of the Boryeong Mud Festival. In addition, topics related to economic value as residence-type tourism resources were extracted in terms of foreigners entry and stay. Topics related to the use of ecological tourism resources at the Boryeong Mud Festival were extracted as well. This shows that the Boryeong Mud Festival can generate profits through effective online marketing because the product value of the brand of ecotourism resources is very large. These results will provide an opportunity to understand the structure of the product value of tourism brands and users perceptions of them through keyword analysis of text mining and to develop them as tourism resources using major topics.
This study compared the characteristics of digital literacy in the 2022 revised science curriculum to the 2015 revised science curriculum for elementary school. In the aspects of the overview, achievement standards, teaching-learning and evaluation method in 2015 and 2022 revised science curriculum documents, the content related to digital literacy was compared. The 2015 revised curriculum offered at the level use of audio-visual tools or Internet data. The 2022 revised curriculum, in contrast, promotes digital literacy instruction and is enlarged and highlighted the use of smart devices, digital devices, softwares, and data sharing through social network platforms. The clear direction and emphasis were more than the 2015 curriculum appeared in grade 5th-6th achievement standards. In the directions and method of teaching and learning, the 2022 revised curriculum offers more diverse and particular teaching and learning for digital literacy in response to changes in the digital education environment. In the aspect of evaluation direction, digital literacy–related contents were not specifically presented in the 2015 revised curriculum, however, evaluation methods or evaluation tools using digital educational environments such as online learning support tools are covered in the 2022 revised curriculum.
The purpose of this study is to design and develop an education program about natural language processing (NLP) in the school curriculum, understand, experience, and utilize the concept of natural language processing, and considers related ethical issues. Though NLP is a major learning component of artificial intelligence (AI) education, few educational programs have been researched about NLP education. Accordingly, the development direction of the NLP education program was set by analyzing the relevant literature, curriculum, and textbook contents, and the results of expert validity analysis were reviewed. According to the reviewed development direction, the 22nd session of education programs and materials was developed. As a result of expert validity analysis, the educational program’s content validity was assessed. The program was then augmented and updated by the open response. It is expected that the developed curriculum-based NLP education program will be used as data for realizing AI education in the school field.
실험실정보관리시스템(LIMS)은 실험실 데이터를 저장, 가공, 검색 그리고 분석하기 위한 중앙화된 데이터베이스로서 정유, 석유화학, 정밀화학, 제조업, 금속, 제철, 식품, 의약, 연구소, 보건환경, 검사소 등 다양한 분야에 말라하여 적용이 가능한 시스템이다. LIMS를 재고 관리, 임상 연구, 프로젝트 관리 및 환자 데이터 관리를 위한 강력한 IT도구하고 하면서 특히 의료 분야에서 환자 치료가 향상 되고 서비스 효율성이 높아질 것이라고 하고, 운영 비용의 절감이 가능하다. 확장성 및 비용절감과 핵심 기능을 위주로 제공하는 클라우드 및 웹 기반 솔루션의 발전으로 제4차 산업혁명의 핵심기술의 산증인의 분야로 기대가 된다.