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        • KCI등재

          Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of (TiZrHf)50(NiCoCu)50 High Entropy Alloys

          ChihHsuan Chen,Yue‑Jin Chen,Jia‑Jyun Shen 대한금속·재료학회 2020 METALS AND MATERIALS International Vol.26 No.5

          The microstructure and mechanical properties of pseudo-binary (TiZrHf)50(NiCoCu)50 high entropy alloys(HEAs) with B2 matrix were investigated in this study. The studied HEAs includes Ti40Zr10Ni40Co5Cu5,Ti30Zr20Ni30Co10Cu10,Ti25Zr25Ni16.67Co16.67Cu16.67,Ti30Zr10Hf10Ni30Co10Cu10,Ti20Zr15Hf15Ni20Co15Cu15,andTi16.67Zr16.67Hf16.67Ni16.67Co16.67Cu16.67. XRD and SEM analyses revealed that all studied HEAs were a mixture of B2 andC15 intermetallic phases, instead of a single solid solution, due to their highly negative enthalpy of mixing and the relativelylarge difference in atomic radii. The B2 matrix was found capable of forming a solid solution of all six elements in a widecomposition range. The lattice constants of B2 and C15 phases increase linearly with increasing the difference in atomicradii. Additionally, the microhardness of these HEAs increases from 409 to 595 HV with the increasing difference in atomicradii as well. Compression tests demonstrated substitution of Zr with Hf can improve the ductility. In all studied HEAs, theTi30Zr10Hf10Ni30Co10Cu10HEA achieves a great balance between yield strength, ultimate compressive strength, and fracturestrain of 1574 MPa, 1933 MPa, and 6.5%, respectively.

        • KCI등재

          Quantitative phosphoproteomic analysis identifies the potential therapeutic target EphA2 for overcoming sorafenib resistance in hepatocellular carcinoma cells

          Chih-Ta Chen,Li-Zhu Liao,Ching-Hui Lu,Yung-Hsuan Huang,Yu-Kie Lin,Jung-Hsin Lin,Lu-Ping Chow 생화학분자생물학회 2020 Experimental and molecular medicine Vol.52 No.-

          Limited therapeutic options are available for advanced-stage hepatocellular carcinoma owing to its poor diagnosis. Drug resistance to sorafenib, the only available targeted agent, is commonly reported. The comprehensive elucidation of the mechanisms underlying sorafenib resistance may thus aid in the development of more efficacious therapeutic agents. To clarify the signaling changes contributing to resistance, we applied quantitative phosphoproteomics to analyze the differential phosphorylation changes between parental and sorafenib-resistant HuH-7 cells. Consequently, an average of ~1500 differential phosphoproteins were identified and quantified, among which 533 were significantly upregulated in resistant cells. Further bioinformatic integration via functional categorization annotation, pathway enrichment and interaction linkage analysis led to the discovery of alterations in pathways associated with cell adhesion and motility, cell survival and cell growth and the identification of a novel target, EphA2, in resistant HuH-7R cells. In vitro functional analysis indicated that the suppression of EphA2 function impairs cell proliferation and motility and, most importantly, overcomes sorafenib resistance. The attenuation of sorafenib resistance may be achieved prior to its development through the modulation of EphA2 and the subsequent inhibition of Akt activity. Binding analyses and in silico modeling revealed a ligand mimic lead compound, prazosin, that could abate the ligand-independent oncogenic activity of EphA2. Finally, data obtained from in vivo animal models verified that the simultaneous inhibition of EphA2 with sorafenib treatment can effectively overcome sorafenib resistance and extend the projected survival of resistant tumor-bearing mice. Thus our findings regarding the targeting of EphA2 may provide an effective approach for overcoming sorafenib resistance and may contribute to the management of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma.

        • KCI우수등재

          Invited Papers : Is IFRS Related to Lower IPO Valuation Error?

          ( Hsuan Chu Lin ),( She Chih Chiu ),( Shih Han Chuang ) 한국회계학회 2015 會計學硏究 Vol.40 No.2

          This study compares the accuracies in IPO valuation under International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and under U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principle (US GAAP). This study conducts comparable-firms approach with a sample of recent IPOs in the US capital market during 2005-2013. The IPOs are grouped into three sub-samples: (1) IFRS adopters, (1) US GAAP adopters, (2) US GAAP adopters, and (3) Local GAAP adopters. The findings show that IFRS adopters exhibit prediction errors smaller than other adopters in the IPO valuation. In addition, IFRS adopters among the adopters provide financial reporting users with higher predict value than other accounting standards after the IPO. The findings remain robust after additional checks. Overall, the findings are supportive to the viewpoint that IFRS is conducive to the quality of accounting information and financial statement users`` investment decisions. However, several limitations in this study are also mentioned.

        • KCI등재

          Effects of Vanadium Content on the Microstructure and Dry Sand Abrasive Wear of a Eutectic Cr-Fe-C Hardfacing Alloy

          Hsuan-Han Lai,Chih-Chun Hsieh,Chi-Ming Lin,Weite Wu 대한금속·재료학회 2016 METALS AND MATERIALS International Vol.22 No.1

          In this study, the effects of vanadium on the morphology and wear behavior of a eutectic Cr-Fe-C hardfacing alloy were discussed. The alloys tested contained different amounts of vanadium, ranging from 0 to 2.39 wt%. A fibrous V4C3 was found when the alloy contained 0.93 wt% vanadium. The addition of vanadium was found to decrease the fraction of eutectic M23C6 and increase the width of the interspaces between the eutectic cells. The DTA results revealed that V4C3 formed just before the eutectic α+M23C6 during solidification. The surface hardness was shown to increase with increasing vanadium content, which also caused the hardness deviation and wear loss to decrease; however, the addition of vanadium was not shown to affect the hardness of eutectic α+M23C6. The V4C3 could be scratched off during the wear test due to the increase in the width of the interspaces between the eutectic cells; therefore, the alloys that contained 0.93 and 2.39 wt% vanadium exhibited similar wear loss results.

        • KCI등재

          Lattice Relations and Solidification of the Complex Regular Eutectic (Cr,Fe)-(Cr,Fe)23C6

          Hsuan-Han Lai,Chih-Chun Hsieh,Chi-Ming Lin,Weite Wu 대한금속·재료학회 2017 METALS AND MATERIALS International Vol.23 No.3

          The eutectic (Cr,Fe)-(Cr,Fe)23C6 showed a triaxial fishbone structure and could be categorized as a “complexregular structure”. In this study, the lattice relations of the fishbone (Cr,Fe)23C6 were examined and the solidificationprocess was observed using a transmission electron microscope and a confocal laser scanning microscope. Forone of the three fish bones in a eutectic cell, parallel (Cr,Fe)23C6 lamellas at one side of the spine had the samelattice direction, as did those in the (Cr,Fe) phase. The lattices of neighboring (Cr,Fe)23C6 and (Cr,Fe) phases werenot coherent. Lamellar (Cr,Fe)23C6 on opposite sides of a spine had different lattice directions, and their latticeboundary was in the spine. By using the confocal laser scanning microscope, the solidification of lamellar eutecticstructure could be observed. At the low cooling rate of 5oC·min-1, parallel lamellas would grow thick blocksinstead of thin plates. To obtain a thin lamellar eutectic structure, the cooling rate should be higher, likethe rate in welding.

        • KCI등재

          Bostrycin production by agro-industrial residues and its potential for food processing

          Yi-Hsuan Huang,Wen-Jen Yang,Chih-Yu Cheng,Huang-Mo Sung,Shuen-Fuh Lin 한국식품과학회 2017 Food Science and Biotechnology Vol.26 No.3

          Bostrycin, a red antibacterial agent produced by Nigrospora sp. no. 407, is considered for meat processing. To optimize production, the culture conditions of submerged fermentation (SmF) and solid-state fermentation (SSF) were investigated. The optimal SmF conditions were a medium containing 1.0% cane molasses and incubation at 30 C and 150 rpm for 6 days. In SSF, other than bostrycin, less pigment was produced and the optimal ratio of bagasse to water was 1:2 for 10 days. The production and recovery rate of bostrycin by SmF were 120 mg/L and 40%, respectively. Bostrycin exhibited thermostable, pHdependent color change and dose-dependent antibacterial activity against Clostridium botulinum. Bostrycin-modified meat turned strong red for at least 24 h and could not be removed by washing; bostrycin maintained its antibacterial activity with a bacteriostasis rate of 91% on Staphylcoccus aureus. This is an easy and inexpensive means of acquiring bostrycin from molasses and sugarcane.

        • Clinical Significance of Smudge Cells in Peripheral Blood Smears in Hematological Malignancies and Other Diseases

          Chang, Chih-Chun,Sun, Jen-Tang,Liou, Tse-Hsuan,Kuo, Chin-Fu,Bei, Chia-Hao,Lin, Sheng-Jun,Tsai, Wei-Ting,Tan, N-Chi,Liou, Ching-Biau,Su, Ming-Jang,Yen, Tzung-Hai,Chu, Fang-Yeh Asian Pacific Organization for Cancer Prevention 2016 Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention Vol.17 No.4

          Background: It is reported that the percentage of smudge cells in the blood smear could be a prognostic indicator in chronic lymphocytic leukemia. However, the clinical significance of smudge cells in other hematological malignancies, solid tumors or non-malignant diseases is less clear. Hence, this study was conducted to survey the clinical significance of smudge cells in hematological cancers and other disorders. Materials and Methods: From January to November, 2015, the clinical data of patients who received blood examination with differential counts for clinical purpose and were found to have smudge cells in the peripheral blood film in Far Eastern Memorial Hospital were selected. The percentage of smudge cells and patient outcomes were evaluated for further univariate and survival analyses. Results: A total of 102 patients with smudge cells in their blood smears were included. Smudge cells were frequently presented in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA; n=30), infections (n=23), hematological cancers (n=23) and solid cancers (n=10). There was no relationship between the percentage of smudge cells and the patient mortality in all diseases (OR: 1.08, 95% CI: 0.47-2.48, P=1.000) as well as the OHCA group (OR: 1.91, 95% CI: 0.38-9.60, P=0.694). It was observed that in patients with all cancers with the percentage of smudge cells less than 50% had a lower mortality rate in comparison with those who had the percentage of smudge cells of 50% or more (OR: 22.29, 95% CI: 2.38-208.80, P<0.001). Additionally, it was seemingly that patients with smudge cells of 50% or more had a lower survival rate than those with smudge cells less than 50% in all cancers with follow-up at 2-month intervals, but without statistical significance (P=0.064). Conclusions: Our survey indicated that in all cancers, those who had higher percentage of smudge cells were prone to have poor outcomes when compared with the subjects with lower percentage of smudge cells. This finding was quite different from the results of previous studies in which the race-ethnicity of most study populations was non-Asian; hence, further investigations are required. Besides, there was no apparent association of the percentage of smudge cells with patient outcomes in all diseases, including OHCA.

        • Design and Implementation of a Two-Switch Buck-Boost Typed Inverter with Universal and High-Efficiency Features

          Chien-Hsuan Chang,Chun-An Cheng,En-Chih Chang,Hung-Liang Cheng 전력전자학회 2015 ICPE(ISPE)논문집 Vol.2015 No.6

          A typical photovoltaic (PV) grid-connection power system is usually consisted of multi-stage converters to perform multiple functions simultaneously. In order to simplify system configuration, reduce cost, and improve conversion efficiency, this paper proposes to adopt two-switch buck-boost (TSBB) dc-dc converters, and then develops families of buck-boost typed inverters via the connection with an H-bridge unfolding circuit with linecommuted operation. The proposed inverters have both step-up and step-down functions so that they are suitable for the applications with wide voltage-variation range. Depending on the conditions of dc input-voltage and ac output-voltage, the proposed circuits can work functionally as either buck-typed or boost-typed inverter. Due to operating with buck or boost principle, partial energy can be directly delivered to output to improve efficiency. Besides, since only one power switch operates with high-frequency, switching losses can be reduced significantly. Finally, one of the proposed TSBB inverters, named buck-cascaded buck-boost (BuCBB) inverter, is then implemented accordingly to generate 110 Vrms / 60 Hz output voltage. Experimental results have verified the validity of theoretical predictions and the feasibility of proposed inverters.

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