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        • KCI등재후보

          0가 철과 직류전원을 이용한 TCE 오염 지하수의 정화기법 예비조사

          문지원,문희수,노열,이석영,송윤구,Moon, Ji-Won,Moon, Hi-Soo,Roh, Yul,Lee, Suk-Young,Song, Yun-Goo 대한자원환경지질학회 2001 자원환경지질 Vol.34 No.3

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          $Fe^0$ 등의 0가 금속을 포함하는 반응재들은 오염운이 반응벽을 통과하는 동안 염소계 용매들을 분해시킨다. Fe$^{0}$ 를 이용한 투수성 반응벽은 특히 trichloroethene(TCE)이 주된 오염원인 경우 처리비용이 적다는 장점이 있는 반면, 반응속도가 느리고, 반응벽의 운영기간이 제한된다는 단점이 있다. 본 연구는 기존의 Fe$^{0}$ 를 이용한 반응벽에 직류전원을 걸어주는 향상된 처리기술 개발은 예비연구이다. $Fe^0$ 반응컬럼을 이용한 bench-scale의 실험을 통해 $Fe^0$ 반응재와 직류전원의 조합은 TCE의 탈염소화를 촉진하는 것으로 나타났다. 탈염소화의 반응기작은 철의 산화와 부가적인 전자의 공급원인 외부전원에 의한 환원에 기인한다. Reactive medium including zero-valent metals such as zero-valent iron ($Fe^0$) degrades chlorinated solvents as a contaminant plume flows through the treatment medium. Although the Feo based reactive barrier has been demonstnlted to be a cost effective for trichloroethenc (TCE)-contaminaled plume remediation, current approach is limited by low process eftlciency and uncertain, effective life of the medium. The objective of this study is to develop an enhanced treatment method of TeE-contaminated groundwater using Feo and direct current. The bench-scale test using flow-through $Fe^0$ reactor column confirmed that the application of direct current with $Fe^0$ is highly effective in enhancing the rate of TeE dechlorination. The dechlorination mechanism appears to be reductive, with the electrons supplied by the iron oxidation and external power supply serving as the additional source of electrons.

        • KCI등재

          도시마을 커뮤니티 활성화를 위한 전통마을 공간 구조 특성 분석

          문지원,김주현,하재명,Moon, Ji-Won,Kim, Joo-Hyun,Ha, Jae-Myung 한국주거학회 2008 한국주거학회 논문집 Vol.19 No.6

          This study analyzes areas, traffic lines and characteristics of block of traditional villages in order to suggest how to build urban village in the way that can solve problems occurring in residential areas these days. The study showed the following results: 1) Traditional villages have definite boundary and entrance, and the community area for the villages is close to the entrance to encourage community activities of villagers. 2) With an access in the form of a blind alley branched from the main road, traditional villages form a small-sized clustering and encourage community activities in a natural way. 3) Formed of block with a pattern of net, blind alley or standing in a line on both sides, traditional villages help residents to form close relations between. These findings suggest that for building desirable urban villages, 1) they should have definite boundary, 2) size and location of community area should be determined in the way to activate community activities of residents, 3) roads inside the village should have branched form rather than standardized check pattern so that small-sized clustering could be formed along the branched inner roads, and 4) clustering in villages should be arranged in a line on both sides or in the form of a blind alley giving consideration to the length and width of roads. The roads should be also of a closed type so that residents could create strong bonds with their neighbors.

        • KCI등재

          Review: NanoFermentation을 이용한 자철석 합성연구

          문지원,노열,Moon, Ji-Won,Roh, Yul,Phelps, Tommy J. 대한자원환경지질학회 2012 자원환경지질 Vol.45 No.2

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          미생물에 의한 광물합성은 지화학적 순환 및 미생물의 독성에 대한 저항기작을 위해 주로 연구되어져 왔으나 본 논문에서는 NanoFermentation을 통한 경제적, 친환경적, 저에너지, 대량생산이 가능한 나노입자 크기의 자철석 합성연구를 소개하고 또한 초상자성(Superparamagnetism)과 준강자성(Ferrimagnetism)을 결정짓는 입자크기에 대한 조절인자를 살펴보고자 한다. NanoFermentation을 통한 자철석의 합성 시 입자 크기의 조절 인자는 선택된 미생물 종 및 배양 온도, 배양액의 화학적 조성, 배양기간, 치환된 원소의 조성 및 함량, 자철석 전조물질(Precursor)의 형태, 반응 부피의 증가 및 자철석 전조물질의 농도와 같은 조건들의 조합에 의해 결정되어지며 주로 핵형성 및 결정 성장의 균형에 의해 조절된다. 생광물화 작용을 통한 무기재료의 합성 연구는 앞서 언급한 지표에서의 원소의 순환 및 미생물 생리학적 측면뿐만 아니라 최종 산물인 나노입자의 대량 생산을 통해 재료학적 응용 분야에도 많은 파급 효과가 예상된다. Biomineralization has been explored for geochemical cycles and microbial tolerance mechanisms to metal toxicity. Here, we are introducing NanoFermentation which enables economic, environmentally friendly, requiring low input energy, and scalable manufacturing of nano-dimensioned magnetite. We are also focusing on controlling factors of crystallite size which can determine superparamagnetism and ferrimagnetism. Controlling factors are such as microbial species, temperature, incubation time, medium composition, substituted elements and their concentration, precursor type, reaction volume, precursor concentration density and their combinations. Crystallite size distribution of biomagnetite depends on the balance between nuclei generation and crystal growth. Biomineralization will elucidate elemental cycles on earth crust and microbial ecology as well as it will be applied to material sciences and devices via massive production of nanomaterials.

        • KCI등재

          아파트 단위세대에서 보이는 경관에 대한 인지 및 선호 특성

          문지원,하재명,Moon, Ji-Won,Ha, Jae-Myung 한국주거학회 2007 한국주거학회 논문집 Vol.18 No.1

          Following the previous ones, this study is intended to explore methods of qualitative assessment on the view from apartment units. It first complemented and analyzed the attributes of landscape elements and then set up questionnaire items based on these attributes to identify the tendencies in apartment inhabitants' recognition of landscape elements, and then conducted a preference assessment on the test cases sampled on the basis of picture and other data collected in the previous studies to identify the characteristics of the preference for the view from apartment units according to landscape elements. Consequently, the following results have been derived. First, the landscape elements seen from apartment units may be classified into a total of sixteen categories, and the overall ratio of natural elements to artificial ones is shown to be approximately one to three. Second, it is also shown that apartment dwellers tend to prefer natural landscape elements over artificial ones, and the preferences for the distance to and location of landscape elements exhibit certain variance depending on the type of the elements. Third, the analysis of the preference for landscape elements has revealed that the types of landscape elements, the make-up and diversity of landscape elements, and the perceived distance to landscape elements as well as the resultant feeling of openness all affect the preference tendencies.

        • KCI등재

          조경에서의 물성 발현에 관한 연구 - 물성의 개념과 조경설계매체로서 물성의 의의를 중심으로 -

          문지원,조정송,Moon, Ji-Won,Cho, Jung-Song 한국조경학회 2005 韓國造景學會誌 Vol.33 No.5

          This study describes the recognition and the application of materials corresponding to the formative language of landscape design as the formative process of creating connote forms and meanings in a space. The purpose of this study is to propose the significance of materiality not only for conveying the meaning of landscape but also for providing expanded experience through synesthetic perception. The study consists of two parts: (1) The concept of materiality in landscape architecture is studied in three categories, which are divided in chronological order when the recognition of materials was changed. (2) Based on this exploration of the concept of materiality and the ways of expressing it that have developed from landscape arts to landscape architecture, the significance of materiality as the medium of contemporary landscape design is proposed. Breaking from previous technical and engineering approaches to materials and from a vision-centered recognition of materials, this study focuses on aesthetic and semantic aspects of materiality and is based on multidimensional recognition though synesthesia. Materiality has significance not only as the dynamic medium that carries the meaning of landscape by providing connections with the surrounding environmental context, but also as the engagement medium that expands observers' experiences with the environment through synesthesia. The study of materiality as the medium of landscape design would contribute to expanding the scope of the language of landscape design and to expressing the meaning of landscape through materiality being revealed on the basis of converted recognition of materials.

        • KCI등재

          조망 대상 위치에 따른 아파트 단위세대 조망 경관 선호 특성 분석

          문지원,하재명,Moon Ji-Won,Ha Jae-Myung 한국주거학회 2006 한국주거학회 논문집 Vol.17 No.3

          The purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristic of each view in an apartment unit in terms of the quality. This study was accomplished by two research methods; the field survey on 181 apartment complexes in Daegu, and the preference evaluation on 24 cases sampled in the sense of its location, i.e. inside or outside of a complex. In the field survey, view targets were categorized into various items such as a building, a road, a mountain, a tree, another apartment, the sky, and so on, and the characteristics of the distance from a viewer to view targets and view of the level in an apartment were analyzed. In the preference evaluation, 24 cases, each one has one of the follows; the natural view, the artificial view, and the combined view of the both, were chosen and those were evaluated by 167 interviewees. As a result, the conclusions from the study were drawn as follows; 1) The view, the combination of buildings, roads, mountains, trees, apartments, and the sky, is usually seen in an apartment unit. 2) The type of view target is more significant to a person than its location. 3) The natural and combined view are preferred to the artificial one. 4) In the case of the same outside view, a person likes the open view more than the somewhat covered one.

        • KCI등재

          영종도 비고화 퇴적물의 점토광물 조성 및 기원에 관한 연구

          문지원,문희수,송윤구,이규호,Moon, Ji-Won,Moon, Hi-Soo,Song, Yungoo,Lee, Gyoo Ho 대한자원환경지질학회 1997 자원환경지질 Vol.30 No.6

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          Unconsolidated sediments of Youngjong Island were investigated to consider the vertical distribution of clay minerals and their origin. At least three sedimentation units can be recognized by color, magnetic susceptibility, and pH. X-ray diffraction analysis of clay size fraction reveals that illite is the most abundant phase (52.06%), and chlorite (27.16%), kaolinite (16.92%), smectite (3.86%) occur next to it. Detailed XRD study suggests that illitic materials contain fairly large amount of ordinary muscovite derived from the mica schist in Youngjong Island and adjacent area. The relative amount of kaolinite and chlorite is less than those of samples from estuary mouth of several rivers that flow to Yellow Sea and South Sea. Especially smectite content of the present sample is much higher than those of estuary sediments. These indicate that the unconsolidated sediments of tidal-flat deposit in Youngjong Island are largely affected by marine influence and partly affected by sediment in influx from China. However, some degree of source of this unconsolidated sediments is inland origin from adjacent estuary sediment and in situ or nearby weathered materials.

        • KCI등재

          부산 보배광산산 견운모의 광물학적 특성

          문지원,문희수,Moon, Ji-Won,Moon, Hi-Soo 대한자원환경지질학회 1996 자원환경지질 Vol.29 No.2

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          보배광산의 광석광물은 주로 석영과 견운모로 구성되어 있다. 견운모는 이 광상의 각 변질대에서 산출되나, 그 정상에 의하여 조립질과 세립질로 구분된다. 각 변질대별 대표시료에 대한 결정광학적 특징은 유사하며, 단지 조립질 견운모의 경우 세립질 보다 $b^*$ 값이 약간 크다. 세립질 및 조립질 견운모의 평균구조식은 $K_{1.44}Al_{3.86}(Si_{6.35}Al_{1.65})O_{20}(OH)_4$과 $K_{1.71}Al_{3.82}(Si_{6.20}Al_{1.80})O_{20}(OH)_4$이며 조립질의 경우 백운모의 조성에 더욱 가깝다. 본 광산의 견운모는 혼합 층광물을 거의 함유하지 않으며(5% 미만), 이는 Ir와 DTA-TG 결과로 확인된다. 적외선흡광분석결과, 흥주석-납석대에서 산출되는 견운모의 $540{\sim}530cm^{-1}$ 영역의 Si-O 진동이 변질대 외곽에서 산출되는 견운모로 갈수록 낮은 진동수 쪽으로 이동하는 특징을 보인다. 변질대간 광석광물의 특징이 확실히 구별되지 않는 것은 은미정질 견운모가 기존에 고온에서 형성된 완정질 견운모를 치환하기 때문이며, 이는 석영 : 견운모간 몰비를 통해서도 알 수 있다. 두 광물의 존재비가 넓은 분포를 보이는 것은 변질의 정점을 지난 불규칙적이고 부분적인 반응이 계속 일어났음을 의미한다. The ores of the Bobae mine are mainly composed of sericite and quartz, and with appreciable amount of some other minerals such as andalusite. pyrophyllite, and albite, etc.. Sericite occurs in various a1teration zones having different crystal size and habit. Sericites can be c1assified into two types based on the crystal size; fine-grained and coarse-grained sericite. Fine-grained sericite occurs as an aggregate. Mineralogical characterizations of both types of sericites have been studied with various methods. Lattice parameters of two types of sericites occurred in various alteration zones are almost identical. but b parameter of coarse-grained sericite appears to be slight1y bigger than that of fine-grained aggregates. Average structural formula of fine- and coarse-grained sericite is $K_{1.44}Al_{3.86}(Si_{6.35}Al_{1.65})O_{20}(OH)_4$ and $K_{1.71}Al_{3.82}(Si_{6.20}Al_{1.80})O_{20}(OH)_4$, respectively. Structural formulae of coarse-grained sericites are close to that of muscovite. Infrared spectra show that there is slight distinction between sericites occurred in andalusite-pyrophyllite zone and other subzones. IR spectra of sericites due to Si-O vibration ($540{\sim}530cm^{-1}$) tend to shift to smaller wavenumber side from center to outer alteration zone. All samples have litt1e or no interstratified minerals. and this is demonstrated by Ir and DTA-TG results. It indicates that the Bobae mine is formed at relatively high temperature. That the ratio of quartz to sericite in ores varies greatly indicates that several discontinuous hydrothermal alteration processes have been involved.

        • KCI등재

          부산 보배광상에서의 점토지질온도계의 적용

          문지원,문희수,Moon, Ji-Won,Moon, Hi-Soo 대한자원환경지질학회 1996 자원환경지질 Vol.29 No.4

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          Clay mineral geothermometry using sericites and chlorites in Bobae sericite mine reveals that these clay minerals formed at relatively high temperature. It appears that sericites formed at around $200{\sim}350^{\circ}C$ and chlorites formed at around $250^{\circ}C$. X-ray diffraction study of these minerals reveals that sericite 2M, type and chlorite lib type are dominant phases. Both polytypes indicate that the precipitation temperatures of these minerals shows fairly good agreement with the estimated temperature by clay mineral geothermometry. The Bobae sericite mine was formed at relatively higher temperature than several non-metal ore deposits occurred in the southern part of Korea.

        • KCI등재

          직류전원과 0가 철을 이용한 지하수내 TCE정화효율의 최적화 연구

          문지원,문희수,노열,김헌기,송윤구,Moon, Ji-Won,Moon, Hi-Soo,Roh, Yul,Kim, Heon-Ki,Song, Yun-Goo 대한자원환경지질학회 2002 자원환경지질 Vol.35 No.3

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          본 연구는 직류전원(DC)과 zero valent iron(ZVI)을 이용한 실험실 규모의 투수성 반응벽의 모사를 통하여 야외규모의 반응벽 설치시 반응벽과 전원의 설치 위치에 따른 trichloroethylene(TCE)의 처리시 효율성과 반응벽 사용가능 수명을 알아보고자 하였다. 실험결과 12개의 컬럼 type 중 ZVI와 DC를 동시에 사용하는 경우, ZVI만을 사용하는 경우의다. TCE의 환원적 탈염소화는 촉진되었다. 설치된 ZVI충진물질의 양을 고려할 경우, 하류에 ZVI를 설치하고, 전극배열은 상류에 양극을, 하류에 음극을 배열하는 것이 가장 적은 실비로 높은 처리 효율을 나타냄이 밝혀졌다. The objective of this study was to design an optimal electro-remediation system for TCE contaminated water using zero talent iron (ZVI) and direct current (DC). A series of column experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of electrode arrangement and the location of permeable iron barrier in the column on the TCE removal efficiency and iron corrosion process. In twelve different combinations of ZVI and/or DC application in the test columns, the rate of reductive degradation of TCE was improved with simultaneous application of both ZVI and DC compared to that used ZVI only. The moot effective arrangement of electrode and ZVI for TCE removal from water was a column set with ZVI and cathode installed at the down gradient, respectively.

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