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본 연구는 유아의 개인 변인(성, 지능 성격)과 교사 창의성이 유아 창의성에 대해서 어떠한 효과를 갖는지 위계적 선형 모형을 활용하여 규명하고 있다. 본 연구를 위해서 대전광역시교육청 산하에 있는 25곳의 유치원 중에서 42학급을 선정하였다. 연구 대상은 만 5세 유아 총 765명과 해당 학급의 교사 42명이었다. 연구결과, 유아 창의성은 학급 간에 차이가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 그리고 본 연구에서 설정한 학급 수준 변인인 교사 창의성은 유아 창의성에 주효과를 가지지 않았지만, 유아변인인 유아의 지능과 성격은 유아 창의성에 주효과를 가지는 것으로 나타났다. 특히 교사 창의성은 유아의 지능 및 성격과 상호작용하여 유아 창의성에 효과를 미치는 것으로 나타났다. The purpose of this study is to investigate the extent to which the individual variables of young children (such as sex, intelligence, and personality) and teacher creativity can explain the creativity of the young children. The data used in this study was collected from 42 teachers and 765 kindergarten students. The instruments employed here were Torrance Tests of Creativity Thinking (TTCT) and Chon's (2001) Korean Figural Creativity Test for Young Children. The statistical analysis utilized in this study is the Hierarchical linear Model technique. The results of this study can be summarized as follows: First, the examination of the ratios from group dispersion between classes and individual dispersion within a group indicates that differences in the young children's creativity exist between different classes as well as within classes among classmates. Second, the teacher creativity, which is the class level variable, shows no significant direct influence on young children's creativity, whereas young children's intelligence and personality, which are children level variables, show significant influence on young children's creativity. Teacher creativity and young children's variables have interaction effects on young children's creativity.
19세기 말 조선은 전국적으로 봉건지배체제에 항거하는 민란이 줄을 이어 발생했다. 이는 제주도에서도 마찬가지였으며, ‘이재수의 난'은 그 규모가 전례 없이 컸다는 점, 특히 천주교라는 외래종교와의 갈등에서 비롯되었다는 점이 특이하다. 1901년 일어난 ‘속측의 난'은 정부의 조세수탈, 천주교의 교세확장과 이에 따른 폐단 등이 원인이 되어 일어났기 때문이다. 필자가 제기하고자 하는 의문은 어떻게 ‘이재수의 난'이라는 하나의 사건이 다양한 명칭으로 불려 질 수밖에 없고, 연구자의 시각도 현저한 차이가 날 수 밖에 없는가 하는 점이었다. 그러한 인식을 바탕으로, 필자는 역사적 사건으로서의 ‘이재수의 난'을 전통사회와 외래종교의 문화충돌이라는 측면에서 재구성 하였으며, 현기영의 역사소설 『변방에 우짖는 새』와 이 소설을 원작으로 제작된 영화 〈이재수의 난〉에 묘사된 이 사건에 대한 작가와 감독의 해석을 살펴보고, 끝으로 1901년에 발생했던 ‘이재수의 난'이 오늘날 한국 사회에 시사하는 바가 무엇인지를 살펴보고자 하였다. In Chosun, the end of the 19th century, Uprisings against the feudal ruling system throughout the country are followed. Jeju Island was even. The scale of ‘the riot of Lee Jae-Soo' was unprecedented, and the riot was especially very unique why the conflict came up with the Catholic as a foreign religion. Because ‘the riot of Lee Jae-Soo' in 1901 was happened government's tax exploitation and abuses consequent on the expansion of the Catholic Church. I wish to raise the question of how ‘the riot of Lee Jae-Soo' must be called various names and visual points of Researchers had a lot of difference. On the basis of such recognition, first, I reconstructed ‘the riot of Lee Jae-Soo' as a point of a Clash of Cultures bet ween Traditional Society and Foreign Religion. And Second, I observed this event through viewpoints of the writer, Hyun Gye- Young's novel ‘The crying bird at the frontier'. and the director of the film ‘the riot of Lee Jae-Soo', Third, what ‘the riot of Lee Jae-Soo' that happened hundred years ago means of these days.
Kyu-shik,Jeong,정원일,Jae-yong,Chung,Mi-young,An,Chae-yong,Jung,Gyoung-jae,Lee,Jong-soo,Kang,Byeong-cheol,Kang,Young-heun,Jee,Bruce,H,Williams,Young-oh,Kwon,Da-hee,Jeong 대한수의학회 2003 JOURNAL OF VETERINARY SCIENCE Vol.4 No.2
Cirrhosis Occurring in a Young Woodchuck (Marmota monax) Due to Vertical Transmission of Woodchuck Hepatitis Virus (WHV)Da-hee Jeong, Won-il Jeong, Jae-yong Chung, Mi-young An, Chae-yong Jung, Gyoung-jae Lee1, Jong-soo Kang1, Byeong-cheol Kang2, Young-heun Jee3, Bruce H Williams4, Young-oh Kwon5 and Kyu-shik Jeong*College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 702-701, Korea1Shinwon Scientific Co., LTD, Research Institute, Suwon, Korea2Clinical Research Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul 110-744, Korea3College of Veterinary Medicine, Jeju National University, Jeju 690-756, Korea
본 연구는 청년실업 문제와 산업인력의 대규모 조기은퇴와 관련하여, 현재 시행되고 있는 청년인턴제도에 산업인력 조기은퇴자들을 활용함으로써 어떠한 효과가 나타나는지 고찰하고 그 크기는 어떠한지를 추정하였다. 분석결과로, 첫째 청년실업 층의 실업비용 절감효과와 관련해선, 20대 초ㆍ중반 실업상태로 인해 1인당 평생 약 7.3억 원에서 8억 원 정도의 장기 소득손실이 있다고 추론되었다. 이러한 장기 소득손실을 실업 비용으로 간주할 때, 현재 청년실업자 37.2만 명 중 10% 정도가 청년인턴제도를 통해 취업에 성공할 경우 약 28조원의 실업비용 절감효과가 발생한다고 추계되었다. 둘째, 산업인력 의 은퇴시기연기에 따른 연금재정 확충효과를 살펴본 결과, 산업인력 은퇴시기의 연기 에 따른 추가적인 연금보험료 수입이 연간 1조 2천억 원 정도로 추계되어 이 제도의 도입을 통해 연금재정의 건전성을 제고할 수 있을 것으로 고찰되었다. 본 논문의 분석 결과를 통해, 현행 청년인턴제도에 산업인력 조기은퇴자를 활용하는 방안의 실행은 청 년 실업비용 절감효과와, 연금재정 확충효과를 기대할 수 있어 동 방안이 비용효과적일 수 있음을 나타냈다. Considering the high level of unemployment rate of the young labor forces and a large scale of early retirement being expected with the pattern of population aging of Korean society, this study aims to estimate how much benefits are expected by utilizing the early retiree of the industrial workforce in the current Young Internship Program which has been performed for encouraging the young labor force to get a job. The expected benefits of the newly suggested policy above are estimated as follows: firstly, with respect to the young unemployment cost savings, the long term earning loss due to the unemployment of the young is estimated from 730 to 800 million won per each worker during whole lifetime. So if 10% of the current 372,000 unemployed young labor forces find employment through this policy, the unemployment cost savings were estimated at about 28 trillion won. Secondly, when the early retirees defer their retirement age, additional amount of national pension premium was estimated at 1,200 billion won per year, which might represent that activating this policy will improve the financial soundness of the National Pension. In conclusion, based on the expected benefits of this newly suggested policy, such as the young unemployment cost savings, additional national pension premium revenue, the utilization of the early retiree with the Young Internship Program might be regarded as cost-effective one.
To determine the replacement ratio of organic compound (OC) for basal application of inorganic fertilizers,the effects of different rate of OC on young squash (Cucurbita moschata) plant growth and soil chemicalproperties of plastic film house were investigated. The OC were applied at 50% (OC50+N50), 100%(OC100), and 150% (OC150) as the basal amount of inorganic nitrogen fertilizer recommended by soilfertility test, and the treatment were compared with inorganic NPK and PK treatment. The yield of youngsquash in OC150 treatment was similar to NPK treatment and higher than PK. In OC50+N50, OC100, andOC150 treatments, nitrate concentration and electrical conductivity (EC) were similar to NPK treatment. Relative nitrogen use efficiency of young squash ranged 17~37%. These results suggest that OC applicationas the basal dressing at the 150% level could be best rate to minimize nutrient accumulation of soil and toensure the yield of young squash. Further study is required to evaluate effect of long-term application of OCon soil sustainability and young squash productivity To determine the replacement ratio of organic compound (OC) for basal application of inorganic fertilizers, the effects of different rate of OC on young squash (Cucurbita moschata) plant growth and soil chemical properties of plastic film house were investigated. The OC were applied at 50% (OC50+N50), 100% (OC100), and 150% (OC150) as the basal amount of inorganic nitrogen fertilizer recommended by soil fertility test, and the treatment were compared with inorganic NPK and PK treatment. The yield of young squash in OC150 treatment was similar to NPK treatment and higher than PK. In OC50+N50, OC100, and OC150 treatments, nitrate concentration and electrical conductivity (EC) were similar to NPK treatment. Relative nitrogen use efficiency of young squash ranged 17~37%. These results suggest that OC application as the basal dressing at the 150% level could be best rate to minimize nutrient accumulation of soil and to ensure the yield of young squash. Further study is required to evaluate effect of long-term application of OC on soil sustainability and young squash productivity
Delftia acidovorans is a gram-negative motile rod found ubiquitously in soil and in water. Confirmed isolation from clinical infections is rare, and has been documented mostly in immunocompromised patients or those with indwelling catheters. A 53-year-old man was referred for the evaluation of a huge mass-like lesion found incidentally by chest X-ray. The lesion occupied more than half of the right lung and was diagnosed as a large loculated pleural effusion by CT scan. Bloody pus was drained through a percutaneous catheter, and D. acidovorans, identified by the Vitek GN card and confirmed by amplification of 16S ribosomal RNA and sequencing analysis, was isolated repeatedly from the drained pus. The patient was treated with imipenem/cilastatin to which the organism was sensitive. This is a rare report of chronic empyema associated with D. acidovorans in the respiratory system of an immunocompetent patient.
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) as an acute form and a catastrophic manifestation of coronary artery disease (CAD) is the major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The prevalence and incidence of myocardial infarction can be influenced by demographic, biological and psychosocial factors, and it is rare in childhood and adolescent years. Contrary to the elderly, where cardiac attack is mainly caused by CAD, exercise-induced cardiac attack is relatively more prevalent in a young adult. We report here on a case of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in a young adult during vigorous physical activity and we review the relevant literatures.
Objectives: Although there have been several reports that described characteristics for young age stroke, information regarding very young age (18–30 years old) has been limited. We aimed to analyze demographic factors, stroke subtype, and 3-month outcome in acute ischemic stroke patient who have relatively very young age in multicenter stroke registry. Methods: We evaluated all 122 (7.1%) consecutive acute ischemic stroke (within 7 days after symptom onset) patients aged 18 to 30 from 17,144 patients who registered in multicenter prospective stroke registry, 1997 to 2012. Etiology was classified by Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment criteria. Stroke severity was defined as National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and stroke outcome was defined by modified Rankin scale (mRS) at 3 months after index stroke. Results: The mean age of all included patients was 25.1±3.7 years and 76 patients (62.2%) were male. The median NIHSS at admission was 4. Considering stroke subtype, 37 patients (30.3%) had stroke of other determined etiology (SOD), 37 (30.3%) had undetermined negative evaluation (UN) and 31 (25.4%) had cardioembolism (CE) were frequently noted. After adjusting age, sex and variables which had P<0.1 in univariable analysis (NIHSS and stroke subtype), CE stroke subtype (odds ratio, 4.68; 95% confidence interval, 1.42–15.48; P=0.011) were significantly associated with poor functional outcome (mRS≥3). Conclusion: In very young age ischemic stroke patients, SOD and UN stroke subtype were most common and CE stroke subtype was independently associated with poor discharge outcome.
PURPOSE: Increased cardiovascular reactivity to stressors is one of the important risk factors of hypertension and cardiovascular disease. While the beneficial effects of aerobic exercise training on modulating cardiovascular reactivity have been consistently demonstrated, it remains unclear whether resistance training may also provide similar benefits. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of resistance training on cardiovascular reactivity in young adults. METHODS: Twenty-six healthy subjects (age 23.7±1.8 years) were randomly assigned to either the resistance training (n=13) or the control group (n=13). The resistance training group only underwent a resistance training program (2 sets of 9 exercises targeting all major muscle groups) 2 days per week for 8 weeks. All exercises were performed at 40-50% of one-repetition maximum (1RM) for 15-25 repetitions in the first 4 weeks (Week 1-4), and the exercise intensity increased to 60-70% of 1RM for 10-15 repetitions in the final 4 weeks (Week 5-8). The following outcomes, as indices of cardiovascular reactivity, were measured during 2-min cold pressor testing (ice water at 4°C) before and after training: heart rate, brachial and central blood pressures, rate pressure product, and augmentation index. RESULTS: The 8 weeks of resistance training did not change any of the indices of cardiovascular reactivity (p>.05) but did significantly increased muscular strength (p<.001). CONCLUSIONS: Resistance training may not have a mitigating effect on cardiovascular reactivity to sympathetic activation in healthy young adults.
Jae,,Young,Hwang,,Eu,Dong,Leem,,Ah,Young,Kang,,Beo,Deul,Chang,,Soo,Yun,Kim,,Ho,Keun,Park,,In,Kyu,Kim,,Song,Yee,Kim,,Eun,Young,Jung,,Ji,Ye,Kang,,Young,Ae,Park,,Moo,Suk,Kim,,Young,Sam,Kim,,Se,Kyu,Chang, The Korean Academy of Tuberculosis and Respiratory 2014 Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases Vol.76 No.2
Trichloroethylene (TCE) is a toxic chemical commonly used as a degreasing agent, and it is usually found in a colorless or blue liquid form. TCE has a sweet, chloroform-like odor, and this volatile chlorinated organic chemical can cause toxic hepatitis, neurophysiological disorders, skin disorders, and hypersensitivity syndromes. However, the hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) attributed to TCE has rarely been reported. We hereby describe a case of HP associated with TCE in a 29-year-old man who was employed as a lead welder at a computer repair center. He was installing the capacitors on computer chip boards and had been wiped down with TCE. He was admitted to our hospital with complaints of dry coughs, night sweats, and weight losses for the past two months. HP due to TCE exposure was being suspected due to his occupational history, and the results of a video-associated thoracoscopic biopsy confirmed the suspicions. Symptoms have resolved after the steroid pulse therapy and his occupational change. TCE should be taken into consideration as a potential trigger of HP. Early recognition and avoidance of the TCE exposure in the future is important for the treatment of TCE induced HP.