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      • Influence of Intravenous Contrast Medium on Dose Calculation Using CT in Treatment Planning for Oesophageal Cancer

        Li,,Hong-Sheng,Chen,,Jin-Hu,Zhang,,Wei,Shang,,Dong-Ping,Li,,Bao-Sheng,Sun,,Tao,Lin,,Xiu-Tong,Yin,,Yong Asian Pacific Organization for Cancer Prevention 2013 Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention Vol.14 No.3

        Objective: To evaluate the effect of intravenous contrast on dose calculation in radiation treatment planning for oesophageal cancer. Methods: A total of 22 intravein-contrasted patients with oesophageal cancer were included. The Hounsfield unit (HU) value of the enhanced blood stream in thoracic great vessels and heart was overridden with 45 HU to simulate the non-contrast CT image, and 145 HU, 245 HU, 345 HU, and 445 HU to model the different contrast-enhanced scenarios. 1000 HU and -1000 HU were used to evaluate two non-physiologic extreme scenarios. Variation in dose distribution of the different scenarios was calculated to quantify the effect of contrast enhancement. Results: In the contrast-enhanced scenarios, the mean variation in dose for planning target volume (PTV) was less than 1.0%, and those for the total lung and spinal cord were less than 0.5%. When the HU value of the blood stream exceeded 245 the average variation exceeded 1.0% for the heart V40. In the non-physiologic extreme scenarios, the dose variation of PTV was less than 1.0%, while the dose calculations of the organs at risk were greater than 2.0%. Conclusions: The use of contrast agent does not significantly influence dose calculation of PTV, lung and spinal cord. However, it does have influence on dose accuracy for heart.

      • KCI등재SCOPUS

        MRI Features of Spinal Epidural Angiolipomas

        Su,Hu,Chun-hong,Hu,Xiao-yun,Hu,Xi-ming,Wang,Hui,Dai,Xiang-ming,Fang,Lei,Cui 대한영상의학회 2013 Korean Journal of Radiology Vol.14 No.5

        Objective: To describe the MRI findings in ten patients of spinal epidural angiolipoma for differentiated diagnosis presurgery. Materials and Methods: Ten surgically proved cases of spinal epidural angiolipomas were retrospectively reviewed, and the lesion was classified according to the MR findings. Results: Ten tumors were located in the superior (n = 4), middle (n = 2), or inferior (n = 4) thoracic level. The mass, with the spindle shape, was located in the posterior epidural space and extended parallel to the long axis of the spine. All lesions contained a fat and vascular element. The vascular content, correlating with the presence of hypointense regions on T1-weighted imaging (T1WI) and hyperintense signals on T2-weighted imaging, had marked enhancement. However, there were no flow void signs on MR images. All tumors were divided into two types based on the MR features. In type 1 (n = 3), the mass was predominantly composed of lipomatous tissue (> 50%) and contained only a few small angiomatous regions, which had a trabeculated or mottled appear. In type 2 (n = 7), the mass, however, was predominantly composed of vascular components (> 50%), which presented as large foci in the center of the mass. Conclusion: Most spinal epidural angiolipomas exhibit hyperintensity on T1WI while the hypointense region on the noncontrast T1WI indicates to be vascular, which manifests an obvious enhancement with gadolinium administration.

      • Study of Traveling Partners' Discovery Algorithm Based Closed Clustering and Intersecting

        Kongfa,Hu,Jiadong,Xie,Chengjun,Hu,Tao,Yang,Yuqing,Mao,Yun,Hu,Long,Li 보안공학연구지원센터 2016 International Journal of Hybrid Information Techno Vol.9 No.6

        As the rapid development of IOT (the Internet of Things), RFID technology has been widely applied, and it generates a large of RFID trajectory stream data with the spatial-temporal characteristic. Because RFID has many characteristics, it leads to become very difficult that extracting moving objects groups that together moving (ie. traveling partners) in a period of time from RFID trajectory stream data. Existing methods are difficult to efficiently find this model. This paper presents a closed clustering and intersecting algorithm (CCI) for RFID data to detect movement along traveling partners, which is mainly constituted by two steps: first step is clustering sub-trajectory, it generates sub-trajectory clusters; second step is intersecting sub-trajectories with the traveling partners' candidate set to improve the candidate set, and find out traveling partners. In this process, we use the principle of Closure to accelerate our processing. Through experiments on the RFID synthetic dataset, we demonstrate the effectiveness and efficiency of our algorithm, thus show that our algorithm is suitable for discovering traveling partners in RFID applications.

      • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

        Output Tracking of an Unmanned Tandem Helicopter Based On Dynamic Augment Method

        Hu,,Chun-hua,Zhu,,Ji-hong,Huang,,Xing-li,Hu,,Jin-chun,Sun,,Zeng-qi Institute of Control 2004 International Journal of Control, Automation, and Vol.2 No.2

        The unmanned tandem helicopter, which is a MIMO nonlinear system with complexity and inherent instability, exists in unstable zero dynamics. In this paper, approximate linearization is presented to design the controller for output tracking of an unmanned tandem helicopter based on the dynamic augment method, and the simulation results are encouraging.

      • KCI등재후보

        A new proof of generalized Tychonoff theorem in $(L,M)$-fuzzy topological spaces

        Hu,Zhao,Hong-ying,Zhang 원광대학교 기초자연과학연구소 2018 ANNALS OF FUZZY MATHEMATICS AND INFORMATICS Vol.16 No.2

        In this paper, using the structures of $(L,M)$-fuzzy topological product spaces which were introduced by Hu Zhao, Sheng-Gang Li and Gui-Xiu Chen, we directly give another version on the proof of generalized Tychonoff theorem in $(L,M)$-fuzzy topological spaces which was introduced by Hong-Yan Li and Fu-Gui Shi

      • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

        Effect of diets with different energy and lipase levels on performance, digestibility and carcass trait in broilers

        Hu,,Y.D.,Lan,,D.,Zhu,,Y.,Pang,,H.Z.,Mu,,X.P.,Hu,,X.F. Asian Australasian Association of Animal Productio 2018 Animal Bioscience Vol.31 No.8

        Objective: A 28-d trial was conducted to evaluate the effect of diets with different energy and lipase levels on performance, nutrient digestibility, serum profiles, gut health, and carcass quality in broilers. Methods: A total of 720 one-day-old male Ross 308 broilers ($45.4{\pm}0.5g$) were randomly assigned to one of the following four treatments: i) RET, reduced energy treatment (metabolizable energy = 2,950 and 3,100 kcal/kg for starter and finisher diet), ii) BDT, basal diet treatment (metabolizable energy = 3,050 and 3,200 kcal/kg for starter and finisher diet, iii) RET015, RET+0.15 g/kg lipase, and iv) RET03, RET+0.3 g/kg lipase. There were 10 replications (cages) per treatment with 18 birds per cage. Results: During d 1 to 14, broilers fed BDT, RET015, and RET03 diets had higher (p<0.05) body weight gain than those fed RET diet. During d 1 to 14, 15 to 28 and the overall experiment, feed conversion ratio in RET03 treatment was lower (p<0.05) compared with RET treatment. On d 14, the apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of dry matter (DM), ether extract (EE), and gross energy in RET03 treatment was higher (p<0.05) than those in RET treatment, while the ATTD of N was increased (p<0.05) by RET03 treatment. On d 28, broilers fed RET03 diet had higher (p<0.05) ATTD of DM than those fed RET and RET015 diets, while the ATTD of EE in BDT and RET03 treatments was increased (p<0.05) compared with RET and RET015 treatments. Broilers fed RET03 diet had higher villus height (VH) and VH:crypt depth (CD) ratio than those fed RET and BDT diets. The activity of pancreatic lipase in BDT and RET03 treatments was higher (p<0.05) than that in RET treatment. Conclusion: Taken together, lipase supplementation (3,000 U/kg feed) increased growth performance, nutrient digestibility, VH, VH:CD ratio and lipase activity, but decreased triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and the abdominal fat percentage in broilers fed reduced energy diet.

      • miR-124 Inhibits Growth and Invasion of Gastric Cancer by Targeting ROCK1

        Hu,,Cong-Bing,Li,,Qiao-Lin,Hu,,Jian-Fei,Zhang,,Qiang,Xie,,Jian-Ping,Deng,,Li Asian Pacific Organization for Cancer Prevention 2014 Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention Vol.15 No.16

        MicroRNAs (miRNAs) act as critical regulators of genes involved in many biological processes. Aberrant alteration of miRNAs have been found in many cancers, including gastric cancer (GC), but the molecular mechanisms are not well understood. Herein, we investigated the role of miR-124 in GC. We found that its expression was significantly reduced in both GC tissue samples and cell lines. Forced expression of miR-124 suppressed GC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Furthermore, the Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK1) was identified as a direct target of miR-124 in GC cells. Finally, silencing of ROCK1 showed similar effects as miR-124 overexpression, while supplementation of ROCK1 remarkably restored the cell growth and invasion inhibited by miR-124. Together, our data demonstrate that miR-124 acts as a tumor suppressor by targeting ROCK1, and posit miR-124 as a novel strategy for GC treatment.

      • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

        Development of gradient composite shielding material for shielding neutrons and gamma rays

        Hu,,Guang,Shi,,Guang,Hu,,Huasi,Yang,,Quanzhan,Yu,,Bo,Sun,,Weiqiang Korean Nuclear Society 2020 Nuclear Engineering and Technology Vol.52 No.10

        In this study, a gradient material for shielding neutrons and gamma rays was developed, which consists of epoxy resin, boron carbide (B<sub>4</sub>C), lead (Pb) and a little graphene oxide. It aims light weight and compact, which will be applied on the transportable nuclear reactor. The material is made up of sixteen layers, and the thickness and components of each layer were designed by genetic algorithm (GA) combined with Monte Carlo N Particle Transport (MCNP). In the experiment, the viscosities of the epoxy at different temperatures were tested, and the settlement regularity of Pb particles and B<sub>4</sub>C particles in the epoxy was simulated by matlab software. The material was manufactured at 25 ℃, the Pb C and O elements of which were also tested, and the result was compared with the outcome of the simulation. Finally, the material's shielding performance was simulated by MCNP and compared with the uniformity material's. The result shows that the shielding performance of gradient material is more effective than that of the uniformity material, and the difference is most noticeable when the materials are 30 cm thick.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        COMPLETE CONVERGENCE FOR ARRAYS OF ROWWISE INDEPENDENT RANDOM VARIABLES

        Hu,,Tien-Chung,Sung,,Soo-Hak,Volodin,,Andrei Korean Mathematical Society 2003 대한수학회논문집 Vol.18 No.2

        Under some conditions on an array of rowwise independent random variables, Hu et at. (1998) obtained a complete convergence result for law of large numbers with rate {a$\_$n/, n $\geq$ 1} which is bounded away from zero. We investigate the general situation for rate {a$\_$n/, n $\geq$ 1) under similar conditions.

      • KCI등재SCIESCOPUS

        Study on fracture characteristics of reinforced concrete wedge splitting tests

        Hu,Shaowei,XU,Aiqing,HU,Xin,YIN,Yangyang 사단법인 한국계산역학회 2016 Computers and Concrete, An International Journal Vol.18 No.3

        To study the influence on fracture properties of reinforced concrete wedge splitting test specimens by the addition of reinforcement, and the restriction of steel bars on crack propagation, 7 groups reinforced concrete specimens of different reinforcement position and 1 group plain concrete specimens with the same size factors were designed and constructed for the tests. Based on the double-K fracture criterion and tests, fracture toughness calculation model which was suitable for reinforced concrete wedge splitting tensile specimens has been obtained. The results show that: the value of initial craking load Pini and unstable fracture load Pun decreases gradually with the distance of reinforcement away from specimens's top. Compared with plain concrete specimens, addition of steel bar can reduce the value of initial fracture toughness KIini, but significantly increase the value of the critical effective crack length ac and unstable fracture toughness KIun. For tensional concrete member, the effect of anti-cracking by reinforcement was mainly acted after cracking, the best function of preventing fracture initiation was when the steel bar was placed in the middle of the crack, and when the reinforcement was across the crack and located away from crack tip, it plays the best role in inhibiting the extension of crack.

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