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      • KCI등재후보

        Works in English on the Imjin War and the Challenge of Research

        Nam-lin Hur(허남린) 고려대학교 한국사연구소 2013 International Journal of Korean History Vol.18 No.2

        임진왜란은 한국, 일본, 중국에서 인기가 있는 연구주제이다. 지금까지 임진왜란에 관해 수 백권의 저서와 수 천편의 논문이 출판되었다. 이에 비해, 영어권의 저술은 아주 미미한 수준에 머무르고 있다. 본 논문에서는 먼저 영어로 저술된 임진왜란에 관한 대표적인 출판물을 간단히 소개한 후, 이 중에서 가장 심도 있는 연구저서로 평가되는 Samuel Hawley의 저서인 The Imjin War: Japan's Sixteenth-Century Invasion of Korea and Attempt to Conquer China와 Kenneth Swope의 저서인 A Dragon's Head and a Serpent's Tail: Ming China and the First Great East Asian War, 1592-1598에 대해 전체적인 비평을 가한다. 나아가, 이 두 저서의 한계와 문제점을 보다 선명히 하기 위해, 두 저서의 저자인 Samuel Hawley와 Kenneth Swope가 각자 임진왜란 시기의 강화교섭에 대해 어떠한 분석을 가하고 있는지 몇 가지 중요한 이슈들을 중심으로 검토한다. 검토의 결과 발견되는 것은 이 두 저서에는 임진왜란에 대한 기술에 있어 셀 수 없을 정도로 많은 실증되지 않는 사실, 왜곡되거나 후에 만들어진 소설 같은 이야기가 많이 포함되어 있다. 이러한 엉터리 같은 사실의 기술은 모두 그들이 의존하고 있는 자료의 빈약한 품질에 기인한다. 그 결과, Samuel Hawley와 Kenneth Swope의 임진왜란에 대한 분석은 심각할 정도로 틀리거나 왜곡되어 있다. 임진왜란에 대한 사료는 아주 풍부하며, 나라에 따라 다른 언어들로 채록되어 있기 때문에 이들을 전부 읽고 분석하여 확고한 기초 데이타를 구축하는 작업은 쉽지 않은 과제이다. 그러나 이러한 가장 근본적인 과제를 달성하지 않고 임진왜란에 대한 수준 높은 분석을 기대한다는 것은 불가능하다. The Imjin War has been a popular topic of research in Korea, Japan and China. To date, hundreds of books and thousands of journal articles and book chapters have been written on this international conflict. In contrast, the overall number of works in English remains miniscule. In this article, Hur introduces a list of major English-language books and articles on the Imjin War and proceeds to offer critical comments on the most representative works to date -- Samuel Hawley's The Imjin War: Japan's Sixteenth-Century Invasion of Korea and Attempt to Conquer China and Kenneth Swope's A Dragon's Head and a Serpent's Tail: Ming China and the First Great East Asian War, 1592-1598. In order to further illustrate a range of limits and problems found in these two books, Hur takes up some key issues pertaining to truce negotiations in the Imjin War and reviews how these are treated by Hawley and Swope, respectively. Hur points out that the two books contain countless factual errors and a flood of false data, all stemming from the quality of the sources upon which they relied. As a result, their analyses are fatally flawed or skewed. Given that primary sources on the Imjin War are plentiful and that they come in different languages, Hur suggests that it would be a challenge to establish a firm base of empirical data, but that, without accomplishing this fundamental task, it would be impossible to produce a high-quality analysis of the Imjin War.

      • KCI등재

        『동시품휘보(東時品彙補)』와 허균의 과체시(科體詩)

        허경진 洌上古典硏究會 2001 열상고전연구 Vol.14 No.-

        The works of Hur Kyun(1569-1618) dispersed at the time of his execution after being accused of treason. His works, therefore, have often been found outside his anthologies, and on Dong Shi Poom Hwi Bo (동시품휘보 ), recently found in the Yenching Library of Harvard Universities, were five of his Kwashi(). Korea's Kwashi is a form of poetry that cannot be found in Chinese literature. It is heptasyllabic old poem () modified with several modes, and consists of eighteen rhymes and thirty-six lines. It was designed for the state examinations in the old Korea, as the examiners had to evaluate a large number of tests in a short period of time. Because it is a form found uniquely in Korea, it was also often called dong shi(Eastern Poetry). The title, Dong Shi Poom Hwi Bo, means that it is a restoration of the great Kwashi of Korea. Hur Kyun began studying for the examinations at the age of twelve, after his father's death. He passed the civil service examination () at the age of twenty-six and three years later had the highest scores in the joongshi(), a test given exclusively to the passers of the first examination. After that, in the Hongmoonkwan() monthly examinations (), during summer, autumn, and winter trimesters, he continued to receive that highest score in twenty-seven exams. From these records it is clear that he was a great writer of Kwashi but there were, in fact, no Kwashi written by Hur that were published. Fortunately, the recent discovery of Dong Shi Poom Hwi Bo in the Yenching Libraries gives us a chance to witness, through the five example's of Hur's Kwashi, his literary skills made legendary by his performances in the examinations. This book contains sixty-seven Kwashi from forty-four different authors, and through writings of Lim Che (1549-1587) and Kwon Pil (1569-1612) we can see the Kwashi in the pre-Imjin War period. The previously discoered collections of Kwashi have mostly been collected and edited in the nineteenth century; the sole fact that we are able to witness these sixteenth century works gives book it's extraordinary value.

      • New and interesting species in the family <i>Graphidaceae</i> (Ascomycota: <i>Ostropales</i>) from Vietnam

        JOSHI,,Santosh,UPRETI,,Dalip,K.,THANH,,Nguyen,Thi,NGUYEN,,Anh,Dong,HUR,,Jae-Seoun Cambridge University Press 2017 The Lichenologist Vol.49 No.3

        <B>Abstract</B><P>The lowland area of southern Vietnam contains a high diversity of corticolous, crustose lichens, particularly in the family <I>Graphidaceae</I>. Two species, <I>Acanthothecis verrucosa</I> S. Joshi, Upreti & Hur and <I>Graphis exuta</I> S. Joshi, Upreti & Hur, are described new to science. <I>Acanthothecis verrucosa</I> is characterized by a verrucose, olive green thallus containing irregular to shortly lirellate apothecia, hyaline to brownish proper exciple apically lined by robust periphysoids, muriform ascospores, 30-70 × 15-20 μm, and the presence of psoromic and subpsoromic acids. <I>Graphis exuta</I> is characterized by a smooth, greenish white thallus, simple lirellae lacking thalline margin, entire labia coarsely white pruinose towards slit, muriform ascospores, 20-35×10-13 μm, and norstictic acid in the thallus. A new name, <I>Acanthothecis yokdonensis</I> S. Joshi & Hur, is proposed here for the species <I>Acanthothecis salazinica</I> S. Joshi & Hur, a later homonym of <I>A. salazinica</I> van den Boom & Sipman. In addition, 34 species from Vietnam are newly reported. A world key to the group of <I>Graphis</I> species characterized by short, simple and sessile lirellae lacking or with basal thalline margins (<I>nuda</I>-morph) is presented.</P>

      • KCI등재

        기획논문 : 일반상식 속의 다문화주의와 다문화주의 속의 일반상식

        허남린 ( Nam Lin Hur ) 인하대학교 교육연구소 2009 교육문화연구 Vol.15 No.2

        다문화주의는 서로 다른 문화, 서로 다른 가치, 서로 다른 사고 방식의 조화로운 공존을 지향한다. 한편, 상식은 사회의 구성원이 일반적으로 공유하는 지식, 가치, 일상생활의 경험을 지칭한다. 다문화주의와 상식은 다양화와 공유화라는 서로 상반되는 가치 지향성으로 인해 상호 모순의 가능성을 내포하고 있다. 한국사회에서 논의되는 다문화주의의 방향은 이미 규정한 다문화주의의 “상식”을사회 일반에 적용하고자 하는 움직임을 보이고 있다. 서로의 삶을 풍요롭게 할 수 있는 한국사회가필요로 하는 다문화주의는 어떻게 전개되어야 할것인가? 이 문제에 대해 필자는, 바람직한 다문화주의의 방향은 다문화주의의 상식을 먼저 상정 혹은 규정하고 이를 일방적으로 사회일반에 적용하는 것이아니라, 이와는 역으로 상식의 다원화를 먼저 풍성하게 하고 이를 기반으로 하여 다문화주의의 다양한 방향을 모색해야 한다고 제안한다. 상식의 다양화로부터 다문화주의의 모색은 무엇보다 한국사회가 갖고 있는 가치의 상식, 행동의 상식을 깨고, 이를 다양화하는 노력에서부터 시작되어야 할 것이다. 한국사회의 상식을 전제로 추진되는 다문화 주의는 다문화주의라는 미명 하에 기존의 상식을 합리화하고 강화시키는 반다문화주의의 위험성마저 내포하고 있기 때문이다. 어떻게 한국사회의 상식을 다원화하고 이를 다문화주의의 가치로 연결시킬 수 있을 것인가? 필자는 다문화주의의 바람직한 방향성을 기존 상식의 파괴에서 찾는다. In the name of “multiculturalism,” we strive to embrace and harmonize a wide range of different cultures, values, and modes of thinking. On the other hand, in the name of “common sense,” we tend to impose a unified mode of knowledge, values, and daily experiences upon others. Multiculturalism (diversifying) and common sense (unifying) are prone to mutual conflict due to their opposing value orientations. In Korean society, we see that discussions of multiculturalism show a tendency in which multiculturalism is defined and promoted within the dominant common sense of society. In what manner should multiculturalism be pursued so as to enrich the lives of Korean people? Hur suggests that the desirable direction of multiculturalism lies not in unilaterally applying the pre-defined common sense of multiculturalism upon society, but in diversifying the extant common sense first and then pursuing multiculturalism on a diversified mode of common sense. How can we diversify the common sense of Korean society? We could start with an effort to deconstruct the common sense that dictates the values and behavior of Korean people. Multiculturalism, which is sought within the extant common sense might rather lead to justifying and reinforcing the latter and, thereby, to fostering a stereotype of multiculturalism that might run counter to multiculturalism. To avoid this adverse cycle, what should be done? Hur suggests that the common sense that dominates Korean society be first brought into question for its deconstruction, and that multiculturalism be then fostered and pursued free of the constraint of traditional common sense.

      • KCI등재

        Relevance of Light Spectra to Growth of the Rearing Tiger Puffer Takifugu rubripes

        Byeong-Hoon,Kim,Sung-Pyo,Hur,Sang-Woo,Hur,Chi-Hoon,Lee,Young-Don,Lee 한국발생생물학회 2016 발생과 생식 Vol.20 No.1

        In fish, light (photoperiod, intensity and spectra) is main regulator in many physiological actions including growth. We investigate the effect of light spectra on the somatic growth and growth-related gene expression in the rearing tiger puffer. Fish was reared under different light spectra (blue, green and red) for 8 weeks. Fish body weight and total length were promoted when reared under green light condition than red light condition. Expression of somatostatins (ss1 and ss2) in brain were showed higher expression under red light condition than green light condition. The ss3 mRNA was observed only higher expression in blue light condition. Expression of growth hormone (gh) in pituitary was detected no different levels between experimental groups. However, the fish of green light condition group was showed more high weight gain and feed efficiency than other light condition groups. Our present results suggest that somatic growth of tiger puffer is induced under green light condition because of inhibiting ss mRNA expression in brain by effect of green wavelength.

      • SCOPUSSCIEKCI등재

        Radiological Significance of Ligamentum Flavum Hypertrophy in the Occurrence of Redundant Nerve Roots of Central Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

        Hur,,Junseok,W.,Hur,,Junho,K.,Kwon,,Taek-Hyun,Park,,Youn,Kwan,Chung,,Hung,Seob,Kim,,Joo,Han The Korean Neurosurgical Society 2012 Journal of Korean neurosurgical society Vol.52 No.3

        Objective : There were previous reports of redundant nerve roots (RNRs) focused on their clinical significance and pathogenesis. In this study, we investigated the significant radiologic findings that correlate with RNRs occurrence. These relations would provide an advanced clue for clinical significance and pathogenesis of RNRs. Methods : Retrospective research was performed with data from 126 patients who underwent surgery for central lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). Finally, 106 patients with common denominators (inter-observer accuracy : 84%) were included on this study. We divided the patients into two groups by MRI, patients with RNRs and those with no RNRs (NRNRs). Comparative analyses were performed with clinical and radiologic parameters. Results : RNRs were found in 45 patients (42%) with central LSS. There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups in severity of symptoms. On the other hand, we found statistically significant differences in duration of symptom and number of level included (p<0.05). In the maximal stenotic level, ligamentum flavum (LF) thickness, LF cross-sectional area (CSA), dural sac CSA, and segmental angulation are significantly different in RNRs group compared to NRNRs group (p<0.05). Conclusion : RNRs patients showed clinically longer duration of symptoms and multiple levels included. We also confirmed that wide segmental angulation and LF hypertrophy play a major role of the development of RNRs in central LSS. Together, our results suggest that wide motion in long period contribute to LF hypertrophy, and it might be the key factor of RNRs formation in central LSS.

      • KCI등재

        Vanguard Buddhist Monks, Political Activism, and the Honganji Nexus at the Dawn of the Modern Era in Chosŏn Korea

        Hur,,Namlin 동국대학교 불교문화연구원 2015 佛敎學報 Vol.0 No.72

        1876년 이후 조선의 정치적 분열상은 한국 불교계에 새로운 희망의 공간을 제공했으나, 기존의 중심적 불교집단은 주어진 새로운 기회에 발빠른 대응을 보이지 못했다. 종교활동을 위한 환경 변화에 가장 먼저 반응한 불교인은 이동인 (1850?~1881), 탁정식(무불), 그리고 1870년대 후반에서 1880년대 초반의 3, 4년에 걸친 시기에 정치적으로 의미있는 활동을 전개한 소수의 주변적 인물들이었다. 이들 승려들은 통상 개화승으로 알려져 있으나, 본 논문에서는 “선구자적 승려들”로 기술한다. 김옥균, 박영효을 포함한 일군의 젊은 정치개혁가들과 연합한 이들 선구자적 승려들은 조선에 진출한 혼간지(本願寺)와의 소통 채널을 바탕으로 하여 그 활동을 전개하였는데, 이들의 활동은 현대 한국불교의 전개에 있어 지울 수 없는 족적을 남겼다. 본 논문에서는 선구자적 승려들이 진보적 정치개혁가들과 어떻게 연계를 맺게 되었는지, 이들 두 집단은 메이지 일본을 모델로 하여 어떠한 근대적 변혁의 이상을 추구했는지, 그리고 일본의 혼간지종파(정토진종)와의 연계에 과도하게 의존한 이들의 활동이 조선의 근대여명기에 전개되기 시작하는 한국불교의 변환에 드리운 의미는 무엇인지를 고찰한다. 본 논문에서 밝히고 있듯이, 혼간지와의 연계는 진보적 정치개혁가들과 선구자적 불교승려들이 추구하는 개혁의 폭과 깊이를 제한하게 하는 결과를 초래했는데, 그것은 이들의 활동이 혼간지 불교종파의 큰 지원자인 쵸슈(長州) 출신의 지도자들이 추진한 근대일본의 “개화” 운동의 울타리 속으로 이끌려져 갔기 때문이었다. 근대일본의 정치 및 불교 지도자들과 비교할때, 근대조선의 정치개혁가들과 선구적 승려들이 견지했던 근대적 인식의 지평은 그들을 외부세계에 연결시켜준 채널에 의해 근본적인 제한을 받았다. 그 결과, 조선의 개혁적 불교활동은 초기 단계부터 지정학적 국지성의 속박으로부터 자유롭지 못했던 것이다. The political schisms in post-1876 Chos?n Korea offered a space of new hope for Korean Buddhism, but the established Buddhist community did not rush to grab new opportunities. Those who reacted first in response to the changing environment of religious activism were Yi Tong'in (1850?-1881), T'ak Ch?ngsik (Mubul), and a few others who emerged from the margins to political significance for three or four years in the late 1870s and early 1880s. These monks were commonly known as kaehwas?ng or “monks of enlightenment” and characterized as “vanguard monks” in this article. In alliance with a group of young political reformers such as Kim Okkyun and Pak Y?nghyo, the activism of these vanguard monks who secured a channel of communication with Honganji Buddhists left an indelible mark on the trajectory of modern Korean Buddhism. In this article, Hur explores how the vanguard monks were connected with progressive political activists, how both groups pursued visions of modern transformation from the model of Meiji Japan, and what implications their activism (which heavily relied upon the nexus of Honganji Buddhism) brought upon the course of Buddhist transformation at the dawn of modern Korea. As it turned out, the Honganji connection cost the scope of the reform vision of both progressive activists and vanguard monks by inducing them into the “enlightenment” cradle of a modern Japan as spearheaded much by the Ch?sh? faction, a big supporter of Honganji Buddhism. Compared to Meiji Japan"s political leaders and Buddhist activists, the perceptual horizon of Korea"s progressive activists and vanguard monks was hamstrung by the channel through which they were exposed to the outside world. As a result, from the outset, the progressive Buddhist activism in Chos?n Korea was destined to suffer from geopolitical parochialism.

      • THE PARACLETE-SPIRIT PRECEDENCY PRINCIPLE AND THE THIRD MILLENNIUM

        HUR,,John,Kwang,Il 베뢰아대학원대학교 2000 사도신학 Vol.2 No.-

        One of the possible biblical principles opening a new era of the Holy Spirit Movement for the third millennium is considered: THE PARACLETE-SPIRIT PRECEDENCY PRINCIPLE (henceforth the PSP Principle). The PSP Principle refers, as its title implies, to the principle in which the first precedency (i.e., chief priority) is given to the one out of many functions of the Paraclete-Spirit: the very function as the witness of Jesus Himself in that God does one-sidedly practice whatever according to His own will. This article examines the nature of what is called the ordered rule hypothesis and formalizes the PSP Principle on the basis of biblical data. The PSP Principle, which is a theocentric one as opposed to any anthropocentric principle, cannot be altered for any improvement because it is the corollary drawn from biblical data, which cannot be broken. This article reveals a necessity that the principle ought to attract attention of all the missiologists, pastors, and even seminarians of the United States of America. The third millennium will be a epoch-making era during which the cutting edge science and our theocentric missiology go hand in hand. Given that no particular missiological principle, which will be of use as a guide for the leadership of the Holy Spirit Movement like the Pentecostal Movement and the Berea Movement (Hur 1998: 197), is found as of the very eve of the Twenty First Century, the present article might tell us that the third millennium will inevitably be governed, led, and marked by the PSP Principle.

      • Myofibroblast in the ligamentum flavum hypertrophic activity

        Hur,,Junseok,W.,Bae,,Taegeun,Ye,,Sunghyeok,Kim,,Joo-Hyun,Lee,,Sunhye,Kim,,Kyoungmi,Lee,,Seung-Hwan,Kim,,Jin-Soo,Lee,,Jang-Bo,Cho,,Tai-Hyoung,Park,,Jung-Yul,Hur,,Junho,K. Springer-Verlag 2017 European spine journal Vol.26 No.8

        <P>We conclude that the transition of fibroblast to myofibroblasts via TGF-beta pathway is a key linker between inflammation and fibrosis in LFH mechanism.</P>

      • SCISCIESCOPUS

        Semiconducting 2,6,9,10-Tetrakis(phenylethynyl)anthracene Derivatives: Effect of Substitution Positions on Molecular Energies

        Hur†,,Jung,A,Bae,,Suk,Young,Kim,,Kyung,Hwan,Lee,,Tae,Wan,Cho,,Min,Ju,Choi,,Dong,Hoon American Chemical Society 2011 ORGANIC LETTERS Vol.13 No.8

        <P>2,6-Bis((4-hexylphenyl)ethynyl)-9,10-bis(phenylethynyl)anthracene, <B>4</B>, and 9,10-bis((4-hexylphenyl)ethynyl)-2,6-bis (phenyl ethynyl)anthracene, <B>5</B>, have been synthesized to study their electronic and photophysical properties. It should be noted that the difference between these compounds is the substitution position of 1-ethynyl-4-hexylbenzene groups into an anthracene ring. In particular, substitution in the 9,10-positions of the anthracene ring enhanced J-aggregated intermolecular interactions. Since <B>5</B> has a lower bandgap energy and more compact film morphology, it exhibited higher hole mobility (∼0.27 cm<SUP>2</SUP> V<SUP>−1</SUP> s<SUP>−1</SUP>) in thin-film transistor devices.</P><P><B>Graphic Abstract</B> <IMG SRC='http://pubs.acs.org/appl/literatum/publisher/achs/journals/content/orlef7/2011/orlef7.2011.13.issue-8/ol200299s/production/images/medium/ol-2011-00299s_0006.gif'></P><P><A href='http://pubs.acs.org/doi/suppl/10.1021/ol200299s'>ACS Electronic Supporting Info</A></P>

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