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This paper aims at exerting the valence theory to determine the Chinese bivalent verbs and relevant sentence structures.probing into some disputable questions.the two-part allegorical sayings containing ‘Chi(吃)’based on the theory of valency, and the features of sentence pattern of the bivalent verb ‘Chi’. firstly, theoretically collated the definition, structure, formation basis, and contexts. Secondly, comprehensively analyzed the theory of valence; thirdly, analyzed the sentence pattern of bivalentverb ‘Chi(吃)’in two-part allegorical sayings in details; fourthly, generalized the features of sentence pattern of bivalent verb ‘Chi(吃)’. Finally firstly, theoretically collated the definition, structure, formation basis, and contexts. Secondly, comprehensively analyzed the theory of valence; thirdly, analyzed the sentence pattern of bivalentverb ‘Chi(吃)’in two-part allegorical sayings in details; fourthly, generalized the features of sentence pattern of bivalent verb ‘Chi(吃)’. The conclusion was that the most obvious difference between the bivalent verb ‘Chi’in two-part allegorical sayings and outside of two-part allegorical sayings was whether there would be noun composition at the position of objects. The bivalent verb ‘Chi’in two-part allegorical saying mostly contains objects. So, the sentence pattern without objects or object fronting is not appropriate in two-part allegorical saying. This has close ties with the generation of two-part allegorical sayings. This paper did the sentence analysis on bivalent verb ‘Chi’in two-part allegorical sayings which settled the basis for the comprehensive research on the bivalent verb in two-part allegorical sayings, and provides the theoretical assistance to the research on teaching of Chinese as a foreign language.
대만계 미국인 작곡가 치천 지선 리는 서울에 거주는 프리랜서 작곡가이다. 치천 지선 리는 보스턴 심포니 오케스트라의 위촉을 받은 최초의 대만 작곡가이자, 2001년과 2018년 하버드 대학교 프롬 음악 재단의 위촉을 받고, 2015년에는 구겐하임 펠로우를 받은 세계적인 작곡가이다. 세계를 횡단하며 활동하던 작곡가 치천 지선 리는 코로나 19가 가져온 전지구적 영향으로 연주자들과 함께하는 리허설, 관객을 대상으로 하는 무대가 불가능해지면서 작곡가로서의 일상에 큰 변화를 겪었다. 계속해서 여러 음악 단체들과 협연을 기획하며 연주 활동을 이어가야 하는 프리랜서 작곡가에게는 치명적인 영향이 아닐 수 없다. 이 글은 코로나 19가 전 지구를 휩쓴 지난 2년 치천 지선 리가 프리랜서 작곡가로서 겪을 수밖에 없었던 활동의 변화와 그럼에도 악착같이 작곡을 이어나간 그녀의 창작활동을 소개한다. 치천 지선 리는 코로나 19가 가져온 위기를 기회로 바꾸어 디지털 기술을 활용해 물리적 제한 없이 더욱 다양한 지역의 사람들과 소통했다. 코로나 19는 전지구적 단위에서 현재 벌어지고 있는 여러 사회 현안들을 보다 자세하게 들여다볼 기회를 제공했다. 성공적인 코로나 방역을 자랑하지만 여전히 세계정치에서 소외된 그녀의 모국 대만, 미국의 치열한 정치와 선거, 다양한 지역의 전통 민요와 동요 등은 팬데믹 시기 치천 지선 리가 새로 발견하고 경험한 작곡의 원천이다. Taiwanese American Chichun Chi-sun Lee is a freelance composer who resides in Seoul, South Korea. She was the first Taiwanese composer to be commissioned by the Boston Symphony Orchestra and she was also commissioned by the Fromm Music Foundation at Harvard University, in both 2001 and 2018. Additionally, Lee received the prestigious Guggenheim Fellow in 2015. These great honors prove that she was approaching a milestone of a successful composition career. However, COVID-19, which has affected all universally, breaks her routine to succeed in her carrier as a composer who inevitably requires social gathering for rehearsal, practice, and live performance. This paper demonstrates how Chichun Chi-sun Lee as a freelancer composer overcame the worldwide lockdown via COVID-19 and created her musical pieces during the last two years. She has turned the crisis into opportunities and took advantage of technologies to communicate much globally without physical restriction. Moreover, pandemic gave her a chance to look at the issues in globalized society under the microscope. She shares what she has produced during the last two years through experiences in her native country Taiwan which has successfully prevented COVID-19 but is still alienated from global society, fraught elections and politicizing in the US, and multi-local traditional folk music and plays she has found through digital media.
This paper presents a statistical analysis on the position-specific distributions of amino acid residues in transmembrane proteins. A hidden Markov model segments membrane proteins to produce segmented regions of homogeneous statistical property from variable-length amino acids sequences. These segmented residues are analyzed by using chi-square statistic and relative-entropy in order to find position-specific amino acids. This analysis showed that isoleucine and valine concentrated on the center of membrane-spanning regions, tryptophan, tyrosine and positive residues were found frequently near both ends of membrane.
Hwang, Chi-Young,Kim, Gi Heon,Yang, Jong-Heon,Hwang, Chi-Sun,Cho, Seong M.,Lee, Won-Jae,Pi, Jae-Eun,Choi, Ji Hun,Choi, Kyunghee,Kim, Hee-Ok,Lee, Seung-Yeol,Kim, Yong-Hae The Royal Society of Chemistry 2018 Nanoscale Vol.10 No.47
<P>Correction for ‘Rewritable full-color computer-generated holograms based on color-selective diffractive optical components including phase-change materials’ by Chi-Young Hwang <I>et al.</I>, <I>Nanoscale</I>, 2018, DOI: 10.1039/c8nr04471f.</P>
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the funds and executional organizations of the castle-reconstructions promoted by the Regent Daewon-gun(大院君) from 1866 to 1873. Furthermore this paper aims to examine the renewed structural systems of the castles at the time. Since Byeongin-yangyo(丙寅洋擾), the French Invasion in 1866, Daewon-gun gave orders to repair and to consolidate the castles, especially focused on the costal zones of Chulla-do(全羅道) and Gyeongsang-do(慶尙道), for defending against the invasions by Western and Japanese troops. The royal secret commissioners dispatched to each province evaluated the results of the castle-reconstructions. The funds were prepared by the donation of the officials, inhabitants and Buddhist monks in each province. The special technical experts worked in the fields of the reconstruction or newly constructions of ong-seong(甕城), chi-seong(雉城) and po-roo(砲樓). The systems of the castles were reformed on the base of the application of gunners and the theories of Minbo-ron(民堡論).
Minimum support and confidence have been used as criteria for generating association rules in all association rule mining algorithms. These criteria have their natural appeals, such as simplicity; few researchers have suspected the quality of generated rules. In this paper, we examine the rules from a more rigorous point of view by conducting statistical tests. Specifically, we use contingency tables and chi-square test to analyze the data. Experimental results show that one third of the association rules derived based on the support and confidence criteria are not significant, that is, the antecedent and consequent of the rules are not correlated. It indicates that minimum support and minimum confidence do not provide adequate discovery of meaningful associations. The chi-square test can be considered as an enhancement or an alternative solution.
Purpose: We investigated the extended use of Prostate Health Index (PHI) and percentage of [-2]pro-prostate-specific antigen (%p2PSA) in Chinese men with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) 10–20 ng/mL and normal digital rectal examination (DRE). Materials and Methods: All consecutive Chinese men with PSA 10–20 ng/mL and normal DRE who agreed for transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided 10-core prostate biopsy were recruited. Blood samples were taken immediately before TRUS-guided prostate biopsy. The performances of total PSA (tPSA), %free-to-total PSA (%fPSA), %p2PSA, and PHI were compared using logistic regression, receiver operating characteristic, and decision curve analyses (DCA). Results: From 2008 to 2015, 312 consecutive Chinese men were included. Among them, 53 out of 312 (17.0%) men were diagnosed to have prostate cancer on biopsy. The proportions of men with positive biopsies were 6.7% in PHI<35, 22.8% in PHI 35–55, and 54.5% in PHI>55 (chi-square test, p<0.001). The area under curves (AUC) of the base model including age, tPSA and status of initial/repeated biopsy was 0.64. Adding %p2PSA and PHI to the base model improved the AUC to 0.79 (p<0.001) and 0.78 (p<0.001), respectively, and provided net clinical benefit in DCA. The positive biopsy rates of Gleason 7 or above prostate cancers were 2.2% for PHI<35, 7.9% for PHI 35–55, and 36.4% for PHI>55 (chi-square test, p<0.001). By utilizing the PHI cutoff of 35 to men with PSA 10–20 ng/mL and normal DRE, 57.1% (178 of 312) biopsies could be avoided. Conclusions: Both PHI and %p2PSA performed well in predicting prostate cancer and high grade prostate cancer. The use of PHI and %p2PSA should be extended to Chinese men with PSA 10–20 ng/mL and normal DRE.
This paper aims at the ancient Chinese lexical study from 1999 to 2004. It is composed mainly by two parts, oneintroduces the published books, another introduces the printed aticles. Every item of this summarization represents the different topic of this field, thus we can grasp the study hotspots on this field through this summarization. A summarization is rot only a simply liquidation on the past study, but also is a prospect about the future study. In the em we also summarize some characteristics of the recent study, am offer an expectation for the future study.
영화는 곧 하나의 종합적인 창작예술이다. 그것은 우리들에게 시각과 청각을 긴밀하게 결합한 감상작품을 제공한다. 영화는 감상 중에 지난 일들의 옳고 그름을 반성하게 하며, 감상한 후에 무한한 창의성과 상상력을 주기도 한다. 그리고 영화의 줄거리와 대사가 감상자의 사유논리를 바꾸고, 심지어는 가치관까지도 바꿀 수 있다. 주인공의 인물상, 복식, 행동거지, 노래와 춤 등은 그 시대의 유행을 이끌어간다. 총체적으로 말하여 잘 만들어진 영화는 감상자들 스스로도 모르는 사이에 그들을 감화시키는 역량을 가지고 있다. 그러므로 영화창작 예술은 말할 필요 없이 사회교육의 책임을 가질 수밖에 없다. 영화는 극본의 구상으로부터 중심주제, 줄거리의 기승전결, 등장인물들 대화의 배열, 배역에 대한 배우의 표현(해석), 삽입음악, 무용과 심지어 상관되는 배경, 도구, 복식, 화장, 음향효과 등에 이르기까지 감상자들에게 영향을 미칠 수 있기 때문에, 모든 영화창작예술은 인간 본성의 眞善美 계발을 최고이상으로 삼아야 한다. "Film" is a comprehensive art. It not only provides people with a blend of visual and auditory ornamental works, but the process of watching some movies can guide people to look back and reflect on all the rights and wrongs in their past. Some films, can stimulate people's unlimited creativity and reveries; some movies, the plot or the dialogue can change the viewer's thinking logic, even values; some of the film's character modeling, costumes and even manners, song and dance, are able to lead fashion trends﹒ Overall, a successful film always enforces a subtle yet extensive influence on its viewers. Therefore, the film making industry should take the creation of movie arts no less seriously than the responsibility of educating and culturing the society, bar none. We believe that with the making of any movie production, from script ideas, highlighting topics, fine-tuning the dramatic plot, the character dialogue choreography, and the actor for the role of interpretation, interspersed with music or dance, to the background, props, costumes, makeup, soundtrack and other facilities, the whole production of the film is an art creation that, when presented to the viewers, should inspire the pursuit of "Truth, Good, and Beauty" of humanity as the highest ideal.