http://chineseinput.net/에서 pinyin(병음)방식으로 중국어를 변환할 수 있습니다.
변환된 중국어를 복사하여 사용하시면 됩니다.
개별검색 DB통합검색이 안되는 DB는 DB아이콘을 클릭하여 이용하실 수 있습니다.
통계정보 및 조사
예술 / 패션
<해외전자자료 이용권한 안내>
- 이용 대상 : RISS의 모든 해외전자자료는 교수, 강사, 대학(원)생, 연구원, 대학직원에 한하여(로그인 필수) 이용 가능
- 구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색 및 등록된 대학IP 대역 내에서 24시간 무료 이용
- 미구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색을 통한 오후 4시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용
※ 단, EBSCO ASC/BSC(오후 5시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용)
The solvothermal synthesis and crystal structures of two new lead(II) compounds, bis(ethylenediamine)lead(II) chloride, Pb(en)<SUB>2</SUB>l<SUB>2</SUB> and mono(ethylenediamine)lead(II) chloride, Pb(en)Cl<SUB>2</SUB>, are reported. A detailed comparison of the two structures is given. In 1, the Pb(II) center is coordinated by two chlorine atoms and four nitrogen atoms from three en ligands, which act as either chelating or bridging ligands, allowing links to other Pb(II) centers. This creates an infinite linear chain of Pb(en)<SUB>2</SUB>l<SUB>2</SUB> In 2, the Pb(II) center is chelated by one en ligand and is coordinated by six chlorine atoms, including two unusually weak Pb-Cl bonds (>3.5A) connected through μ<SUB>2</SUB> and μ<SUB>4</SUB>Cl to build a neutral layer of Pb(en)Cl<SUB>2</SUB>units. Complex 1 contains a hemidirected Pb(II), while complex 2 has a (pseudo-)hemidirected Pb(II). TGA and high-temperature controlled powder-XRD studies show that compound 1 decomposes to compound 2 near 150<SUP>o</SUP>, and finally to PbCl<SUB>2</SUB>above 320<SUP>o</SUP>
Nanotubular structures have recently received much attention due to their potential applications in biosensors, drug delivery systems, electronic devices, and many others. The layer-by-layer (LbL) deposition technique on 3-dimensional templates has been one of the most popular methods for the formation of nanotubular structures. Any size, shape, and composition template can be utilized and the desired amount of various materials can be readily incorporated within the thin film geometry with nanoscale control. Therefore, the morphological features of those materials can easily be tuned by varying the structural properties of templates. However, LbL deposition within a confined geometry actually shows somewhat different results due to the geometrical restriction, which is still not fully understood so far. In the present study, in order to investigate such a template effect on the LbL process, we utilized a cylindrical nanoporous anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) structure as a template for the LbL process, yielding polymer nanotube structures. By varying the pore size of the porous templates, we determined the LbL process within porous structures was strongly governed by the geometrical characteristics of the utilized templates.
<P>An experimental setup for the speciation of compounds by hydrogen/deuterium exchange (HDX) with atmospheric pressure ionization while performing chromatographic separation is presented. The proposed experimental setup combines the high performance supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC) system that can be readily used as an inlet for mass spectrometry (MS) and atmospheric pressure photo ionization (APPI) or atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI) HDX. This combination overcomes the limitation of an approach using conventional liquid chromatography (LC) by minimizing the amount of deuterium solvents used for separation. In the SFC separation, supercritical CO2 was used as a major component of the mobile phase, and methanol was used as a minor co-solvent. By using deuterated methanol (CH3OD), AP HDX was achieved during SFC separation. To prove the concept, thirty one nitrogen- and/or oxygen-containing standard compounds were analyzed by SFC-AP HDX MS. The compounds were successfully speciated from the obtained SFC-MS spectra. The exchange ions were observed with as low as 1% of CH3OD in the mobile phase, and separation could be performed within approximately 20 min using approximately 0.24 mL of CH3OD. The results showed that SFC separation and APPI/APCI HDX could be successfully performed using the suggested method. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.</P>
<P>Alveolar bone resorption caused by trauma or periodontal diseases has represented a challenge for both dental clinicians and researchers. In this study, we evaluate the osteogenic potential of human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) through a direct transdifferentiation from HGFs to functional osteoblasts via epigenetic modification and osteogenic signaling with bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) in vitro and in vivo. HGF treatment with 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-aza-dC) induced demethylation in the hypermethylated CpG islands of the osteogenic lineage marker genes RUNX2 and ALP, and subsequent BMP2 treatment successfully drove the fibroblasts to the osteoblasts' lineage. Cell morphological changes viewed under microscopy and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and alizarin red S (ARS) staining confirmed the osteoblastic change mediated by epigenetic modification as did real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), methylation-specific PCR (MSP), and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay, which demonstrated the altered methylation patterns in the RUNX2 and ALP promoter regions and their effect on gene expression. Furthermore, micro-computed tomography (CT) analysis of in vivo mouse cell transplantation experiments showed high-density signal in the epigenetically modified HGF group; in addition, a significant amount of bone formation was observed in the transplanted material using hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining as well. Collectively, our results indicate that epigenetic modification permits the direct programming of HGFs into functional osteoblasts, suggesting that this approach might open a novel therapeutic avenue in alveolar bone regeneration.</P>
Organic production practices varied among producers. Generally, organic producers were relying on imported input materials such as organic compost and liquid fertilizer even more than conventional producers. Very few organic farmers had composting facilities or sites for the own supply of compost in need. The productivity of organic kiwifruit orchard (92%) was not as low as that of conventional while the net income (243%) was more than double that of conventional. This was mainly attributed to high farm gate price of organic fruits, low paid labour use and electricity. As a consequence, organic kiwifruit production seems to become a feasible option in Korea. However, high dependence on imported farming material, fuel and labour for too frequent liquid fertilizer spray should be addressed to achieve long term sustainability of organic kiwifruit production.
<P>Embedded speech recognisers are typically used in unknown mobile environments where the acoustic conditions frequently change. Since a large amount of adaptation data is not usually available for such environments, the adaptation methods for the acoustic models of these recognisers must improve the recognition performance with only a small amount of adaptation data. In this Letter, we show that maximum likelihood linear spectral transformation provides the advantage of rapid adaptation using a very limited amount of adaptation data for the embedded acoustic models.</P>
<P>We consider the fractional nonlinear Schrodinger equation (fNLS) with non-local dispersion vertical bar del vertical bar(alpha) and focusing energy-critical Hartree type nonlinearity [-(vertical bar x vertical bar(-2 alpha) * vertical bar u vertical bar(2))u]. We consider the energy -concentration phenomena of radial blowup solutions near the maximal existence time. We use the concentration -compactness approach of  for confined case and kinetic energy trapping approach of  for unconfined case. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.</P>