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This study proposed a color scheme that is harmonious with the working environment of industrial sites using Birren`s color harmony theory for color planning. To apply the Birren`s color harmony theory to working clothes, the basic colors were chosen, and six of the eight harmony formulas of Birren excluding achromatic colors (white + grey + black) and solid color harmony (solid colors + white + black) were used to form a palette for each case. For the basic colors, the color chips of four dominant colors (yellow-green, sky-blue, blue, and violet), which were chosen from a field survey for preferences in the first step, and the production of materials in the second step were collected through the PANTONE color chips. The selected color chips were PANTONE 13-0550 TPX, PANTONE 15-4105 TPX, PANTONE 18-3949 TPX, and PANTONE 19-3720 TPX. These color chips were scanned and their RGB values were extracted through Photoshop CS. Then the colors were arranged in accordance with the Birren`s color harmony formulas (Color+Tint+White, Color+Shade+Black, Tint+Tone+Shade, Shade+Tone+Black, Shade+Tone+White, and Tint+Shade+Tone+Gray). In addition, the proposed palette color schemes were applied through Birren`s color harmony formulas using Texpro V 10.1 textile to the schematization of working clothes that were designed in the previous study. Palette formation in line with Birren`s color harmony formulas provided scientific color arrangement results. Visually presenting the color scheme of working clothes will help the color selection of working clothes in tune with the circumstances of industrial sites.
2015 년 현재 정보통신기술(ICT)중 사물인터넷(IoT : Internet of Things)이 화두에 오르고 있다. 언제 어디서나 통신으로 연결만 되어 있으면 스마트폰으로 주변에 있는 사물들의 제어가 가능하다. 또, 주목 받고 있는 기술로서 근거 리 통신기능(NFC : Near Field Communication)이 IoT 와 결합해 우리 주변을 편리하게 해주고 있다. NFC 발달과 함께, 본 연구에서는 NFC 를 통해 메뉴를 공유하고 종업원 없이도 주방으로 Order 를 보낼 수 있는 제어기능이 탑재된 어플리케이션을 기획한다. 여러 명의 Order 를 한 사람의 스마트폰으로 NFC 를 이용한 기술인 P2P 기능을 이용해 모아준다. 그 후, 한 데 모은 주문내역을 대표 한 사람이 주방으로 Order 를 보내는 기능과 두 번 이상의 방문을 하게 될 경우 그 동안의 주문내역 히스토리를 분석해서 주문에 대한 피드백을 제공함으로써 편리하게 사용 할 수 있도록 연구하고자 한다.
본 논문은 뉴미디어와 디지털 디자인을 융합하여 제품디자인 원형을 개발하고 디자인 효율을 높이는데 그 목적을 두었다. 기술적 측면에서는 IT와 피지컬 컴퓨팅을 기반으로 심미적 디자인 측면에서는 색채이론을 기반으로 사용성이 높은 디자인을 개발하고자 하였다. 디자인 원형의 대상으로는 오래 전부터 일상생활에서 빈번히 사용되는 생활가전 중 전기주전자를 선정하였으며 센서와 OLED를 활용하여 끓는 물의 온도변화를 주전자의 외부에서 단계적으로 인식할 수 있는 디자인을 제안하였다. 제안된 디자인은 전기주전자 내부의 수온 변화에 따라 외부에 장착된 OLED 디스플레이의 색이 5단계로 구현되어 사용자들이 원거리에서도 수온의 변화를 인지할 수 있으며 색조명에 의한 심미적 효과를 얻을 수 있는 특징을 가지고 있다. 또한 본 연구에서 제안한 원형디자인은 기존 전기주전자의 소리나 숫자 표시로 수온의 변화를 알리는 기능보다 진일보된 것으로 제품의 사용성을 높이는 결과를 기대할 수 있다. 궁극적으로 OLED 디스플레이를 활용한 색채 기반 전기주전자 원형 디자인의 개발 연구를 통해 디자인 효율을 증대할 수 있는 방안을 마련하고 나아가 디자인을 접하고 사용하는 인간 생활의 질을 향상 시키는데 일조를 하고자 하였다. The paper proposes the development of the product design prototype and design efficiency combined with new media and digital design. High usability design with both IT and physical computing in technology and aesthetic color theory in design and physical computing would be developed. As the design prototype the electric kettle which usually uses one of electronic appliance in common life is selected and is designed with water temperature level recognition using a sensor and OLED display. OLED display in the electrical kettle shows 5 grade color change according to changing the water temperature inside. As a result the user can have the aesthetic effect of color changed OLED and recognize the change of the water temperature at a longer distance. This study is expected the result to improve the product usability which takes a major step forward than the current number based thermometer kettle design. Finally the development of the electric kettle design prototype based on the color theory using OLED display contributes to the design quality improvement of user's ordinary life.
From a design perspective, there are two ways in robot design approach: biologically inspired and functionally designed. It has been proved that the two robot design types could be perceived differently by the cultural background. This study explored the impact of robot design types in Korean and Japanese culture on product evaluation, product usefulness, and purchase intention. We conducted an experiment comparing a group of functionally designed robots having single functions each and a biologically inspired robot having multifarious functions itself. The results showed that Korean participants evaluated the functionally designed robot more positively than the biologically inspired robot on product evaluation and product usefulness whereas the evaluation was more positive toward the biologically inspired robot than the functionally designed robot for Japanese participants. While Korean participants were willing to purchase the functionally designed robot as they perceived it positively and useful than the biologically inspired robot, Japanese participants showed no significant difference on purchase intention by robot design types. These results suggested that robot designers should consider not only the robot design types but also the cultural differences for making better customer acceptance. The implication for the effective robot design approach is discussed according to the cultural differences.
This paper investigates Jonathan Swift's Directions to Servants (1745) in terms of transgressive corporeality. Less studied and little mentioned by Swift scholars, Directions has been understood as a minor work with little coherence. The purpose of this paper is to newly assert that Directions sharply highlights the very dynamics of Swiftian inversion evinced in his poems. “A Beautiful Young Nymph Going to Bed” (1731), “The Lady's Dressing Room” (1732), and “The Progress of Beauty” (1720) are all located at the site designated as the “toilet.” The word “toilet” in the early eighteenth century connotes both female space for and activities of dressing and making up, which Swift translates into the processes of defecation and decomposition. The categorization of servants and their daily jobs described in Directions correlates “toilet” activities with the whole household. The presence of servants who blur the divide between private and the public gives rise to an economy of transgression in which grotesque physicality simultaneously serves to establish and erase existing boundaries. The conceptual transfiguration of the body that the eighteenth century witnessed from the communal to the individual, and from the promiscuous to the enclosed, codifies the idea of private spaces within the household, which ultimately stand in opposition to social and physical heterogeneity. Directions not only highlights the rise of divisions within domestic confines but ultimately anticipates the futility of such boundaries. Swift's directives for servants hinges upon the economy of satiric inversion as such, making Directions an integral work of Swiftian parody.
This paper analyzes Anthony Munday's Survey of London in respect to the process of revision and the new idea of metropolitan communality it proposes. The original text, published by John Stow in 1598, critically observes the expansion of the city beyond the social and spatial demarcation of the Roman walls. The decisions concerning which parts need to be adjusted or preserved cannot but be influenced by Stow's original, but these changes in the revised text simultaneously reflect Munday's own judgments, particularly regarding how he wishes to recreate his own image of London. The process of updating reveals not only Mundays' sense of the changing built environment but also provides a wider, inclusive sense of the metropolis. Munday's 1633 edition describes the increasing complexities of the city and activities of London companies by bringing attention to the economic prosperity they bring to the metropolis. Revised chapters concerning suburban areas and the companies in proffer a privileged site from which to investigate Munday's desire to refashion the idea of communality based on a new urban conceptualization of occupational membership.
A necessary condition for the formation of a filament is magnetic helicity. In the present paper we seek the origin of magnetic helicity of intermediate filaments. We observed the formation of a sinistral filament at the boundary of a decaying active region using full-disk Hα images obtained from Big Bear Solar Observatory. We have measured the rate of helicity injection during the formation of the filament using full-disk 96 minute-cadence magnetograms taken by SOHO MDI. As a result we found that 1) no significant helicity was injected around the region (polarity inversion line; PIL) of filament formation and 2) negative helicity was injected in the decaying active region. The negative sign of the injected helicity was opposite to that of the filament helicity. On the other hand, at earlier times when the associated active region emerged and grew, positive helicity was intensively injected. Our results suggest that the magnetic helicity of the intermediate filament may have originated from the helicity accumulated during the period of the growth of its associated active region. A necessary condition for the formation of a filament is magnetic helicity. In the present paper we seek the origin of magnetic helicity of intermediate filaments. We observed the formation of a sinistral filament at the boundary of a decaying active region using full-disk Hα images obtained from Big Bear Solar Observatory. We have measured the rate of helicity injection during the formation of the filament using full-disk 96 minute-cadence magnetograms taken by SOHO MDI. As a result we found that 1) no significant helicity was injected around the region (polarity inversion line; PIL) of filament formation and 2) negative helicity was injected in the decaying active region. The negative sign of the injected helicity was opposite to that of the filament helicity. On the other hand, at earlier times when the associated active region emerged and grew, positive helicity was intensively injected. Our results suggest that the magnetic helicity of the intermediate filament may have originated from the helicity accumulated during the period of the growth of its associated active region.
Background: Data regarding the clinical and microbiologic features of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) by computed tomography (CT) findings are limited. The aim of the present study was to investigate the clinical and microbiologic features of patients with mainly ground-glass opacity (GGO) or mainly centrilobular nodules or tree-in-bud pattern on CT scan. Methods: According to CT findings at presentation, hospitalized CAP patients were retrospectively classified into consolidation, GGO, and bronchiolitis groups, and the clinical parameters and causative agents were compared between the GGO or bronchiolitis and consolidation groups. Results: The incidences of the bronchiolitis and GGO groups were 2.4% (n=40) and 2.8% (n=46), respectively. The most common pathogen of the bronchiolitis group was Mycoplasma pneumoniae (16/37 [43%]). The bronchiolitis group was characterized by lower pneumonia severity index and lower blood levels of inflammatory markers. Compared with the consolidation group, the GGO group had no differences in pathogens, severity, and outcome variables. Complicated parapneumonic effusion or empyema did not occur in the bronchiolitis and GGO groups. Conclusions: The bronchiolitis group was characterized by a higher frequency of M. pneumoniae as a causative agent and a less severe form of CAP. The GGO group was similar to the consolidation with respect to the causative microorganisms, severity, and prognosis of CAP. None of the bronchiolitis and GGO groups exhibited complicated parapneumonic effusion or empyema.