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조선후기 박제가를 필두로 연작회인시가 지속적으로 창작되었다. 이들 연작 회인시는 한양을 중심으로 이루어진 교유의 기록이 대부분인데, 尹鍾均(1861~1940)의 경우 전라도 순천과 구례를 중심으로 한 기록이라는 점이 우선 주목된다. 윤종균은 1915년 歲暮를 맞아 자신의 나이에 걸맞는 55인을 대상으로 칠언절구 55수의 회인시를 지은 바 있다. 윤종균은 매천 황현과 친밀한 관계를 유지하고 있었는데, 자신의 회인시의 대상인물 역시 황현과 교유한 인물들이 적지 않다. 또한 전라도라는 지역을 넘어서 전국적인 네트워크가 형성되어 있었음을 대상인물을 통해 확인할 수 있다. 윤종균의 회인시에는 갑오경장이나 을미사변, 을사조약, 경술국치의 연이어진 혼란한 시기를 살았던 이들의 현실 대응 양상이 적극적으로 소개되어 있다. 김택영과 이건승은 중국으로 망명을 선택했으며, 이성렬과 송익면은 은거의 삶을 택했고 윤주찬은 을사오적의 암살단으로 활약했다. 윤종균은 이들의 삶을 적극 소개하면서, 시대상을 넌지시 제시했고 개인적인 비통함을 드러냈다. 윤종균의 회인시는 당대 인물 열전의 성격도 지닌다. 불우하게 살아가는 인물들을 소개하면서도, 그 불우에 굴복하지 않고 자연 속에서 유유자적 살아가는 모습에 초점을 맞추어 부각시켰다. 풍류 및 호기와 관련된 다양한 고사를 적극 활용하여, 대상 인물의 행적을 칭송했다. 윤종균 역시 시인이었기에, 회인시에는 수많은 시인들이 등장한다. 詩社활동을 함께 했던 인물을 비롯하여, 뛰어난 시적 역량을 갖춘 지역 문인들을 대상 인물로 삼았다. 회인시의 대상인물에 대한 정보를 다양한 통로를 통해 구체적으로 파악하고 이를 입체적으로 구성한다면, 개개인의 행적뿐만 아니라, 당대 호남 문인들의 활동상을 선명하게 드러낼 수 있을 것으로 기대된다. This were continuously created centering around Park, Gega that plant with the same crop over and overlonging poems in the last Joseon Period. These Longing Poems were almost registered by constituted friendship centering around Hanyang. But, Yun, Chong-gyun(1861~1940) was written centering around Suncheon and Gurye of Jeollado. Yun, Chong-gyun became the close of the year at 1915. He was composed 55 pieces of longing Poems which he made the poems that same his age 55 people a quatrain with seven Chinese characters in each line. Yun, Chong-gyun was on terms of intimacy with Maecheon(梅泉) Hwanghyun (黃玹). But, he written longing poems that there were many people he associated with Hwanghyun. Also, He confirmed formation national network pass Jollado region through a subject of people At Yun, Jong-Gyun`s Longing Poems, There were actively introduced an aspect of the real opposition that they continuously lived in disorder of Kabo Reform of 1894(갑오경장) or Eulmi Incident(을미사변), the 1905 Convermtion (을사조약), the 1919 national Humilliation(경술국치). Kim, Taek-young and Lee, Keon-seung selected defection to China. Lee, Sung-ryul and Song, Ik-mun selected life of retirement. and Yun, Ju-chan was active in a hit team of Eulsa five betrayer of Joseon(을사오적). Yun, Chong-gyun introduced positively theis life, and He presented phases of the times and exposed intense grief. Yun, Chong-gyun`s Longing Poems were had been a series of biographies character in those days. He introduced character which be in adverse circumstances. And than He bring into relief live free from worldly cares in nature. He praised the achievements of a subject their lifetime that put diverse tradition in connection with an elegance and a good chance. Yun, Jong-Gyun was also a poet. At his long poems, It appeared on the scene many poets. Including the people with a poetry club, He had a region literary men who they have all sorts an eminent poetical talent. If he composed from many angles that did concretely grasped imformation about a subject character of longing poems through diverse pathway. I thought not only the achievements of individual people`s lifetime, but also clearly distinguished operations of Homan literary men in the present age.
'스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.
This study deals with the effectiveness of reading aloud using English TV news to increase the number of opportunities and improve self-confidence in producing English utterances for EFL learners. Reading aloud using English TV news contents was adopted to induce a certain number of English utterances, and self-voice recording via smartphones was conducted to provide an objective perspective on learners’ progress during the activity. The data from the pre- and post-survey questionnaires show that the reading-aloud activity using English TV news during a single semester increased EFL learners’ self-confidence in producing English utterances. Post-survey results indicate respective increases of 39 percent, 29 percent, and 20 percent in reading a text aloud, delivering a presentation, and speaking in comparison to presurvey results. Furthermore, learners with no overseas English learning experience showed significantly more positive reactions toward the reading-aloud activity than those with overseas English learning experience. The effectiveness is noticeable as it increases self-confidence to a level close to that of learners with overseas learning experience. This study provides insights into reading aloud activity using English TV news on EFL learners with no overseas learning experience and on their selfconfidence in practicing English speaking skills.
Chong-Taek Yu(1993). Verb-Rasing and Case-Agreement. Linguistics. Vol 1. This paper follows the Johnson's (1989) assumption that verbal inflection is always mediated by verb raising. All the verb heads-main verb, modal, be/have and participle heads-raise to the inflectional head positions and amalgamate with the fusible affixes. While the verb heads undergo a head-to-head movement, VP-internal subject(SU) and object(OB) raise to the Spec positions of AgrP by means of the Mutually Agreement-resisting Properties(MAP). This paper assumes that MAP makes SU and OB skip over the minimal domain. The raising SU and OB are always assigned agreement Case(AC). Even Genitive NP and indirect object(10) in the double object construction are also assigned AC, but direct object(DO) in it and prepositional object are assigned governed Case(GC). Besides, this paper proposes that the Stowell's (1981) CRP be refined in relation to Case agreement.
Chong-Pyoung Chung Dept.of Periodontology, College of Dentistry, Seoul National Universtiy, Seoul, Korea. Development of new Drugs from Natural extracts for the treatment of periodontal Disease. Proceedings of International Symposium on East-West Medicine, Seoul. 65-75, 1999. -Over the past decades, interesting progress has been made about the development of new drugs from natural extracts for the treatment of periodontal disease. Among many research directions regarding natural extracts, antimicrobial and antiinflammatory function on these have been investigated to evaluate the possibility of development of new drugs. The purpose of this study was to investigate the screening and tracking of a strong candidate for new drugs from several natural extracts for treatment of periodontal disease. The antimicrobial and antiinflammatory effects on Magnolia cortex and several natural extracts were evaluated. Their antimicrobial activity against serveral periodontopathic microflora including P. gingivalis, P. intermedis, As, etc,and also whether these agents showed cell cytotoxic effect, anticollagenolytic activity and inhibition of cytokine production on the gingival fibroblast was looked into. Among several natural extracts, Magnolia cortex were the strongest to the antimicrobial activity to several periodontopathic microflora. But, Magnolia cortex was shown to moderate form of cell cytotoxicity for gingival fibroblasts compared with other natural etracts. To investigate the anticollagenolytic and inhibitory effects on IL-1 and PGE2 production, Magnolia cortex, Zizyphus fructus and several extracts were tested with monocyte, crude collagenase, and human gingival fibroblast. Among the several natural extracts studied, Zizypus fructus was the strongest anticollagenolytic activity and also highly effective in inhibiting IL-1 and PGE2 production compared with other natural extracts. And its effects were comparable to that of Prednisolone. Magnolia cortex and Zizypus fructus showed synergistic strong antimicrobial, highly anticollagenolytic effect and strong inhibition of IL-1βand PGE2 production without any antagonistic effects. To evaluate the regenerative effects of several natural extracts including safflower extract in vitro, and in vivo, their stimulatory effects on PDL fibroblasts, osteoblasts, and rat calvarial defect were investigated. Magnolia cortex and safflower extracts significantly stimulated and increased the growth and survival rate of osteoblasts, PDL fibroblasts, and also significantly increased new bone formation in rat calvarial defect. In vivo, experimental studies on the regenerative effects of the mixture of Magnolia cortex with Safflower extract and Magnolia cortex with Zizypus fructus extract were performed on experimental periodontitis of beagle dogs. Magnolia cortex with safflower extract and Magnolia cortex with Zizypus fructus were highly effective on the inhibition of inflammation and disease progression of periodontal disease. These results suggested that Magnolia cortex and several related natural extracts might be used to prevent, inhibit periodontal disease progression.
'스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.
The current study aims to apply and examine a reading aloud activity as an effective and efficient translation activity. This study utilized repeated reading aloud and self-voice recordings to practice a target language. The reading aloud activity allowed the participants to experience success repeatedly so that they could: (i) gain perspective on the overall progress that they made during the repeated reading aloud activities and voice-recordings, and (ii) gain an awareness of their own language skills by rating themselves from an objective standpoint to some degree. Considering the data results, it can be assumed that reading aloud activity may provide translation learners with regular experiences of success and would help to increase their self-confidence to use the target language. Overall, the reading aloud activity seemed to be an effective method for translation learners, for the following purposes: (i) to practice a target language, (ii) to increase language skills of the target language, and (iii) to enhance self-confidence in using the target language.
기독교의 주기도문과 불교의 반야심경은 텍스트 상으로 매우 다른 표현과 개념을 사용하고 있어 인간과 신성 혹은 궁극적 실재에 대한 감각과 인식에 있어서 서로 상반된 것처럼 보인다. 그러나 두 기도문 사이에 합일되고 있는 부분들이 있다고 한다면, 그것은 두 기도문이 공통적으로 “저 건너편의 세계”를 추구하고 있으며, 또한 종교적 진리 주장을 학술적 교리체계로 표현하지 않고 실제 삶의 세계에 속한 평범한 일상 언어를 사용하고 있다는 점이다. 물론 공통적으로 각 기도문이 전제하고 있는 이면에는, 고통스런 삶의 현실과 도무지 이해할 수 없는, 감추어진 신적 신비 혹은 궁극적 실재의 문제가 있으며, 또한 그럼에도 불구하고 끝까지 참고 인내해야 한다는 “지혜전통”이 있다. 주기도문의 예수는 방랑 설교자들과 독자들을 향하여 아바아버지에게 자기 비움과 전적 헌신을 수행하면서 동시에 고통스런 실제 삶의 인간들에게 적극 개입하여 공감과 사랑의 연대적 수행을 실천하도록 가르치고 있으며, 반야심경은 고통을 초래하는 모든 거짓된 망상을 제거하는 지혜를 계속 견지함으로써 수행자가 스스로를 깨우치고 혁신하여 자비와 공감의 사람이 될 수 있도록 돕는다. 이러한 두 기도문의 지혜언어를 통하여, 기도 수행자는 초월과 내재, 타력 구원과 자력 구원이라는 개념적 언어함정에 빠지거나 환원되지 않으면서 동시에 자기 안에서 두 세계를 동시적으로 체험하게 된다. The Christian Lord’s Prayer and the Buddhist Heart Sūtra appear to be vastly different in texts, to say nothing of their divergent views on humanity and the sense of divinity. Nevertheless, there are areas of convergencies between the two: they commonly seek to “go beyond” and do not attempt to truth claims through scholastic dogmatization, but seek the practice of their respective faiths by perseverance within the mundane lives, particularly at the time of suffering and unknowability of God or of the ultimate reality. If the Christian Lord’s Prayer impels its practitioners into active engagement by love and compassion toward everyday people in specific time and place through self–emptying and total commitment to God the father, then the Buddhist Heart Sūtra conversely concerns the maintenance more of a detached wisdom from all illusive sources of suffering, though maintaining compassion that helps to transform its contemplator’s own mind. Through such wisdom language, practitioners coincidently experience both dimensions of transcendence and immanence, and other–power and self–power.
Music therapy has been actively implemented in school setting for students with special needs. Musical activities can assist students to gain functioning skills in various developmental domains by structuring the musical tasks and application. The purpose of this paper was to examine historical overview of the music therapy in school setting and special education in accordance with educational program and related legislative actions. The paper also examined the effect Individualized Education Plan (IEP) had on music therapy and how it facilitated music therapy or adapted music education to be implemented in educational plans for each students with various needs. The paper concluded with the suggestion that active educational and therapeutic use of music should be encouraged in school setting since music can facilitate academic learning, socialization, communication, and behavioral skills of the students.