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According to the fire statistics of the Ministry of Home Affairs, the fire ratio in factories, work places and warehouses shows 21.5% among total fire of buildings except the fire on cars or other fires. Especially, the buildings like factories and warehouses, which have a lot of ignitable sources and thus always have a strong possibility of fire, are needed to have well planned strategy in terms of life safety and property protection. In this respect, the present paper analyses the existing fire cases in factories, finds out the fire properties of factory buildings, and evaluates the codes concerning fire resistance and fire severity.
Oh, Jee-Eun,Hong, Suk-Whan,Lee, Yunsook,Koh, Eun-Ji,Kim, Kideok,Seo, Youngwon,Chung, Namhyun,Jeong, Moonsoo,Chang,Chang, Cheolseong,Lee, Byoungcheon,Kim, Kyoung Heon,Lee, Kwangwon,Lee, Hojoung 생명자원연구 2005 생명자원연구 Vol.13 No.-
Coronoid impingement can cause limitation of mouth opening. In many cases, it appears to be related to the coronoid hyperplasia. We present a case of mouth opening limitation caused by coronoid impingement on the posterior surface of the zygomatic bone without coronoid hyperplasia. The bony changes in coronoid and zygoma including surface irregularity and discontinuity of the cortex and sclerotic change of inner medullary space were noted on computed tomography (CT) scans in different level of axial planes. Through another CT scans in open mouth position could demonstrate that those bony changes were caused by the contact of both surfaces against each other. In case coronoid impingement is suspected of the many possible causes, the open mouth CT scans will be needed to reveal the direct impingement of coronoid on zygoma even without coronoid hyperplasia.
Royal families were supposed to live idle lives, but the life of Prince Inpyeong was an exceptional case. Prince Inpyeong"s role has been evaluated as the absolute peace in the King Hyojong era. To solve sensitive diplomatic issues between Choson-Qing smoothly, Inpyeong took the critical role of an envoy. He took on almost all the difficult tasks in diplomacy. All his diplomatic journeys and achievements had the source in the close loving relationship with the king. The prince played a crucial role to cause the fall of Ming Dynasty and watched Qing Dynasty during the journeys. He provided information of the internal affairs of Qing Dynasty to King Hyojong. It was a significant source to make Hyojmg’s Plan to Conquer the North possible. His poetry was mainly to communicate with King Hyojong. The poems seek after a hero, enjoy the feeling of freedom elegantly, show sentiment of friendship and loyalty for his king and brother, Hyojong.
Jee-Young Lee. 2002. An Study of Communication within Korean Language Learners' Conversation. Journal of Korean Language Education 13-2: 227∼246. The Korean language research and education have emphasized the improvement of communicative competence of Korean language learners in these days. So many researchers are interested in communication theory. How Korean language users make and interpret the conversation? How Korean language users use the communication constraints in their conversation? What is the difference between Korean language users and learners using the communication constraints? It will be meaningful to examine how Korean language learners recognize the communication constraints of Korea. There are many communication constraints that the ways we open and close conversations, our conversational turn-taking signals, how we repair messages to make them interpretable, how bracketing is done, and so forth. Also how we change the topics, what are Grice's maxims of Cooperation Principle. These constraints smooth social interaction and interact with the system constraints. For example, Korean language users use many kinds of politeness expressions when they open and close the conversation according to the relation between speaker and hearer. For this purpose, I will analyze the communication within Korean language learners' conversation and explain the causes of the error. The result of this analysis can be used as an effective teaching method for Korean language learners. (Seoul National University)
In order to investigate annumor and immune response effect by Hyangsapyungwisan after Sarcoma- 180 cells and methotrexate were treared each other. the extract of Hyangsapyungwisan was orally administered to ICR mice for 14 days. To evaluate the effects of the Hyangsapyungwisan, 50% inhibition concentration(IC_50), mean survival days, tumor weight for antitumor effects, hemagglutinin titer, hemolysin titer, rosette forming cells, natural killer cell and productivity of interleukin-2 for immune responses measured in ICR mice. The results were summarized as follows: 1. Mean survival time in Hyangsapyungwisan-treated group was slightly prolonged, as compared with control group(13.46%). 2. On the MTT assay, cell viability was significantly inhibited by 5ug/well, 2.5ug/well, l.25ug/well. and 0.625ug/well of Hyangsapyung-wism concentration inhibited cell viability significantly. IC_5o for cell viability was 11.59ug/well. 3. Tumor weight in Hyangsapyungwisan treated group was depressed, as compared with the control group(P<0.05). 4. Hemagglutinin titer in Hyangsapyungwisan-treated group was slightly increased with no significance, as compared with the control group. 5. Hemolysin titer in Hyangsapyungwisan-treated group was silightly increased, as compared with the control group(P<0.05). 6. Rosette forming cells in Hyangsapyungwisan-treated group was silightly increased, as compared with the control group(P<0.05). 7. Naural killer cell activity in Hyangsapyungwisan-treated group was significantly increased(P<0.05). 8. Production of interleukin-2 was significantly increased(P<0.05). According to the above results, Hyangsapygwisan had prominent antitumor, and enhance both cellular and humoral immunity in mice.
Psoriasis contain newly identified CCL20-producing Th1/Th17/Th22 cells and CCR6-expressing DC-LAMP+ mature dendritic cells: a possible role of CCL20/CCR6 chemokine system in T cells-mature DCs interaction in chronic psoriasis
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Lee, Jee-won. 2012. Gesture, Gaze, and Bodily Cues in Mandarin Conversation: Two Case Studies. The Sociolinguistic Journal of Korea 20(1). pp. 213-234. This study uses discourse analysis to illustrate some ways that non-verbal actions such as gaze, facial expression, and gesture work to contextualize the speech delivered in conversation. These bodily cues also enable participants to organize interactions as collaborative creations of meaning rather than simply a turn-by-turn exchange of speech. This study uses two excerpts from Mandarin Chinese conversations to illustrate how non-verbal cues help speakers and recipients to engage in collaborative action with one another. Speakers give recipients information about their stances vis-à-vis the speech they produce, and recipients use this information to manage their reactions to the speech they hear. Non-verbal actions also allow both parties to mutually regulate the flow of conversation. In both examples, it becomes clear that gaze, facial expression, and gesture are important elements of spoken interaction and that conversation as a whole should be understood as a contextual web of meaning that includes speech, body language, and overall social interaction.
The main objectives of this study were to identify from literature review the potential sources and to provide a preliminary national emission inventory for the unintentionally produced polychlorinated biphenyls(PCBs) (i.e., by-product PCBs). In Korea, fuel combustion, waste combustion, thermal industrial processes, and transportation were identified as potential sources of by-product PCBs. According to the availability of the emission factors and/or activity data, emission inventory could be assessed only for fuel combustion, waste combustion, steel industry, non-ferrous industry, and non-metallurgical industry. The total national emission of by-product PCBs was estimated to be 1087kg for the year 2000. The preliminary estimation further indicated that the steel manufacturing was the single dominant emission category, contributing 93% to the total emission. Of the steel manufacturing processes, the contribution of the electric are furnace was about 80% of the total emission. Due to high uncertainty associated with both the emission factors and activity statistics, the emission estimates in this study are likely to contain significant errors. However, the results of the present work could serve the first step toward future efforts to establish national source and emission inventories of by-product PCBs.
난소의 성기삭-간질종양은 난소종양의 5%를 차지한다. 이 중 대부분은 과립박세포종이며, 성인형과 유년형으로 구성되어 있어 서로 다른 임상적 또 해부학적 특성을 가진다. 유년형은 과립막세포종 전체의 5%를 구성하고 있다. 과립막세포종은 estrogen을 분비하여, 성인형에서는 질출혈, 유년형에서는 성조숙증 등 과도하고 장기적인 estrogen에 노출된 것에 대한 증상이 나타날 수 있다. 수술이 진단과 병기 및 종양 제거를 위하여 기본이 되는 치료이다. 일반적으로 병이 조기에 발견되기 때문에 좋은 예후를 보이고 있다. 항암치료나 방사선치료는 많이 진행된 경우에는 무병기간을 늘려줄 수 있는 것으로 되어 있다. 처음 발견되고 몇 년 후에도 재발이 되는 경우가 있기 때문에, estradiol이나 inhibin 등을 이용한 꾸준한 추적검사가 필요하다 하겠다. 저자들은 최근 성인형 4예와 유년형 1예의 과립막세포종을 경험하였기에 간단한 문헌 고찰과 함께 보고하고자 한다. Sex cord stromal tumors (GCT) of the ovary compose just 5% of ovarian tumors. Most of them are granulosa cell tumors (GCT). There are two types of tumors, juvenile (JGCT) and adult type (AGCT), with have different clinical and histopathological features. JGCT represents only 5% of GCT. GCT is characterized by secretion of estrogen. Patients may present with vaginal bleeding in adult type, and sexual pseudoprecocity in juvenile type, as results of prolonged exposure to tumor-derived estrogen. Surgery is a principle of treatement and required for definite tissue diagnosis, staging, and tumor debulking. Survival of patients with GCT is generally excellent because most patients present with early stage disease. Because of the propensity of GCT to recur years after initial diagnosis, prolonged surveillance such as physical examnation and serum tumor markers such as estradiol and inhibin is reasonable. We present 5 cases GCT, 4 AGCT and 1 JGCT, with brief review of literature.