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        • 유산소성 운동이 고지혈증 여성 고령자들의 APO 지단백 대사에 미치는 영향

          고기준,김성헌 한국스포츠리서치 2003 한국 스포츠 리서치 Vol.14 No.3

          The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of continuous and intermittent treadmill exercise training on the change of apoprotein metabolism in hyperlipidemia female olders. Subjects was selected among the hyperlipidemia female olders who were enlisted in the old medical center in P metropolitan city. These subjects were female olders with hyperlipidemia syndrome who agreed with intention and experimental content of this study. Subjects were composed of 6 continuous group(average age of 71.2±2.3yrs) and 7 intermittent group(average age of 69.6±3.0yrs), total 13 members. Continuous and intermittent treadmill exercise training program were performed with intensity of 65~75% HRmax and RPE 13~15, for 30 min./day, 3 times/week during 10 weeks. The conclusion obtained from this study were as follows; 1. Apo AI after exercise was increased by 20.7% in continuous group, 15.3% in intermittent group but with no statistical signification. 2. Apo AⅡ after exercise was increased by 10.4% in continuous group, and decreased by 2.2% in intermittent group but with no statistical signification. 3. Apo B after exercise was increased by 17.9% in continuous group, 4.0% in intermittent group but with no statistical signification. 4. Apo CⅡ after exercise was increased significantly by 54.1%(P<0.01) in continuous group, and increased by 19.4% in intermittent group but with no statistical signification. 5. Apo CHI after exercise was increased significantly by 40.6%(P<0.05) in continuous group, and 44.6%(P<0.05) in intermittent group. 6. The ratio of HDL-C/Apo AI after exercise has been increased significantly by 111.0%(P<0.001) in continuous group, and 81.3%(P<0.001) in intermittent group. 7. The ratio of LDL-C/Apo B after exercise has been increased significantly by 94.2%(P<0.001) in continuous group, and 81.6%(P<0.01) in intermittent group.

        • 수영운동이 흰쥐의 MDA와 근육 LDH 활성도 및 Pyruvate 함량에 미치는 영향

          고기준,신군수,박형하 한국스포츠리서치 2004 한국 스포츠 리서치 Vol.15 No.6

          The purpose of the present investigation was to evaluate the effects of swimming on response of lipid peroxidation and muscle enzymes activity of hyperlipidemia rats. Twenty-five male SD rats(6 weeks old) were randomly divided into control group and 4 swimming groups after hyperlipidemia induction for 4 weeks 1% cholesterol diet, and then swimming groups swam for 6 weeks(7days/week) divided into 35 min, unloaded swimming group, 30 min, loaded swimming group, 60 min, unloaded swimming group and 50 min. loaded swimming group by swimming duration and intensity. The loaded swimming group rats among swimming groups swam a lead weight equivalent to 5% of Lady weight attached to the base of the tail, Analytical items were MCA, muscle LDH enzymes activity and pyruvate content. All data were expressed as mean and standard deviation by using SPSS/PC+ program and to evaluate the differences between and inter groups, data were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance and Duncan multiple range test(α=.05) was performed to test the significant levels of differences between groups, The conclusions obtained from this study were as follows: 1. There was not significant between groups in malondialdehyde(MDA). 2. In muscle lactate dehydrogenase activity, 30 min, unloaded swimming group and 30 min, Loaded swimming group were significantly lower than control group and 60 min, unloaded swimming group(P<.001). 3. In muscle pyruvate content, all swimming groups were significantly higher than control group(P<.001).

        • 수영 운동형태가 고지혈증 흰쥐의 항산화 시스템에 미치는 영향

          고기준 한국스포츠리서치 2003 한국 스포츠 리서치 Vol.14 No.4

          The purpose of the present investigation was to evaluate the effects of swimming load and duration on response of antioxidant enzymes activity of hyperlipidemia rats. Twenty-five male SD rats(6 weeks old) were randomly divided into control group and 4 swimming groups after hyperlipidemia induction for 4 weeks 1% cholesterol diet, and then swimming groups swam for 6 weeks (7days/week) divided into 30 min. unloaded swimming group, 30 min. loaded swimming group, 60 min. unloaded swimming group and 60 min. loaded swimming group by swimming duration and intensity. The loaded swimming group rats among swimming groups swam a lead weight equivalent to 5% of body weight attached to the base of the tail. Analytical items were antioxidant enzymes activity such as SOD, glutathione, glutathione reductase and glutathione peroxidase. All data were expressed as mean and standard deviation by using SPSS/PC+ program, and to evaluate the differences between and inter groups, data were analyzed by t-test and one-way analysis of variance and Duncan multiple range test(α=.05) was performed to test the significant levels of differences between groups. The conclusions obtained from this study were as follows; 1. In glutathione content, 60 min. unloaded swimming group and 60 min. loaded swimming group were significantly higher than control group and 30 min. unloaded swimming group(P<.01). 2. In glutathione reductase, control group, 30 min. unloaded swimming group and 30 min. loaded swimming group were significantly higher than 60 min. unloaded swimming group and 60 min. loaded swimming group(P<.01). 3. There was not significant in superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase.

        • 연령과 트레이닝 상태가 골격근 섬유의 산화능력에 미치는 영향

          고기준,김태운 釜山大學校 附設 體育科學硏究所 1996 體育科學硏究所 論文集 Vol.12 No.-

          This study was designed to characterize the capillarity and oxidative capacities of typeⅠand typeⅡ skeletal muscle fivers in younger and older men grouped according to endurance-training status[VO₂max and training histories]. Morphometry and oxidative capacity of slow-twitch(typeⅠ) and fast-twitch(type Ⅱa and Ⅱb) muscle fibers obtained from vastus lateralis needle biopsies were compared between younger(21∼30 yr) and older(51∼62 yr) normal fit(VO₂max=47.0 vs. 32.3㎖/㎏/min) and endurance-trained(66.3 vs. 52.7㎖/㎏/min) men(n=6/group). The conclusion obtained from this study were as follow; 1. The older men had smaller type Ⅱ fiber areas and fewer capillaries surrounding these fibers than did the younger men. 2. The reduced type Ⅱ fiber areas and capillary contacts associated with aging were also observed in the older trained men. However, the capillary supply per unit type Ⅱ fiber area was not affected by age but was enhanced by training. 3. The older trained men had SDH activities within their type Ⅱa muscle fibers that were similar to those observed in younger men and twofold higher than in older normal fit men. 4. typeⅠ muscle fiber characteristics were unaffected by age. 5. These findings suggest that aging results in a decrease in type Ⅱ fiber size and oxidative capacity in healthy men and that this latter effect can be prevented by endurance training.

        • 여고 테니스 우수선수와 비우수선수의 호흡순환기능에 관한 연구

          고기준,이재규,김종인,이광무,한재웅,신군수,김태운,안병철,문혜경 釜山大學校 附設 體育科學硏究所 1999 體育科學硏究所 論文集 Vol.15 No.-

          The purpose of this study was to evaluate a study on Cardiorespiratory Functions of Elite Tennis Player and Non-Elite Tennis Player in Female High-School. The subjects were included 2 group(each group n=7); Elite Tennis Player group and Non-Elite Tennis Player group. The conclusion of this study was as follows: 1. Elite Tennis Player group showed significantly high in VO2max(p<.001) 2. Elite Tennis Player group showed significantly high in VCO2(p<.001) 3. Elite Tennis Player group showed significantly high in VO2max/kg(p.05)

        • 운동시간별 단기간 수영운동이 흰쥐의 혈청지질 성분에 미치는 영향

          고기준,이재규 한국스포츠리서치 2004 한국 스포츠 리서치 Vol.15 No.2

          The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of short-term swimming exercise on response of serum lipid components of cholesterol diet rats. Twenty-five male SD rats(6 weeks old) were randomly divided into control group and 4 swimming groups after hyperlipidemia induction for 4 weeks 1% cholesterol diet, and then swimming groups were divided into 10 min. loaded swimming group, 30 min. loaded swimming group and 60 min. loaded swimming group by swimming duration. The swimming period of swimming groups were 7 days. The swimming group rats among swimming groups swam a lead weight equivalent to 5% of body weight attached to the base of the tail. Analytical items were serum lipid components (total cholesterol, triglyceride, phospholipid, HDL-C, LDL-C, TC/HDL-C). The conclusions obtained from this study were as follows; 1. In TC, 60SG, 10SG and 30SG was significantly lower than control group(P<.05). 2. In TG, 60SG and 30SG was significantly lower than control group(P<.05). 3. In PL, 60GS and 10SG were significantly lower than control group(P<.05), and in HDL-C, 60SG were significantly higher than control group(P<.05). 4. In LDL-C and TC/HDL-C, all swimming exercise group was significantly lower than control group(P<.05)

        • 칼로리 제한과 유산소성 운동이 비만아동들의 혈청지질과 APO 지단백 대사에 미치는 영향

          고기준,안병철 한국스포츠리서치 2003 한국 스포츠 리서치 Vol.14 No.4

          This study examined the effect of supervised aerobic exercise program on serum lipid components and apolipoprotein metabolism of obese children. The subjects were 8 obese 10-to 11-years-old boys, and engaged in aerobic exercise(9 weeks, 5days/week, 90min/day, 60~70% HRmax). Aerobic exercise prescription was mountain climbing(40min) at dawn and basketball and football dribble(50min) in the afternoon. Analytical items were body composition(body weight, %fat and BMI), serum lipid components(TC, TG, HDL-C, LDL-C, PL and FFA) and apolipoprotein components(apo AI, apo AⅡ, apo B, apo CⅡ and apo CⅢ). The conclusions obtained from this study were as follows; 1. In serum lipid profile after 9-week aerobic exercise was decreased significantly in TC, TG and LDL-C(P<0.01; P<0.05), and increased significantly in HDL-C(P<0.05), and decreased in PL and FFA but with no statistical signification. 2. In apolipoprotein after 9-week aerobic exercise was decreased significantly in Apo A I, Apo AⅡ and Apo B(P<0.01; P<0.05), and slightly decreased in Apo CⅡ and Apo CHI but with no statistical signification.

        • 간헐적 유산소성 운동이 비만아동의 신체구성과 혈청지질 대사에 미치는 영향

          고기준,안병철 한국스포츠리서치 2003 한국 스포츠 리서치 Vol.14 No.3

          This study examined the effect of supervised intermittent aerobic exercise on body composition, subcutaneous fat area and serum lipid metabolism of obese children. The subjects were 16 obese 10-to 11-years-old boys, and engaged in aerobic exercise(9 weeks, 5days/week, 60~70% HRmax). Intermittent aerobic exercise prescription was mountain climbing(40min) at dawn and basketball and football dribble(20min+20min+20min) in the morning, noon recess, afternoon. Analytical items were body composition and fat area(skinfold and CT scan) and serum lipid profile(enzymatic method). The conclusions obtained from this study were as follows; 1) In body composition after intermittent aerobic exercise was increased significantly in body density(P<0.001), and decreased significantly in %fat, fat mass and body mass index(P<0.001). 2) In subcutaneous fat area after intermittent aerobic exercise was decreased significantly in trunk fat area, abdomen fat area and thigh fat area(P<0.001). 3) In serum lipid profile after intermittent aerobic exercise was decreased significantly in TC, TG and TC/HDL-C(P<0.05; P<0.001), and increased significantly in HDL-C(P<0.05), and decreased in LDL-C but with no statistical signification.

        • 배가스 폐열회수를 위한 히트파이프 적용성 검토

          전용두,박기호,고석보 公州大學校 工學硏究院 生産技術硏究所 2005 論文集 Vol.13 No.-

          A Series of experiments are performed to investigate the heat transfer characteristics of sintered metal wick heat pipe especially focusing on the operational limit of maximum allowable thermal loads and the effect of inclination slope. Tested heat pipes are composed of copper tube with pure water as a working fluid. The outer diameter of the heat pipe is 6mm and the total length is 300mm, which covers the evaporator section(50mm), adiabatic section(100mm) and condenser section(150mm). respectively. Experimental data of wall temperature distribution along the axial locations are obtained to evaluate the performance of the heat pipe at different slopes. Each test is performed by changing the input thermal loads ranging from 5W to 30W.

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