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      • KCI등재

        조선 후기 사족 가계(家系)의 계승방식에 관한 연구 - 부안 청호고씨 사례를 중심으로 -

        고민정 ( Ko Minjung ) 한국고문서학회 2019 古文書硏究 Vol.55 No.-

        본고에서는 부안 청호고씨의 사례를 통해서 17세기부터 19세기에 이르는 사족 가계의 계승방식에 대해 고찰하였다. 청호고씨는 전라도 옥구를 중심으로 세거하던 제주고씨 일파가 부안현 하서면 청호리 일대로 이거하면서 형성되었다. 이들은 대대로 무과에 급제하여 무반벌족으로서의 입지를 굳혔으며, 특히 고희가 호성공신으로 녹훈되면서 여러 특전을 부여받게 되었다. 청호고씨는 적장자로 이어지는 가계계승을 지향하였으나 그것이 실현되기 어려울 때에는 입후, 이종, 입양의 방식으로 가계를 지속시켰다. 17세기 친생자가 없어서 후사가 단절될 상황에 놓이게 되자 피계승자와 가장 가까운 혈연 관계에 있던 이를 입후하였다. 18세기 적장손이 폐적되고 계후자를 세우기 어려운 상황에 놓이게 되자 기존의 계승 관계를 새롭게 정립하는 이종을 행하여 피계승자와 가장 가까운 혈연 관계에 있는 이를 새로운 계승자를 세웠다. 19세기 기존의 적장자가 사망한 후 계승 구도를 둘러싸고 서파와 적파가 대립하는 양상이 나타나게 되자 관의 도움을 받은 적파에 의해서 새로운 계후자의 입양이 이루어지게 되었다. 다만 이 경우는 서파와의 대립 과정에서 양육의 의미가 포함되었기 때문에 입양이라 칭했으나 사실상 입후와 동일한 행위로 볼 수 있다. 이렇게 볼 때 입후, 이종, 입양은 구체적인 방식이 다르기는 하지만 결과적으로는 항렬에 맞는 순차적인계승 관계의 형성을 지향하고 있음을 확인할 수 있다. 그리고 청호고씨가 이러한 방식을 선택한 것은 적장계열과 가장 가까운 친족 관계에 있는 자손을 후사로 세우기 위함이었던 것으로 보인다. 즉 이들의 계승은 항렬을 토대로 친족간의 질서를 준수하였으며, 계승자를 선택할 때에는 적파의 테두리 안에서 혈연적 친소관계를 중시하였음을 알 수 있다. This study is to observe the phenomenon of long-lasting gentry pedigree after the consciousness of succession was reinforced in the Joseon society and to review its characteristics. Therefore, the aspect of Buan Cheongho Ko family’s succession for three centuries from the 17th to 19th century is traced. Cheongho Ko family started to be formed as Ko Se-ho who resided in Okgu moved to Haseo-myeon, Buan-hyeon with his wife’s family in the 16th century. Because Ko Se-ho, who established a family hometown, and his descendents passed the military service examination and entered government service, and especially Ko-hee was entitled a contributor by being in attendance on King Seonjo during Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592, the family came to consolidate its footing as the distinguished military nobility family. The succession structure of Cheongho Ko family from the 19th Ko Se-ho to the 29th Ko Jin-ho shows mostly primogeniture succession. However, in case there was no primogeniture, the succession was done by adoption and next eligible child. This perspective indicates that the succession by adoption and next eligible child pursued the sequential succession relation according to the degree of kindred although the specific methods of practicing family succession were different. In addition, Cheongho Ko family used these methods in order to carry on family line with children who were closest to primogeniture.

      • KCI등재후보

        Description of Lycoris chinensis Traub var. sinuolata K. Tae et S. Ko ex K. Tae et S. Ko (Amaryllidaceae)

        태경환,고성철 한국식물분류학회 2003 식물 분류학회지 Vol.33 No.4

        본 연구는 신종 발표시 기록하지 않았던 진노랑상사화 Lycoris chinensis Traub var. sinuolata K. Tae et S. Ko에 대하여 라틴어 기재를 추가하였고, 또한 근연관계에 있는 L chinensis Traub와 L. aurea Herb를 포함한 새로운 분류군에 대한 검색표를 제시하였다. For Lycoirs chinensis Traub var. sinuolata K. Tae et S. Ko ex K. Tae et S. Ko, Korean endemic plant, latin description is add to the previous study, and a key including L. chinensis Traub and L. aurea Herb. which are closely related to the above variety, is newly provided.

      • 現代國語의 語末語尾에 대한 構造的 硏究 : 非終結語尾의 것을 중심으로

        高永根 서울大學校 語學硏究所 1975 應用 言語學 Vol.7 No.1

        1. The are many sentence-final endings in modern Korean. They are divided into conclusive endings and non-conclusive endings depending on whether they conclude a sentence or not. It may be said that the important point of non-conclusive endings is the lack of sentence types and speech levels. The purpose of this paper is to analyze non-conclusive endings, and investigate their syntagmatic relationship to adjacent forms. From the functional viewpoint, non-conclusive endings can be classified into conjunctive(連結語尾) and derivatives(轉成語尾). The former shows primary function; the latter shows non-primary function. Furthermore, conjunctives can be subdivided into coordinatives and subordinatives according to their function. Coordinatives and subordinatives can be subdivided into word-conjunctives and sentence-conjunctives, respectively. 2. It may be said that non-conclusive endings which were listed in the traditional grammars and dictionaries can not be analyzed further. However, among them there are complex forms which consist of mood and aspect morphemes, and final endings.(e.g. u˘myo˘nso˘: myo˘+nso˘; chamaja: cha+maja) The problems I faced in analyzing non-conclusive endings were as follows: (1) I did not identify the items beginning with ko˘(ko˘nu˘l, ko˘ni, ko˘ndae, ko˘du˘n, etc.) as complex forms. When we take the above mentioned items as complex forms, the remaining elements nu˘l, ni, ndae, tu˘n etc. can not be combined with other norphemes; moreover they cannot be attached directly to the verbal stems. At the same time, we cannot give any meaning to the morpheme ko˘ which probably cannot be further analyzed. (2) I identified the items o˘followed by so˘and taga as morphemes. In dictionaries so˘and taga are listed as emphatic particles. Since the addition of taga, so˘to o˘is not obligatory, o˘so˘, o˘taga can be regarded as unanalyzable morphemes. (3) The complex forms which consist of ki and case marker e or lo, o˘and delimiter to can be also regarded as unanalyzable morphemes. The deletion of the case markers and a delimiter makes sentences ungrammatical. If the deletion of delimiters does not exert an influence on the grammaticalness, the delimiters can be separated from preceding elements, e.g. nu˘ndedo, u˘myo˘nso˘do o˘yaman etc. 3. Non-conclusive endings do not combine with all the adjacent forms. First, tense morphemes precede non-conclusive endings. However, there is many restrictions in actual combinations. We can classify non-conclusive endings into three groups according to the combination with tense morphemes: some cannot be combined with any tense element; some cannot be combined with o˘ss; Some can be combined with o˘ss and kess. There are differences between coordinatives and subordinatives in conbination with tense morphemes. For example, u˘myo˘nso˘as a coordinative can not be combined with o˘ss. However, u˘myo˘nso˘as a subordinative can be combined with o˘ss. Secondly, case markers and delimiters follow non-conclusive endings. There are also many restrictions in this case.

      • 심미 수복 치료의 관점에서 바라본 Ko's Coloring을 이용한 Monolithic zirconia crown의 가능성

        고경훈,Ko, Kyung-Hun 대한심미치과학회 2016 Journal of the Korean Academy of Esthetic Dentistr Vol.25 No.2

        CAD/CAM의 발전으로 기존의 많은 보철물이 지르코니아로 대체되고 있다. 하지만 많은 치과기공사가 지르코니아 색조재현에 많은 어려움을 겪고 있다. 시행착오를 겪으며 이에대한 해결을 위해 많이 노력하였고 이에 이 논문에서는 Ko's coloring 기법에 대해 설명하고자 한다. According of the development and spread of CAD/CAM, a number of prostheses we have done had been replaced. Dental technicians have a difficulty reproducing natural color when producing these zirconia crowns. Difficulty reproducing natural color when producing these zirconia crowns. In my case, in the beginning of experimenting with zirconia, I had a hard time dealing with zirconia and I have tried solve these problems. Therefore, I would like to share Ko's coloring technique made of my effort with you.

      • KCI등재

        고방(古方)으로 치료한 두드러기 환자 39례의 임상보고(臨床報告)

        탁명림,김미보,변석미,고우신,윤화정,Tark, Myoung-Rim,Kim, Mi-Bo,Byun, Seok-Mi,Ko, Woo-Shin,Yoon, Hwa-Jung 대한한방안이비인후피부과학회 2009 한방안이비인후피부과학회지 Vol.22 No.3

        Objectives : This study was designed to investigate the chronical features of urticaria and the effects of urticaria treatment with Ko-Bang(古方). Methods : We treated 39 patients for urticaria with Ko-Bang(古方), who visited to care urticaria at the Dept. of Dermatology Oriental medical hospital Dong-eui university from Jan, 2008 to Sep, 2009. This study was assessed using the chart analysis and the follow-up survey by telephone. Results & Conclusions : 1. 39 outpatients were surveyed, who were 20 males and 19 females. And patients who were ages 21-30 were the largest group, 11(28.21%). Among the 39 patients, acute urticaria patients were 8(20.5%), chronic urticaria patients were 31(79.5%), and contraction of a disease period between 6 weeks with 3 months was 17.9%. 2. The causes of urticaria were measured unknown 37.5%, foods 37.5%, drugs 25% in acute and unknown 35.5%, a change of temperature 29%, foods 16% in chronic. And suspected provocation factors were measured unknown and foods each 12 cases. The most of accompanied symptoms was itching sign(34 cases), the second most was self-conscious fever(10 cases). 3. Out of treat prescription(Ko-Bang,古方), Injinho-Tang(茵蔯蒿湯) was used most in 5 cases, Daehwanghwangryunsasim-Tang(大黃黃連瀉心湯), Hwangryun-Tang(黃連湯), Daesiho-Tang(大柴胡湯) were used in each 4 cases, Galgeun-Tang(葛根湯), Chijadaehwangsi-Tang(梔子大黃?湯), Sosiho-Tang(小柴胡湯) were used in each 3 cases, Gaemagakban-Tang(桂麻各半湯), Chijasi-Tang(梔子?湯),Oryeongsan(五笭散) were used in each 2 cases. 4. When the processes of treatment were classified by one poison(一毒), there were the 19 cases (48.7%) which was caused by Bun(煩), the 12 cases(30.8%) by Water(水) and the 4 cases(10.3%) by Gyur(結).

      • KCI등재

        말초성 안면마비 입원환자 250례에 대한 임상적 고찰

        강나루,탁명림,변석미,고우신,윤화정,Kang, Na-Ru,Tark, Myoung-Rim,Byun, Soek-Mi,Ko, Woo-Shin,Yoon, Hwa-Jung 대한한방안이비인후피부과학회 2010 한방안이비인후피부과학회지 Vol.23 No.3

        Objectives : This study was performed to analysis the effect of oriental medical care for inpatients with facial paralysis that had visited Dept. of Otolaryngology Oriental medical hospital Dong-eui university. Methods : From January 2008 to September 2010, a clinical study was done on 250 inpatients who were treated as facial nerve paralysis at the Dept. of Otolaryngology Oriental medical hospital Dong-eui university. This study was assessed using the chart analysis. Results : 1. The distribution of sex : female 54.8%, male 45.2%. The distribution of age was pregented that fifty to sixty was the most in 67 cases(26.8%). 2. The distribution of the period of admission : female 12.5 days, male 9.9 days. 3. The distribution of past history : hypertention(18.8%), diabetes-mellitus(10.85%), facial paralysis(9.25%), cerebrovascular disease(4.4%), liver disease(5.6%), hyperlipidemia(1.2%), otitis media(1.2%), herpes zoster(1.2%), cardiac disease(2.45%), thyroid disease(1.2%). 4. The distribution of the region of facial paralysis : Rt(55.36%), Lt(56.52%). 5. Check the mastoid pain : 66.8%(female 73.91%, male 58.04%). 6. Out of prescription(Ko-Bang, 古方), Galgeun-Tang(葛根湯) and Gaejigeogaegayoungchul-Tang was used most in each 34 cases, Daesiho-Tang(大柴胡湯) 30 cases, Galgeungabanha-Tang(葛根加半夏湯) 27 cases, Sihogaeji-Tang(柴胡桂枝湯) 14 cases, Hwanggigaejiomul-Tang 12 cases, Odu-Tang(烏頭湯) 10 cases, Chijadaehwangsi-Tang 10 cases, Gaejigagalgeun-Tang(桂枝加葛根湯) 7 cases, Banhasasim-Tang(半夏瀉心湯) 5 cases, Injinho-Tang(茵蔯蒿湯) 5 cases in order. 7. The distribution of herb group : Mahwang-Jae(麻黃劑) 31.72%, Gaeji-Jae(桂枝劑) 26.00%, Siho-Gae(柴胡劑) 20.70%, Chija-Gae(梔子劑) 7.49%, Buja-Jae(附子劑) 4.41%, Banhahwanggeum-Gae(半夏黃芩劑) 3.08%, Daehwang-Gae(大黃劑) 2.64%, Bockryeong-Gae(茯笭劑) 1.76%, Jisil-Gae(枳實劑) 1.32%, Insam-Gae(人蔘劑) 0.88% in order. 8. The distribution of House-Brackmann grade of admission : Gr Ⅳ 74.85%, Gr.III 13.6%, Gr.V 11.6% in order. 9. The distribution of House-Brackmann grade of discharge : Gr.III 56%, Gr.IV 38.4%, Gr.II 5.6% in order. 10. The average number of OPD follow up is 6.46. Conclusion : This results indicated that oriental medical treatment with Ko-bang(古方) can be an effective way to treat facial paralysis. The more patients we treat with Ko-bang(古方), the more clinical report is accumulated. Then it would be helpful to map out a systematic treatment on facial paralysis.

      • KCI등재

        화폐상 습진 한방 치험 1례

        탁명림,강나루,고우신,윤화정,Tark, Myoung-Rim,Kang, Na-Ru,Ko, Woo-Shin,Yoon, Hwa-Jung 대한한방안이비인후피부과학회 2011 한방안이비인후피부과학회지 Vol.24 No.2

        Objective : The purpose of this study is to know the effect of Ko-Bang(古方) on nummular eczema. Methods : We decided the treatment principle through the abdominal examination and symptoms. We gave Ko-Bang to the patient and observed the progress. We used visual analogue scale(VAS). Results : After the treatment the grade of VAS was decreased and the symptoms of nummular eczema were significantly improved. Conclusion : After the treatment of Hwanggijakyakgyejigoju-Tang(黃耆芍藥桂枝苦酒湯), the symptoms of nummular eczema were disappeared and Ko-Bang was effective on the treatment of intractable skin diseases.

      • KCI등재

        Effects of Instructional Treatments with Learning Conditions and Tasks on Learning of Simple and Complex Grammatical Rules

        Mi-Sook Ko 한국영어어문교육학회 2008 영어어문교육 Vol.14 No.4

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        This study is a subsequent experiment of Ko’s (2006), which investigated the effects of learning conditions and task types respectively. Based on the findings of Ko’s (2006), the present study examined which combination of instructional treatments combining two learning conditions with two task types could be more effective than the other combinations on the learning of different grammatical rules. 130 Korean college freshmen with low proficiency were assigned to four experimental groups: EC (explicit condition and comprehension task), EP (explicit condition and production task), IC (implicit condition and comprehension task), and IP (implicit condition and production task). After two week instructions, post-test data through grammaticality judgment test and controlled written test were analyzed by the two-way Multiple Analysis of Covariance (MANCOVA). The findings of the study are as follows: (a) for the comprehension of a simple rule, there is no significant difference; (b) for the production of a simple and a complex rule, the EP can be the most effective; and (c) for the comprehension of a complex rule, the EP and the IP can be more effective than the EC and the IC. Overall, the effect of the combination with an explicit condition and a production task is more evident than the others. The results are expected to give empirical evidence and suggestions for more effective ways of promoting learning of formal linguistic features and leading L2 learners to develop their interlanguage.

      • KCI등재

        판형열교환기 설계프로그램 개발을 위한 응축열전달 및 압력강하 분석

        고제현(Jea-Hyun Ko),송영호(Young-Ho Song),박권하(Kweon-Ha Park) 한국마린엔지니어링학회 2014 한국마린엔지니어링학회지 Vol.38 No.4

        본 연구의 목적은 물에 대한 판형열교환기의 설계프로그램 개발을 위해 응축열전달계수 및 압력강하에 관한 상관식을 확보하는 것이다. 저온측의 단상유동에 관해서는 Ko의 상관식을 사용하였으며 고온측의 응축이 발생하는 이상유동에 대해서는 Annaiev의 상관식과 Lockhart 모델을 적용하여 알고리즘을 제시하였다. 판형열교환기의 운전가능한 범위내에서 상관식의 오차는 상용코드와 비교시 20%이내를 나타냈다. The purpose of this study is to get the formulas of condensation heat transfer coefficient and pressure drop about the water to develop design program for plate type heat exchangers. The single phase flow of cold side was calculated with the correlation of Ko. Condensation heat transfer coefficient model proposed by Annaiev was used and Lockhart model was used to analyze the pressure drop. The calculation algorithm was proposed to calculate heat transfer rate and pressure drop simultaneously. The prediction errors remained within 20% compared to the commercial code in the working range of the plate heat exchangers.

      • KCI등재

        중세어(中世語)의 양태(樣態),정감(情感)의 서법(敍法)에 대한 연구(硏究)

        고영근 ( Yong Kun Ko ) 서울대학교 인문학연구원 1980 人文論叢 Vol.5 No.-

        1. In dieser Untersuchung beschaftige ich mich mit der Identifizierung der modalitatund emotionalitatbezogenen, prafinalen Endungen sowie mit der Auffassung ihrer semantischen Eigenschaft. Die Modi, die sich auf die Modalitat und Emotionalitat beziehen, sind die folgenden: Apodiktiv, Assertiv und Exklamativ. 2. Der Apodiktiv ni wird nur in dem Deklarativ identifiziert. Obwohl man auch die ahnlichen Formen in dem Interrogativ und der attributiven Form findet, ist es kein Apodiktiv hinsichtlich des strukturellen und semantischen Aspekts. Die apodiktive Form steht nach dem Indikativ, Retrospektiv, Prasumptiv und Assertiv. Die kommunikative Funktion der Texte, in denen der Apodiktiv realisiert wird, ist in der Regel einseitig. Das Tempus des Apodiktivs hangt von vorangehenden tempusbezogenen Modi ab, z.B. dem Indikativ, Retrospektiv und Prasumptiv. Der apodiktive Ausdruck wird da verwendet, wo der Sprechende die Sachverhalte allgemeingultig bzw. entscheidend einschatzt und dann den Horer darauf konzentrieren 1aβt. Deshalb in den apodiktiven Satzen durfen die bestatigung bzw. verstarkungbezogenen, sogenannten modalen Adverbien wie bestimmt, naturlich usw. mitverwendet werden. 3. Der Assertiv ko und o, die auch das morphologische Merkmal der Verba besitzen, werden in Deklarativ, Interrogativ, Imperativ, konjunktionaler und attributiver Form identifiziert. Die Endungen mit Formen ko/o in den ubrigen Umgebungen durfen nicht als Apodiktiv angesehen werden; denn sie enthalten keine entsprechenden Formen hinsichtlich der syntagmatischen sowie paradigmatischen Relationen. Die kommunikative Funktion des Assertivs ist beinahe einseitig im Vergleich zum Apodiktiv. Sein Tempus hangt von der Aktionsart des Verbs ab. Wenn er mit dem Prasumptiv li kombiniert wird, wird sein Tempus mit diesem Ausdruck bezeichnet, Die semantische Eigenschaft muΒ sich auf die Einschatzung des Sprechenden zum Aussagen beziehen. Der Assertiv wird meistens dafur benutzt, wo der Sprechende die Sachverhalte entscheidend bzw, bestimmt einschatzen und dann sich vergewissern will. Daher kann man in solchen Texten die einschatzungbezogenen Adverbien wie freilich, allerdings anwenden. 4. Exklamativ Die exklamativen Formen im Mittelkoreanischen sind wesentlich komplizierter als die der Gegenwartssprache. Die exklamativen Ausdrucke, die man durch die Identifizierung des Morphems bekommen kann, sind wie die Formen os/tos, s. Die Formen os und tos wechseln einander fakultativ ohne groBen Unterschied der Bedeutung ab. Die erstere ist ein biBchen veralteter als die letztere. Da die Form s in einigen, bestimmten Umgebungen realisiert wird, kann man sagen, daB sie gegenuber den Formen os und tos morphologisch bedingt wird. Die exklamativen Formen werden in Deklarativ, Interrogativ, Imperativ und konjunktionalen Endungen representiert. Diese Formen stehen sowohl nach Indikativ, Retrospektiv, Prasumptiv-Retrospektiv wie direkt nach dem Stamm. Die kommunikative Funktion des Exklamativs ist ziemlich cinseitig wie der Assertiv. Dieser Aspekt wird deutlich in den Satzen ausgedruckt, in denen keine erste Person als Subjekt auftritt. Das Tempus hangt von den vorangehenden, tempusbezogenen Modusausdrucken und der Aktionsart des Verbalstamms ab. In den exklamativen Ausdrucken sind Emotionalitat und Modalitat enthalten: die Emotionalitat wird hauptsachlich in den deklarativen Satzen ausgedruckt, deren Subjekt keine erste Person ist; die Modalitat erscheint meistens in den ubrigen Umgebungen. Unter Umstanden ist es schwer, die Grenze zwischen die Modalitat und Emotionalitat zu ziehen. Wahrend sich die Texte mit der Emotionalitat mit emotionbezogenen Adverbien wie erstaunlicherweise, bedauerlicherweise usw. sehr naturlich vertragen, verbinden sich die Texte mit Modalitat mit den modalen Adverbien wie in dem Assertiv. 5. Drei Modi, die oben als Apodiktiv, Assertiv und Exklamativ genannt wurden, haben die gemeinsamen Eigentumlichkeiten hinsichtlich des strukturalen, semantischen und pragmatischen Aspekts. 1. Struktural kommen sie grundsatzlich nach den tempusbezogenen Modi; 2. Semantisch drucken sie die Modalitat und Emotionalitat des Sprechenden zum Aussagen bzw. Geschehen aus; 3. Pragmatisch erscheinen sie in der einseitigen Kommunikation. Auf Grund der obengenannten drei Punkte fasse ich drei Modiformen unter dem Intensiven Modus zusammen.

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