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As I have referred to the prospect of Ammonia industry development and constitutional improvement up to now, Ammonia is considered not only the important material dirrctly connected with chemical industry but also one of basic materials for modern civilization. As a result of it, heneral conditions seem to grow up for the big development of this area industries in our nation, Ammonia has come to have further more connection not only with fertilizer but also our daily life as materials for petrolium chemical industry. And Ammonia industry has developed to have a great part on the nation's economic improvement. The advanced countries tend to dare to get rid of small scaled Ammonia plants of ages ago, and to try to bring up the new type process and enlarge the scale of factories. In the tendancy of Ammonia industry constitutional improvement all over the world we should finally come to use the higher priced Ammonia fertilizers and artificial fivers, etc., compared with the foreign manufactures because of the backwardness in the international competition, no matter how we carry out management rationlization and improve the industrial process in part with ready-made manufacturing systems and facilities. Therefore, it is considered that the major problem our nation has faced is that, in order to strengthen the international competitive force, we should manufacture artcles of Korean make, in low cost, made from Ammonium-materials by maunfacturing Ammonia in low cost through daring industrial constitutional improvement by way of not only bring in high technique according to the developing world Ammonia maunfacturing tendancy but also promoting plant-enlargement. Also, we must put our emphasis on developing an abudant electric power and manufacturing Hydrogenium in low cost using electrical analysis of water. In the viewpoint that our country is in want of natural resources and non-oil producing nation, Ammonia can be available for the basic materials, if we reserch and develope this area further more.
This paper is an attempt to survey and analyze copper contents in the sea-water of downstream of the GumRiver which empties into the Yellow sea holding contaminated water from the mining and metallic industries. To survey and analyze it, eight different areas of sea-water of the Gum River was picked up from the upper surfaces and the lower stratum at each full and ebb tides on April 20, 1978. Then careful examination in to the copper contents was made and the following results were obtained : 1. The sea-water of examining area of the downst rcam of the Gum River holds 0.048-0.141 parts per million (PPM) of copper contents, and the average is around 0.079 (PPM) 2. Copper contents at each full and ebb tides made some differences respectively. At ebb) tide copper contents (0.095) is rather heavier than that (0.063) at the full tide. It indicated that the sea-water comprised much copper contents. 3. It has been examined that the lower stratum (0.092) contains more copper contents than in the upper surface of the sea-water (0.067). 4. The result obtained after the examination by each area indicated that around Jang Hang Refinery, 1st area, the copper contents is heaviest (0.125) and the mouth of downstream of the Gum River, 3rd area, revealed the least amount (0.046) of copper contents. 5. Since the turbidity at the downstream of the Gum River is thick when seen through the naked eyes, the contamination seems to be serious, but it is thought that the pollution of the Gum River is not still sorious in terms of the quantity of copper, on of heavy metal, contained.
근대 일본 소설의 거장인 나쓰메 소세키(夏目漱石)의 작품을 통해서 그 문체의 변화를 고찰하였다. 지금까지의 연구와는 다른 방법으로 「如し」를 통해서 고찰하였다. 그 내용을 정리하면 다음과 같다. ① 「如し」 와 「 樣だ」 의 사용률을 볼 경우, 초기작품에 비교적「如し」 의 비율이 높고, 후기작품으로 갈수록 점점 줄어든다. ② 「如し」의 활용을 볼 경우, 초기작품에 훈독문에서 많이 사용되는 종지형이 보이지만 후기 작품에는 사용되고 있지 않다. 그리고 동사 연용형과 접속할 경우, 훈독문에서 많이 사용되는 격조사 「が」 가 초기작품에 많이 있지만, 후기작품에는 사용되지 않는다. ③ 「みたやうだ」「みたいだ」를 볼 경우, 전 작품에서 「みたやうだ」가 보이지만, 후기작품에서 신 어법인「みたいだ」가 사용되고 있다. 이러한 결과가 나온 배경은 소세키는 어릴 적부터 한문을 배웠고, 기본적으로 한문의 소양이 깊었기 때문이다. 많은 한시를 남긴 것으로도 그 능력이 있음을 알 수 있다. 소세키는 작가활동을 타인보다 늦게 시작하여, 이미 언문일치의 확립.성립의 시기에 출발하였고 작가자신도 언문일치에 지대한 관심을 갖고 있었다. 그러나, 한문에 소양이 깊었던 소세키는 언문일치의 문장에 한문맥과 같은 문어적 표현을 써 넣고 있다. 그것이 특히 초기문장에 그 빈도가 높고, 후기작품에 갈수록 작아지는 것이다. 짧은 작가생활이었지만, 점점 구어화 할려고하는 움직임이 있었다.
This study was undertaken in an attempt to explore nursing student health behaviors. Based on responses from 218 2nd grade nursing students in nursing college in the City of Incheon health behaviors were evaluated. Data were collected from 19th of August to 5th of September in 1998. The open ended questionnaire which was used in study formulated based on literature review and contained health concept, personal habits, exercise, cause of the stress and stress management. The results of the analysis were as follows ; 1. The nursing student thought health as an adaptation mostly. 2. 1.8% of the student smoked the cigarettes. 3. 78.0% of the student drinked the alcohol. Most of them began to drink by peer pressure. 4. 97.2% of the student consumed caffeine-containing products. But most of them don't consumed much. 5. 36.7% of the student took the drugs. Most of the drugs were analgesics & vitamins. 6. 39.4% of the student exercised regularly. Most of the type of the exercise were physical exercise and walking. 7. Most of the causes of the stress were the burden of the school works. Most of the stress management were sleeping.
This study aimed at examining how the organizational citizenship behavior as a significant attitude variable of organization members appear through daily sports activities and self-efficacy in local administration organization. First, is there a difference in daily sports activities, self-efficacy and organizational citizenship behaviors depending on socio-statistical characteristics of organization members? Second, is there any difference in self-efficacy and organizational citizenship behaviors depending on whether organization members participate in daily sports activities of rough organization members or not? Third, does the degree of participation in daily sports activities of the members have an influence on self-efficacy? Fourth, does self-efficacy of the members have an influence on organizational citizenship behaviors? Fifth, does the degree of participation in daily sports activities of the members have an influence on organizational citizenship behaviors? Finally, how much will the degree of participation in daily sports activities of the members have an influence on organizational citizenship behaviors thself-efficacy?
The results of this study on recreation and physical education are as follows : 1. It is necessary to develop technique and to cultivate taste of sports and plsy which can enjoy recreation as physical training. 2. It is necessary to make use of spare time and to build up view of value which rightful understanding and attitude on recreation. 3. It is necessary to create atmosphere in other that one may always apply recreation by completely furnishing physical facilities. 4. It is necessary to improve practical habit and capability which can assist physical training by making spare time fitting to aptitude. 5. It is necessary to emphasize importance of role in physical training as rightful recognition on recreation.