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      • Hong Kong Panel Study of Social Dynamics (HKPSSD): Research Designs and Data Overview<sup>+</sup>

        ( Xiaogang Wu ), ( Clear Water Bay ), ( Hong Kong Sar ) 한국보건사회연구원 2015 한국복지패널 학술대회 논문집 Vol.8 No.-

        The Hong Kong Panel Study of Social Dynamics (HKPSSD)aims to establisha city-wide representative household panel survey to track socioeconomic changes and its impact on people`s livelihood in Hong Kong. The content covers housing, economic activity and consumption at household levels and education, marriage, fertility, employment, health, daily social activities, mental health and social attitude at individual levels. Three waves of data have been completed in 2011, 2013 and 2015, respectively. 3,214 households, 7,218 adults and 958 children have been interviewed in the benchmark survey (Wave 1), among which 2,165 households, 4,270 adults and 623 children are re-interviewed in the second wave. In addition, a refreshment sample of 1,007 households (including 1,960 adults and 145 children) with new themes was added in 2014, which together with those remaining in Wave 2, are followed in Wave 3 in 2015. This essay introduces the background, research designs, and content coverage of three waves of HKPSSD, and presents some descriptive statistics of relevant variable in the data. HKPSSDis expected to serve an important database for social science research and policy study in Hong Kong, and for comparative analyses of Chinese societies in Hong Kong, Taiwan and mainland China.

      • Policing One-woman Brothels in Hong Kong : Alternative Strategies

        Chu,Yiu,Kong,C,Y,Chan 아시아경찰학회 2007 Asia Pacific Journal of Police & Criminal Justice Vol.5 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        ‘One-woman brothels' are actually small flats in residential buildings in Hong Kong, each with a single female sex worker working in it. Although there is no law that specifically stipulates that prostitution is illegal in Hong Kong, virtually every activity connected with prostitution is regarded as an offence. Therefore, the Hong Kong Police are able to use relevant laws to tackle street sex workers, call-girl services, and different vice establishments such as villas (guest houses), massage parlours, nightclubs and karaoke bars which directly or indirectly provide sex services to their customers. Interesting enough, a lone sex worker who sells her body for money inside an apartment (one-woman brothel) is not technically committing any offences. Faced with immense pressure from the community, the police may adopt alternative strategies to reduce the number of one-woman brothels and keep them low profile in some black spot areas. The alternative strategies include ‘visiting sex workers', ‘harassing clients', ‘pressuring door caretakers' and ‘advising landlords'. This research finds that the two most effective ways to combat one-woman brothels are visiting sex workers and harassing clients. However, the price is that the police need to invest their manpower heavily on the above operations. In addition, these two strategies may create ‘displacement effect'. The sex workers may move to another area to continue their business. The data of this research mainly derive from local studies on this topic, official documents, media reports, a popular one-woman brothel website, field observations and interviews with 12 police officers who had experiences in dealing with one-woman brothels.

      • The Changing Roles of Women Officers in Public Order Policing in Hong Kong

        Ho,Ka-ki,Chu,Yiu,Kong 아시아경찰학회 2006 아시아경찰학회 국제학술회의 Vol.2006 No.-

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        The police are regarded as a male-dominated mescaline profession. Western police studies tend to suggest that women officers will face role-conflicts when they enter the male-dominated masculine occupation and they only play a complementary role in the public order policing. The Hong Kong Police Force was established in 1844. Women police officers were never perceived as indispensable component by early British colonial police heads. The first women officer had not been recruited until 1949. Yet, in 1950s and 1960s duties assigned to female cohorts were confined to supporting duties such as conducting clerical jobs, handling female suspects and taking care of wandering children rather than law enforcement and anti-riot operations. On the top of this, sexually segregated and discriminatory arrangements could also be easily noted in reviewing the managerial history of the Hong Kong Police. This study finds that the role of women officers started to change in late 1960s, especially in the sphere of public order policing. For instance, women police officers took up some frontier positions in the 1967 riots. They received formal anti-riot training since 1970s. A female anti-riot squad was formed in 1992. Since 1995 all newly recruited Hong Kong women police officers have been armed. In 2005 women police officers were placed in the front to deal with Korean demonstrators directly during the WTO MC6 period. The evolving responsibilities of female police officers from indoors administrative work to frontier crowd management duties not only reflect the changing attitude towards women in Hong Kong society, but also signify the vitalization of women officers in policing Hong Kong. The data of this research are largely derived from archival materials and in-depth interviews with 12 women police officers who served the force from 1950s to 1980s.

      • KCI등재

        블랙푸드가 첨가된 약콩청국장분말의 영양소 및 생리활성물질 분석

        공현주(Hyun-Joo Kong), 박현숙(Heyun-Sook Park), 김태훈(Tae-Hoon Kim), 신승렬(Seung-Ryeul Shin), 홍주연(Ju-Yeon Hong), 양경미(Kyung-Mi Yang) 한국식품영양과학회 2013 한국식품영양과학회지 Vol.42 No.11

        본 연구는 대두청국장분말, 약콩청국장분말, 그리고 흑미, 흑임자, 다시마와 같은 블랙푸드를 첨가한 약콩청국장분말의 일반성분과 영양소 및 항산화 물질을 분석ㆍ비교하여 향후 알츠하이머성 치매관리나 인지능력 향상을 위한 블랙푸드가 첨가된 청국장분말의 in vivo 실험을 위한 기초자료로 활용하고자 실시하였다. 그 결과 대두와 약콩청국장에 비해서 블랙푸드를 첨가한 약콩청국장에서 수분함량이 높았으며, 유리당 중 sucrose, fructose, glucose, maltose 함량이 높았다. 또한 수용성과 조단백질 함량은 P<0.05 수준에서 약콩청국장과 블랙푸드를 첨가한 약콩청국장에서 높았다. 불포화지방산과 포화지방산의 비율은 대두청국장에 비해서 약콩청국장과 블랙푸드를 첨가한 약콩청국장에서 높았다. 무기질 함량은 대두청국장이 가장 높았으나 약콩청국장에서는 Zn, Cr, Mn이, 블랙푸드를 첨가한 약콩청국장에서는 Fe의 함량이 높았다. Isoflavone 중 diadzein 함량은 약콩청국장에서 가장 높았으나, genistein과 anthocyanin 함량은 블랙푸드를 첨가한 약콩청국장에서 가장 높았다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 일반 및 영양적 특성에서 대두청국장에 비해서 블랙푸드로 만든 청국장분말이 유리당과 뇌조직의 구성과 기능에 필요한 수용성 및 단백질 함량과 불포화지방산과 포화지방산의 비율이 높을 뿐만 아니라 우수한 항산화력으로 보고되고 있는 diadzein, genistein 그리고 anthocyanin 함량이 높은 것으로 나타났다. 그러므로 향후 알츠하이머성 치매의 원인 및 치료기전으로 보고되고 있는 산화적 스트레스조절에 대한 in vivo 실험에 블랙푸드청국장분말을 활용할 수 있을 것으로 판단된다. This study is carried out to investigate the analysis of nutrition and antioxidants of soybean Chungkukjang powder (SCP), Yak-Kong Chungkukjang powder (YCP) and Yak-Kong Chungkukjang powder added black foods (YCBP) for the management of Alzheimer"s disease. The water content of YCBP was higher than that of SCP and YCP. The soluble and crude protein contents of YCP were the highest among three Chungkukjang powders. In SCP, YCP and YCBP, the ratios of unsaturated and saturated fatty acids were 5.17, 5.76, and 5.78, respectively. The mineral content of SCP was higher than that of YCP and YCBP. Antioxidants analysis showed that the content of diadzein was the highest in YCP and genistein, and anthocyanin contents were higher than the others in YCBP. In conclusion, YCP and YCBP had higher contents than SCP in soluble and crude proteins, and unsaturated fatty acids, which are needed for composition and function of the brain tissue. Also, it was found that the contents of diadzein, genistein and anthocyanin with outstanding antioxidative ability were high. Thus, this study suggests that Chungkukjang powder, which is made with Yak-Kong, black sesame, black rice and sea tangle, can be utilized for in vivo experiment for the control of oxidative stress, reported as cause and therapy for Alzheimer"s Disease.

      • Policing the 1967 Riots in Hong Kong : An Alternative Account from Frontline Police Officers

        Ho,Lawrence,K.K.,Chu,Yiu,Kong 아시아경찰학회 2005 Asia Pacific Journal of Police & Criminal Justice Vol.3 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          The 1967 riots were widely regarded as the worst civil unrest in Hong Kong. According to the official explanation, the Hong Kong Police, as a para-military and non-localized force, were the most loyal government agency to restore social orders by containing these "political confrontations". In the eyes of the local Chinese leftists, however, the Hong Kong Police were regarded as the "running dog" of the British colonialists who ruthlessly suppressed their compatriots in Hong Kong. Based on archival materials and in-depth interviews with 8 Chinese frontline police officers who were directly involved in suppressing the riots, this research has four major findings.<BR>  First, these police officers thought that the prolong disorder were not serious riots but only civil disturbances. Second, regarding their policing assignments as apolitical tasks despite acknowledging the politicization of the riots, they inclined to have a fearless outlook when confronting the protesting crowds. Third, few police officers quitted their job during the prolong riots because they saw it as a police duty to restore the social stability of the territory. They were also attracted by the subsidiary and relevant benefits during the riots. Finally, the frontline police officers tended to fully accept the colonial government"s approach in dealing with the riots. In response to the local communist challenge of enforcing "fascist, brutal and hardcore suppression of the compatriots", they generally considered the regime"s policing strategy as a carefully-drafted and flexibly-adjusted one that showed greatest steadiness and restraint, thus successfully gaining support from the mainstream local Chinese community.

      • KCI등재

        低棲性 大型無脊椎動物에 의한 生物學的 水質評價 硏究(Ⅲ) : 肉眼的 簡易水質評價方法을 中心으로 Macroscopic simple water quality evaluation

        尹一炳,孔東壽,柳在根 한국환경생물학회 1992 환경생물 : 환경생물학회지 Vol.10 No.2

        韓國産 底棲性 大型無脊椎動物 총 29개 指標分類群을선정하여 肉眼的 分類檢索表를 작성하였으며, 生物綜合 點數를 기준으로한 相對出現度 분석으로 分類群의 汚濁階級値를 3段階로 구분하고, 주요 出現祥에 대해 加重値를 적용하는 簡易水質判定表를 제안하여 분석한 결과,理化學的 項目에 의해 나타난 水質等級과 동일한 等級으로 판정된 경우가 총 378개 調査單位중 63%, 1 階級 이하의 오차를 보이는 調査單位는 99%로 나타나 水質判定에 매우 신빙도가 높은 것으로 판단되었다. 또한 簡易水質判定表를 基準으로 群汚染指數(Yoon-Kong's Group Pollution Index)라 命名한 새로운 指數를 제안하였으며, GPI指數는 Pantie-Buck의 汚水生物指數 및 Yoon-Kong의 生物綜合點數 TBS와 0.9이상의 높은 相關度를 보였다. 최종적으로 각 生物指數의 汚水生物系列 및 水質環境基準에 대한 區間을 綜合的으로 整理, 提案하였다. In this present paper, simple water quality evaluation method using Korean benthic macroinvertebrate 29 systematic groups was proposed from data matrix investigated by authors etc. at 613 sampling units in Korean streams and lakes since 1971. The evaluation of water quality criteria by this method showed identity of 63% in 378 sampling to chemical evaluation. Also we proposed the quantitative index named Yoon-Kong's GPI (Group pollution index) and this index showed correlation coefficient over 0.9 to Pantle-Buck's saprobic index S and Yoon-Kong's Total Biotic Score, TBS.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재
      • Field application of Ergonomics Evaluation Tools (ALLA, AULA) for Farm Work

        Yong-Ku,Kong,Kyung-Hee,Choi,Ji-Soo,Park,Sung-Yong,Lee,Dae,Min,Kim 대한인간공학회 2014 대한인간공학회 학술대회논문집 Vol.2014 No.11

        Objective: The aim of this study is to analyze farm working postures using ergonomic evaluation tools (ALLA and AULA) and to examine the validity of each evaluation tool. Background: ALLA (Kong et al., 2010) and AULA (Kong et al., 2011) are whole-body posture evaluation tools in farm works, which were developed to prevent musculoskeltal disease caused by farm works which Method: Classifying farm works depending on the farming form. Farm working postures were evaluated by 19 ergonomic experts and using ergonomic evaluation tools in farm works, ALLA and AULA in order to evaluate working postures that are frequently observed in each type of farming. Results: The analysis result of farm working postures showed that the evaluation results of the experts and evaluation tools( ALLA and AULA) were similar. Conclusion: ALLA and AULA developed, based on the preceding studies, were appropriate for a postural evaluation of each body part in farm works. Although they aren't perfect to apply a whole-body posture evaluation in farm works. his limitation could be solved by conducting a research on a whole-body posture evaluation, which integrates these two evaluation tools.

      • Project Polar Star in Hong Kong : An innovative police strategy to deal with deviant juveniles

        Chu,Yiu,Kong 아시아경찰학회 2004 Asia Pacific Journal of Police & Criminal Justice Vol.2 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          Project Polar Star was an innovative programme specifically designed to prevent juvenile crime in the Yuen Long Police District in Hong Kong from February 1998 to August 2002. The project team members employed informal, friendly and outreaching methods to approach delinquent juveniles and invited them to participate in the project. The primary goal of the project was to save their targets from criminal settings and bring them back to other social control agencies in the community. Although the project was an effective community policing programme to prevent juvenile crime, this paper finds that project officers encountered several problems as the project moved on. These problems included target selection, the role conflict between a law enforcer and a social worker, working together with other agencies and the assessment of the project.

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