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This paper was written for the purpose to examine the making and characteristic of ‘Liberation and Strategy Party in Southern Korea Case' in 1960s. The case was published as ‘Unified Revolutionary Party case' by the Korean Central Intelligence Agency, Aug., 1968. So far in the memories of people, there are engraved as like ‘Unified Revolutionary Party case'. But people who involved in this case is basically who were the activists of the labor movement in Daegu, Busan and elsewhere from the end of the 1950s to the early 1960s. At the period of 4.19 they organized ‘a Labor Union League in Daegu' which is democratic and voluntary labor union. But their activity was stopped with 5.16 Coup. However, their activity began with again Kwon Jai Hyuk's presentation in seminar of the Democratic Socialist Dongihoe in September 1963, with Lee IL Jai's activity of organizer. I whether these groups has had its own program is not yet known. However, they had a recognition of "needs its own and voluntary efforts to resolve the south Korea's contradiction in the working class themselves” under the basic strategy of ‘the struggle for anti imperialism, anti feudalism and anti dictatorship'. Therefore, this group anticipate to build their own ‘vanguard organization' based on the working class, the labor movement.
Relationship between Clinical Outcomes and Superior Sagittal Sinus to Bone Flap Distance during Unilateral Decompressive Craniectomy in Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury: Experience at a Single Trauma Center
Objective: This retrospective study was conducted to investigate the relationship between the superior sagittal sinus (SSS)to bone ﬂap distance and clinical outcome in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) who underwent decompressivecraniectomy (DC). Methods: A retrospective review of medical records identifed 255 adult patients who underwent DC with hematoma removal to treat TBI at our hospital from 2016 through 2017; of these, 68 patients met the inclusion criteria and underwentunilateral DC. The nearest SSS to bone ﬂap distances were measured on postoperative brain computed tomography images, and patients were divided into groups A (distance ≥20 mm) and B (distance <20 mm). The estimated blood loss (EBL)and operation time were evaluated using anesthesia records, and the time spent in an intensive care unit (ICU) was obtainedby chart review. The clinical outcome was rated using the extended Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS-E) at 3 and 6 monthspostoperatively. Results: The male to female ratio was 15:2 and the mean subject age was 55.12 years (range, 18-79 years). The mean EBLand operation times were signifcantly different between groups A and B (EBL: 655.26 vs. 1803.33 mL, p<0.001; operationtime: 125.92 vs. 144.83 min, p<0.001). The time spent in the ICU and GOS-E scores did not differ signifcantly betweenthe groups. Conclusion: We recommend that when DC is indicated due to TBI, an SSS to bone ﬂap distance of at least 20 mm should bemaintained, considering the EBL, operation time, and other outcomes.
Background/Aims: To evaluate the expression of cellular inhibitor of apoptosis protein 2 (cIAP2) during gastric carcinogenesis after Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection and after HP eradication. Methods: We divided non-cancer patients into four groups according to the status of HP infection and atrophic gastritis (AG)/intestinal metaplasia (IM). We compared cIAP2 mRNA expression among these four groups and patients with HP-positive early gastric cancer (EGC) by using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). We evaluated the expression of cIAP2 messenger RNA (mRNA)/protein by using real-time PCR/immunohistochemistry and the degree of apoptosis with a terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferasemediated nick end labeling assay before and 12 months after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) in HP-positive EGC patients, regardless of whether they had undergone eradication therapy. Results: The expression of cIAP2 mRNA was significantly higher in the groups with HP(+), AG/IM(+), and HP-positive EGC than in the control, HP(+), and AG/ IM(-) groups (p<0.005). In the HP eradication group, the expression of cIAP2 mRNA/protein significantly decreased (p=0.006) and apoptosis increased at the 12-month followup after ESD. In the HP noneradication group, the aforementioned changes were not found during the same follow-up period. Conclusions: The expression of cIAP2 increased during gastric carcinogenesis after HP infection; HP eradication in the patients who had undergone ESD for EGC reversed overexpression of cIAP2 and suppressed cell apoptosis. (Gut Liver 2017;11:79-86)
The objective of this study was to demonstrate the effectiveness of the Sool`s method of anterior shoulder dislocations. This was a retrospective study conducted in a university affiliated emergency department (ED). Sequence of the Sool`s method: (1) the patient is placed in a sitting position. (2) The patient to raise the affected arm and hand with forward flexion until the angle of the arm and trunk reaches 90 degree, and put the patient`s hand on the operator`s shoulder of same side. (3) The operator grabs the muscles of anterior part of deltoid and pectoralis of affected side with a hand of the patient`s hand putted on and grabs the elbow of affected side with an opposite hand and pulls the elbow slowly with slight lateral rotating and massages the muscles of anterior part of deltoid and pectoralis. 59 eligible patients presented to the ED were recruited. 35 patients were recruited to TSRT and 24 patients were recruited to the Sool`s method. The rate of successful reduction in ED was 80% (26/35) in TSRT group and 75% (18/24) in the Sool`s method group (P=0.75). The length of (LOS) in the ED was 72.3 minutes in the Sool`s method group and 98.4 minutes TSRT group (P=0.037). No significant difference in neurovascular deficit before and after reduction between both groups was reported. In the Sool`s method group, procedural time of successfully reduced cases was shorter than failed cases (P=0.015). The Sool`s method was as successful as other methods in reducing shoulder dislocations. Sool`s method has shown encouraging results including significant reduction in LOS in ED, and unnecessary use of sedation. Sool`s method is technically easy and requires only a chair or a bed to sit on and a single operator, which reduces the use of valuable ED resources.
In the present study, the characteristics on the internal flow and heat transfer of the dimple-type plate heat exchanger were numerically investigated. For the numerical analysis, the conjugate heat transfer analysis between hot fluid-separating plate-cold fluid was performed using the periodic boundary condition at the center area of the plate and appropriate inlet and outlet conditions for the two streams. The numerical results were validated by the comparison with the experimental data. From these results, the correlations of the Colburn j-factor for the heat transfer and the Fanning f-factor for the flow friction were obtained. The present results could be applicable for the optimal design of dimple-type plate heat exchanger.