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This study selected two representative urban-regeneration projects in Changwon-city (Chang-dong, Odong-dong, and Nosan-dong) and Cheongju-city (Jungang-dong, Sajik-2dong). Changwon-city regeneration project is a representative project led by the national government, and Cheongju-city project became famous nationwide because residents started the project voluntarily. This study intended to identify what factors affect urban-regeneration project and how much these factors influenced residents" satisfaction on such projects. As the results of the analysis, in both cities, Changwon and Cheongju, urban-regeneration participation process and its participant leader influenced urban-regeneration"s effects and the residents" satisfaction level in urban-regeneration project. But, resident"s acknowledgment in need of urban-regeneration had no influence on both urban-regeneration project"s effect and the residents" satisfaction level.
Recently, several new techniques for anatomic posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (PCLR) have emerged and are believed to restore the normal anatomy of the posterior cruciate ligament more accurately. Despite the latest trend, the optimal methods for anatomic PCLR remain controversial. The purpose of this research is to review surgical techniques for PCLR in cadaver studies and suggest consistent and reproducible technical criteria. For the review of the literature, MEDLINE and EMBASE were screened for articles on anatomic PCLR. Only basic science studies on PCLR performed on human cadavers and written in English were included. Seventeen studies were included in this systematic review. Only the tunnel positions, graft types, and surgical techniques were reported in the majority of the studies. There were many variations of the reported tunnel positions, graft types, and surgical techniques among the studies. In most studies, surgical techniques for consistent and reproducible anatomic PCLR were not explained clearly. Therefore, high level medical research should be encouraged in order to establish standard surgical techniques for anatomic PCLR.
( Dong Hyun Sinn ), ( Jong Chul Rhee ), ( Poong Lyul Rhee ), ( Ji Hyun Song ), ( Hoi Jin Kim ), ( Jun Haeng Lee ), ( Hee Jung Son ), ( Dong Kyung Chang ), ( Young Ho Kim ), ( Jae J. Kim ) 대한소화기학회 2007 SIDDS Vol.9 No.-
Background/Aims: Probiotic bacteria exhibit a variety of properties, which are unique to a particular strain. Lactobacillus acidophilus-SDC 2012, 2013 are new strains isolated from Korean infants feces. The potential utility of Lactobacillus acidophilus-SDC 2012, 2013 in Korean patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) was studied. Methods: Forth IBS patients with any bowel habit subtype were randomized to two groups. Patient daily took either placebo (n=20) or encapsulated L. acidophilus-SDC 2012, 2013 (n=20) at a dose of 2 X 10° cfu/mL for 4 weeks. Symptoms were assessed in 10 ten-point score before and after treatment. Results: Treatment with L. acidophilus-SDC 2012, 2013 was associated with reduced score in abdominal pain or discomfort from baseline at week 4 (p=0.011). The percent reduction in abdominal pain or discomfort exceeded placebo by more than 20% (23.8% and 0.2% for probiotics and placebo, respectively, p=0.003). Symptom scores for abdominal pain/discomfort, bowel habit satisfaction, straining at stool, and sense of incomplete evacuation were improved from baseline in probiotics group, but only sense of incomplete evacuation was changed from baseline in placebo group. There was no statistically significant changes of stool frequency or stool form at week 4 in both groups. There was no drop out or adverse event in both groups during study period. Conclusions: Lactobacillus acidophilus-SDC 2012, 2013 seem to have a beneficial effect in Korean patients with IBS. Financial support: The authors are supported, in part, by grants from the Seoul Research and Business Development Program (No 10582).