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The critical power(CP) is the highest intensity to sustain for a long time without a fatigue. The anaerobic work capacity(AWC) is the highest anaerobic capacity to be provided by anaerobic energy system without the infection of hypoxia. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between AWC and AnP and to verify the validity of AWC. The subjects were consisted of 10 elementary and 10 middle school male students(12.8±1.3yrs, 159.3±12.1㎝, 49.4±11.8㎏). The critical power and anaerobic work capacity were calculated by work-time relationship after four cycle ergometry test to fatigue from 1 to 10 minute. The anaerobic power included Margaria-Kalmen test, Sargent jump and Wingate test. The main finding were as follows. The AWC of elementary and middle school students. were 6.47±2.63KJ and 11.10±3.01KJ. The AWC of elementary students was 58.3% of the middle school students's one. The AnP of elementary students were 47.2∼66.5% of the middle school students's one. And there were high correlation between AWC and AnP(0.64∼0.87, P<0.01). This study showed that AWC is useful index on AnP both elementary and middle school students.
홍삼 추출물이 반치사량정도의 방사선(5Gy)에 조사된 생쥐조직 및 이들 조직에서의 효소활성에 미치는 영향을 관찰하기 위하여 ICR계 생쥐를 대상으로, 생리적 식염수군을 대조구군으로 하여, 홍삼 추출물 투여군과 방사선만을 조사한군 및 홍삼 추출물 투여후 방사선 조사군 등 4군으로 나누어 1일, 4일, 9일, 17일 및 30일 등 5회에 걸쳐 생체의 조직중 비장 및 고환에서의 중량 변화 및 GOT와 GPT의 활성을 측정하여 결과를 얻었다. 비장의 중량변화는 1일째 및 4일째 최소치를 보이다가 이후 증가추세를 보였으며, 고환의 중량 변화는 17일 이후 급격한 감소로 30일에도 증가하지 못했다. GOT의 활성도 변화는 비장에서는 초기에 현저히 증가했으며 이후 회복하는 경향이었다. 방사선 조사군들에서는 홍삼추출물 투여군이 방사선만을 조사한 군보다 빠르게 회복하는 경향이었으며 고환에서의 GOT활성은 매우 불안정하였다. GPT 활성도 변화는 비장, 고환에서 모두 초기에 증가하다가 점차 회복하는 경향이었으며 홍삼 추출물 투여후 방사선 조사군이 방사선만을 조사한군보다 빠르게 회복하는 경향이었다. 이러한 결과로 볼 때 홍삼 추출물은 방사선 조사에 의하여 기인된 비장 및 고환의 GOT와 GPT활성도 증가에 방호효과가 있다고 생각된다. This study was prepared to observe the change of tissues weight, glutamate oxaloacetate transminase(GOT) and glutamate pyruvate transminase(GPT) activities in the spleen and testis treated with red ginseng extract injection in the gamma ray irradiated mice. Groups were divided into control, red ginseng extract injection, irradiation after saline injection and irradiation after red ginseng extract injection. The spleen and testis weights were decreased at 17th day irradiation after saline injection and irradiation after red ginseng extract injection. The GOT activity showed earlier recovery at irradiation after red ginseng extract injection group than irradiation after saline injection group in the spleen. The GPT activity showed earlier recovery at irradiation after red ginseng extract injection group than irradiation after saline injection group in the spleen and testis. The above result suggest that red ginseng extract have the recovery effect on the change GOT and GPT activity after radiation injury in the spleen and testis of mice.
We provide various fundamental statistics for PM-10 based on air quality monitoring data('96-'98) operated by the Ministry of Environment. The purposes of this paper are to examine the distribution of PM-10 level computed on the basis of a reference method adapted by USEPA and to review national ambient air quality standards for particulate matter in Korea. When we calcualted the 3-year('96-'98) average of the annual mean PM-10 concentrations at 24 monitoring sites. 21 sites were not met 50㎍/m(annual PM-10 standard in USA). Especially. Duckchon-dong and Shinpyung-dong sites at Pusan were recorded the highest concentration. Also, when we considered the 3-year average of the 99^(th) percentile values, 14 sites including Ssangmun-dong at Seoul and Duckchon-dong at Pusan among 23 were classified non-attainment area exceeding 150㎍/m(24-hour PM-10 standard in USA). We suggest that the air quality standards for PM-10 and PM2.5 in Korea must be actually regulated based on scientific review and the public health.
To investigate the antimicrobial effects of essential oil in the leaves of Chamaecyparis obtusa extractives by paper disc method, the extractives were fractionated into four portions. In antimicrobial test, essential oil in the leaves of Chamaecyparis obtusa was found to have strong inhibitory effects against the growth of Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus. A part of analyzed inhibition components of essential oil in the leaves of Chamaecyparis obtusa from GC-MS was supposed to be α,β-pinene, α-terpinolene, camphor, β-myrcene, 1-α-terpinolene, 4-thujen-2-α-yl, limonene, Cardinene.
Fracture of frontal bone is infrequent, but may have serious complications because of their proximity to the brain, eyes and noses. Fractures of the frontal area range from 5% to 15% of all facial bone fracture and include supraorbital rim and frontal sinus. As frontal bone fractures most frequently occur in the multiply injured patient, a thorough clinical and radiological examination of the patient is required before diagnosis and treatment plans are established. Sometimes coorperative treatment with other department is requried. It is specially considered that incision for access to frontal region and surgical methods for open reduction, cranialization, cannulization, sinus obliteration. After surgical or conservative treatment, it may have complication. Complication of frontal bone injury vary in severity and may occur at several years after the incidents. The major types of complications are those that occur directly at the time of injury, infection and chronic problems. This is clinical study on 31 patients with frontal bone fracture, at department of oral and maxillofacial surgery in dental hospital of Wonkwang university during past ten years. The results were as follows : 1. The sex ratio of all patients is 29 (94%) male to 2 (6%) female, the average age is 33 and the prominent groups are 2nd, 3rd decade age. 2. The causative factors are mostly traffic accident 22 cases (70%) and fall dawn, industrial accidents, so on. 3. The 17 cases has shown alert mental status, but neurologic problems is in 14 (45%) cases in initial accessment. 4. Associated facial bone fractures are prominent in the maxilla (42%) and panfacial fracture (39%). 5. Involved general problems are in department of neurologic surgery problems (65%), orthopaedic problems (23%) and ophthalmologic problems (19%) in order. 6. Open reduction has done in 15 cases and 16 cases with conservative management. 7. Postoperative complications are chronic headache (42%), esthetic problems (39%) and ophthalmologic problems (35%)in order.
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of the marketing strategy based on the traditional wrestling, which affects the tour industry. The study used the simple random sampling method in the group of the Kwang-Ju district citizens. The group representatives were directly interviewed, and 277 interviewees replied with concern. The rest of the interviewees were not interested in the survey. The general characteristics of the interviewees -- gender, age, education, job, monthly salary. -- were used to analyze the items related to Sports Tourism in general. Sport Tourism in general Male interviewees had higher recognition over females in the interview. The rate of experience was low for both genders. According to their education, the satisfaction of sport tourism showed low rate. However, there were many answers where the interviewees, not depending on the age or gender, indicated that they will participate in the future. The policy recommended based upon the results of the study is as follows. There is a need for setting up a new strategy in order to increase participation of sports. Also, it is urgent to set up a sports theme center to raise professional sportsmen and to supply them to where they are needed.
Yeats는 초기에서 말기에 이르기까지 끊임없이 자아의 변몰르 시도한 집념의 시인이다. 그는 지식, 사상 그리고 정치에 있어서 격변의 시기인 19C 후반에서 20C 초반까지 생존하면서 그 시대의 복잡다단한 사조와 예술관을 때로는 수용하고 때로는 배제하여 자아의 보존과 발전을 모색하였다. 따라서 그에게서 라파엘전파, 신비주의 상징주의 그리고 모더니즘 등의 특성들이 시기별로 또는 동시에 발견되는 것은 우연한 일이 아닐 것이다.