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The purpose of this study was to determine the changes in body composition, cardiopulmonary function, and flexibility following 8 weeks' bicycle ergometer exercise training. The subjects of this research consisted of healthy adult women between 30 and 40 years of age. Initial intensity of bicycle ergometer exercise was based on the target heart rate equivalent to 55% of maximal oxygen uptake, and intensity of the exercise increased by 5% every 2 weeks. Body composition, cardiopulmonary function at rest and during maximal exercise, as well as flexibility were determined before and after 8 weeks of bicycle ergometer exercise training. Masimal exercise was performed on the treadmill according to Bruce Protocol. The results obtained were as follows; 1. There were o changes in body weight, percent body fat, fat body weight, and lean body weight as well. The ventilation volume for 1 minute, respiratory quotient and expired CO₂ volume have not changed significantly after the training, either. 2. As a result of training, resting systolic and diastolic blood pressure decreased significantly(p<.05) 3. Maximal heart rate, maximal oxygen consumption and maximal running time increased significantly after the training(p<.05) 4. Pelvic flexibility increased slightly after the training, however, it did not reach the statistical significance. Trunk flexion forward increased significantly after the training(p<.05). From these results, it may be concluded that 8 weeks bicycle ergometr training improve the cardiopulmonary function and flexibility in healthy adult women between 30-40 years of age.
The purpose of this research was to investigated the relation between the young children's creative personality characteristic and the drawing creativity. The subject of this research were 180, 4~6 years old, young children who were attending to day cares, preschools, and elementary schools. In this research, "What kind of person are you?" - The creative characteristic test(Kim, 2002) for examining the young child's creative characteristic features and "TCT-DP(Test for Creative Thinking-Drawing Production)" (Jellen & Urban, 1986) for measuring the young child's creativity were used. Analyzing data were made of average, standard deviatim, ANOVA, correlation which were the output of the creative characteristic test and TCT-DT to find out young children's development of creativity. The results of on this research were belows. First, there was no difference of creative personality characteristic in the age of 4~6. Second, in the each different age, it showed that the creativity seemed to increase steadily ordering the age 4, 5, 6. Third, in the difference between creative personality characteristic and creativity, the young children who had the high scores of creativity were excellent in the characteristic features of confidence, observation, and imagination.
Background : Diagnosis of peripheral pulmonary lesion by conventional bronchoscopy is still challenging. The sheathed bronchial brush has been used to collect samples from the visible endobronchial lesion. Recently developed endobronchial ultrsonography (EBUS). can obtain image of peripheral pulmonary lesion at bronchus suspected by bleeding sign of sheathed brush. This study evaluated availibility of detected lesions by bleeding after bronchial brushing in pheripehal pulmonary lesions before transbronchial lung biopsy Methods : Between August 2006 and November 2008, 50 patients(38 men and 12 women, median age, 65 yrs) whose peripheral pulmonary lesions could not be detected with flexible bronchoscopy were included in this study. Among 50 patients, 40 cases were malignant lesion(non-small cell carcinoma 35, small cell carcinoma 5), and 10 cases were benign lesions(inflammatory disease 7, others 3) Results : Of the 50 patients, lesions detected bleeding after bronchial brushing was 34 cases(68%) and lesions detected by EBUS was 33 cases(66%). Sensitivity was 90.0-95.4%, Specificity was 83.3-80%, Positive predictive value(PPV) was 83.3-95.4% and Negative predictive value(NPV) was 80-90.9%. Diagnostic rates in visualized lesion by EBUS and otal peripheral lesions were 75%(25/33), 58%(29/50) respectively. There was no significant complication related with bronchial brushing. Conclusions : Bleeding sign by bronchial brushing was safe and effective method to predict location of peripheral pulmonary lesion with sufficient diagnostic yield
본 연구에서는 리얼리티프로그램의 현실감이 수용의 지점에서 어떻게 구성되고 경험되는지를 알아보고자 최근 방송 트렌드로 자리잡아가고 있는 리얼버라이어티쇼의 수용경험에 대한 질적 연구를 시도하였다. 먼저 수용자들이 리얼버라이어티 쇼로부터 기대하는 현실감의 속성은 ‘다큐적 리얼리티’와는 차별화되는 ‘오락적 리얼리티’임을 알 수 있었다. 이러한 현실감은 캐릭터, 자막, 소재 등의 활용을 통해 만들어지고 강화되고 있음을 알 수 있었다. 우선 캐릭터와 관련하여서는 캐릭터들 간의 관계의 일관성, 캐릭터 자체의 일관성, 시간의 흐름에 따른 캐릭터의 성장과 변화 등이 다양한 텍스트를 넘나들며 현실감을 강화시켜주고 있음을 알 수 있었다. 또한 자막의 활용은 단순히 재미를 주는 것만이 아니라 제작진과의 대화와 프로그램에의 직접적 참여의 환상을 수용자에게 제공함으로써 현실감 구축에 중요하게 작용하고 있었다. 마지막으로 리얼버라이어티 쇼에서 소재는 캐릭터들의 사적 영역인 실제 삶의 모습을 프로그램 안으로 가져옴으로써 현실과 가공의 경계를 느슨하게 하는 방식을 통해 텍스트의 현실감을 구축하고 있었다. 연구자들은 이러한 현실감 구축기제들이 수용의 지점에서 특히 상호 텍스트적 맥락을 기반으로 할 때 비로소 완성되며, 강화되고 있음에 주목하였다. This study attempts to accomplish a reception analysis to explore why the viewer’s preferences are focused on TV reality shows. One can easily see that the viewer’s expectation and experience from the reality shows differ significantly in relation to what a TV documentary can offer to the viewer. This difference stems from a concept called ‘entertainment realism.’ In order to understand the basis of this concept, one must focus on how the composition and direction of the program allows the viewer to maintain a sense of reality with the celebrity’s day to day activities regardless of the known intention of providing an alternative sense of reality as a source of mere entertainment, also known as fictional scenarios. It is possible to create such an alternative sense of reality because the reality stars intertwine and implement the concept of real personal life incidents into the day to day fictional scripts. What is viewed on television in these genre of shows is neither entirely fictional nor completely realistic lives of these celebrities. Additionally, the captions utilized in the programs are used not only for adding comedy within the programs but also for providing viewers with make-believe mechanisms that function as an important mean of communication between the reality stars and production staff. In other words, program captions are meant for producers to display their opinion about certain incidents that occur in the program so as to contribute toward providing the viewers of a stronger sense of realism from viewing such interactions. Finally, viewers of reality shows arrive to the point where they believe that they are also actively involved in what’s going on in the world of television programming because by utilizing real personal life occurrences of the celebrities as episodes of the program and subject matter in their tasks, this allows the viewer to feel as if they were viewing real life occurrences consistently throughout the program. From this, instantaneously, TV fiction turns into a non-fictional presentation. There exists no sharp distinction between fictional characters in the TV world and real individuals who have their personal lives broadcast on a day to day basis.
Poster Session 1 : Genomics and Bioinformatics Proteomics DNA Replication, Recombination, and Repair Transcription, RNA Processing and Translation ; Proteome Analysis of Bacillus psychrosaccharolyticus
본 연구의 목적은 연령, 추론상황과 삼단논법형태에 따라 유아의 논리적 사고의 차이를 알아보고 자 하는 것이다. 인접한 3개 유치원의 만 3, 4, 5세 각 연령별로 80명의 유아가 추론상황인 가상과 실제에 각 40명씩 무선배치하였으며, 이들 유아는 삼단논법의 2가지 형태인 연역과 귀납과제를 모두 수행하였다. 유아의 논리적 사고 검사도구는 문헌고찰을 통해 추출한 요인을 중심으로 구성하였으며 내용타당도를 검증하였다. 수집된 자료는 반복측정 삼원변량분석과 Scheff? 검증을 적용하여 분석하 였다. 연구결과는 다음과 같다. 유아의 논리적 사고는 추론상황, 연령 및 삼단논법형태에 따라 차이 가 있었다. 만 3세는 가상상황에서는 연역삼단논법 점수와 귀납삼단논법 점수간의 차이가 없었으나 실제상황에서 귀납삼단논법 점수가 연역삼단논법 점수보다 높았고, 만 4세는 가상상황과 실제상황 모 두에서 연역삼단논법 점수가 귀납삼단논법 점수보다 높았다. 만 5세는 가상상황에서 연역삼단논법 점 수와 귀납삼단논법 점수간의 차이가 없었으나 실제상황에서는 연역삼단논법 점수가 귀납삼단논법 점 수보다 높았다. 이러한 연구결과를 통해 어린 유아들도 삼단논법의 전제가 자신의 지식과 부합될 때 논리적인 추론의 가능성을 탐색하였으며, 유아의 지식과 상상력이 논리적 추론의 매개 역할을 함을 알 수 있다. The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in preschool children`s logical thinking according to reasoning situations and modes of syllogism. Participants of this study consisted of 3, 4, and 5-year-old children from three kindergartens in Daegu city. A total of 240 children were randomly assigned to groups according to age and reasoning situations(fantasy, reality), syllogism modes(deduction, induction) with a total of 80 young children in each group. For data analysis, three-way ANOVA and Scheff? Test were used. This study led to the following results. The logical thinking of young children showed differences in accordance with reasoning situations, age, and syllogism modes. Three-year-old children showed a higher score of inductive syllogism than of deductive syllogism in real situation, while 4-year-olds showed a higher score of deductive syllogism in both fantastic and real situation. Five-year-old children showed no difference between the score of inductive and deductive syllogism in fantastic situation. The results from this study explored the possibility of logical reasoning of young children when the premise of syllogism corresponded with their own knowledge. While young children`s knowledge and imagination mediated their logical reasoning, they could independently practice logical reasoning without relating to their own knowledge and imagination as their age increased.