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The diagnostic requirements were suggested and explained regarding the systems of differentiation of symptoms and signs in the third year study of standardization and unification of the terms and conditions used for diagnosis in oriental medicine. The systems were as follows : - analyzing and differentiating of epidemic febrile disease - analyzing and differentiating in accordance with the Sasang constitution medicine based on four-type recognition - differentiation of disease according to pathological changes of Chong and Ren channels - standards for diagnosis of women's disease - standards for diagnosis of children's disease - standards for diagnosis of motor and sensor disturbance (-muscle. born, joint, etc.) - standards for diagnosis of neuropsychiatric disease - standards for diagnosis of five sense organ disease - standards for diagnosis of external disease The indivisual diagnosis pattern was arranged by the diagnostic requirements in the following order : another name, notion of diagnosis pattern, index of differentiation of symptoms and signs, the main point of diagnosis, analysis of diagnosis pattern, discrimination of diagnosis pattern, prognosis, a way of curing a disease, prescription, herbs in common use, disease appearing the diagnosis pattern, documents. The standards for diagnosis of each disease was arranged by the diagnostic requirements in the following order : another name, notion of disease, the main point of diagnosis, analyzing and differentiating of disease, analysis of disease, discrimination of disease, prognosis, a way of curing and prescription of disease, disease in western medicine appearing the disease in oriental medicine, documents.
The diagnostic requirements were suggested and explained regarding the systems of differentiation of symptoms and signs in the second year study of standardization and unification of the terms and conditions used for diagnosis in oriental medicine. The systems were as follows; - differential diagnosis according to condition of body fluid, differentiation of syndromes according to the state of qi and blood, differential diagnosis according to relative excessiveness or deficiency of yin and yang(氣血陰陽津液辨證) - differentiation of diseases according to pathological changes of the viscera and their interrelation - analyzing and differentiating of febrile diseases in accordance with the theory of the six channels(傷寒辨證) The individual diagnosis pattern was arranged by the diagnostic requirements in the following order : another name(異名), notion of diagnosis pattern, index of differentiation of symptoms and signs(辨證指標), the main point of diagnosis, analysis of diagnosis pattern(證候分析), discrimination of diagnosis pattern(證候鑑別), a way of curing a diseases(治法), prescription(處方), herb in common use(常用藥物), diseases appearing the diagnosis pattern(常見疾病), documents(文獻調査). This study was carried out on the basis of the Chinese documents and references.
With a view to examining the habit and method in which old people maintain and improve their health, we consulted 551 men and 444 women who were over 65 years old, and concluded as follows: 1. Habit of eating It's been revealed that most of the old people keep a regular eating hour, control the quantity of meal or eat a little food, and prefer vegetables to meat. 2. Mental health Old people feel the necessity for mental health and most of them (about 80%) keep good mental health without becoming pessimistic. Their chief concenrs have turned out to be about their sons and daughters and their own health and finance. 3. Managing Good Health It has been revelaed that old people do not possess any special kind of secret to keep good health but taking plenty of rest, regular meal, and proper exercise, and many of them (about 60%) have been shown to eat invigorant food that they can easily get around their living area. 4. Physical Functions It has been revealed that many old people are conscious of some symptoms about their parts of body and about to percent of them suffers from neuralgia. Some measures like medical aid especially for old people need to be taken as soon as possible. As we have found that the health-keeping method of old people consists plenty of rest, proper exercise, and appropriate nutrition, we can conclude that the recreatonal and culture facilities and programs for keeping old people in good health should be developed. It is also necessary to study food that contribute to their health and develop ways to get rid of the stresses to which they are exposed in their daily life. Presides, it is natural that government found an administrative department to deal with these matters effectively.
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Objectives : This study aims to estimate the prevalence of the DSM-IV psychiatric disorders in Korean population using the Korean version of Composite International Diagnostic Interview (K-CIDI). Methods : Subjects were selected by taking multi-stage, cluster samples of 7,867 adult household residents, 18 to 64 years of age, in ten catchment areas. Total 78 trained interviewers administered the K-CIDI to the selected respondents, from June 1 to November30,2001. Results : Total 6,275 respondents completed the interview. Some 33.5% of respondents reported at least one lifetime disorder, 20.6% reported at least one-year disorder, and 16.7% reported at least one-month disorder. The most common lifetime disorders were alcohol abuse/dependence (17.24%), nicotine dependence/withdrawal (11.19%), specific phobia (5.16%), and major de-pressive disorder (4.25%). The lifetime prevalence of substance abuse/dependence (0.25%) and schizophrenia (0.16%) was very low. Nicotine and alcohol use disorder showed very high male/female ratio. Mood disorder and anxiety disorder were more prevalent among female than male. Conclusion : The prevalence of psychiatric disorders was high. In comparison with other studies, remarkable differences in distributions of psychiatric disorders across the areas and times were observed.
The purpose of this study was to investigate how much sensory-motor functional training had a positive effect on the physical fitness(power, muscular, muscular endurance, and flexibility), start, and swimming record of middle school swimmers as well as to provide first-line coaches. with training indicators of sensory-motor functional training. For this study, twenty subjects(n=20), middle school swimmers, were divided into two groups; sensory-motor functional training(SMFT) group(n=10) and circuit training(CT) group(n=10), and ten subjects in each group were trained for 12 weeks (3time/week, 90min/day). For data processing, two-way ANOVA was implemented to find out the change of physical fitness, and the difference of start and swimming record with respect to two groups SMFT and CT, and time interval for measurement-before and after training through using SPSS WIN ver 12.0 program. Besides, independent sample t-test as post test was carried out when the effect of interaction between them was appeared. The results of this study are like these; first, after 12-week training, physical fitness was improved in both SMFT and CT. Second, the SMFT group participants were improved much more than the ones in the CT group in power, strength of lower extremity of muscular strength, trunk flexion forward of flexibility, and start. Therefore, the result of this search shows that SMFT is more effective for middle school swimmers.
This study has been made to observe the effect of vaporization of injected fuel under the several important factors on the carburetor for gasoline engine. To measure the vaporization rate of mixture in the carburetor, the key point of consideration for divising the cyclone which is devised to be able to separated injected fuel with drop diameter 10-30㎛. By using a transparent tube type model of the carburetor, like one of conventional gasoline engines, this experiment has been performed. Results of the study are summarized as follow. 1. In the conditions of this study, Ve=12.6 - 50.4㎧, θ=30 - 90, t = 25.℃ - 50℃, the vaporization rate is 10-50% 2. The vaporization rate increase in proportion to decreasing of throttle valve angle, to rising air temperature and growing air - fuel ratio. 3. When air velocity is increased, the injected fuel flows with thin thickness of liquid film on the inner wall of intake pipe. As air temperature is increased, it flows with more thin.
This study was carried out to nvestigate- the effects of T-P concentrations in irrigation water on the growth, yield, and grain quality of rice. It acquire fundamental knowledges to set up irrigation water quality standards. The pot experiment was conducted with 5 treatments using irrigation water. It consisted of various total phosphorus concentrations (control, 1, 2, 5, 10 mg/L) and replicated four times with randomized block design. the results of this study showed that as t-P concentrations in irrigation water increases, plant height tended to increase. Dry weight of rice plant at t-P 10 mg/L was significantly higher than the control. However, t-P in irrigation water did not affect plant height, tiller number, plant; dry weight, yield, and quality of rice.
Korea has changed from an agricultural to an industrial society, and with this change have come many others. Among them the family style is being changed from the stem family to the nuclear. Housewife many manifest a variety of psychiatric problems, including depression which was used as an index of a psychopathology of the housewives in this study, stemming from the mother-in-law/daughter-in-law conflict. Author investigated whether mother-in-law/daughter-in-law conflict presents or ??t, using Zung's SDS-score of the housewife by the family style. The results are as follows; 1) There was no significant difference in the depressive trait of the housewives by the family style without thinking of the other variables affecting depression & subject population's characteristics. 2) Occupation, disease, economic status change state after marriage , mother-in-law's satisfaction degree with daughter-in-law,relationship between mother-in-law and husband, maturity of husband present economic status, mother-in-law's educational backgroun were the significant variables affecting the depressive trait of house-wife. 3) There was no association between the family style and the variable affecting the depressive trait of housewife. 4) The SDS-score of stem family's housewife was higher than the nuclear when correcting the economic status, which suggests mother-in-law/ daughter-in-law conflict present in the general population.
위장관 증상으로 내원하여 연중독증으로 확진된 1예를 보고한다. A case of the lead poisoning associated with gastrointestinal symptoms in a 37 year old employee is reported. The patient had a history of exposure to storage bettery-▲ works for 2 years and was admitted to this hospital because of abdominal pain and distention for 3 days. The initial studies were performed. On peripheral blood, anemia, reticulocytosis and basophilic stippling of the red cells were observed. Mild erythroid hyperplasia and prominent basophilic stippling of the red cells were recognized on the bone marrow aspiration. The lead concentration in serum and urine were 88mg/dl and 250mg/l, respectively. Symptomatic therapy was done.