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      • KCI등재

        오장환의 동시세계 연구

        곽효환(Kwak, Hyo-Hwan) 한국시학회 2018 한국시학연구 Vol.- No.55

        오장환 시세계의 중요한 특징은 『시인부락』의 순수서정성을 바탕으로 하면서도 『시인부락』이 비판하였던 모더니즘을 전면 부정하지는 않고 양편 모두에 비판적인 자세를 취함으로써 한국시의 순수서정성과 모더니즘이라는 한계를 극복하려는 자세를 보이면서 여러 차례 시적 변신과정을 보이는 데 있다. 오장환의 시세계에 대한 평가와 조명은 이와 같이 어느 정도 모아지고 있는데 반해 그의 동시에 관한 논의는 아직 미진하다. 오장환 동시는 안성공립보통학교 재학 중인 11세 때 일본 천황의 즉위를 축하하는 기념호로 제작된 『어대전』 제9호에 실린 동시 「밤」(1928년 12월 24일 발행한 안성공립보통학교 학습회 학예부 문집에 수록)을 시작으로 총 51편의 창작동시와 1편의 번역동시를 발표한 것으로 확인된다. 오장환은 1933년 12월 『어린이』에 동시 「눈」을 발표한 것을 출발점으로 1934년 2월 역시 『어린이』에 「바다」, 「기러기」, 「수염」 등 3편을 발표하였다. 이어 1934년 7월부터 1940년 7월까지 『조선일보』에만 총 45편의 동시를 발표하였고 해방 후에 2편의 동시를 더 발표하였다. 이로 미루어 볼 때 오장환의 동시 창작은 시보다 먼저 시작되어 문학적 생애 전체에 걸쳐 지속적으로 창작, 발표되었음을 알 수 있다. 이는 오장환의 동시가 여기로 쓰여 진 것이 아니라 초기 문학세계의 중요한 부분을 차지하고 있다고 할 수 있다. 따라서 오장환의 동시에 대한 체계적이고 깊이 있는 연구는 오장환 시세계와 문학적 생애를 온전히 조명할 수 있게 할 뿐만 아니라 오장환 문학의 중요한 특징으로 꼽히는 시적 편력, 즉 시와 문학관의 변모과정을 살피는 데 있어 중요한 출발점이 될 수 있을 것이다. The important point of Oh, Jang-Hwan's poetic world is that it is based on the pure lyricism of Siinburak(Poet Village), also it does not entirely denied the modernism which Siinburak had criticized, but it takes a critical attitude to both sides in order to overcome the limit of pure lyricism and modernism by showing numerous times of poetic transformation processes. The evaluation and illumination of Oh Jang-hwan's poetic world is gathered to some extent, but the discussion on his Children's Poetry is still insufficient. Children's poem of Oh, Jang-Hwan begins with the children's poem ‘Night' which was included in Eodaejeon No.9 a commemorative issue to celebrate the Japan Emperor's enthronement while he was in Ahnsung public primary school at the age of 11, after that he published total 51 creative works of children's poem and 1 translated children's poem. In December 1933 Oh, Jang-Hwan started to announce the children's poem ‘Snow' in Children and in February 1934 ‘Ocean', ‘Goose', ‘Beard' was published also in Children. Then, from July 1934 to July 1940, a total of 45 works of children's poems were announced only in Chosun Ilbo and two more children's poem works were announced after liberation. Judging from the fact that Oh, Jang-Hwan's creation of children's poems began before the poetries, and was constantly created and published throughout the literary career. It means that his children's poems was not written just as some hobby but it is an important part of the early literature world. Therefore, the systematic and in-depth study of Oh, Jang-Hwan's children's poems will not only provides a complete overview of the poetry world and literary life, but also is an important starting point for examining the poetic wanderings ― the transformer process of poetry and literary prospective.

      • KCI등재

        김수환 추기경의 인간 이해에 나타난 그리스도 중심적인 성격에 대한 연구

        조정환(Cho Jeong Hwan) 가톨릭대학교(성심교정) 인간학연구소 2018 인간연구 Vol.0 No.35

        추기경의 전체 사상 안에서 ‘인간(人間)'에 대한 문제는 가장 중요한 관심사였다. 그의 인간 이해는 여러 측면에서 접근하는 것 같지만, 마지막 귀착점은 그리스도 강생을 그 중심에 두고 있다. 하느님께서 이 세상 안에 들어와 인간이 되신 그리스도의 강생은 교회가 세상과의 우호적인 관계를 가져야 하는 바탕이 되었다. 또한 이 강생은 인간 존엄성의 근거이기도 했다. 왜냐하면 하느님의 인간화(人間化)와 인간의 신화(神化)가 총체적으로 계시된 사건으로서, 인간의 존엄성을 들여 높여준 사건이기 때문이다. 특별히 그리스도의 강생은 가난하고 소외된 사람들에 대한 배려와 존엄성 보호와도 연결되어 있다. 처음부터 강생의 모습은 가난하고 초라했으며, 그리스도의 공생활을 통하여 보여준 사회적인 약자들에게 베푸는 무한한 사랑은 그 의미를 구체적으로 보여준다. 그리고 삼위일체적인 측면에서 그리스도의 강생은 성부, 성자, 성령이 한 분의 하느님을 이루는 그 일치의 사랑을 인간에게도 주기 위해서였다고 추기경은 생각했다. 구체적으로 그리스도의 수난과 죽음은 모든 이들의 일치를 위한 것이었음을 보여주는 사건이었다. 이제 추기경의 견해 안에서 현실을 살아가는 인간의 소명(召命)은 이러한 그리스도의 모습을 따르는 삶, 그리스도의 모습을 닮는 삶이라고 할 수 있겠다. 실제로 추기경 스스로 그리스도를 닮고 따르는 모습으로 사셨기에 아직도 종교를 초월해서 많은 이들의 기억 속에 남아 있는 것이라고 생각한다. 이러한 측면에서 그리스도는 모든 인간들이 걸어야 할 길을 몸소 제시한 존재라고 할 수 있다. “Humans” are the primary concern of Cardinal Kim Sou-hwan. His understanding of humans, which is based on various complex concepts, includes the incarnation of Christ, during which God visited Earth and became a human being. For Cardinal Sou-hwan, this is the basis of the Church's need to establish good relationships with the world. Additionally, the incarnation of Christ is the basis of human dignity as it is an event that humanized God and defied humans. In particular, Cardinal Sou-hwan connects the incarnation of Christ to considering the poor and protecting their dignity. The incarnation of Christ was poor and humble, and the infinite love Christ had and publicly showed for the socially disadvantaged during His life has specific meanings about the incarnation. Cardinal Sou-hwan believe that the incarnation of Christ aimed to encourage human beings to love unity in which the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit form the Holy Trinity. Specifically, Christ's sufferings and death aimed to unify all people. Cardinal Sou-hwan believes that the vocation of humans is to follow Christ and take after him. In this respect, Christ gave all humans guidance. It can be said that many people, regardless of their religion, remember Cardinal Sou-hwan because he tried to do so.

      • KCI등재

        烏梅丸 물추출물의 항염증 활성에 관한 연구

        김영환(Young-Hwan Kim), 송애진(Aejin Song), 성선희(Sun Heui Sung), 권동렬(Dong Yeul Kwon), 정명수(Myongsoo Chong) 한의병리학회 2016 동의생리병리학회지 Vol.30 No.4

        Ohmae-hwan has been used to treat the symptoms of loose stools mixed with blood accompanied by abdominal pain due to heat dysentery in Korean medicine. However, its mechanism of action on inflammatory disease using macrophages was not known. The author was to find out about the influence of Ohmae-hwan water extract on expressions of NO, cytokine IL-6 and TNF-α in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cell, on expressions of mRNA of iNOS, IL-6 and COX-2 and on suppression of expressions of protein of iNOS and COX-2, and was to find out about the mechanism. As a result of the study, it was found that Ohmae-hwan suppressed generation of NO activated by LPS depending on its concentrations, suppressed expressions of cytokine IL-6, and TNF-α and suppressed expressions of mRNA of iNOS, IL-6, and COX-2 and suppressed expressions of protein of iNOS, COX-2. Considering the above results, it can be known that Ohmae-hwan water extract has anti-inflammatory effect against inflammatory response mediated by macrophages by suppressing generation of NO, TNF-α, and IL-6 and expressions of iNOS, COX-2 as it acts on macrophages.

      • KCI등재

        폐적(肺積) 폐옹(肺癰) 폐저(肺疽) 폐암(肺癌)에 관(關)한 문헌적(文獻的) 고찰(考察)

        한재수,오태환,정승기,이형구,Han,,Jae-Soo,Oh,,Tae-Hwan,Jung,,Sung-Gi,Rhee,,Hyung-Koo 대한한방내과학회 1991 大韓韓方內科學會誌 Vol.12 No.2

        This study has been carried out to investigate Pyu-Juk ( 肺積 ), Pyu-Ong ( 肺癰 ), Pyu-Ju ( 肺疽 ), Pyu-Am ( 肺癌 ) by referring to 56 literatures. The results were obtained as follows; 1. The treatllent-method of Pyu-Juk ( 肺積 ) are Ik Ki ( 益氣 ), SuI Yem Wha ( 洩陰火 ), So Juk ( 消積 ), Wha Juk ( 化積 ), Son Juk ( 損積 ), Ma Juk ( 摩積 ) Jo Chil Gi ( 調七氣 ), and herbs are Sik Bun Tang ( 息賁湯 ), Sik Bun Hwan ( 息賁丸 ), O Juk Hwan ( 五積丸 ), Ban ha Tang ( 半夏湯 ), Gil Gyung Tang ( 桔梗湯 ), Dae Chil Gi Tang ( 大七氣湯 ), Chil Gi Hwan ( 七氣湯 ) , Ga Gam Sik BlDl Hwan ( 加減息賁丸 ), Bil Rang San ( 檳郞散 ). 2. The treatment-method of Pyu-Ong ( 肺癰 ) Yang pyu ( 養肺 ), Yang Hyul ( 養血 ), Yang Gi ( 陽氣 ), Chung Geam Youn Pye ( 淸金潤肺 ), Hal Dam Bae Nong ( 豁痰排膿 ), Saeng Gi ( 生肌 ), herbs are Gil Gyung Tang ( 桔梗湯 ), Jung Ryuk Dae Jo Sa Pyu Tang ( ??大棗瀉肺湯 ), Chung Geom Wy Gyung Tang ( 千金 葦莖湯 ) Hwang Gi tang ( 黃嗜湯 ), Hyun Sam Chung Pyu Eum ( 玄蔘淸肺飮 ), Sip Mi Hwan ( 十味丸 ), Gil Gyung Baek San ( 桔梗白散 ), So Hong Eum ( 消膿飮 ), Sam Gi Bo Pyu Tang ( 蔘嗜補肺湯 ), sam Chul Gun Bi Tang ( 蔘朮健脾湯 ), Chung Pyu Gil Gyung Tang ( 淸肺桔梗湯 ), Yu Sung Hwan ( 如聖丸 ). 3. The treatment-method of Pyu-Ju ( 肺疽 ) are Be Bi ( 補脾 ), Bo Pyu ( 補肺 ), herbs are Hwang Gi Gum Jung Tang( 黃嗜補裨湯 ), lnSamBoPyuSan (人蔘補肺散) 4. The treatment-method of Pyu-Am ( 肺癌 ) are Bal Han ( 發汗 ), Chung Yul Hae Dok ( 淸熱解毒 ), Gang Hwa Do Dam ( 降火導痰 ), Hwa Rak Hwa a ( 和絡化瘀 ) Ik Pyu ( 益肺 ), Gun Bi ( 健脾 ), Ja Eum Yun Pyu ( 滋陰潤肺 ), Gi Hu Yang Bo ( 氣虛兩補 ), herbs are Gyul Yua Hae Dok Tang ( 莖熱解毒湯 ), Gang Hwa Jae ( 降火劑 ), Chil Yul Do Dam Tang ( 治熱導痰湯 ), Chong Ho Byul Gap Tang ( 靑蒿鱉甲湯 ), Ga gam Gil Gyung Tang ( 加減桔梗湯 ), Sang Mak San ( 生脈散), Yuk Mi Ji Hwang Tang ( 六味地黃湯 ), Baek Hap Go Geum Tang ( 百合固金湯 ), Dae Be Won Jun ( 大補元煎 ), Ga Mi Jae Che Bo Pyu Tang ( 加味載體補肺湯 ).

      • KCI등재

        대금 산조의 변천 과정 연구

        박환영(Park Hwan Young) 고려대학교 한국학연구소 2010 한국학연구 Vol.34 No.-

        본 연구는 대금 산조의 기원과 형성 및 변천 과정을 살펴보고 대금 산조의 창시자로 알려진 박종기와 그의 제자 한주환의 대금 산조를 분석한 후 산조를 오늘날 어떻게 현대적으로 활용 할 수 있는지에 대한 방향성을 모색하였다. 박종기에 의해 처음 연주되기 시작한 대금 산조는 세월이 지나며 여러 갈래의 유파가 형성되었다. 이러한 여러 유파의 산조 중에는 형태는 약간씩 다르지만 서로 비슷한 가락(선율)을 많이 포함하고 있으며 이런 비슷한 가락이 언제 누구로부터 비롯되었는지는 잘 알려져 있지 않았다. 그리고 각 유파들은 이렇게 전래되어 오는 가락을 자기 유파만의 고유한 가락인 것처럼 알고 있는 경우도 있다. 그러던 중 유성기 음반에 실린 박종기의 대금 산조 한바탕이 발견되고 재현 연주된 결과 현행 산조가 시김새는 조금씩 다르지만 박종기 산조 가락을 많이 담고 있음이 밝혀졌다. 이에 본고에서 대금 산조의 창시자인 박종기와 그의 제자인 한주환 두 사람의 생애 및 발견된 음악 자료를 바탕으로 두 사람 산조의 전 바탕을 분석하여 음악적 특징을 조명하였다. 그 결과 박종기의 산조가 한주환 산조를 비롯한 여러 유파에 실제적으로 많은 영향을 끼쳤음을 알게 되었으며 특히 음악적 바탕이 탄탄한 한주환이 박종기의 소리 더늠 대금 산조를 전수받아 오늘날 대금 산조의 뿌리를 내리게 하였음을 알게 되었다. 산조의 현대적 활용 가능성에 대해서는 오늘날의 산조가 즉흥성과 성음의 상실로 이어지고 있는 이유를 찾아보았다. 또 산조의 발전과정을 검토하여 산조의 생명력인 즉흥성과 새로운 방향을 찾기 위한 여러 활용방안에 대해 다루었다. 산조 고유의 특징인 즉흥성의 상실 원인은 산조의 악보화에 따른 정형화와 각종 유파의 수직성과 경직성에서 비롯된다고 볼 수 있다. 또한 산조가 오늘날 중요한 음악양식으로 자리매김 하기까지는 다양한 연주방식의 변화가 있었기에 가능하였으며 산조를 개척했던 많은 명인들의 예술혼을 더욱 승화시키기 위해 몇 가지 방안을 모색해 보았다. This study examined the origin, the formation and the changes of Daegeum Sanjo, analyzed the Daegeum Sanjos by Jong-gi Part, who is known to be the founder of Daegeum Sanjo, and Joo-hwan Hahn, an apprentice of Park, and tried to find the directions for applying Sanjo to the contemporary life, in a modern fashion. Daegeum Sanjo, played initially by Jong-gi Park, came to form schools of various branches with the passage of time. The Sanjos of those various schools are incorporating many tunes of mutual resemblance in spite of the slight disagreements in form, though it is not well known when and from whom those similar tunes were originated. Each school is playing its tune which had been being handed down in that way as if it had been a tune peculiar to them exclusively. And 'Daegum Sanjo Hahnbahtahng' in the record by Seong-gi Yoo was found and played as a reproduction, that it came to be verified that the existing Sanjos show a little difference in form, but much resemblance in tune, to the Sanjo tune by Jong-gi Park. This paper listened to, wrote in musical notes and analyzed the whole body of the Sanjos of Jong-gi Park and Joo-hwan Hahn for giving light to their musical characteristics, being based on the life stories of both and the musical data which were found. It has been clarified, as a consequence, that the Sanjo by Jong-gi Park practically gave a significant effect on various schools including the Joo-hwan Hahn Sanjo, and Hahn, who was of strong musical talents, inherited Park's Sorideoneum Daegeum Sanjo and made the present type of Daegeum Sanjo take root. As to the possibility of applying Sanjo in a modern fashion, the reason that the Sanjos of the present day are being led to the loss of impromptuness and vocal sound was looked for. The developmental stages of Sanjos were also examined, and the impromptuness, the vital power of Sanjos, and various application plans for finding the new directions were discussed. The reason of the loss of impromptuness, the peculiar characteristic of Sanjo is seen to be the standardization and the verticality and rigidity in various schools. Sanjos' positing itself as an important mode of music today is made possible by various changes in playing style, and a few programs for the further sublimation of many pioneering masters of Sanjo were regarded accordingly.

      • 노인성 어지럼증 환자에 대한 신기환의 증례보고 1례

        조창환 ( Chang Hwan Jo ), 김수진 ( Su Jin Kim ), 이혜진 ( Hye Jin Lee ), 신현수 ( Hyun Su Shin ), 안정조 ( Joung Jo An ), 조현경 ( Hyun Kyung Jo ), 김윤식 ( Yoon Sik Kim ), 설인찬 ( In Chan Seol ), 유호룡 ( Ho Rhyong Yoo ) 대전대학교 한의학연구소 2011 한의학연구소 논문집 Vol.20 No.1

        A Case of dizziness treated with Singi-hwan is reported. Singi-hwan is an herbal formula historically used for Jing(精) deficiency in Traditional Korean Medicine and dizziness is a common symptom presented in patients with Jing(精) deficiency. An elderly patient diagnosed with senile dizziness was treated using Singi-hwan for ten consecutive days in Dunsan Oriental Hospital, and has shown positive outcome.

      • KCI등재

        (무기환)戊己丸의 RAW 264.7 세포에 대한 항염증작용 연구

        김일현 ( Il Hyun Kim ), 최종환 ( Chong Hwan Choi ), 이세원 ( Se Won Lee ), 송용선 ( Yung Sun Song ) 한방재활의학과학회 2013 한방재활의학과학회지 Vol.23 No.3

        ObjectivesThe aim of this study was to investigate anti-inflammatory activity of Mugi-hwan (MGH) Water Extract. MethodsCells were treated with 2 ug/ml of LPS 1 hour prior to the addition of MGH. Cell viability was measured by MTS assay. The production of NO was determined by reacting cultured medium with Griess reagent. The expression of COX-2, iNOS and MAPKs was investigated by Western blot, RT-PCR. The content of level of cytokines (PGE2, IL-6, in media from LPS-stimulated Raw 264.7 cells was analyed by ELISA kit. ResultsMGH inhibited the production of NO, PGE2, IL-6 as well as the expressions of iNOS, COX-2 in the murine macrophage, RAW 264.7 cells. MGH also had suppression effects of LPS induced MAPKs activation. ConclusionsThese results suggest that MGH has an anti-inflammatory therapeutic potential, which may result from inhibition of MAPK phosphorylation, thereby decreasing the expression of pro-inflammatory genes. (J Korean Med Rehab 2013;23(3):27-35) ObjectivesThe aim of this study was to investigate anti-inflammatory activity of Mugi-hwan (MGH) Water Extract. MethodsCells were treated with 2 ug/ml of LPS 1 hour prior to the addition of MGH. Cell viability was measured by MTS assay. The production of NO was determined by reacting cultured medium with Griess reagent. The expression of COX-2, iNOS and MAPKs was investigated by Western blot, RT-PCR. The content of level of cytokines (PGE2, IL-6, in media from LPS-stimulated Raw 264.7 cells was analyed by ELISA kit. ResultsMGH inhibited the production of NO, PGE2, IL-6 as well as the expressions of iNOS, COX-2 in the murine macrophage, RAW 264.7 cells. MGH also had suppression effects of LPS induced MAPKs activation. ConclusionsThese results suggest that MGH has an anti-inflammatory therapeutic potential, which may result from inhibition of MAPK phosphorylation, thereby decreasing the expression of pro-inflammatory genes. (J Korean Med Rehab 2013;23(3):27-35)

      • KCI등재

        대식세포에서 수련환(茱連丸) 물추출물의 항염증작용에 관한 연구

        윤여환 ( Yeo Hwan Yoon ), 김성배 ( Sung Bae Kim ), 강옥화 ( Ok Hwa Kang ), 문수현 ( Su Hyun Mun ), 서윤수 ( Yun Soo Seo ), 양다운 ( Da Wun Yang ), 강다혜 ( Da Hye Kang ), 위경 ( Gyeong Wi ), 임재수 ( Jae Soo Lim ), 김마룡 ( Ma Ryong Kim ) 대한본초학회 2014 大韓本草學會誌 Vol.29 No.6

        Objectives : Suryeon-hwan (SRH) exhibits potent anti-inflammatory activity with an unknown mechanism. However, there has been a lack of studies regarding the effects of SRH on the inflammatory activities and effector inflammatory disease mechanism about macrophage before is not known. So, the investigation focused on whether SRH inhibited nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) productions, as well as the expressions of inducible NO synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. Methods : Cells were treated with 200 ng/mL of LPS 30 min prior to the addition of SRH. Cell viability was measured by MTS assay. The production of nitric oxide (NO) was determined by reacting cultured medium with Griess reagent. The content of level of cytokines (PGE, IL-6) in media from LPS-stimulated Raw 264.7 cells was analyed by ELISA kit. The expression of COX-2, iNOS and MAPKs was investigated by Western blot, RT-PCR. Results : We found that SRH inhibited LPS-induced NO, PGE2 and IL-6 productions as well as the expressions of iNOS and COX-2. Furthermore, SRH suppressed the LPS-induced phosphorylation of MAPK and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK 1/2) activation. Conclusions : These results suggest that SRH has inhibitory effects on LPS-induced PGE2, NO, and IL-6 production, as well as the expressions of iNOS and COX-2 in the murine macrophage. These inhibitory effects occur through blockades on the phosphorylation of MAPKs following activation.

      • Tumor Initiation Inhibition Through Inhibition COX-1 Activity of a Traditional Korean Herbal Prescription, Geiji-Bokryung-Hwan, in Human Hepatocarcinoma Cells

        Park,,Won-Hwan,Lee,,Soo-Kyung,Oh,,Hoon-Kyu,Bae,,Jong-Yub,Kim,,Cheorl-Ho Taylor Francis 2005 Immunopharmacology and immunotoxicology Vol.27 No.3

        <P>Some Korean and oriental herbal prescriptions used for a syndrome expressed as chest paralysis and heartache are thought to be effective for angina pectoris. We investigated the effects of an oriental medicinal prescription, Geiji-Bokryung-Hwan (GBH) consisting of herbs of Cinnamomi Ramulus , Poria Cocos Hoelen (Pachymae Fungus) , Moutan Cortex Radicis , Paeoniae Radix , and Persicae Semen , on growth-inhibitory activity and cancer chemopreventive activity in assays representing three major stages of carcinogenesis. The GBH was found to act as an potent inhibitor of cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 only but not as COX-2 inhibitor. Furthermore, the extract mediated anti-inflammatory effects and inhibited COX-associated hydroperoxidase functions (antipromotion activity). Inhibitory effect of the GBH on the growth of cancer cell lines such as HepG2 cell and Hep3B cell was shown. These data suggest that GBH extracts merit investigation as a potential cancer chemopreventive agent in humans, especially in hepatological cancers.</P>

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