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      • KCI등재

        Present State of Community Forestry (Hutan Kemasyarakatan/HKm) Program in a Protection Forest and Its Challenges: Case Study in Lampung Province, Indonesia

        Kaskoyo, Hari,Mohammed, Abrar Juhar,Inoue, Makoto Institute of Forest Science 2014 Journal of Forest Science Vol.30 No.1

        This article discusses the state of a community forestry program in a protection forest in Indonesia, which has been running for almost two decades. We found that the program did not achieve its objective mainly because of frequent changes in regulations. There are also activities such as: measuring and mapping working area boundaries, drawing up a work plan, planting, maintenance and security, paying royalties to those who harvest forest resources, and submitting annual reports on land use to the district government head, which have not worked as expected. We also found that the major incentives for local people to participate in the program are getting certificates of management and the program's effectiveness in minimizing land-use conflicts. Participants perceived that their major role on the program is to follow farmer-group directives or government rules. To achieve the program's purposes, farmer groups need technical assistance related to protection-forest management and opportunities for financing.

      • KCI등재

        Present State of Community Forestry (Hutan Kemasyarakatan/HKm) Program in a Protection Forest and Its Challenges: Case Study in Lampung Province, Indonesia

        Hari Kaskoyo,Abrar Juhar Mohammed,Makoto Inoue 강원대학교 산림과학연구소 2014 Journal of Forest Science Vol.30 No.1

        This article discusses the state of a community forestry program in a protection forest in Indonesia, which has been running for almost two decades. We found that the program did not achieve its objective mainly because of frequent changes in regulations. There are also activities such as: measuring and mapping working area boundaries, drawing up a work plan, planting, maintenance and security, paying royalties to those who harvest forest resources, and submitting annual reports on land use to the district government head, which have not worked as expected. We also found that the major incentives for local people to participate in the program are getting certificates of management and the program’s effectiveness in minimizing land-use conflicts. Participants perceived that their major role on the program is to follow farmer-group directives or government rules. To achieve the program’s purposes, farmer groups need technical assistance related to protection-forest management and opportunities for financing.

      • KCI등재

        Social Capital in Mangrove Management: A Case Study in Lampung Province, Indonesia

        Qurniati, Rommy,Hidayat, Wahyu,Kaskoyo, Hari,Firdasari, Firdasari,Inoue, Makoto Institute of Forest Science 2017 Journal of Forest Science Vol.33 No.1

        The objective of this study is to identify the individual characteristics and the elements of social capital hence a suitable design of social capital reinforcement can be proposed to promote a sustainable community-based mangrove management. The research conducted in three villages that were selected based on mangrove ecological differences in Lampung Province, Indonesia. Qualitative data was collected through field observation and in-depth interviews with key informants. The results showed that the population in the three villages dominated on productive ages, worked as farmers, and less educated (only a half of the population had fulfilled the basic education standard of Indonesia). The study results also indicated that the social capital in the communities showed minimum condition of interpersonal attachment and cooperation. This condition was derived from the attitude of the people who only took personal benefit without concerning to others' welfare. Many programs conducted by government to ensure the conservation of mangroves were project-oriented with minor participation of community. The minor participation might also contributed to the minimum of social capital in the community. To improve social capital, the communities should strengthen mutual trust based on mutual benefit to increase members' participation in mangrove activity.

      • KCI등재

        Social Capital in Mangrove Management : A Case Study in Lampung Province, Indonesia

        Rommy Qurniati,Wahyu Hidayat,Hari Kaskoyo,Firdasari,Makoto Inoue 강원대학교 산림과학연구소 2017 Journal of Forest Science Vol.33 No.1

        The objective of this study is to identify the individual characteristics and the elements of social capital hence a suitable design of social capital reinforcement can be proposed to promote a sustainable community-based mangrove management. The research conducted in three villages that were selected based on mangrove ecological differences in Lampung Province, Indonesia. Qualitative data was collected through field observation and in-depth interviews with key informants. The results showed that the population in the three villages dominated on productive ages, worked as farmers, and less educated (only a half of the population had fulfilled the basic education standard of Indonesia). The study results also indicated that the social capital in the communities showed minimum condition of interpersonal attachment and cooperation. This condition was derived from the attitude of the people who only took personal benefit without concerning to others’ welfare. Many programs conducted by government to ensure the conservation of mangroves were project-oriented with minor participation of community. The minor participation might also contributed to the minimum of social capital in the community. To improve social capital, the communities should strengthen mutual trust based on mutual benefit to increase members’ participation in mangrove activity.

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