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      • 濟州道 改良草地에 있어서 띠(Imperata cylindrica)의 季節的 年次的 變化

        趙南棋,金翰琳,宋昌吉 제주대학교 1983 논문집 Vol.16 No.-

        本 硏究는 濟州道 中山間地帶의 自然草地(Imperata cylindrica/Zoysia japonica type)를 開墾한 後 1 ha當 Dactylis glomerata 17kg, Festuca arundinacea 7kg, Lolium multiflorum 2kg, Trifolium repens 2kg의 導入牧草를 混播(28kg)하여 家畜放牧에 利用되고 있는(1977∼1982年) 改良草地를 對象으로하여, 띠(Imperata cylindrica)植生의 季節的ㆍ年次的變化過程을 調査한 結果를 要約하면 다음과 같다. 1. 每年 季節에 따르는 草長ㆍ收量ㆍ密度ㆍ被度 等 植生의 季節的 變化에 있어서는 秋期에 가장 優勢하였고, 春期에는 低調하게 나타났다. 2. 改良後 年度別 草長의 變化는 1年草地에서 34.26cm이었으나 점차 增加되어 6年草地에서는 49.35cm이었는데, 이 變化狀態의 回歸方程式은 y=-0.13x²+4.41x+28.50이었다. 3. 年數의 經過에 따르는 密度의 變化는 1年草地에서 0.76%였던 것이 年數가 지남에 따라 급격히 增加되어 6年草地에 이르러서는 32.97%로 나타나고 있는데, 이 變化를 y=0.10x²+0.32x-2.30의 回歸方程式으로 表示할 수 있었다. 4. 草地造成 以後 年次別 被度의 變化는 1年草地에서 1.05%, 2年 1.38%, 3年 2.46%, 4年 17.11%, 5年 27.56%, 6年草地에서 36.66%로 每年 增加(y=1.40x²-2.36x+1.39)되었다. 5. 收量의 年次的 變化는 1年草地에서 1.95kg이었으나 年數가 지남에 따라 점차 增加되어 6年草地에서는 1,107.35kg으로 나타났는데, 이 變化狀態를 y=29.11x²+53.52x-154.67로 表示할 수 있었다. This study was conducted to examine the yearly and seasonal changes of Imperata cylindrica on the improved pasture of the mountain districts around Mt. Halla in Cheju Island. For this study, the researcher had investigated for six years from 1977 to 1982 the improved pasture which had been used for grazing from 1977 to 1982. The pasture was reclaimed from native grassland. The mixed seeds of 17kgs' Datylis glomerata, 7kgs' Festuca arundinacea, 2 kgs' Lolium multiflorum and 2kgs' Trifolium repens were sowed per 1 ha. The results of this study are the following : 1. The seasonal changes of Imperata cylindrica : its length, weight, density and coverage are heighest in Autumn, and are lowest in Spring every year. 2. The yearly change in the length of Imperata cylindrica : its length is gradually increased from 34.26 cm in the first year after the reclaimation to 49.35 cm in the 6th year. This change can be represented by the regression equation, Y=-0.13x²+4.41x+28.50. 3. The yearly change in its density : its density is rapidly increased from 0.73% in the first year to 32.97% in the sixth year. The results of this change can be obtained with the regression equation, Y=0.10x²+0.32x-2.30. 4. The yearly change in its coverage : its coverage is increased year by year (1.05% in the 1st year, 1.38% in the 2nd year, 2.46% in the 3rd year, 27.56% in the 5th year, and 36.66% in the 6th year). This change can be calculated with regression equation, Y=1.40x²-2.36x+1.39. 5. The yearly change in its weight : the weight is also increased year after year from 1.95 kg in the first year after reclaimation to 1107.35kg in the sixth year. This change can be calculated with the regression equation of y=29.11x²+53.52x-154.67.

      • KCI등재SCOPUS
      • 청소년기 태권도 수련생들의 체격 및 체력 요인별 발달 비교

        김동제,권창기,가경환 한국스포츠리서치 2004 한국 스포츠 리서치 Vol.15 No.2

        This study was intended to investigate changes in the physique and fitness by age in adolescence. For this purpose, it attempted to make the first measurement in June, 2001 and the second measurement in 2002 for a total of 15 persons(seven middle school students aged 13 to 14 years and 8 high school students aged 16 to 17 years) practicing Taekwondo at 'S' and 'C' Drill Centers located in South Kyungsang Province. Both measures were conducted over the 2-day period. An attempt was made to compare and analyze the growth rate of physique and fitness factors by age based on data from measurement. As a result, the following conclusion was drawn: First, it was found that there was a statistically significant difference in the change of height, weight and body fat percent before and after measurement in order to investigate the change of physique(P<.05). Among other things, it was found that there was a statistically significant difference in the change of height, weight between the period of middle school days(13 to 14 years old) and the period of high school days(16 to 17 years old)(P<.05). It was found that Taekwondo trainees grew more over the period of middle school days(13 to 14 years old) than over the period of high school days(16 to 17 years old). But it was found that there was not a statistically significant difference in body fat percent between both groups(P<.05). But body fat percent reduced over the period of middle school days{13 to 14 years old) but did remain almost unchanged. Second, an attempt was made to measure power(high jump test), agility(side step test), muscular endurance(sit-up) and cardiopulmonary endurance(1500-meter run) to investigate the change of physique. It was found that there was not a statistically significant difference in the change of power(high jump test) and muscular endurance(sit-up) before and after measurement(P<.05). But it was found that there was a statistically significant difference on agility(side-step test) and cardiopulmonary(1500-meter run)(P<.05). It was found that there was a statistically significant difference in agility(side-step test), muscular endurance(sit-up) and cardiopulmonary endurance(1500-meter run) except power(high jump test) between he period of middle school days(13 to 14 years old) and the period of high school days(16 to 17 years old)(P<.05). The high jump test was conducted to investigate the change of power. As a result, it was found that power increase the period of middle school days(13 to 14 years old), whereas it decrease over the period of high school days(16 to 17 years old). On the other hand, the side-step test was conducted to investigate the change of agility. It was found that agility increased in Tawekwondo trainees over both the period of middle school days(13 to 14 years old) and the period of high school daysd(16 to 17 years old), the latter of which it was more or less improved. This study conducted the sit-up test to investigate the change of muscular endurance and the 1500-meter run test to investigate the change of cardiopulmonary endurance. In case of the 1500-meter run, cardiopulmonary endurance decreased over the period of middle school days(13 to 14 years old) but increased over the period of high school days(16 to 17 years old).

      • SCOPUSSCIEKCI등재

        Comparison of Proliferative Activity in Each Histological Subtypes of Benign and Atypical Intracranial Meningiomas by PCNA and Ki-67 Immunolabeling

        최승진,장은덕,권성오,계대곤,박춘근,이상원,강준기,Choi, Seung Jin,Chang, Eun Deok,Kwon, Seung Oh,Kye, Dae Kon,Park, Choon Keun,Lee, Sang Won,Kang, Joon Ki The Korean Neurosurgical Society 2000 Journal of Korean neurosurgical society Vol.29 No.9

        목 적 : 양성 뇌수막종에 비하여 이형성 및 악성 뇌수막종이 나쁜 임상적인 예후 및 양상을 보이는 것은 잘 알려져 있으나, 양성 뇌수막종에 있어서 각각의 병리조직학적 아형에 따른 생물학적 양상의 차이에 대해서는 잘 알려지지 않거나 일부 논란이 되고있다. 본 연구에서는 이형성 뇌수막종 및 양성 뇌수막종의 각각의 병리조직학적 아형에 따른 증식능의 차이여부를 알아보고자 PCNA와 Ki-67표지지수를 분석하였다. 방 법 : 본원에서 뇌수막종으로 수술을 시행하여 얻은, 재발을 보여 재수술을 시행한 2례를 포함하여, 파라핀에 포매시킨 27개의 조직을 대상으로 병리학적인 증식능을 분석하기 위해, PCNA에 대한 단일항체 및 MIB-1 단일항체를 이용한 면역조직화학적 염색을 시행하였다. 조직학적 분류상 meningothelial type이 8례, transitional type이 9례, fibroblastic type이 5례였으며, 이형성 수막종이 5례였다. 결 과 : PCNA표지지수의 평균값은 양성 수막종에서 meningothelial type이 $4.82{\pm}5.10%$, transitional type이 $9.01{\pm}4.25%$, fibroblastic type이 $5.66{\pm}5.32%$를 보였으나 이형성 수막종에서는 $27.62{\pm}19.67%$의 높은 지수를 나타냈고, Ki-67 표지지수의 평균값은 양성 수막종의 아형에서 각각 $0.43{\pm}0.85%$, $0.44{\pm}1.08%$, $0.24{\pm}0.18%$를 보이고, 역시 이형성 수막종에서는 $0.84{\pm}0.59%$의 높은 지수를 보였다. 즉, 양성 수막종에서 각각의 아형에 따른 PCNA 및 Ki-67 표지지수는 통계학적으로 의미있는 차이는 없었으나(p>0.05), 이형성 수막종에서는 의미있는 높은 표지지수를 보여(p<0.05) 양성 수막종에서 보다 높은 증식능을 보임을 알 수 있었다. 결 론 : PCNA 및 Ki-67 표지지수를 이용한 증식능의 비교결과, 양성 뇌수막종에서는 각각의 아형에 따른 생물학적 양상이나 예후는 차이가 없을것으로 생각되나, 이형성 수막종에서는 높은 증식능을 보여 이에 대한 예후를 예상할 수 있을것으로 생각되며, 또한 이러한 표지지수가 병리조직학적으로 양성과 이형성의 감별에 많은 도움이 될것으로 사료된다. Objective : The clinical prognosis and biological behavior of atypical and especially malignant meningiomas are well known to be worse than benign meningioma, but the degree of biological aggressiveness in each classical subtypes of benign meningioma is controversy. This study was performed to see whether there is a difference in the proliferative activity between each different histological subtypes of benign meningioma as well as atypical meningioma. Methods : Paraffin-embedded surgical specimens of 27 meningiomas, including two recurrent tumors, were studied to evaluate proliferative activity by immunohistochemical method with monoclonal antibodies to proliferating cell nuclear antigen(PCNA) and MIB-1. The specimens consisted of 8 cases of meningothelial, 9 cases of transitional, 5 cases of fibroblastic subtypes and 5 cases of atypical meningiomas. Results : Mean PCNA labeling indices of meningothelial, transitional and fibroblastic meningiomas were $4.82{\pm}5.10%$, $9.01{\pm}4.25%$ and $5.66{\pm}5.32%$, but that of atypical meningiomas was $27.62{\pm}19.67%$, noting a higher value compared to all three subtypes of benign meningiomas. Mean Ki-67 labeling indices of the above 3 subtypes were $0.43{\pm}0.85%$, $0.44{\pm}1.08%$ and $0.24{\pm}0.18%$, and that of atypical meningiomas was also revealed to be of higher value ($0.84{\pm}0.59%$). PCNA and Ki-67 labeling indices were not statistically different between histological subtypes of benign meningioma(p>0.05), but the differences of both immunolabeling between benign and atypical meningiomas were statistically significant(p<0.05). Conclusion : Immunolabeling of PCNA and Ki-67 in intracranial meningiomas reveals no prognostic difference between meningothelial, transitional and fibroblastic subtypes in classical benign meningiomas by measuring expression of PCNA and Ki-67, but it seems to be helpful in differentiating benign and atypical meningioma, later showing more proliferative activity and biological aggressiveness.

      • RE09 : Comparison of controlled ovarian stimulation outcomes for fertility preservation in women with breast cancer according to KI-67, histologic grade, pathologic type, and cancer stage

        ( Eun Ji Oh ),( Yeon Hee Hong ),( Seul Ki Kim ),( Jung Ryeol Lee ),( Byung Chul Jee ),( Chang Suk Suh ),( Seok Hyun Kim ) 대한산부인과학회 2020 대한산부인과학회 학술대회 Vol.106 No.-

        Objective: This study aims to analyze that specific prognostic factors such as Ki-67 value, histologic grade, pathology type, and cancer stage can affect controlled ovarian stimulation outcomes(COS) for fertility preservation in women with breast cancer. Methods: This retrospective cohort study included 92 patients with breast cancer aged 21-44 who underwent COS from August 2012 to April 2020, excluding patients with previous gonadotoxic therapy history. All COS cycles were conducted letrozole-combined random start GnRH antagonist protocol. COS outcomes were compared according to prognostic factors;Ki-67 (< 30% vs. ≥ 30%), histologic grade (low vs. high), and pathologic type (intraductal carcinoma(IDC) vs. triple-negative breast cancer(TNBC)), and cancer stage (early (I, II) vs. advanced (III, IV)). Multivariate analysis was also conducted to find any parameter that can impact over 10 mature oocytes acquisition. Results: Among the 92 patients, 42 were Ki-67≥30% compared to 49 of Ki-67<30%. The number of oocytes, and initial mature oocytes were comparable between Ki-67<30% and ≥30 group. The maturation rate was significantly higher in Ki-67≥30% group than Ki-67<30% group (57.4±36.8% vs. 44.8±28.3%, p=0.041). The same results were drawn when divided according to IDC or TNBC. The maturation rate was significantly higher in TNBC than the IDC group (73.0±17.6% vs. 47.0±28.1% p=0.001). However, the histologic grade or stage did not show any difference in COS outcomes between high and low grade or early and advanced stages. With multivariate analysis, age and AMH are parameters associated with the acquisition of over 10 mature oocytes (OR 0.863, 95% CI [0.755-0.987], OR 1.408, 95% CI [1.145-1.732], respectively). Conclusion: Either Ki-67 or pathologic type can be a potential reliable marker for predicting COS outcome, especially maturation rate. Further study with larger sample size with specific conditions is necessary to clarify the correlation between breast cancer prognostic factors and COS outcomes.

      • 다국소 망막전위도를 통한 특발성 망막전막제거술 전후의 황반 기능 평가

        윤창기(Chang Ki Yoon),김태훈(Tae Hoon Kim),김현웅(Hyun Woong Kim) 대한검안학회 2016 Annals of optometry and contact lens Vol.15 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        Purpose: To assess macular function after vitrectomy and membrane removal in eyes with idiopathic epiretinal membrane by means of multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG). Methods: Visual acuity, macular thickness measured by optical coherence tomography, and mfERG recordings were achieved for 14 eyes of 14 patients who having idiopathic epiretinal membrane. All exams were performed before epiretinal membrane surgery and 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery. Results: Amplitude of mfERG were 139.18 ± 73.63 nV/deg2, 114.25 ± 29.16 nV/deg2 and 134.66 ± 69.64 nV/deg2 at before surgery, after 1 month and 3 months, respectively. Implicit time were 75.23 ± 31.34 nV/deg2, 66.20 ± 25.04 nV/deg2 and 74.79 ± 15.47 nV/deg2 at before surgery, after 1 month and 3 months, respectively. There were no significant changes in amplitude and implicit time measured by mfERG before and after the surgery (p>0.05). There were no significant correlations between the changes of amplitude and implicit time and visual acuity and macular thickness change. Conclusions: Changes in mfERG recordings were not concluded to be useful for predicting clinical prognosis after epiretinal membrane surgery in this study.

      • SCOPUSSCIEKCI등재

        고양이 소뇌 치상핵 자극에 따른 전경골근의 근전도 변화

        성재훈,김문찬,강준기,최창락 대한신경외과학회 1994 Journal of Korean neurosurgical society Vol.23 No.7

        Through the use of stereotactic neurosurgical operation, some authors have employed chronic electrical stimulation of the dentate nucleus reduce spasticity and each trial on spastic patients has show marked clinical improvement. We investigated the eletrophysiological changes of cats after stereotactic electrical stimulation of the dentate nucleus to elucidate the possibility of clinical application and to evaluate the clinical results The M-wave is an initial response and the F-wave is a late response in the electromyography of a muscle, which is stimulated by its original controlling nerve itself. There is evidence that the sue of the F-wave is dependent on motor neuron excitability and its amplitude is increased significantly at spastic condition. If such a relationship exists, procedures which are cam& out to relieve spasticity might be exerted to change the F-wave sue and thus it might be possible to use the F-wave as an objective monitor during electrical stimulation of the dentate nucleus. We investigated this possibility in experiments on 10 cats weighing betHieen 27kg and 4.4kg. We studied the change% of M and F waves, recorded in EMG, after stereotactic stimulation to cerebellar dentate nucleus in cats. The results were as follows 1) The change of mean value of M-wave amplitude was not significant(contro1 group, 3591 ± 1029μV stimulation group, 3424± 927μV, 00.05). 2) The mean value of F-wave amplitude was significantly reduced about 56.7% after the dentate stimulation(contro1 p u p , 443.2± 119μV stimulation p u p , 251.3±99.4μV, P<0.05). 3) The F/M ratio also significantly reduced about 56.8% after the dentate stimulation(contro1 group, 12.5±1.9%, stimulation group, 7.1± 1.2%, P<0.05). Our experimental results demonstrated that the dentate stimulation markedly decreased the sue of F-wave amplitude and F/M ratio in the experimental cats and we concluded that theseelectrophysiological changes can be applied as a parameter of clinical evaluation of electrical dentate stimulation for the spasticity.

      • 정상 및 재생간의 Cytosol이 흰쥐의 대사기능에 미치는 영향

        윤창식,손기섭 충남대학교 의과대학 지역사회의학연구소 1987 충남의대잡지 Vol.14 No.2

        Extensive hepatic resection for massive injury and malignant tumor of liver has been markedly increased during past a few decades. Liver regeneration has been shown following partial hepatectomy by many authors with clinical and experimental studies, and considerable experiments have done to find out what is the real property of restoration, when it initiates, when it is most active and when it terminates after partial removal of liver, but still it is uncertain. The purpose of this paper is to provide to focus on the metabolic function, biochemical changes, following administration of cytosol extract from normal and regenerating livers in the normal and partially hepatectomized liver in rats. The results of this experimental study were summerized as follows: 1. The values of SGOT were increased remarkably in all groups (P<0.01). 2. The values of SGPT were elevated significantly in all groups as high as four times or six and a half times (P<O.01). 3. The values of glucose were seen considerably increasing rate in all groups except I -B, II -B, III-B and I.-D. Group I and II were seen very significant changes statistically as P<0.01 and group III were seen considerable change as P<0.05. 4. The values of BUN were seen considerable changes in group II only (P<0.05). 5. The values of total bilirubin were seen very remarkable changes in group II only (P<0.01). 6. The values of total protein were revealed very significant decreasing rate in group I and group II (P<0.01). 7. The values of alkaline phosphatase and albumin were revealed no significant changes in all groups. 8. The group II were revealed most significant changes. It was supposed that maximum response after partial resection of liver was seen at 12 hours in the rat.

      • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재
      • SCISCIESCOPUS

        Expression of Wnt Target Genes in Solid Pseudopapillary Tumor of the Pancreas: A Pilot Study

        Kang, Chang Moo,Kim, Hyun Ki,Kim, Hoguen,Choi, Gi Hong,Kim, Kyung Sik,Choi, Jin Sub,Lee, Woo Jung Lippincott Williams Wilkins, Inc. 2009 PANCREAS Vol.38 No.2

        OBJECTIVES:: Solid pseudopapillary tumor (SPT) of the pancreas is very rare. This study was performed to analyze the expression of Wnt signal target genes (matrix metalloproteinase-7 [MMP-7], cyclin-D1, and c-myc) and Ki-67 in resected SPTs to determine their clinicopathologic characteristics according to their expression. METHODS:: From January 1995 to December 2005, 23 patients underwent pancreatic resections for SPT of the pancreas. Among 23 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues, 12 were evaluated as a pilot study. Immunohistochemistry was performed using various detection and antigen retrieval methods to detect MMP-7, cyclin-D1, c-myc, and Ki-67. The expression of Wnt target genes was correlated with clinicopathologic features of the patients. RESULTS:: Solid pseudopapillary tumors of the pancreas always showed cytoplasmic/nuclear accumulation of &bgr;-catenin, frequent expression of cyclin-D1, and low proliferation index. MMP-7, cyclin-D1, c-myc, and Ki-67 were not correlated with microscopic features suggesting malignant potential (P > 0.05). Tumor size was closely related to microscopic features of malignant potential and apparently has an inverse relationship with the expression of cyclin-D1 and Ki-67 (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS:: Low proliferative index and associated MMP-7 expression may cause an unpredictable clinical course in this tumor. Subtle changes in the intracellular environment, not pathologic (morphologic) changes, may elucidate the unpredictable clinical course of this tumor.

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