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      • KCI등재

        김정은 시기 북중관계: 지속과 변화의 동학 -주북한 중국대사관 홈페이지 내용분석을 통해서-

        홍은정 ( Hong Eun Jung ) 아시아문화학술원 2018 인문사회 21 Vol.9 No.3

        본 연구의 목적은 주북한 중국대사관 홈페이지의 내용분석을 통해 김정은 시기(2012∼2017) 북중관계의 지속과 변화의 동학을 분석하는 것이다. 본 연구를 통해 김정은 시기 북중 양국관계는 자국의 국익에 기반하여 협력과 갈등의 전략적 이해관계를 이어오고 있음을 알 수 있었다. 본 연구는 기존 연구에서 활용되지 않은 주북한 중국대사관 홈페이지 내용을 주된 자료로 삼아 이를 분석함으로써 김정은 시기의 북중관계의 맥락과 그 특징을 이해하는데 있어 학술적 의의를 갖는다. The purpose of this study is to analyze the dynamics of the continuity and change of relations between North Korea and China in Kim Jung-Eun times (2012∼2017) through analyzing the contents of the homepage of the Embassy of peoples republic of China in the democratic peoples republic of Korea. Through this study, it can be seen that the relationship between North Korea and China in Kim Jung Eun's time is continued its strategic interest in cooperation and conflict based on their own national interests. This study has a great academic significance in understanding the context and characteristics of North Korea and China relations in the Kim Jung-Eun period by analyzing the contents of the website of the Embassy of peoples republic of China in the democratic peoples republic of Korea, which has not been utilized in previous studies.

      • KCI등재

        Weight Gain and Lipid Profile Changes in Koreans with Human Immunodeficiency Virus undergoing Integrase Strand Transfer Inhibitor-Based Regimens

        김진,남현주,정유진,이혜정,김성은,Kang Seung-Ji,Park Kyung-Hwa,Chang Hyun-Ha,Kim Shin-Woo,Chung Eun-Kyung,Kim Uh Jin,Jung Sook In 대한감염학회 2022 Infection and Chemotherapy Vol.54 No.3

        Weight Gain and Lipid Profile Changes in Koreans with Human Immunodeficiency Virus undergoing Integrase Strand Transfer Inhibitor-Based Regimens Jin Kim,1 Hyun-Ju Nam,1 Yu-Jin Jung,2 Hye-Jung Lee,2 Seong-Eun Kim,1 Seung-Ji Kang,1 Kyung-Hwa Park,1 Hyun-Ha Chang,2 Shin-Woo Kim,2 Eun-Kyung Chung,3 Uh Jin Kim,1,* and Sook In Jung1,* 1Department of Infectious Diseases, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea. 2Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea. 3Department of Medical Education, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea. Corresponding Author: Sook In Jung, MD, PhD. Department of Infectious Diseases, Chonnam National University Medical School, 42, Jebong-ro, Dong-gu, Gwangju 61469, Korea. Tel: +82-62-220-6502, Fax: +82-62-225-8578, Email: sijung@chonnam.ac.kr Corresponding Author: Uh Jin Kim, MD. Department of Infectious Diseases, Chonnam National University Medical School, 42, Jebong-ro, Dong-gu, Gwangju 61469, Korea. Tel: +82-62-220-6297, Fax: +82-62-225-8578, Email: astralio@naver.com *These authors have contributed equally to this work. Received May 09, 2022; Accepted June 27, 2022. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Go to: Abstract Background This study explored the relationship between integrase strand transfer inhibitor (INSTI)-based anti-retroviral agents and weight gain over time, and the risk factors for weight gain in Korean people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLWH). Materials and Methods The study was conducted retrospectively in PLWHs 18 years of age or older who took one of three INSTI-based single-tablet regimens (STRs) (tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine/elvitegravir/cobicistat [TDF/F/EVG/c], tenofovir alafenamide/emtricitabine/elvitegravir/cobicistat [TAF/F/EVG/c], and abacavir/lamivudine/dolutegravir [ABC/3TC/DTG]) for more than 2 years at three university-affiliated hospitals in South Korea from May 2014 to December 2020. Analysis was performed in the treatment-naïve and treatment-experienced groups, respectively. Results Individual INSTI-based STRs were associated with weight gain at the 24-month follow up in both treatment-naïve (n = 179) and treatment-experienced (n = 290) groups. Body mass index (BMI) categories changed over time for TAF/F/EVG/c and ABC/3TC/DTG, with significant increases in the rates of overweight and obesity in treatment-naïve patients, whereas there was no change for TDF/F/EVG/c. TAF/F/EVG/c significantly increased total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and triglyceride (TG) compared to other regimens over 24 months. In the treatment-naïve group, a baseline CD4+ T cell count <100 cells/mm3, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) viral load (VL) ≥100,000 copies/mL, no physical exercise, and TAF/F/EVG/c (vs. TDF/F/EVF/c) were risk factors for ≥10% weight gain. In the treatment-experienced group, age <45 years, BMI <25 kg/m2, and no physical exercise were risk factors for ≥5% weight gain. Conclusion INSTI-based STR continued to increase body weight at the 24-month follow up in treated and untreated Korean PLWH. Exercise, together with demographic-, HIV-, and anti-retroviral therapy-related factors, influenced weight gain. Therefore, when prescribing an INSTI-based STR, weight gain and metabolic changes should be closely monitored in PLWH with these risk factors. Weight Gain and Lipid Profile Changes in Koreans with Human Immunodeficiency Virus undergoing Integrase Strand Transfer Inhibitor-Based Regimens Jin Kim,1 Hyun-Ju Nam,1 Yu-Jin Jung,2 Hye-Jung Lee,2 Seong-Eun Kim,1 Seung-Ji Kang,1 Kyung-Hwa Park,1 Hyun-Ha Chang,2 Shin-Woo Kim,2 Eun-Kyung Chung,3 Uh Jin Kim,1,* and Sook In Jung1,* 1Department of Infectious Diseases, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea. 2Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea. 3Department of Medical Education, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea. Corresponding Author: Sook In Jung, MD, PhD. Department of Infectious Diseases, Chonnam National University Medical School, 42, Jebong-ro, Dong-gu, Gwangju 61469, Korea. Tel: +82-62-220-6502, Fax: +82-62-225-8578, Email: sijung@chonnam.ac.kr Corresponding Author: Uh Jin Kim, MD. Department of Infectious Diseases, Chonnam National University Medical School, 42, Jebong-ro, Dong-gu, Gwangju 61469, Korea. Tel: +82-62-220-6297, Fax: +82-62-225-8578, Email: astralio@naver.com *These authors have contributed equally to this work. Received May 09, 2022; Accepted June 27, 2022. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Go to: Abstract Background This study explored the relationship between integrase strand transfer inhibitor (INSTI)-based anti-retroviral agents and weight gain over time, and the risk factors for weight gain in Korean people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLWH). Materials and Methods The study was conducted retrospectively in PLWHs 18 years of age or older who took one of three INSTI-based single-tablet regimens (STRs) (tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine/elvitegravir/cobicistat [TDF/F/EVG/c], tenofovir alafenamide/emtricitabine/elvitegravir/cobicistat [TAF/F/EVG/c], and abacavir/lamivudine/dolutegravir [ABC/3TC/DTG]) for more than 2 years at three university-affiliated hospitals in South Korea from May 2014 to December 2020. Analysis was performed in the treatment-naïve and treatment-experienced groups, respectively. Results Individual INSTI-based STRs were associated with weight gain at the 24-month follow up in both treatment-naïve (n = 179) and treatment-experienced (n = 290) groups. Body mass index (BMI) categories changed over time for TAF/F/EVG/c and ABC/3TC/DTG, with significant increases in the rates of overweight and obesity in treatment-naïve patients, whereas there was no change for TDF/F/EVG/c. TAF/F/EVG/c significantly increased total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and triglyceride (TG) compared to other regimens over 24 months. In the treatment-naïve group, a baseline CD4+ T cell count <100 cells/mm3, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) viral load (VL) ≥100,000 copies/mL, no physical exercise, and TAF/F/EVG/c (vs. TDF/F/EVF/c) were risk factors for ≥10% weight gain. In the treatment-experienced group, age <45 years, BMI <25 kg/m2, and no physical exercise were risk factors for ≥5% weight gain. Conclusion INSTI-based STR continued to increase body weight at the 24-month follow up in treated and untreated Korean PLWH. Exercise, together with demographic-, HIV-, and anti-retroviral therapy-related factors, influenced weight gain. Therefore, when prescribing an INSTI-based STR, weight gain and metabolic changes should be closely monitored in PLWH with these risk factors.

      • KCI등재

        Integrated Waste Collection And Treatment System In The Housing Complex

        Kim, Eun-Young(김은영),Kim, Jung-Bin(김정빈) 한국도시설계학회 2013 도시설계 : 한국도시설계학회지 Vol.14 No.3

        한국은 도시에 집중된 인구로 인해 발생한 대량의 생활폐기물을 처리하기 위해 대규모 주거단지 내에 자동집하시설을 기반으로 한 자원회수시설을 적용 확대하고 있다. 이에 본 연구는 새로운 폐기물 시설이 지속가능한 환경 인프라로써 국내에 정착 가능성을 측정하고자 한다. 객관적으로 유효한 분석 결과를 위해 국내의 은평 뉴타운과 성공적인 사례로 알려져 있는 하마비 허스타드를 비교한다. 구체적인 비교의 틀로서 지속가능성을 평가하는 캠벨의 ‘계획가의 삼각형’ 이론을 차용한다. 삼각형을 구성하는 세 가지 요소인 환경, 사회, 경제적 기준으로 개발실행 결과 보고서와 전문가 인터뷰를 참고하여 연구한다. 결론적으로 비교연구를 통해 첫째, 환경부문에서는 자원회수시설의 다양성 추구를 통해 폐기물 절감과 에너지 창출의 이중혜택을 극대화할 수 있다. 둘째, 경제부문에서 젒분한 재원조달을 위해 다양한 재정지원 프로그램의 중요성을 알 수 있다. 셋째, 사회부문은 예산집행과 혜택분배 등 경제부분과 상젒되어 갈등 발생의 가능성이 있다. 따라서 관련 이익관계들의 교류를 적극적으로 장려하고 투명한 예산집행이 원활하고 지속가능한 폐기물 시설 개발을 위한 개선방안이 될 수 있다는 것을 사례비교를 통해 유추할 수 있다. In Korea, application of resource recovery facilities utilizing automatic collection system is expanding to address the concentrated occurrences of household wastes in apartments. This study aims to assess the feasibility of a new waste system adopted into the cities of Korea as sustainable eco-infrastructure. In order to analyze the objective results, a domestic case of Eun-Pyoung New Town and a successful case of Hammarby Sjostad were compared. For analytical framework, we followed ‘Planner’s Triangle’ presented by Campbell to evaluate the sustainability of this system. The ‘triangle’ consists of three components: environmental, societal and economic criteria. We reviewed development result reports and expert interviews based on the three criteria. The results were as follows. First, environmentally, the diverse resource recovery facilities maximize dual benefits of reducing wastes and producing energy. Second, economically, the importance of various financial assistance programs becomes apparent. Third, societally, conflicts may result from contradicting interests such as budget execution and profit distribution. These results implied that communication among interests and transparency of budget execution are key for improvement methods to be sustainable waste system.

      • KCI등재

        안면신경마비 후유증 정안침 증례보고

        이은지(Eun Ji Lee),김성태(Sung Tae Kim),권민구(Min Gu Kwon),신현권(Hyun Kwon Shin),고용준(Yong Jun Koh),강수우(Su Woo Kang),나재일(Jae Il Na),설재욱(Jae Uk Sul),조현정(Hyun Jung Jo),정필선(Pil Sun Jung),현민경(Min Kyung Hyun),정민영(Min 한의병리학회 2015 동의생리병리학회지 Vol.29 No.4

        This study examines a clinical progress of treatment for the sequelae of facial palsy through Jung-ahn acupuncture. The patient in this case was diagnosed with facial paralysis a few years ago. The patient was treated with Korean medicine and Western medicine, but was given up without improvement. The paretic symptom was found out in left side of the face. Also facial spasm and epiphora caused by blepharoptosis were existed. The patient got 8 times Jung-ahn acupuncture treatment from September 18th, 2014 to September 26th, 2014. House-Brackmann facial nerve grading system(H-B scale) was implemented. On the first time of the treatment, H-B scale was Grade Ⅴ and facial nerve grading was 2/8. Facial spasm and epiphora caused by blepharoptosis in lower eyelid were appeared on facial expressions and conversation. After total 8 treatments(therapies), H-B scale was Grade Ⅲ and facial nerve grading was 5/8. The symptoms of facial paralysis and blepharoptosis were improved. Jung-ahn acupuncture is estimated to be effective in facial palsy sequela. More cases are required to develop treatment of facial palsy sequela.

      • KCI등재

        축구선수의 Detraining과 Retraining이 혈청지질 및 호르몬농도에 미치는 영향

        정정화,박재현,채종훈,성혜련,황지인,윤미숙,노금선,윤종관,윤영학,노순덕,정경숙,박일규,김은희,박현태,박상갑 대한스포츠의학회 1999 대한스포츠의학회지 Vol.17 No.1

        The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of detraining and retraining on serum lipid and hormones in soccer players. Subjects were seven male high-school soccer players. V˙O_2max was determined for each subjects by administering a treadmill test(initial speed: 90m/min, grade: 5%, increasing speed per 3 min: 30m/min). Serum lipid(T-C, TG, HDL-C LDL-C) and hormones(epinephrine, norepinephrine, growth hormones, cortisol) were assayed pre and post detraining in 10, 20, 30 days after retraining. The repeated ANOVA was used to determine significant differences. The 0.05 level of significance was as critical level for the study. The results of the study were as follows: 1. V˙O_2max(ml/min) were 3576.3±204.2ml/min pre detraining, 3234.1±198.9 ml/min post detraining. There are significant(p<.05) difference between pre and post detraining. In 10, 20, 30 days after retraining, V˙O_2max(ml/min) were 3601.4±170.9 ml/min. There were significantly(p<.05) increased in retraining periods. 2. V˙O_2max(ml/kg/min) were significantly(p<.05) decreased from 62.3±2.9 ml/kg/min to 55.9±4.7 ml/kg/min in detraining. In 10, 20, 30 days after retraining, V˙O_2max(ml/kg/min) were 62.4±3.4ml/kg/min, 62.7±2.3ml.kg/min, 67.3±7.2ml/kg/min respectively. There were significantly(p<.05) increased in retraining periods. 3. T-C were significantly (p<.05) increased from 166.6±8.5mg/dl to 175.3±10.3 mg/dl in detraining. In 10, 20, 30 days after retraining, T-C were 160.1± 3.2mg/dl, 156.7±3.7mg/dl, 140.3±9.0mg/dl. There were significantly(p<.05) decreased in retraining periods. 4. HDL-C were 61.4±6.6mg/di pre detraining, 5.3±6.6mg/dl post detraining. There are significant(p<.05) difference between pre and post detraining. In 10, 20, 30 days after retraining, HDL-C were 56.9±7.1mg/dl, 56.4±9.2mg/dl, 57.7±9.1mg/dl respectively. There were no significant difference in retraining periods. 5. The hormones(epinephrine. norepinephrine, growth hormone, cortisol) were changed as same patterns. Epinephrine were 26.0±7.0[g/ml pre detraining, 24.6±3.2pg/ml post detraining. In 10, 20, 30 days after retraining, epinephrine were 26.9±5.6pg/ml, 30.6±6.2pg/ml, 29.4±5.6pg/ml respectively. There were no significant difference in retraining periods. In conclusion, HDL-C, epinephrine, norepinephrine, growth hormone and cortisol were decreased, T-C, LDL-C and TG were increased in detraining. But HDL-C, epinephrine, norepinephrine, growth hormone and cortisol were increased, T-C, LDL-C and TG were decreased in retraining.

      • 의료과실로 인한 의료사고와 환자안전법에 대한 고찰

        성은정 이화여자대학교 법학전문대학원 2015 Ewha Law Review Vol.5 No.2

        2010년 5월, 대학병원에서 항암주사를 맞은 지 열흘 만에 백혈병으로 투병하던 한 어린이(정종현 군, 만 9세)가 사망하는 사고가 발생했다. 의사의 과실로 정맥에 주사되어야 할 항암제, ‘빈크리스틴’이 척수강에 투여된 것이 의료사고의 원인으로 밝혀졌다. 2012년 10월에 모대학병원에서도 동일한 빈크리스틴 의료사고가 발생하여 40대 여성이 갑자기 사망하였다. 항암치료제 투약 오류로 사망한 정종현 군 사건을 계기로 환자안전에 대한 사회적 관심과 의료사고에 대한 경각심이 고조된 가운데 환자안전법이 제정되기에 이르렀다. 우리나라의 경우 의료사고에 대한 공식 통계는 존재하지 않으나, 민사상 소송건수를 통해 수면 위로 드러난 의료사고는 2013년을 기준으로 총 1,101 건 이상이다. 그리고 예방 가능한 의료사고로 인한 사망자가 연간 약 17,000 여명이 발생하는 것으로 추정된다고 한다. 이와 같은 의료사고가 발생하는 가운데 환자안전 수준을 개선하기 위한 노력의 일환으로 환자안전법(일명 종현이법)이 활발한 입법토론회와 전문가 간담회 등을 거쳐, 2014. 12. 29. 약 4년 7개월만에 국회 본회의를 통과하여 2015. 1. 28. 제정되었다는 점은 주목할 만하다. 환자안전법은 기존의 사후대응 위주 의료사고 대응방식에서 나아가 의료사고의 사전예방과 사고의 재발 방지를 위한 법률이라는 점에서 유의미하다. 이러한 법률은 의료사고의 재발방지책일 뿐만 아니라 사전예방책으로 의료사고의 발생건수를 감소시키는 데 기여할 수 있는 필수장치이다. 그러나 환자안전법은 병원계와 의료계의 반대로 각종 벌칙 조항이 삭제된 채 제정되었다는 점, 의무보고가 아닌 자율보고 시스템을 규정하기에 그쳤다는 점, 자발적 보고자를 보호하는 수단으로서 재판에서 보고된 자료 및 정보의 증거능력을 배제하는 규정이 없다는 점에서 미흡한 측면이 있다. 이 글에서는 의료사고에서 과실의 의미, 유형과 그 판단기준을 우선적으로 살펴보고, 환자안전법 제정의 의의와 더불어 그 한계를 고찰한 후 환자안전법에 대한 법적제언을 제시하겠다. On May 2010, after being administered with an injection for chemotherapy to fight off leukemia at a university hospital, a nine-year old boy (Jong Hyun Jung) was found dead. After investigation the cause of death was attributed to a fault on the doctor, who, instead of injecting the vaccination into the patient’s vain, injected Vincristine into spinal cords. In October 2012 there was another similar case at an anonymous university hospital, in which a woman in her 40’s died suddenly after Vincristine was injected into her body. Frequent error in administering chemotherapy injection that also took Jung’s life has led to increased focus on patient safety and awareness of medical malpractice in today’s society, which has eventually yielded the enactment of patient safety law. While this country is currently bereft of medical malpractice statistics available to the public, based on the number of civil lawsuits in 2013 there were 1,101 medical accidents. Meanwhile, the number of preventable medical accident cases is estimated to be approximately 17,000. Amid such frequent malpractice cases it is worth to note that, to increase patient protection, Patient Safety Act (also referred to Jong Hyun Act) has been enacted on January 28, 2015, after passing through conferences held by experts and new-law enactment meetings and through Congress on December 29, 2014, after 4 years and 7 months of battle with the legislature. Patient Protection Law is especially advantageous for the reason that, in addition to the pre-existed method of taking action against medical malpractice, it not only seeks to prevent potential accidents but also aims to keep the accidents from recurrence in the future. Such legislative act serves as a pivotal way of preventing future medical accidents as well as reducing such recurrence. This body of law, however, has many downsides in that it was enacted absent of various punishment policies due to the opposition both from hospitals and medical fields, as well as its voluntary and non-mandatory nature of the reporting system, and its absence of regulation forbidding data or information provided by a voluntary reporter in court to protect the reporter. This thesis actively seeks to delineate the repercussions, types, and standards of medical malpractice, as well as the opposition to the enactment of Patient Safety Act and its limitation to offer applicable legal solutions concerning the Act.

      • 식이섬유제품의 위장관 기능조절 기능성 평가

        Jung, Ki-Haw,Koo, Ja-Young,Kim, Sun-Ja,Seung, Keum-Ran,Lee, Eun-Kyung 덕성여자대학교 약학연구소 2005 藥學論文誌 Vol.16 No.1

        This study was undertaken as a literature survey to reevaluate the functionality of the health functional foods for gastrointestinal tract, in particular, dietary fibers. This study intend to furnish data which can be applied to assessment of permitted dose and description of notice, investigating literatures about functionality related to control of gastrointestinal function and establishment of intake for these dietary fibers.

      • 풋마늘의 冬季養液裁培에 關한 硏究

        鄭恩周,吳仲烈,黃海鎭,韓相政 대구효성가톨릭대학교 응용과학연구소 1995 응용과학연구논문집 Vol.4 No.-

        겨울철 新鮮한 풋마늘의 生産體系 確立으로 端境期를 解消함과 아울러 아파트 人口가 增加하고 있는 오늘날 室內에서 簡單한 方法으로 풋마늘을 生産하는데 必要한 資料를 얻고자 하였다. 1) 萌芽率은 15±1℃區와 20±1℃區의 Hyponex와 水道물에서 瀋陽種(暖地型)이 瀋種 7日後에, 그리고 濟州種(暖地型)이 播種 21日後에 各各 100%를 나타내었다. 그러나 義城種(寒地型)은 15±1℃區에서 播種 7日後에 全혀 萌芽하지 않았고 21日後에 15±1℃區와 20±1℃區에서 各各 85% 및 95%의 萌芽率을 보였다. 2) 草長은 15±1℃區보다 20±1℃區에서, 그리고 水道물보다 Hyponex에서 더 크며 그의 伸長速度가 빨랐다. 瀋陽種은 15±1℃區와 20±1℃區의 Hyponex와 水道물에서 播種 35日後에 잎이 黃化하면서 草長의 伸長이 停止되었으나 濟州種과 義城種은 伸長을 繼績하였다. 瀋陽種은 다른 2品種에 比하여 草長이 顯著히 컸으며 伸長速度가 매우 빨랐다. 3) 播種 21日後의 葉數, 葉?徑, 葉重 및 葉?重은 15±1℃區보다 20±1℃區에서, 그리고 水道물보다 Hyponex에서 더 增加하였다. 供試 3品鍾中 瀋陽種이 各處理區에서 葉數가 顯著히 많고 葉重이 무서웠다. 義城種은 15±1℃區의 Hyponex와 水道물에서 葉伸長을 볼 수 없었다. 4) 比生長率(CGR)은 15±1℃區와 20±1℃區의 Hyponex와 水道물에서 瀋陽種과 濟州種은 播種7日後에, 그리고 義城種은 播種 14日後에 極大期를 나타낸 다음 漸次 減少하였다. 極大期의 比生長率은 15±1℃區보다 20±1℃區에서, 그리고 水도물보다 Hyponex에서 더 높았다. 5) 20±1℃區에서 CGR의 잎으로서 寄與率은 瀋陽種과 濟州種이 播種21日後까지 增加한 다음 漸次 減少하는 傾向을 보였으나 義城種은 繼績 增加하였고, 뿌리로의 寄與率은 3品種 모두 播種14日後부터 急激히 減少하였다. 6) 葉面積指數는 20±1℃區에서 3品種 모두 水道물보다 Hyponex에서 높았다. 播種28日後의 葉面積指數는 濟州種이 2.0 그리고 義城種이 1.0이었는데 比하여 瀋陽種은 4.0 以上이었다. 7) 本實驗의 어느 境遇에 있어서도 瀋陽種이 濟州種 및 義城種에 比하여 萌芽率가 빠르고 草長이 크고 葉收量이 많았으며, 15±1℃區보다 20±1℃區에서 그리고 水道물보다 Hyponex에서 生育이 良好하였다. 그리고 瀋陽種은 20±1℃區의 Hyponex와 水道물에서 播種後 14日이 經過하면 收穫이 可能하였다. The purpose of this study is to establish a production system for providing fresh leafy garlic in winter season and to obtain data for an easy method of indoor nutriculture of this plant, especially in apartment life. 1. Emergence rates in 15℃ and in 20℃ cultured by Hyponex and by tap water were 100% after 7 and 21 days from planting in Shenyang cultivar, a Southern ecotype, and in Cheju cultivar, a Southern ecotype respectively. Euisung cultivar, a northen ecotype, did not planting uner 15℃ until 7 days from planting, but emerged 85% and 95% after 21 days from planting under 15℃ and 20℃ conditions, respectively. 2. Plant lengths were higher in 20℃ and in Hyponex culture than in 15℃ and in tap water culture, respectively. Shenyang cultivar in 15℃ and 20℃ cultured by Hyponex and tap water ceased to eloongate the leaf and showed chlorosis after 35 days from planting, but Cheju and Euisung cultivars continued to elongate the leaf. The plant length of Shenyang cultivar was especially long as compared with other two cultivars and grew fast. 3. After 21 days from planting, leaf number, diameter of leaf sheath, leaf weight and weight of leaf sheath were higher in 20℃ and in Hyponex culture than in 15℃ and in tap water culture. respecively. Among three cultivars, Shenyang had much more leaves and heavy ones. 4. Comparative crop growth rate(CGR) showed at maximum after 7 days from planting in 15℃ and in 20℃ cultured by Hyponex and by tap water in Shenyang and Cheju cul-tivar while after 14 days from plamting in Euisung cultivar, then decreased gradually afterward. The CGR at maximum was higher in 20℃ and in Hyponex culture than in 15℃ and in tap water cul-ture, respectively. 5. The percentage of contribution of CGR to leaf were increased until 21 days from planting, then decreased gradually afterward in Shenyang and Cheju cultivars, but Euisung showed continu-ous increase. The percentage of contribution of CGR to root declined markedly after 14 days from planting in all three cultivars. 6. Leaf area index(LAI) were high in all three cultivars in 20℃ in Hyponex culture as compared with tap water culture. After 28 days from planting, LAI was 2.0 and 1.0 in Cheju and in Euisung cultivar respectively, comparing with above 4.0 in Shenyang cultivar. 7. In every conditions, Shenyang cultivar exceeded in emerging date, plant length and leaf produc-tion, and the growth was better in 20℃ and in Hyponex culture than in 15℃ and in tap water cul-ture, respectively. After 14 days from planting, Shenyang cultivar was possible to harvest in 20℃ cultured by Hyponex and by tap water.

      • 남자 초·중학생의 무산소성 작업능력과 무산소성 파워의 관계

        정동식,정덕조,정성태,이병근,전태원,김은혜,이동규,정동춘 師範大學 體育硏究所 1998 서울大學校 體育硏究所論集 Vol.19 No.2

        The critical power(CP) is the highest intensity to sustain for a long time without a fatigue. The anaerobic work capacity(AWC) is the highest anaerobic capacity to be provided by anaerobic energy system without the infection of hypoxia. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between AWC and AnP and to verify the validity of AWC. The subjects were consisted of 10 elementary and 10 middle school male students(12.8±1.3yrs, 159.3±12.1㎝, 49.4±11.8㎏). The critical power and anaerobic work capacity were calculated by work-time relationship after four cycle ergometry test to fatigue from 1 to 10 minute. The anaerobic power included Margaria-Kalmen test, Sargent jump and Wingate test. The main finding were as follows. The AWC of elementary and middle school students. were 6.47±2.63KJ and 11.10±3.01KJ. The AWC of elementary students was 58.3% of the middle school students's one. The AnP of elementary students were 47.2∼66.5% of the middle school students's one. And there were high correlation between AWC and AnP(0.64∼0.87, P<0.01). This study showed that AWC is useful index on AnP both elementary and middle school students.

      • 수입각증후군에 의한 급성 복증 1례

        정은욱,지삼룡,이영태,박지훈,김동기,제인수,채두근,박성재,박은택,이연재,이상혁,설상영,정정명 白中央醫療院 2005 仁濟醫學 Vol.26 No.1

        Afferent loop syndrome is an uncommon complication of a gastrectomy and Billroth Ⅱ reconstruction. It may cause symtoms at any time from the first postoperative day to many years after the gastrectomy. Afferent loop syndrome is characterized by abdominal pain, vomiting and elevation of serum amylase. Thus, it is difficult to differentiate afferent loop syndrome from other cause of acute pancreatitis. However, the history of gastrectomy can be an important clue for diagnosing afferent loop syndrome. We experienced one case of chronic afferent loop syndrome with acute pancreatitis. After appropriate management, the abdominal pain disappeared and serum amylase level decreased. We report this case with a review of relevant literatures.

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