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      • KCI등재

        환경농업조성지구내 용수원 및 채수시기별 수질비교

        김찬용,김창배,김종수,서영진,윤재탁 한국환경농학회 2002 한국환경농학회지 Vol.21 No.3

        A study was conducted to investigate the seasonal changes in water quality of watershed in the Agricultural Environment Promotion Zone. samples collected were 12 GW (ground water), 2 IW (irrigation water), 2 SW (stream water) in An-Doug City, 4 GW, 6 IW, 11 SW in Young-Yang Gun, and sampling was conducted separately during dry and rainy season. In the ground water, EC and ionic species, except pH, were higher than those in stream water, and especially NO_3-N concentration exceeded the limitation of drinking water. Concentration of ions decreased as the sampling depth was far from the soil surface. During a rainy season, the concentrations of NO_3-N and K In the stream water were slightly higher than those during season. COD was lower during dry season in Yong-Yang, while the trend was contrasted to An-Doug. These results suggest that ground water was polluted by fertilization and compost while streamwater was polluted by loss of soil and organic during the rainy season. Principal chemical components related with changing water quality were EC, NO_3^-, Ca, Mg, Na, CI^-, SO_4^- in ground water, whereas NH_4-N, K, Mg, CI^-, SO_4^- in stream water.

      • 타이어 접지형상 자동측정 시스템 개발

        김영탁,정태영,탁영봉 慶尙大學校生産技術硏究所 1995 生産技術硏究所論文集 Vol.11 No.-

        The contribution describes an automatic measuring system for analysing tire contact shapes and air-pressure distribution upon weight load using the computer vision. Instead of analysing the safety degree of automobiles by manually calculation the tire contact area. This system is to analyse it automatically using a computer by the image processing technique. This system is divided into three major process : i) to binarize an input image for discriminating object from background, and then to remove noise from it. ii) to extract the image contour, applying the chain code to each seperated region and then labelling them, based on the process of dilation and erosion of the image. iii) to calculate the real contact area and to set corresponding color levels upon air pressure. Representing the gray level as pseudo-color have enabled us to visualize the air-pressure distribution upon weight load. We have developed an automatic system of calculating real contact area and its ratio against total tire contact area using the image processing technique. This has reduced the measuring time and error to half of those the manual method.

      • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

        자궁내막암 환자에서 복강경하 자궁적출술과 복식 자궁적출술의 비교 연구

        김종혁,이상수,김천복,김대연,김용만,김영탁,목정은,남주현 대한부인종양 콜포스코피학회 2003 Journal of Gynecologic Oncology Vol.14 No.4

        목적 : 자궁내막암 환자에서 시행된 복강경 수술의 임상적 결과를 평가하고 수술적 지표 및 재발률에 대하여 기존의 개복 수술과 비교하고자 하였다. 연구 방법 : 1997년 8월부터 2003년 11월까지 저자들은 임상적 병기 I기인 79명의 자궁내막암 환자에서 복강경하 자궁적출술과 골반 및 부대동맥 림프절 절제술을 시행하였다. 총 79명의 환자 중, 수술적 병기 I기와 II기로 판명된 74명의 환자를 연구 대상으로 하였다. 대조군으로는 같은 기간 동안에 개복수술을 시행한 환자중 복강경 수술군과 병기가 같은 168예를 선정하였다. 결과 : 평균 수술 기간, 수혈량은 양군에서 비슷하였으며, 평균 재원 기간은 복강경 수술군에서 유의하게 짧았다. 수술전후 및 만성 합병증의 발생은 개복 수술군에서 유의하게 증가되었으며, 획득한 림프절의 수는 복강경 수술군에서 유의하게 더 많았다. 복강경 수술군에서 1예, 개복 수술군에서는 2예에서 재발하였고, 2년 무병 생존률은 복강경 수술군과 개복 수술군에서 각각 97.5%와 98.6%으로 유의한 차이는 관찰되지 않았다. 결론 : 자궁내막암 치료로서 복강경 수술은 기존의 개복술을 대신할 수 있는 안전하고 효과적인 시술 방법이다. 개복 수술과 비교해 볼 때, 재발 및 생존율 면에서 차이가 없었지만, 향후 전향적이고 더 오랜 추적기간을 갖는 연구가 필요하다고 사료된다. Objective : To evaluate the outcomes of laparoscopic surgery and to compare surgical parameters and recurrence rate of these with those of conventional abdominal surgery in patients with endometrial cancer. Methods : From August 1997 to November 2003, we have performed 79 cases of LAVH (laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy) with or without lymph node dissection. Laparoscopic approach was adapted in patients with FIGO clinical stage I by imaging study. Of the 79 patients, 74 patients who were proved to be surgical stage I and II were enrolled in this comparative study. As a control group, We selected 168 cases for the laparotomy group of the same stages. Results : The mean duration of surgery, the amount of blood transfusion and hemoglobin chamges were similar in both the laparoscory and the convertional alparotomy group. The mean duration of hospital stay was significantly shorter in patients treated by laparoscopic surgery (10.2 vs. 15.5 days). The number of lymph node obtained was significantly higher in the laparoscopy group. Two year recurrence-free survival rates were 97.5% in laparoscopy group and 98.6% in laparotomy group (p=0.763). Conclusion : Laparoscopic surgery for the treatment of early stage endometrial cancer is safe and effective altematives in terms of perioperative complications. Overall and recurrence-free survival did not differ significantly in both groups however long term risk for recurrence and survival has yet to be defined.

      • 5-FU 투여후 백서 가슴샘에서 일어나는 형태학적 및 생화학적 변화

        손영탁,김선,정옥,한승로,김수일,이영호,김원식 충남대학교 의과대학 지역사회의학연구소 2000 충남의대잡지 Vol.27 No.2

        Thymus is a lymphoid organ forming T-cells from hematogenous stem cells. Apoptosis of thymocytes in the cortex of thymus is so rapid that cannot find easily with routine histological techniques. In this experiment, TUNEL immunohistochemistry and TEM were used to detect apoptotic changes after 5-fluorouracil treatment in the thymus of the rat. In addition, SDS-PAGE was carried to reveal protein changes along the apoptotic changes. The results were as follows ; 1. Thymocytes in the cortex were decreased markedly and many apoptotic cells were found in the cortex on DAT 3. 2. Relatively small-sized apoptotic bodies induced by 5-FU were detected on DAT 3 at the cortex, and clustered in partly. 3. On DAT 6, new germinal centers formed in the peripheral cortex, and many apoptotic bodies of various size and shapes were detected in the germinal center. 4. In SDS-PAGE, a protein with molecular weight of 123kDa was increased on DAT 6. According to the above results, it could be concluded that 5-FU acted directly on the thymocytes and induced apoptotic changes on DAT 3. But, on DAT 6, the period of recovery, new germinal centers were formed in the cortex, in which active B cell production to compensate the loss of thymocytes was noticed. To make new T-cells from B-cells and to eliminate unnecessary B-cells, vigorous apoptosis in the germinal centers should occur, and 123kDa proteins which considered as integrins should act as transmembrane signaling molecules in this process.

      • 기능성 소화불량증환자에서 Winstal® 투여에 관한 임상경험

        이창형,김영탁,금민수,권중구,안병철,윤영미,권영오,김성국,최용환,정준모 慶北大學校 醫科大學 1994 慶北醫大誌 Vol.35 No.3

        목적 : 기능성 소화불량증은 소화, 흡수등 장관의 기능적인 이상과 관련되어 있을 것으로 생각되며 복합소화효소제(Winstal®)를 투여하여 그 임상효과를 평가하고자 본 연구를 실시하였다. 대상 및 방법 : 1994년 3월 부터 6월까지 경북대학교병원 내과를 방문한 기능성 소화불량증을 호소하는 환자 20명을 대상으로 Winstal®을 1회 1정씩, 1일 3회 식후 30분내에 경구로 2주간 투여하였다. 결과 : 소화불량증의 증상은 복부불쾌감, 복부팽만감, 식욕부진 및 오심, 복부동통, 공기연하증, 고창 및 구토순이었으며, 증상의 개선은 복부불쾌감이 76.4%(13/17)로 가장 높았으며, 그 다음으로 복부팽만감 및 공기연하증이 66.5%(10/15, 6/9)이었고, 오심 61.5%(8/13), 식욕부진 53.8%(7/13), 복부동통 41.6%(5/12), 고창 37.5%(3/8)이었다. 각 환자별 종합적인 증상의 개선도는 현저한 개선이 2예(10%), 중등도 개선이 3예(15%), 약간개선이 11예(55%), 불변이 4예(20%)이었으며 종합적인 유효율은 80%(16/20)이었다. 부작용은 한 예에서도 관찰되지 않았다. 결론 : 본 제제는 기능성 소화불량증 환자의 증상개선에 추천할 만한 유효한 약제로 생각된다. Dyspepsia is a common symptom in gastroenterologic practice and trigger for numerous consultations with physician. The treatment of chronic functional dyspesia is unsatisfactory. This study was performed to evaluate the efficacy of the digestive compound (Winstal®) on 20 functional dyspepsia patients. On open trial, all patients were given 6 tablets daily for 2 weeks and we evaluated the efficacy of this preparation according to the degree of the improvement. The improvement of symptoms was 76.4%(13/17) in abdominal discomfort, 66.5%(10/15, 6/9) in abdominal distension and aerophagia, 61.5%(8/13) in nausea, 53.8%(7/13) in abdominal pain, and 37.5% (5/12) in flatulence, respectively. Overall effectiveness of subjective symptoms was 80% (16/20) and there were no untoward effects of the preparations during this study. As a result, We think that this preparation is an effective one to relieve symptoms of functional dyspepsia.

      • KCI등재후보

        Biochemical Characteristics and Antimicrobials Susceptibility of Salmonella gallinarum Isolated in Korea

        Ki-seuk Kim,Young-ju Lee,Yong-kuk Kwon,Ryun-bin Tak 대한수의학회 2003 JOURNAL OF VETERINARY SCIENCE Vol.4 No.2

        Characteristics and Antimicrobials Susceptibility of Salmonella gallinarum Isolated in KoreaYoung-ju Lee, Ki-seuk Kim1,*, Yong-kuk Kwon and Ryun-bin Tak1Avian Disease Division, National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service, Anyang 430-824, Korea1College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 702-701, KoreaReceived February 13, 2003 / Accepted April 30, 2003J. Vet. Sci. (2003), 4(2), 161-166JOURNAL OFVeterinaryScience*Corresponding author: Ki-seuk Kim College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 702-701, Korea Tel: 82-53-950-5962, Fax: 82-53-950-5955 E-mail: kimkiseuk@knu.ac.kr

      • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

        자궁경부에 발생한 배아성 횡문근육종 2예

        박정열,조준식,김대연,이동헌,김종혁,김용만,김영탁,목정은,남주현 대한부인종양 콜포스코피학회 2002 Journal of Gynecologic Oncology Vol.13 No.3

        횡문근육종은 소아와 청소년기에 가장 흔한 연부조직 육종이다. 발생 부위는 일반적으로 두부 및 경부, 그 다음으로 비뇨생식계이다 조직학적으로 배아성 횡문근육종, 국화상 육종, 폐포성 횡문근육종, 다형성 횡문근육종으로 나누어진다. 횡문근육종의 약 20%가 비뇨생식기에서 발생하고, 50% 이상이 배아성 횡문근육종이다. 여성 생식기의 배아성 횡문근육종은 드문 악성 종양으로,주로 유소아의 질에서 발생하며, 자궁경부에서 발생하는 횡문근육종은 청소년기에 흔하고, 질에서 기원하는 횡문근육종이 자궁경부에 기원하는 경우보다 5배 정도 많다. 폐경기여성에서는 자궁체부에서 가장 흔히 발생한다. 비뇨생식기의 횡문근육종의 치료는 과거에는 골반장기 적출술만으로 치료를 시도하였으나. 서서히 다중 항암화학요법, 방사선요법, 근치적 절제술을 포함한 병합요법으로 바뀌어가고 있으며, 이에 따라 생존율이 현저하게 향상되었다. 이에 저자들은 최근 본원 산부인과에서 자궁경부에 발생한 배아성 횡문근육종 2예를 경험하였기에 문헌 고찰과 아울러 보고하는 바이다. Rhabdomyosarcoma is the most common soft tissue sarcoma in childhood and young adult. Genitourinary tract is the econd most common site of rhabdomyosarcoma. Rhabdomyosarcoma can be classified into one of four major types; embryonal, alveolar, pleomorphic and undifferentiated. Embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of the female genital tract is rare malignant tumor and usually occurs during childhood in the vagina. In rare cases, rhabdomyosarcoma can originate in the uterine cervix, with a peak incidence in the second decade. Recently we have experienced two cases of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of the uterine cervix. These cases are presented with a brief review of the literature.

      • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

        자궁내막에 발생한 점막 연관 림프조직 (MALT) 림프종 1예

        전균호,조현진,박성균,김천복,김대연,김종혁,김용만,김영탁,목정은,남주현 대한부인종양 콜포스코피학회 2003 Journal of Gynecologic Oncology Vol.14 No.4

        Non-Hodgkin's 림프종의 약 40%는 결절외(extranodal) 림프종으로 대개 위장관에서 발생하며 이들 중 점막 연관 림프조직(mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue: MALT)에서 기원한 림프종은 MALT 림프종으로 분류된다. 위 외의 부위에서 원발성으로 발생하는 MALT 림프종은 매우 드물지만 실제 거의 모든 신체 장기에 발생하는 것으로 알려져 있는데, 가장 흔한 부위인 위 외에도 폐, 갑상선, 침샘, 눈물샘에 발생하고, 드물게 안구, 유방, 방광, 신장, 흉선 등에도 보고된 바 있다. MALT 림프종은 오랜 기간동안 원격 전이하지 않고 국소 병변으로 남아 있는 특징이 있어 치료 방향 또한 국소 병변의 치료에 집중되며, 예후도 림프절 기원의 림프종에 비해 양호한 것으로 알려져 있다. 본 저자 등은 자궁 내막에 원발성으로 발생한 MALT 림프종 1예를 경험하였기에 문헌 고찰과 함께 이를 보고하고자 한다. Mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma can rarely develop primarily in extranodal sites other than stomach which is the most common site for it. Other rare primary sites are small intestine, colorectum, esophagus, lung, thyroid, salivary gland, lacrymal gland, breast and skin. MALT lymphoma represents a distinct clinicopathologic features: it is usually localized to their original site for a long time and shows much more favorable prognosis than lymphoma at other site, but some MALT lymphoma can arise simultaneously or successively in different organ or give rise to another MALT lymphoma of other organ and can be multifocally disseminated or recurred. We report a very rare case of high grade B-cell lymphoma of mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) of the uterine endometrium, which was confirmed by immunohistochemical assay.

      • ATM 통신망에서의 Service Category 별 자동복구 방법 연구

        김영탁,신해준 嶺南大學校 工業技術硏究所 1998 工業技術硏究所論文集 Vol.26 No.2

        Increased network reliability is required as the size of communication network becomes larger and the data transfer speed becomes faster. And preparing of backup path is required to protect the network from serious network failures, such as physical line cut, in high speed network. In this paper, we analyze various network topology to choose a adequate topology for high speed network, and construct multiple logical networks on a physical ATM network according to the service to support the required QoS and to manage the network more efficiently. We use backup path restoration algorithm rather than dynamic restoration to achieve rapid speed network. The proposed restoration scheme guarantees different bandwidth and traffic parameter. We also propose a scheme of preplaning optimal backup path.

      • ATM/B-ISDN 통신망 기반의 원격의료정보시스템을 위한 멀티미디어 데이터베이스 원격접속기능 설계 및 구현

        김호철,김영탁 嶺南大學校 工業技術硏究所 1998 工業技術硏究所論文集 Vol.26 No.1

        An investigation about Database Management System, Database Server and Data Communication Network is the first recomendation to implement the Tele-medical System that is offer a advanced medical service with share of patient information between hospital and manage of medical data. When we design a distributed database like Tele-medical System the data communication network is the most important thing from them. Cause, medical data is composed with large scaled mixed media data like text, image, audio, video and need a high-speed data communication network for remote access on theses data. In this paper, we implement a Agent for remote medical database remote access function of the Tele-medical System based on ATM and explain the result of performance analysis.

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