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      • KCI등재

        판상형 충전제의 함량과 배향에 따른 PP복합체의 열팽창계수 영향 연구

        이기윤(Kee Yoon Lee),이용현(Yong Hyun Lee),정선경(Sun Kyoung Jeoung),황효연(Hyo Yeon Hwang),이승구(Seung Goo Lee) 한국고분자학회 2012 폴리머 Vol.36 No.3

        두 가지의 종횡비(ρα=a1/a3 and ρβ=a1/a2)에 의해 특징지어진 3차원 타원체(a1 > a2 > a3)를 사용하여 polypropylene 복합체의 판상형 충전제 함량과 방향이 열팽창률에 미치는 영향에 대해 실험적인 연구를 수행하였다. 측정된 실험적인 값은 Lee와 그의 연구자들이 제안한 이론적인 모델에 의한 계산 값과 비교분석되었다. 판상형충전제로는 운모와 탈크가 사용되었다. 실험 결과로 운모의 경우 종횡비는 ρα= 13.5, ρβ= 1.8이 사용되 어, 20 wt% 함량일때 α11/αm는 약 0.56으로 감소하였으나, α33/αm는 오히려 1.018로 증가함을 보였다. 탈크의 경우의 종횡비는 ρα=3.7, ρβ= 1.4이었고 α11/αm는 0.63으로 감소하였다. 결국 운모와 탈크 모두 그 함량증가에 따라 종단방향과 횡단방향에서 열팽창률은 감소하였으나 수직방향에서는 초기 낮은 충전제 함량에서는 오히려 증가하는 경향을 보였다. Experimental study was performed regarding the effects of disc-like filler orientation and contents on the coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) of polypropylene composites using the three dimensional ellipsoids (a1 > a2 > a3) analyzed by two aspect ratios(ρα=a1/a3 and ρβ=a1/a2). Measured data were compared with the theoretical approaches proposed by Lee et al. Mica and talc were useed as disk-like fillers in the composites. As experimental results, α11/αm decreased down to ca. 0.56 with mica content of 20 wt% and the aspect ratios, ρα=13.5, ρβ=1.8. However, α33/αm increased to more than 1. In the case of talc, α11/αm decreased to ca. 0.63 with 20 wt% and ρα=3.7, ρβ=1.4. Finally, the longitudinal CTEs (α11) of polypropylene composites decreased as filler contents increased, but normal CTE (α33) increased in the low filler contents like the theory.

      • Agrobacterium tumefaciens를 이용한 bialaphos 저항성 형질전환 벼의 개발

        이효연,이춘환,김호일,한원동,최지은,김진호,임용표 충남대학교 생물공학연구소 1999 생물공학연구지 Vol.7 No.-

        비선택성 제초제인 bialaphos는 고등식물에 있어서 glutamine 합성을 억제하여 식물체를 고사시킨다. Acetyltransferase에 의해 encoding된 bialaphos 저항성 유전자는 세균 Streptomyces hygroscopicus SF1239로부터 cloning된 것을 사용하였다. Bialaphose 저항성 유전자를 Agrobacterium 감염법을 이용하여 국내에서 재배되는 벼(동진)에 도입한 결과 약 30%정도의 형질전환 식물체를 얻을 수 있었다. T_1세대의 17개체는 hygromycin과 bialaphos에 대한 저항성 유전형질이 3 : 1로 분리되었다. 또한 Southern 분석을 실시한 결과 wild type의 식물체에서는 Bar 유전자의 검출을 볼 수 없었으나 형질전환 식물체의 경우 Bar 유전자의 검출이 가능하였다. T_3 세대의 형질전환 식물체와 wild type의 식물체를 포장상태에서 비선택성 제초제인 바스타를 살포하고 3주 후에 관찰한 결과 형질전환 식물체는 외형적으로 아무런 피해를 받지 않고 정상적으로 생장하였으나, wild type의 식물체와 잡초는 모두 고사하였다. 이상의 결과를 종합해보면 hygromycin과 bialaphos 저항성 유전자는 Agrobacterium 감염법을 이용하여 단자엽 식물인 벼에 도입할 수 있다는 것을 보여준 것이며, 또한 bialaphos 저항성 유전자가 식물에 도입됨으로써 비선택성 제초제에 대한 저항성 식물을 개발 할 수 있다는 것을 보여 주었다. The bialaphos is a potent inhibitor of glutamine synthease in higher plants and is used as a non-selective herbicide. We have used the bialaphos resistant gene (Bar) encoding for an acetyltransferase isloated from Streptomyces hygroscopicus SF1293. Callus derived from mature seeds of rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. Dong Jin) were co-cultivated with Agrobacterium tumefacieus EHA101 carring a plasmid pGPTV-HB containing genes for hygromycin resistance (HygR) and Bar. Transgenic plants showing in vitro resistance to 50 mg/L hygromycin and 10 mg/L bialaphos were obtained by using a two-step selection/regeneration procedure. Transformation efficiency of rice was about 30% which was as high as reported in other dicotyledons. Progenies (T_1 generation) derived from primary transformant of 17 lines were segreagated with a 3 resistant:1 sensitive ratio in medium containing hygromycin and bialaphos. Stable integration of Bar gene into chromosomal DNA was proven by Southern blot analysis of genomic DNA isolated from T_2 progenies. Transgenic plants (T_3) grown in the field were resistant to bialaphos (Basta) at a dosage lethal to wild type plants.

      • 플라보노이드의 세포 신호전달 조절

        이응룡,강근호,강용진,김우열,최혜연,김봉우,정효순,조쌍구 충남대학교 형질전환복제돼지연구센터 2007 논문집 Vol. No.10

        Many studies revealed the neuroprotective, cardioprotective, and chemopreventive actions of dietary flavonoids. The plausible mechanistic interpretation of the various effects of flavonoids was concentrated on the anti-oxidant or free radical-scavenging properties of these phytochernicals, both in model systems and under in vivo conditions. While there has been a major focus on the anti-oxidant properties. there is an emerging view that flavonoids and their in vivo metabolites. do not act as conventional hydrogen-donating anti-oxidants. but they may exert regulatory functions in cells through actions at protein kinase or lipid kinase signaling pathways. Flavonoids and more recently their metabolites. have been reported to act at phosphoinositide 3-kinase(PI 3-kinase). Akt/protein kinase B(Akt/PKB), protein kinase C (PKC), mitogen activated protein kinase(MAP kinase), and various tyrosine kinases signaling cascades. Inhibitory or stimulatory actions at these pathways are likely to affect cellular function profoundly by altering the phosphorylation state of target molecules and by modulating gene expression. A clear understanding of the mechanisms of action of flavonoids, either as anti-oxidants or modulators of cellular signaling pathways, and the influence of their metabolism on these properties are key to the evaluation of these potent biomolecules as anti-cancer agents, cardio-protectants, and inhibitors of neurodegeneration.

      • KCI등재

        고령 장애인의 일(WORK) 경험과 욕구에 관한 연구 : 뇌병변 장애를 중심으로

        이효성,김근아,김태연,오정은 한국장애인고용촉진공단 고용개발원 2007 장애와 고용 Vol.17 No.2

        본 연구의 목적은 고령이면서 장애를 동시에 경험하고 있는 고령 장애인들의 일 경험과 욕구에 관한 특성을 당사자의 관점에서 이해하는 것이다. 이러한 목적을 달성하기 위해 50세 이상 뇌병변장애인 13명을 대상으로 일 경험과 욕구에 관한 개방형식의 질문으로 심층 인터뷰를 실시하여 그 결과를 분석함으로써 고령 장애인 당사자의 일 경험과 욕구에 대한 심층적 이해와 현상의 의미를 깊이 있게 파악하고자 하였다. 분석결과, 고령 뇌병변장애인들은 일을 하고자 하는 높은 욕구를 가지고 있으며 일을 통해 삶의 의미와 보람을 찾고자 하나 현실적으로는 장애와 고령, 그리고 만성질환자라는 삼중고 속에서 “일하기” 에 상당한 제약을 받는 것으로 나타났다. 이러한 연구결과는 지금까지 고용정책에서 소외되었던 고령 장애인의 ‘일’ 에 관한 정책적 개입의 필요성을 강력하게 시사해 주고 있다. The purpose of this study is to understand the characteristics of the experiences and needs for work of aged people with disabilities who experience both old age and disability from their viewpoint. To this end, this study conducted in-depth interviews with 13 people aged 50 or older with encephalopathic disabilities by open-ended questions regarding their experiences and needs for work, and analyzed the results so as to more deeply understand the experiences and needs for work of aged people with disabilities as well as the implications of the present situation. The analysis results showed that aged people with disabilities have high needs for work and try to find the meaning and worth of life through work, but in reality face considerable limitations to ‘working’ in the triple handicaps of disability, old age, and chronic disease. The results of this study strongly suggest the need for policy intervention in the ‘work’ of aged people with disabilities who have been neglected by employment policies until now.

      • 챠량의 엔진모델 설계 및 정속주행 시뮬레이션

        추연규,탁한호,이천효 진주산업대학교 1999 論文集 Vol.38 No.-

        This paper proposes a design of engine model to be mounted on a power train of vehicle and a simulation is carried out in a straight road for the engine's Intelligent Cruise Control. The designed engine model of vehicle uses Matlab simulink. The simulation results of the Fuzzy Controller compared with those of the PID Controller.

      • 抗癌丹을 投與한 各種 癌患者 320例에 對한 考察

        曺政孝,兪和承,李淵月,孫彰奎,趙鍾寬 대전대학교 한의학연구소 2004 한의학연구소 논문집 Vol.12 No.2

        The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Hangamdan(抗癌丹). The clinical study was carried out 320 cases of patients with cancer treated by Hangamdan(抗癌丹) from May 1st 1998 to September 1st 1999. The results were summarized as follows; 1. The effects of improvement in the symptoms with traditional oriental cancer therapy(47.6%) were higher than combined treatment of western and oriental therapy(37.4%). 2. In the analysis of hematology, maintenance and increasing of WBC(86.2%), Hgb(87.2%), Platelet(97.6%) RBC(81.1%) were Observed. In the analyses of tumor marker, maintenance and decreasing of CEA(76%), CA19-9(88.8%), AFP(69.2%) were observed. 3. In the analysis of safety, maintenance and decreasing of AST(93.1%), AL.T(95%), BUN(92.2%), Creatinine(93.6%) were observed. 4. In the analysis of QOL attached by cancer, combined treatment of western and oriental therapy(maintenance and improvement; 91.8%) was higher than traditional oriental cancer therapy(maintenance and improvement; 79.3%) 5. In the analysis of survival in patients with terminal cancer, above 6 months(46.3%), 12 months( 19.2%). 6. In the analysis of antitumor effects, combined treatment of western and oriental therapy(maintenance 71.6% improvement 12.8%) was higher than traditional oriental therapy (maintenance 66.7% improvement 9.5%). 7. In the analysis of curative evaluation, combined treatment of western and oriental therapy(maintenance 40.4% improvement 41.8%) was higher than traditional oriental therapy (maintenance 23.8% improvement 46.1%). 8. In the analysis of IL-12 and IFN-γ attached by cancer, increasing of IL-12(32.3%), IFN-γ(41.5%) were observed. From the above results, it is suggested that Hangamdan has significant effects of antitumor and immune activity, also could be usefully applied for cancer patients by combination with western therapy or alone.

      • 急性 骨髓性 白血病 患者 1例에 對한 臨床報告

        조정효,유화승,최우진,이용연,서상훈,이연월,손창규,조종관 대전대학교 한방병원 2000 惠和醫學 Vol.9 No.2

        AML is the most common type of leukemia in adults. AML(acute myeloid leukaemia) is characterised by a rapid accumulation of abnormal white blood cells in the blood and bone marrow, resulting in severe anemia, and possibly infection, and hemorrhage during the course of the disease. In general the prognosis of patient with relapsed AML is poor. At this time, however, the only potentially curative therapy for relapsed patients is allogeneic BMT(bone marrow transplantation). This clinical study were carried out 1 case of female patient aged 44 with relapsed AML treated by herb medicine. At the time of admission, she complained of mild fever, nausea, vomitting, abdominal pain, anorexia and no sign of bleeding. For the 10 days of admission, she was treated with Oriental-Western medicine and all the symptoms were disappeared. After that, the syptoms were aggravated because of secondary infection. Anyway, above result showed the possibility of Oriental therapy as Supportive Care in AML.

      • KCI등재

        노인에서 한국판 행동통제척도의 표준화 및 타당도 연구

        김효진,이준영,정희연,나덕렬,조성진,조맹제,장성만 大韓神經精神醫學會 2007 신경정신의학 Vol.46 No.4

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        The aims of this study are to demonstrate the reliability and the validity of the Korean version of Behavioral Dyscontrol Scale (BDS-K.) and to present the normative values of BDS-K among the Korean elderly. The BDS-K was administered in a standardized manner to 1,389 healthy volunteers aged over 65 years recruited from the cornmunity. The elderly with serious neurological, medical or psychiatric disorders were excluded using screening tests. BDS-K showed good intemal consistency (Cronbach's alpha=0.812), test-retest reliability (r=0.88) and inter-rater reliability (r=0.99). Age and educational level were found to affect BDS-K score. Based on this result, normative values of BDS-K. were calculated by age and educational level. The validity of the BDS-K were demonstrated in comparison with MMSE-KC (r=0.72). BDS-K is reliable and valid instrument for measuring executive function of the elderly. The normative values suggested by this study can be widely used as reference values to objectively interpret BDS-K scores of the Korean elderly.

      • LPCD법에 의한 Tin박막의 전계 에미터 어레이 제작

        조경제,이상윤,류정탁,김연보,이진호 大邱大學校 科學技術硏究所 2001 科學技術硏究 Vol.8 No.2

        Using low pressure chemical vapor deposition (LPCVD), TiN thin films as field emitter array were fabricated. In this Work, a method was transfered to a substrate and the wet-etching of the silicon substrate instead of fabricated method of mold shape was using in generally but we have fabricated gated field emitter tips as using mold shape of the new method that using a side wall space structure. Following sequences such as LPCVD method of a gate electrod and gate oxide on a silicon substrate and defesited BPSG thin film as a high temperature was flowed by the mold shape of a sharpen, the TiN as a materials of emitter tips was deposited after was bounded by anodic bonding and the wet-etching of the silicon substrate by using KOII solution, the last have fabricated a gated field emitter arrays of a sharpen. These emitters were estmated by scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction.

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