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Background and purpose: Bell`s Palsy is a condition that causes the facial muscles to weaken or become paralyzed. It`s caused by trauma to the 7th cranial nerve, and is not permanent. The aim of this study is to be convinced of differences between facial electrodermal activities of paralyzed side and those of normal side in acute stage of Bell`s Palsy patients Methods: Electrodermal activity (EDA) was performed within 1 week after the onset of facial palsy and facial nerve electromyography (EMG) at 2 weeks after the onset. The recovery of facial nerve function was documented by House and Brackmann grading. All the patients were followed up weekly until recovery or up to 6 weeks. Results: There was significant differences (conductivity A: t=3.319, p=0.002; conductivity C: t=2.699, p=0.010) between facial electrodermal conductivities of paralyzed side and those of normal side in acute stage of Bell`s Palsy patients (N=45). And the result showed that logarithmic scale of electrodermal conductivity A value ratio obviousely decreased with logarithmic scale of EMG zygomatic branch amplitude ratio (r=0.472, p=0.143); logarithmic scale of capacitance B, logarithmic scale of EMG temporal branch amplitude ratio (r=0.422, p=0.133); logarithmic scale of conductivity C, logarithmic scale of EMG buccal branch amplitude ratio (r=0.545, p=0.083) (N=12). Conclusion: Electrodermal conductivities increased in paralyzed facial side in acute stage of Bell`s Palsy patients.
In February 2010, the grayish fungus was found on Neofinetia falcata at Namsa-myeon, Yongin city, Gyeonggi-do, Korea. The symptoms start mainly on the leaves and stems, and the infected stems were rotten. Many conidia appeared on the lesions under humid condition. Colonies were grayish brown color and sclerotial formation was observed on potato dextrose agar (PDA). Conidia were mostly ellipsoidal to ovoid in shape, hyaline, one-celled, and 5.3-16.5×3.8-11.0 μm in size. Based on morphological characteristics and pathogenicity, the causal fungus was identified as Botrytis cinerea Pers. This is the first report of gray mold on N. falcata caused by B. cinerea in Korea.