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Cosmetics contain a number of active agents and ingredients of vehicle. Active agents of cosmetics are known as more common sensitizer. Ingredients of vehicle are weak sensitizer that produce only mild scaly, dry eruption rather than obvious eczematous reaction. Kook have proposed a group of vehicle ingredients which should be tested on patients with allergic conntact dermatitis. The authors applied the vehicle tray patch test, which had been proposed by Kook, on 145 patients with allergic cosmetic dermatitis. The results of patch test are as follows; 1) The patients reactive to more than one ingredients, are 71. 2) Each ingredients show positive reactions in more than 2 patients. 3) The ingredients which give significantly high reactivity are sodium lauly1 sulfate, ethylene diamine, isopropy1 myristate, turpentine, and propylene glycol. The authors conclude that the vehicle tray, which had been proposed by Kook, also can be applied to patients with allergic cosmetic dermatitis.
Vascular calcification occurs when calcium phosphate crystals are abnormally deposited in the vessel walls, thus hardening and narrowing the arteries. This condition is commonly observed in patients with diseases such as atherosclerosis, chronic kidney disease, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases. Despite many studies being conducted, the molecular mechanism involved in vascular calcification is unknown. From recent studies, it is clear that several types of noncoding RNAs are involved in human diseases. It has also been shown that the noncoding RNAs, including microRNAs, long noncoding RNAs, and circular RNAs, are involved in the progression of vascular calcification. With the development of therapeutic approaches based on the manipulation of noncoding RNAs, it is speculated that the modulation of these molecules could be another strategy to treat vascular calcification in the future. In this review, we summarize the roles of various noncoding RNAs in vascular calcification and the technologies to modulate the noncoding RNAs for therapeutic purpose.
This study analzed AEMG, muscle activity duration time, peak value and work load of six high school student players, three college student players, three business team players in order to analyze Arm's EMG when they play games with two-handed backhand stroke. The instruments of measuring EMG are muscle tester ME3000p. And measured parts of muscle are the triceps brachii, biceps brachii, brachioradialis and flexor carpi radialis of body left and right arm. The following is the result according to the analysis of raw data and statistics. 1. The AEMG of trained group was higher than the untrained. In both groups AEMG of right arm was higher than left one. And AEMG of forearm was higher than upperarm. The order of high AEMG among the trained is as followed ; right biceps brachii, left brachii, right brachioradialis. Among the untrained ; right brachioradialis, left brachioradialis, biceps brachii. 2. The muscle activity duration time of the trained group was totally shorter than the untrained. In both groups muscle activity duration time of the right arm was shorter than the left one. As to trained muscle activity duration time of upperarm is shorter than the forearm. Contrarily, as to untrained muscle activity duration time forearm is shorter than the upperarm. The order of short muscle activity duration time among the trained is as followed ; right biceps brachii, triceps brachii, left flexor carpi radialis. 3. The peak value of trained group was higher than the untrained. In body groups peak value of the right arm was higher than the left one. As to the trained the peak of the upperarm is higher than the forearm. Contrarily, as to the untrained, the peak value of the forearm was higher the upperarm. The order of high peak value among the trained is as followed ; right biceps brachii, left biceps brachii, right brachioradialis. Among the untrained, right brachioradialis, left biceps brachii, brachioradialis.
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Suh, Chang-Kook. 2001. Aspects of phonetics and phonology of Icelandic preaspiration. Studies in Phonetics, Phonology and Morphology 7.1. 63-83. In this paper. I defend the claim that preaspirated consonants in Icelandic (i.e. Icelandic preaspiration) are the phonetic realization of an aspiratcd geminate. This implies that preaspiration is contingent on the length of consonants in stressed syllables. The phonology creates an aspirated geminate, and the phonetic component then interprets that aspirated geminate as something that sounds like preaspiration followed by a singleton consonant. For those purposes, we first look at phonetic aspects of preaspiration, and then show how we get aspirated geminates, phonologically. Accordingly, we need to show where the aspirated geminates come from (i.e. underlying and derived). These are accounted for through the interaction of the constraints in a predicted way. (Chonan University)