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      • KCI등재후보

        북한의 대남테러리즘 분석과 향후전망

        이대성(Lee, Dae Sung) 한국테러학회 2012 한국테러학회보 Vol.5 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        김일성은 1958년 무력으로 최고인민회의를 점령한 후, 김두봉 등과 같은 외세 의존세력을 모두 숙청함으로써 1인 독재체제의 기틀을 마련하였고, 마르크스·레닌주의를 계승한 주체사상으로 1인 독재체제의 사상적 기반을 강화하였으며, 이를 통하여 영도적 수령체제를 구축하였다. 김정일은 김일성의 장남으로 1961년 7월 조선노동당에 입당한 후, 1970년대부터 경쟁관계에 있던 숙부 김영주를 실각시키고, 이복동생 김평일을 제거하였다. 김정일은 1980년 제6차 당(黨)대회를 통하여 김일성의 공식적인 후계자가 되었고, 1991년 12월 조선인민군 최고사령관직에 취임함으로써 2대 권력세습체제를 공고히 하였다. 1994년 김일성 사망 이후, 유훈통치 기간을 통하여 실질적 권력을 장악하여 제1통치자가 되었다. 김정일은 2010년 10월 10일 노동당 창건 제65주년 기념일에 김일성·김정일의 세습체제를 계승할 후계자 김정은을 화려하게 등장시킨 후, 2012년 12월17일 갑자기 사망하였다. 현재 북한은 국제사회에서 유래(由來)를 찾아 볼 수 없는 김일성·김정일·김정은 3대 봉건세습체제를 계승하려는 특수한 집단으로 전락하였다. 이러한 북한은 남북 분단 이후부터 최근까지, 한국을 대상으로 국가지원테러리즘을 지속적으로 자행하였기 때문에 향후 북한의 대남 테러리즘에 관심을 가져야 할 것이다. 이 연구에서는 북한 테러리즘을 이론적으로 검토하고, 김일성과 김정일 집권기에 한국을 대상으로 자행한 테러리즘을 구분하여 분석함으로써, 김정은 집권기에 발생 가능한 대남 테러리즘을 전망하고자 한다. Kim Il-sung had been the absolute power in North Korea from September 1948 to his death, which happened on July 8, 1994. Kim Il-sung brought about Korean War based on his misconception that many people would support for North Korea because of despotism of Lee Seung-man in South Korea and military supplies and armors he secured from Russian's military supports. Although he was one of those who should be responsible for Korean War, he blamed Park Heon-young of Namrodang, Mujeon of Yeonanpa and Heo Ga-i of Soryeonpa. He dominated Supreme People's Assembly by force in 1958 and purged all foreign country dependent groups including Kim Du-bong to secure his single dictatorship. He enforced the ideology of the single dictatorship based on 'Juche' Idea succeeding to Marxism and Leninism, and constructed so called 'Leading Suryeong' system. Kim Jong-il is the first son of Kim Il-sung. He entered Chosun Nodongdang(labor party in North Korea) in July, 1961, defeated his uncle Kim Young-ju and removed his half-brother Kim Pyung-il in the power game. He became the official successor of Kim Il-sung at the 6th Annual Conference of Nodongdang and secured the 'Two Generation Power Transfer' by taking the office of the Supreme Commander of North Korean People's Army in December. He seized the actual power through 'Precepts Ruling' period after the death of Kim Il-sung in 1994 and became the supreme ruler. He introduced his successor Kim Jong-un who would rule North Korea succeeding Kim Il-sung and Kim Jong-il himself on the 65th anniversary of Nodongdang on October 10, 2010, and died suddenly on December 17, 2012. Currently, North Korea is despised as an peculiar group to practice three generation power transfer such as Kim Il-sung, Kim Jong-il and Kim Jong-un, which could not be found in any other country. As the very North Korea has been executing terrorism against South Korea with the support of their government, terrorism of North Korea against South Korea should be reviewed and studied. In this study, it was tried to prospect the terrorism against South Korea which could occur during Kim Jong-un era by reviewing North Korean terrorism theoretically and analyzing terrorisms by classifying them as Kim Il-sung era and Kim Jong-il era.

      • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

        Zoonotic Intestinal Trematodes in Stray Cats (Felis catus) from Riverside Areas of the Republic of Korea

        Shin,,Sung-Shik,Oh,,Dae-Sung,Ahn,,Kyu-Sung,Cho,,Shin-Hyeong,Lee,,Won-Ja,Na,,Byoung-Kuk,Sohn,,Woon-Mok The Korean Society for Parasitology 2015 The Korean Journal of Parasitology Vol.53 No.2

        The present study was performed to survey the infection status of zoonotic intestinal trematode (ZIT) in stray cats from 5 major riverside areas in the Republic of Korea. Total 400 stray cats were captured with live-traps in riverside areas of Seomjingang ('gang' means river) (203 cats) from June to October 2010, and of Yeongsangang (41), Nakdonggang (57), Geumgang (38), and Hangang (61 cats) from June to October 2011, respectively. Small intestines resected from cats were opened with a pair of scissors in a beaker with 0.85% saline and examined with naked eyes and under a stereomicroscope. More than 16 ZIT species were detected in 188 (92.6%) cats from Seomjingang areas, and the number of worms recovered was 111 per cat infected. In cats from riverside areas of Yeongsangang, Nakdonggang, Geumgang, and Hangang, more than 9, 8, 3, and 5 ZIT species were recovered, and the worm burdens were 13, 42, 11, and 56 specimens per infected cat, respectively. As the members of family Heterophyidae, more than 10 species, i.e., Metagonimus spp., Pygidiopsis summa, Heterophyes nocens, Stellantchasmus falcatus, Heterophyopsis continua, Acanthotrema felis, Centrocestus armatus, Procerovum varium, Cryptocotyle concava, and Stictodora lari, were recovered. More than 5 species of echinostomes, i.e., Echinostoma hortense, Echinochasmus japonicus, Echinochasmus sp., Echinoparyphium sp., and unidentified larval echinostomes, were collected. Plagiorchis spp. were detected in cats from areas of Seomjingang and Yeongsangang. From the above results, it has been confirmed that stray cats in 5 major riverside areas of Korea are highly infected with various species of ZITs.

      • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

        A Multiplex PCR Assay for the Detection and Differentiation of Enterotoxin-producing and Emetic Toxin-producing Bacillus cereus Strains

        Lee,,Dae-Sung,Kim,,Keun-Sung,Kwon,,Ki-Sung,Hong,,Kwang-Won Korean Society of Food Science and Technology 2008 Food Science and Biotechnology Vol.17 No.4

        Bacillus cereus causes two different types of food poisoning syndromes: diarrhea and emesis. The diarrheal syndrome is attributed to various enterotoxins, including nonhemolytic enterotoxin, hemolytic enterotoxin, and enterotoxin-T, whereas the emetic syndrome is caused by the dodecadepsipeptide toxin cereulide. A multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay was developed to rapidly detect and identify B. cereus strains. Three primer pairs specific to regions within genes encoding nonhemolytic enterotoxin (nheA), molecular chaperonin (groEL), and cereulide synthetase (ces) were used to identify and differentiate between the enterotoxin-producing and emetic toxin-producing B. cereus strains. The cereulide-producing emetic B. cereus showed 3 PCR products of 325, 405, and 685 bp for the groEL, ces, and nheA genes, respectively, whereas the enterotoxin-producing B. cereus showed 2 PCR products without a ces gene specific DNA fragment. Specific amplifications and differentiations by multiplex PCR assay were obtained using 62 B. cereus strains and 13 strains' of other bacterial species. The detection limit of this assay for enterotoxin-producing strain and emetic toxin-producing strain from pure cultures were $2.4{\times}10^1$ and $6.0{\times}10^2\;CFU/tube$, respectively. These results suggest that our multiplex PCR method may be useful for the rapid detection and differentiation of B. cereus strains in foods.

      • SCISCIESCOPUS
      • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

        Effects of Kimchi Extract and Temperature on Embryostasis of $Ascaris$ $suum$ Eggs

        Kim,,Jin-Sung,Oh,,Dae-Sung,Ahn,,Kyu-Sung,Shin,,Sung-Shik The Korean Society for Parasitology 2012 The Korean Journal of Parasitology Vol.50 No.1

        To determine the effects of kimchi extracts at different temperatures on larval development, $Ascaris$ $suum$ eggs were mixed with soluble part of 7 different brands of commercially available kimchi and preserved at either $5^{\circ}C$ or $25^{\circ}C$ for up to 60 days. $A.$ $suum$ eggs incubated at $25^{\circ}C$ showed marked differences in larval development between kimchi extract and control group. While all eggs in the control group completed embryonation by day 21, only 30% of the eggs in the kimchi extract group became embryonated by day 36 and about 25% never became larvated even at day 60. At $5^{\circ}C$, however, none of the eggs showed larval development regardless of the incubation period or type of mixture group. To determine the survival rate of $A.$ $suum$ eggs that showed no embryonation after being preserved at $5^{\circ}C$, eggs preserved in kimchi extracts for 14, 28, and 60 at $5^{\circ}C$ were re-incubated at $25^{\circ}C$ for 3 weeks in distilled water. While all eggs in the control group became larvated, eggs in the kimchi extract group showed differences in their embryonation rates by the incubation period; 87.4 % and 41.7% of the eggs became embryonated after being refrigerated for 14 days and 28 days, respectively. When refrigerated for 60 days, however, no eggs mixed in kimchi extract showed larval development. Our results indicate that embryogenesis of $A.$ $suum$ eggs in kimchi extract was affected by duration of refrigeration, and that all eggs stopped larval development completely in kimchi kept at $5^{\circ}C$ for up to 60 days.

      • KCI등재후보

        북한의 대남테러리즘 관련기관 검토

        이대성(Lee, Dae Sung) 한국테러학회 2012 한국테러학회보 Vol.5 No.2

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        북한은 2012년 4월 15일 김일성 탄생 100주년을 맞이하여, 김정은에게 조선노동당 제1비서ㆍ국방위원회 제1위원장ㆍ중앙군사위원장ㆍ정치국 상무위원ㆍ인민군 최고사령관 등의 당(黨)ㆍ정(政)ㆍ군(軍) 최고위 직책을 모두 독점케 하였다. 또한 북한 선전매체는 김정은의 현지지도(現地(指導) 행보를 여과(濾過)없이 과시하고 있는데, 이는 북한이 김일성ㆍ김정일에 이은 김정은 3대 세습체제를 공고히 하기 위한 전략으로 평가할 수 있다. 그러나 이러한 노력에도 불구하고 북한 김정은 정권의 불확실성은 해소되지 않고 있는 것이 현실이다. 이에 북한은 김정은 독재체제의 조기안착(早期安着)을 위하여 대량살상무기 개발을 가속화함과 동시에 한국의 긴장과 불안을 고조시키기 위하여 무력도발ㆍ국지전ㆍ테러리즘 등을 병행할 것으로 예측된다. 특히, 북한은 2009년 5월 국방위원회 정찰총국에 대남테러리즘 역량을 집중하였기 때문에 향후 북한의 한국을 대상으로 한 테러리즘은 가속화 될 것으로 전망된다. 이에 이 연구는 북한의 대남테러리즘 관련기관을 분석하고, 한국의 대(對)테러리즘 국가기관을 재평가함으로써, 향후 발생 가능한 북한 대남테러리즘의 대책을 논의하였다. North Korea gave the monopoly of the highest rank positions in Communist Party, Administration and Military to Kim Jung-un on April 15, 2012 celebrating the 100th anniversary of Kim Il-sung's birth such as Chosun Labor Party the First Secretary, The First Chairman of National Defense Committee, Central Military Chairperson, Politburo Ordinary Standing Member and Commander of People's Army. Additionally, propaganda media in North Korea candidly broadcast Kim's move in field direction, which is evaluated as a strategy to stabilize 3 generation hereditary system from Kim Il-sung, Kim Jong-il and Kim Jung-un. Regardless of these efforts, however, the uncertainty of the Kim Jung-un's regime is not resolved. Accordingly, it is expected that North Korea will try to make armed provocations, topical wars and terrorism to increase tension and anxiety in Korea as well as accelerate the development of mass killing weapons to make Kim Jung-un's dictatorship in place in early times. In particular, North Korea centralized its terrorism competency to South Korea to People's Violence Division Reconnaissance Bureau in February, so it is expected that nation supported terrorism of North Korea will be accelerated from 2009 and on. Consequently, South Korea shall search for various methods to respond against nation supported terrorism of North Korea.

      • KCI등재

        Effect of Garcinia mangostana L. and propolis extracts on the inhibition of inflammation and alveolar bone loss in ligature-induced periodontitis in rats

        Sung,,Se-Jin,Kang,,Kyung-Min,Lee,,Kyung-Hyun,Yoo,,So-Young,Kook,,Joong-Ki,Lee,,Dae,Sung,Yu,,Sang-Joun The Korean Academy of Oral Biology 2019 International Journal of Oral Biology Vol.44 No.2

        The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of mangosteen extract complex (MEC; Garcinia mangostana L. and propolis extracts) on the inhibition of inflammation and prevention of alveolar bone loss using a ligature-induced periodontitis model. Rat molars were ligatured with silk, and $1{\mu}g/mL$ of lipopolysaccharide of Porphyromonas gingivalis was injected into the buccal and palatal gingivae of the teeth with or without treatment with the MEC. Changes in the expression levels of prostaglandin $E_2$ ($PGE_2$), interleukin-8 (IL-8), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8), cyclooxygenase (COX)-1, and COX-2 in gingival tissues were evaluated using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Alveolar bone loss around the ligated molars was examined using micro-computed tomography. The expression levels of $PGE_2$, IL-8, iNOS, MMP-8, COX-1, and COX-2 in gingival tissues were significantly reduced in the group treated with a mixture of $16{\mu}g$ of mangosteen extract powder and $544{\mu}g$ of propolis extract powder (ligation [Lig] + lipopolysaccharide extracted from P. gingivalis KCOM 2804 [L] + MEC 1:34). Additionally, alveolar bone loss was significantly reduced in the Lig + L + MEC 1:34 group compared with that in other groups. These results indicate that the MEC could be useful in preventing and treating periodontitis.

      • KCI등재SCOPUS
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