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Background : In recent years, gonorrhea has been panedemic and remains one of the most commom STDs in the world, especially in developing countries. Objective & Methods: For the detection of a more effective therapeutic regimen and assessing the prevalence of PPNG, we have been trying to study the patients who have visited the VD Clinic of Choong-Ku Public Health Center in Seoul since 1980 by means of the chromogenic cephalosporin method. Results: In 1996, 139 strains of N. gonorrhoeae were isolated, among which 53(39.0%) were PPNG. Conclusion: Our results suggests that after a peak of 74.3% in 1993, the prevalence of PPNG in Seoul is gradually declining.
Kyung Sam Cho¹Si Young Kim¹, Jai Kyung Park²,Seung Hoon Choi³,Se Young Chung⁴, Hwi Joong Yoon¹¹College of Medicine, ²East-West Medical Research Institute, ³College of Oriental Medicine, ⁴College of Pharmacology, Kyung Hee University,Seoul, Korea. The Anti-cancer Effect of Oriental Medicine Chung-Ri-Ja-Gam-Tang in the Mouse with Metastatic Lung Cancer. Proceedings of International Symposium on East-West Medicine, Seoul. 231-243, 1999.-The oriental medicine Chung-Ri-Ja-Gam-Tang is an herbal medicine which has been used for pulmonary diseases and known as having immune stimulatory effects. It has been known effective in lung cancer. So we studied the effects and the mechanisms of this herbal medicine it the mouse with metastatic lung cancer. The metastatic lung cancer of the mouse was produced with melnoma cell line(B16BL/6).5×10□/mouse tumor cells were injected intravenously to the CDF1 mouse via tail vein. The mice were divided 4 groups. The first group was treated with 50mg/kg extract of Chung-Ri-Ja-Gam-Tang per oral for 10 days after cancer cell injection, second group treated with saline after cancer cell injection, the third group with medicine without cancer cell, and the last group with saline only. After 10 days treatments some of the mice were scarificed and the lung and spleen was removed. The survival duration, weight change, the number of metastatic cancer nodule of the lung, the NK cell activity, the capacity of cytokines(INF-γ,INF-α,IL-2) production and the proliferation activities of mouse lymphocytes were measured. The surival times of the group 1 mice were longer and the weight loss was less than the group 2 significantly. The number of the metastatic nodule of the lung were decresed in the group 1 than the group 2. The production of INF-γ,was increase in group 2 than group 3 and 4, IL-2 production was increased in group 1 than group 2,3,4 significantly. There was no difference in TNF- α production and proliferation activity of lymphocyte in each group. The NK cell activity was significantly increased in group 1 than group 2,3,4. We conclude that the Chung-Ri-Ja-Gam-Tang has the effect of increasing the NK cell activity of the CDF1 mouse with metastatic lung cancer(B16BL/6). And it is suggested that the increased production of the IL-2 is the mechanisms of enhanced NK cell activity.
목 적 : 전향적 골수강내 고정술로는 치료가 힘들었던 대퇴골 간부 골절에 대해 역행적 골수강내 고정술을 시행한 후 그 결과를 분석하였다. 연구 대상 및 방법 : 대퇴골 간부 골절로 진단 후 슬관절에서 역행적으로 비확공성 골수강내 금속정(Unreamed femoral nail, Synthes R)으로 치료한 환자 중 최소 1년 이상 추시(평균; 21개월, 범위; 13개월-28개월)가 가능하였던 21명 24례의 환자를 대상으로 임상적, 방사선학적 평가를 시행하였다. 남자가 16명, 여자가 5명이었으며, 수술시 평균 연령은 41세(18-76세)이었다. Winquist-Hansen의 분류상 제1형이 10례, 제2형이 5례, 제3형이 3례, 제4행이 6례 이었으며, 전 례에서 동반된 골절 손상이 있었으며, 적용된 적응층에 따르면 동측 경골 골절이 8명, 동측 근위 대퇴골 골절)경부 및 전자부 골절) 5명, 동측 골반부 및 비구 골절 4명, 양측 대퇴골 골절 3명, 동측 슬관절 손상이 1명이었다. 방사선 소견상 골유합 시기 및 불유합, 부정유합 등을 평가하였고, 임상적 평가는 슬관절의 동통을 포함한 Neer 등에 의한 방법을 이용하였다. 결 과 : 대부분(87.5%)에서 일차적인 골유합을 얻을 수 있었으며, 평균 골유합 기간은 15.8주(범위; 12-20주)이었다. 추가적인 술식이 요구된 지연유합 또는 불유합은 3례가 있었으며, 그 외 ㎝ 이상의 단축이나 10도 이상의 부정유합 술 후 슬관절 감염 또는 불안정성이 발생한 경우는 없었다. 슬관절의 운동 평가에서 Neer score는 평균 86.9점으로, 모든 례에서 양호한 결과를 나타내었다. 평균 슬관절 운동영역은 120.2도 이었고, 3례에서 경미한 슬관절 동통을 나타냈다. 결 론 : 역행성 골수정은 동측 하지의 동반된 골절이나 다발성 골절이 있는 환자에서 대퇴골 간부 골절에 대하여 제한적으로 이용될 수 있는 유용한 방법으로 사료된다. Purpose : This is a retrospective study to analyze the results after retrograde intramedullary(IM) nailing in femoral shaft fractures with limited indications. Materials and Methods : Twenty-four femoral shaft fractures(21 patients) were operated with unreamed IM nail(Unreamed femoral nail, SynthesR) in a retrograde method and were followed for more than 1 years. There were 16 men and 5 women, and the mean age at index operation was 41 years (range 18-76 years). In Winquist-Hansen classifications, there were 10 of type Ⅰ, five of type Ⅱ, three of type Ⅲ, and ix of type Ⅳ. All the patients had associated fractures or injuries, and there were eight ipsilateral tibia fractures, five ipsilateral proximal femoral fractures(including neck and trochanter), four ipsilateral pelvic or acetabular fracture, three bilateral femoral fractures, and one ipsilateral knee injury according to the used indication, and clinical evaluation with Neer's criteria was done. Results : Most fracture(87.5%) were primarily united cases, and the mean time for union was 15.8% weeks(range 12-20 weeks). Three cases of delayed union or nonunion were developed, but a shortening over 1㎝ or malunion over 10 degrees angular deformity were not found. Evaluating the knee functions, the Neer score wes 86.9 in average and all the cases were above satisfactory grade. The average range of knee motion was 120.2 degrees, and the mild knee pain was developed in three cases. Conclusion : The retrograde IM nailing can be a useful option for femoral shaft fracture with limited indications, including ipsilateral fractures of other areas or multiple fractures.
This paper proposes Internet-based checking scheme for machine-tools with a variant CNC. Checking points defined in this research are classified into two categories such as structured point and operational point. The formal includes the vibration of bearing, temperature of spindle unit and another periodical management. And the latter includes oil checking, clamp locking/unlocking and machining on/off status. Through this research, for the global management of variant CNC machines interspersed with CAC and OAC in manufacturing system, the suitable environment for Internet-based checking of variant CNC machines was designed and the checking methods for CAC and OAC machines were compared with each other.
A 30-year-old man suffering from anaphylactoid attack after exercise was admitted. He had asthma, atopy, and a family history of allergic diseases. He suffered from dyspnea, wheezing, dizziness, angioedema, urticaria after exercise such as climbing. Although may cases of exercise-induced anaphylaxis have been reported, most of them were food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis rather than classic exercise-induced anaphylaxis. We performed exercise provocation test, which resulted in anaphylactoid shock accompanied with hypotension, angioedema, wheezing, dyspnea and a fall of FEV1(Forced expiratory volume in one second). These reactions were related with only exercise but not foods. Because there are few cases of classic exercise-induced anaphylaxis, we report this case in consideration with its clinical importance and fatality. Physicians should be alerted on the many manifestations occuring after physical activities. (J Asthma Clin Immunol 23 : 84-9, 2003)
Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma is a rare neoplasm that arises from the mesothelium of a serosal cavity and is a rapidly fatal disease with a median survival of 4 to 12 months for untreated cases. Recently, we experienced a case with malignant peritoneal mesothelioma who was suspected hepatocelluar carcioma by abdominal CT scan and was confirmed by biopsy including immunohistochemical stain(calretinin) after surgery. We performed tumor excisions and wedge resection of the liver(segment Ⅷ)and inserted Tencoff catheter in abdominal cavity at 25th day of post-operation. We treated with intraperitoneal paclitaxel(25mg/m^(2)/day for 5 days) six courses monthly. She was well tolerable and is still living without any evidence of recurrence for 14th month of post-operation.
Background : Atopy and bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) which are characteristics of asthma, are strongly correlated but independently inherited traits. The relative contribution of maternal and paternal condition to the risk of offspring's condition is not certain. Objective : The aim of this study was to evaluate maternal or paternal contribution to childhood atopy and BHR in a population-based sample of 140 Korean nuclear families. Subjects and Methods : A total of 486 subjects (133 mothers, 132 fathers and 221 offsprings) participated in this study. All subjects provided questionnaire data and 483 subjects underwent allergy skin prick test with 13 inhalant allergens. Total serum IgE levels were determined in 444 subjects and methacholine bronchial provocation test were performed in 483 subjects. Results : Serum total IgE level in the offspring was correlated with both maternal and paternal total IgE (mother : R=0.273, p<0.01 : father : R=0.200, p<0.01). Bronchial hyperresponsiveness was associated with parental atopy index (mother: R=0.175, p<0.01: father : R=0.205, p<0.01) and maternal BHR (R=0.201, p<0.01). The development of wheezing in the offspring was significantly associated with maternal BHR, but not paternal. Conclusion : These results suggest that maternal BHR does confer more risk than paternal BHR to risk of offspring's BHR. (J Asthma Allergy Clin Immunol 22: 695-702, 2002)