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To find the prevalence and related factors of low back pain experienced by some beauticians. a survey was made toward 252 beauticians in Kwangju City from March 1st to April 1st, 1998. The results were as follows; 1. The prevalence rate of low back pain among the respondents for the last week was 59.5%. 2. The aid group and staff group with low back Pain had significantly longer duration of work than those without low back pain. Managers who had bad posture with twisted or too much extended back showed a significantly higher prevalence of low back pain than those with good posture during work(P<05). 3. Aid group with low back pain showed significantly higher points at total stress score, depression score, general health score and vitality score than those without low back Pain. The staff group with low back pain showed significantly higher points for total stress score, sleep disorder and anxiety score, depression score, general well-being and vitality score than those without low back pain. Managers with low back Pain showed significantly higher points of stress at social performance and self confidence (P<05) than those without low back pain. The above results suggest that low back pain is related to different jobs and work environments for beauticians. So effective measures and further studies against risk factors must be made considering their jobs. To prevent or reduce low back pain, appropriate management of stress for beauticians is necessary.
Kwon, So-Youn,Bae, Ok-Nam,Noh, Ji-Yoon,Kim, Keunyoung,Kang, Seojin,Shin, Young-Jun,Lim, Kyung-Min,Chung, Jin-Ho U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare, Publ 2015 Environmental health perspectives Vol.123 No.2
<P>Background: Nephrotoxicity associated with lead poisoning has been frequently reported in epidemiological studies, but the underlying mechanisms have not been fully described.</P><P>Objectives: We examined the role of erythrocytes, one of the major lead reservoirs, in lead-associated nephrotoxicity.</P><P>Methods and results: Co-incubation of lead-exposed human erythrocytes with HK-2 human renal proximal tubular cells resulted in renal tubular cytotoxicity, suggesting a role of erythrocytes in lead-induced nephrotoxicity. Morphological and flow cytometric analyses revealed that HK-2 cells actively phagocytized lead-exposed erythrocytes, which was associated with phosphatidylserine (PS) externalization on the erythrocyte membrane and generation of PS-bearing microvesicles. Increased oxidative stress and up-regulation of nephrotoxic biomarkers, such as NGAL, were observed in HK-2 cells undergoing erythrophagocytosis. Moreover, TGF-β, a marker of fibrosis, was also significantly up-regulated. We examined the significance of erythrophagocytosis in lead-induced nephrotoxicity in rats exposed to lead via drinking water for 12 weeks. We observed iron deposition and generation of oxidative stress in renal tissues of lead-exposed rats, as well as the histopathological alterations such as tubulointerstitial lesions, fibrosis, and up-regulation of KIM-1, NGAL, and TGF-β.</P><P>Conclusions: Our data strongly suggest that erythrophagocytosis and subsequent iron deposition in renal tubular cells could significantly enhance nephrotoxicity following lead exposure, providing insight on lead-associated kidney damages.</P><P>Citation: Kwon SY, Bae ON, Noh JY, Kim K, Kang S, Shin YJ, Lim KM, Chung JH. 2015. Erythrophagocytosis of lead-exposed erythrocytes by renal tubular cells: possible role in lead-induced nephrotoxicity. Environ Health Perspect 123:120–127; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1408094</P>
Objective : This study is performed for the purpose of examining the efficacy of the scolopendrid(Scolopendra morsitans L) which has been to low back pain as a folk remedy. Methods & Results : Seventy patints with H.I.V.D. treated with the scolopendrid aquacupuncture and examined 4 tests; D.I.T.I., physical test, Oswestry disability index, and self-conscious pain rate were studied. And we follow up after discharge, we evaluated the present state and recovery period. Or we evaluated by herniated type and duration of onset. There was 58~97% of efficacy rate in each tests. Moreover, statistically valuable change in all 7D.I.T.I. points and in disability index and in self-conscious pain rate was showed. Conclusion : The scolopendrid aquacupuncture is possible to be effective terating the H.I.V.D patients. so we suggest the possibility using this new remedy to the H.I.V.D. patients.
Uterus didelphys with unilateral obstructed hemivagina and ipsilateral renal agenesis usually presents after menarch with progressive abdominal pain during menses secondary to hematocolpos, and indeed a very rare congenital anomaly due to Mullerian duct malformation. An accurate and prompt diagnosis is of importance to permit treatment and to assure the future fertility of the patient. Pelvic ultrasound, physical examination and pelvic MRI established a diagnosis of hematometracolpos secondary to uterus didelphys with unilateral imperforate hemivagina. An incision in the vaginal septum allowed drainage of the hematocolpos, providing relief of the patients symptoms. We report two case of uterus didelphys with obstructed hemivagina with brief review of the literature.
Purpose: The present study purposed to compare the hand washing effect of 7.5% powidone-iodine, which is used in the operation room of C university hospital in Seoul, with that of Ethyl alcohol-CHG mixture recommended by the US Association of Operating Room Nurses (2002) and to adopt a more effective hand disinfectant. Method: In a quasi-experimental design, 48 medical staff who participated in operations during the period from November 2004 to February 2005 had hand washing using the two kinds of hand disinfectants: 7.5% povidone-iodine and the ethyl alcohol-CHG mixture. Their palms were swabbed and cultured just after hand washing and again after taking dff sterile gloves after the operation. The number of colonies from the two occasions were counted and compared. Result: The number of general bacillus increased significantly in the group using 7.5% povidone-iodine compared to that in the group using the ethyl alcohol-CHG mixture. The number of general bacillus increased signficantly in doctors compared to that in nurses. The factors affecting the increase of the number of general bacillus were disinfectants and medical personnel. The number of general bacillus was expected to increase 9.41 times with 7.5% povidone-iodine than with the ethyl alcohol-CHG mixture and 14.87 times in doctors than in nurses. Conclusion: This study shows that the ethyl alcogol-CHG mixture has a stronger hand disinfection effect than 7.5% povidone iodine. Thus we need to change the hand disinfectant used in operating rooms as soon as possible in order to minimize the infection of wounds resulting from operations.
This study was to examine the neuroticism related to psychological characteristics of each Sasang types using SCL-90-R with 107 students from College of Oriental Medicine, Daeguhaani University. We did ANOVA analysis with seven neuroticism-related sub-scales and found significant differences in somatization (F=3.701, p=0.028) and hostility (F=4.396, p=0.015). The post-hoc analysis showed that the So-Yang type (23.17±8.95) has significantly (p=0.048, p=0.012) higher score than Tae-Eum (19.25±5.97) and So-Yang(19.25±5.76) type in somatization. In hostility, the So-yang type (11.31±3.98) has significantly (p=0.011, p=0.015) higher score than Tae-Eum (8.80±2.61) and So-Eum (9.44±3.35) type. The ANOVA analysis with female subjects found significant differences in anxiety (F=3.88, p=0.03) and hostility (F=5.04, p=0.01). The post-hoc analysis showed that the So-Yang type (20.36±5.44, 12.36±3.82) has significantly (p=0.043, p=0.015) higher score compared to the So-Eum type (15.46±3.36, 8.69±2.06) in anxiety and hostility. The profile analysis using seven neuroticism-related subscalesof SCL-90-R did not revealed significant differences (Flatness with Greenhouse-Geisser (F=202.347, p=0.0001), Parallelism with Greenhouse-Geisser (F=1.428, p=0.191)). We discussed the implications of neuroticism in Sasang typology and SCL-90-R somatization, anxiety and hostility scales. This study showed opposite results compared to the previous studies that So-Eum type has higher neuroticism compared to the So-Yang and Tae-Eum type. The reason for this discrepancy between this and previous studies, and differences between male and female should be examined thoroughly with larger and balanced sample.
서명효,강홍구,장두섭,왕명자,차남현,김삼태,권소희,정해경,송용선,이기남,Seo Muoung-Hoy,Kang Hong-Goo,Jahng Doo-Sub,Wang Myoung-Ja,Cha Nam-Hyun,Kim Sam-Tae,Kwon So-Hee,Jung Hae-Kyoung,Song Yung-Sun,Lee Ki-Nam 대한예방한의학회 2003 대한예방한의학회지 Vol.7 No.2
The study was conducted to evaluate the difference of life style, subjective symptoms and health cognition depending on the Sasang Constitution in the industrial workers. The results were as follows ; Constitutional distribution among exposed group were Tae-eum In(38.4%), So-eum In(35.2%), and So-yang In(26.4%) and it was turned out that Tae-eum In took a higher portion of Sasang constitution than other constitutions in technician workers. 'Exercise' and 'Obesity' were found most in Tae-eum In, In So-eum In there were many 'Normal' weight and 'Having digestive disorders' were found most in So-eum In. There were no significant difference in the health cognition among the constitutions. The closer to 'normal' weight, the higher prevalence in 'having' concern about health condition and the more 'normal' condition in sleeping, the higher prevalence of 'having' self-confident in present health.
Using of steel box girder bridges have been used a tendency to increase for workability and economic reasons. For maintenance and management of these bridges, manholes are needed for route. (But installation of manholes causes a loss of area of section. It is developed with stiffness down and stress concentration.) By way of prevention, it is reinforced with attachments and stiffeners or its shape strengthened by as aspect in geometry. Sometimes it is over-estimated and excessive reinforcing at a welding cost follows. In this paper, both experimental and analytical results are performed to verify the behavior of a steel box girder bridge under increasing dead loads. Furthermore, there is some structural analysis on several manhole types of diaphragm, which reflect the real effect of the support. The presentation in this paper is ultimately the most reasonable and economical reinforcing method for the manhole of a diaphragm is a steel box girder bridge.
The objective of this study was to investigate the managing realities of EVD and provide a descriptive survey with the attempt to obtain basic data needed for the standardization of EVD management. For that purpose, 220 questionnaire copies were distributed to those nurses who were working with intensive care units at university hospitals, general hospitals, semi-general hospitals in Seoul, Kyongki-de and local areas. Of 158 returned questionnaire copies, 139 were used for analysis. Data were collected during the term of academic seminars of Neurosurgery Nursing Committee and KICA (Korea Intensive Care Association), ranging from Oct. 26 through 27. 2000. The tools utilized a structured questionnaire form consisting of 21 questions on general characteristics, the level of understanding, the level of work performance, standard management guidelines, etc. The data collected were analysed with frequency, percentage, mean vague, chi -square test using the SPSS 10.0 program Findings were revealed, as follows: For managing the prevention of EVD infection, aseptic technique was found to be of the most importance (48.9%),'the technique should be carried out at an operation room'(92.8%), but it was actually performed at intensive care units (over 51.5%). 'The term of antibiotics use should be less than 7 days' (81.8%), while it was actually executed for less than 7 days (49.5%). 'The proper time of quittance from it should be within less than 7 days'(74.1%) but actual quittance was executed only by 51.1%. 'Set exchange is needed' by 54.0% but actual exchange was implemented merely by 28.1%. 'The subject of management should be nurses' was reflected by 40% but actually 52.0% were carried out. As a result of hating analysed the understanding of the management of EVD by general characteristics, a significant difference was found in the necessity for set exchange by hospitals, in the time of quittance of a catheter, and in ablution items by work experience. The result of hating analysed the work performance levels of EVD management by general characteristics revealed that a significant difference in administration facilities of medicine by the classification of hospitals, especially the use of antibiotics and the quitting time of a catheter by the classification of intensive care units, and in the use of antibiotics and ablution items by the standard management guidelines.
연구 목적 : 메스암페타민 남용 또는 의존이 없는 군과 있는 군 사이의 인격장애의 유병율을 알아보고, 메스암페타민 남용 또는 의존군에서 동반 인격장애가 그들의 전반적 기능 및 일반적 특성에 어떠한 영향을 미치는지 알아보고자 하였다. 방 법 : 대상은 정상대조군에서 메스암페타민 남용 또는 의존이 없는 50명과 정신병원에 입원한 메스암페타민 남용 또는 의존환자 50명이었다. 메스암페타민 남용과 전반적 기능에 대한 평가는 DSM-Ⅳ에 의거하였고, 인격장애를 평가하기 위해 대상군 모두에서 PDQ-4+를 시행하였다. 결 과 : 정상대조군은 34%에서 적어도 1개 이상의 인격장애를 나타내었으며, 한 사람 당 평균 3.94개였다. 메스암페타민 남용 또는 의존군은 64%에서 적어도 1개 이상의 인격장애를 보였으며, 한 환자 당 평균 4.72개였다. 메스암페타민 남용 또는 의존군에서 동반 인격장애의 유무는 시작 연령, 사용 용량, 그리고 입원 또는 구치 횟수와는 관련성이 없는 것으로 나타났으나, 3개 이상의 동반 인격장애를 가질 경우, 그렇지 않은 군에 비해 전반적 기능이 떨어졌다. 결 론 : 본 연구 결과, 우리나라에서도 일반인에 비해 물질사용장애 환자에서 인격장애를 동반할 가능성이 높으며, 물질사용장애 환자 중에서도 인격장애를 동반한 군이 그렇지 않은 군에 비해 전반적으로 기능이 떨어진다는 결론이 가능하게 되었다. Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of personality disorders between normal control group and hospitalized methamphetamine abuse or dependent patients and, among the latter, the influence of comorbid personality disorder on their global assesment function and general characteristics. Methods : Subjects were 50 non-methamphetamine abuse or dependent persons in the general population group and 50 methamphetamine abuse or dependent patients admitted to the psychiatric hospital. Methamphetamine abuse or dependence and the global assesment function were diagnosed according to DSM-Ⅳ, and the presence of personality disorder was assessed with the PDQ-4+. Results : In the normal control group, 34% of subjects had at least one personality disorder and the average number of personality disorder was 3.94 per person. In the methamphetamine abuse or dependent group, 64% of the patients had at least one personality disorder and the average number .of personality disorder was 4.72 per patient. The presence of comorbid personality disorder were not associated with onset age, use dosage and the number of admission or arrest among the methamphetamine abuse or dependent group. But, when methamphetamine abuse or dependent patients had more than three personality disorders, the global assessment function was impaired. Conclusion : In our study, substance use disorder patients had the higher possibility of comorbid personality disorder in Korea, and among substance use disorder patients, those with comorbid personality disorders were associated with the greater global impairment.