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      • 우황청심원의 고문헌기록 및 실험적 연구결과 분석을 통한 임상응용 확대의 필요성 고찰

        오영택,오현묵,김서우,김원용,손창규,조정효,Oh,,Young-Taeck,Oh,,Hyeon-Muk,Kim,,Seo-Woo,Kim,,Won-Yong,Son,,Chang-Gue,Cho,,Jung-Hyo 대전대학교 한의학연구소 2017 한의학연구소 논문집 Vol.26 No.1

        Objectives: The aim of this study is (1) to investigate the historic changes and pharmacological efficacies of Woohwangchungsim-won and (2) to discuss the necessities for Woohwangchungsim-won's clinical applications. Methods: This study was performed through (1) investigating the ancient literature records related with Woohwangchungsim-won and analyzing Woohwangchungsim-won's composition, dosage and indications, (2) searching articles about Woohwangchungsim-won on 10 major Korean web and 3 major foreign web article search engines and analyzing Woohwangchungsim-won's pharmacological efficacies and indications. Results: Woohwangchungsim-wom has been used for cerebrovascular diseases such as stroke and palpitation. Also, there are some ancient literature records of Woohwangchungsim-won's clinical applications in neuropsychiatric disorders such as depression and bipolar disorder. In addition, there have been a number of experimental studies which demonstrate Woohwangchungsim-won's neuroprotective effect on cerebral cortex and hippocampus injury. So, it is possible to infer that Woohwangchungsim-won can be used for the treatments of neuropsychiatric disorders associated with neuronal cell death in cerebral cortex and hippocampus. But there have been no or less experimental studies which demonstrate the pharmacological efficacy of Woohwangchungsim-won on such disease. Conclusion: It is necessary that further experimental studies which demonstrate Woohwangchungsim-won's pharmacological efficacy on neuropsychiatric disorders should be done and Woohwangchungsim-won's clinical applications should be expanded on the basis of those related experimental results.

      • O-032 : The Change of Skeletal Muscle Mass Is Associated with Hepatic Steatosis in Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

        ( Do Seon Song ), ( U Im Chang ), ( Seong Woo Go ), ( Jeong Won Jang ), ( Si Hyun Bae ), ( Seung Kew Yoon ), ( Jin Mo Yang ) 대한간학회 2018 춘·추계 학술대회 (KASL) Vol.2018 No.1

        Aims: We aimed to investigate the association between the change of muscle mass and change of fibrosis and steatosis in NAFLD patients. Methods: We analyzed 2,893 NAFLD subjects who had health check-up more than twice in St. Vincent's Hospital between November 2009 and December 2017. NAFLD was diagnosed by ultrasound, and appendicular muscle mass (ASM) was assessed by Inbody 720, and Sarcopenia index was calculated as ASM divided by weight (SI%) and ASM divided by body mass index (SI-BMI). Non-invasive markers were used to evaluate the severity of hepatic fibrosis and steatosis; NAFLD fibrosis score (NFS), Fibrosis-4 (Fib-4) score, and Forn's index for fibrosis, and hepatic steatosis index (HSI) and fatty liver index (FLI) for steatosis. Results: The mean age was 47.3±10.4 years, and 1956 subjects (67.6%) were male. Diabetes, hypertension, metabolic syndrome were more prevalent in sarcopenic subjects (P<0.01), and non-invasive fibrosis and steatosis markers were higher in sarcopenic subjects (P< 0.01). The mean interval between two health check-up was 39.8±21.9 months. There was no significant association between the change of NFS, Fib-4, and Forn's index and the change of SI% and SI-BMI (all P >0.1). However, the changes of HIS and FLI were significantly associated with the change of SI% and SI-BMI (all P<0.01). Multivariate logistic analysis demonstrated the independent association between the change of skeletal muscle mass and the changes of non-invasive steatosis markers after adjusting for other confounding factors (all P< 0.001). However, the changes of non-invasive fibrosis markers did not show an independent association with the change of appendicular muscle mass after adjusting for other confounders (all P >0.1) Conclusions: The change of muscle mass is strongly associated with the change of hepatic steatosis, but not the change of fibrosis.

      • Brain SPECT 영상의 Attenuation Correction 방법들에 대한 비교

        조진우,김창호,나수경,이귀원,Jo,,Jin,U,Kim,,Chang,Ho,Na,,Soo,Kyung,Lee,,Gui,Won 대한핵의학기술학회 2012 핵의학 기술 Vol.16 No.2

        이 연구의 목적은 Brain SPECT (Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography)의 Non-attenuation correction (AC-non) 영상에 대한 attenuation correction(AC) 방법 중 Chang's method와 CT based attenuation correction(AC-CT) 사이의 count를 비교하기 위함이다. phantom study는 증류수로 채워진 hoffman 3D phantom에 $^{99m}Tc$ 37Mbq을 투여하였고, patient study는 normal volunteer에 $^{99m}Tc$-HMPAO 750Mbq를 정맥주입하고 Siemens사의 Symbia T6로 Brain SPECT 영상을 획득하였고 뇌 정량 분석을 하였다. 각각의 방법들을 적용한 transverse image는 같은 위치에서 재구성 되었으며 각각 10, 20, 30번째 slice에서 6개의 region of interest(ROI)를 그려 AC-non 과 AC-CT 그리고 Chang's method의 count를 비교하였다. phantom study에서 AC-non, AC-CT, Chang's method의 각각 평균 count는 $4606.8{\pm}511.3$, $16794.6{\pm}2429.4$, $8752.6{\pm}896.5$이었으며 patient study에서 $5460.8{\pm}519.6$, $15320{\pm}1171.6$, $12795{\pm}1422.1$이었다. phantom study에서 AC-CT와 AC-non 사이의 비는 3.70이고 Chang's method와 AC-non 사이의 비는 1.92였으며 patient study에서는 각각 2.85, 2.38이었다. 우리는 이 연구를 통하여 AC-CT가 Chang's method보다 더 높은 AC을 해준다는 걸 알 수 있었다. 그리고 Chang's method는 patient study에서의 AC 값이 phantom study에서의 AC값보다 더 높다는 것을 알 수 있었다. brain SPECT/CT를 시행하는 경우 scatter correction을 같이 시행하고 bone에 의한 감쇠 정보를 반영할 수 있는 AC-CT가 chang's method보다 정확하다 할 수 있겠다. Purpose : The purpose of this study was to compare count between Chang's method and CT-based attenuation correction (AC-CT) among the attenuation correction (AC) methods for non-attenuation correction (AC-non) images of Brain SPECT (Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography). Materials and Methods : We injected $^{99m}Tc$ 37Mbq in a Hoffman 3D phantom filled with distilled water in the phantom study, and injected intravenously $^{99m}Tc$-HMPAO 740Mbq in a normal volunteer in the patient study, and then obtained Brain SPECT images with Symbia T6 of Siemens and conducted quantitative brain analysis. Transverse images to which each method was applied were rebuilt at the same position, and 6 regions of interest (ROI) were drawn on each of Slice No. 10, 20 and 30 and then the counts of AC-non, AC-CT and Chang's method were compared. Results : The mean counts of AC-non, AC-CT and Chang's method were $4606.8{\pm}511.3$, $16794.6{\pm}2429.4$, and $8752.6{\pm}896.5$, respectively, in the phantom study and $5460.8{\pm}519.6$, $15320{\pm}1171.6$ and $12795{\pm}1422.1$, respectively, in the patient study. In the phantom study, the ratio of AC-CT to AC-non was 3.70 and the ratio of Chang's method to AC-non was 1.92, and in the patient study, they were 2.85 and 2.38, respectively. Conclusion : From this study, we found that AC-CT makes higher AC than Chang's method. In addition, when Chang's method was used, AC in the patient study was higher than that in the phantom study. These results need to be considered also in other examinations.

      • KCI등재

        지속가능발전교육 관점에 입각한 웹기반 기후변화 환경교육이 초등학생의 환경 인식 및 태도에 미치는 영향

        정창규,이상원 이화여자대학교 사범대학 교과교육연구소 2010 교과교육학연구 Vol.14 No.3

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        본 연구는 웹기반을 활용한 기후변화 환경교육이 초등학생의 환경 인식과 태도에 어떠한 영향을 미치는지 알아보고자 하였다. 이를 위해 선행연구 고찰을 통하여 웹기반을 활용한 기후변화교육에 관한 교수·학습 모형 및 프로그램을 개발하고, 학습 현장에 적용하였다. 그 효과를 검증하기 위한 검사지는 황수정(2009)이 개발한 설문지를 재구성하였으며, 연구과정에서 얻어진 정량적 자료는 SPSS 12.0 프로그램을 이용하여 분석하고, 정량적 분석의 한계를 보완하기 위하여 정성적 분석을 실시하였다. 본 연구의 결과는 첫째, 지속가능발전 관점에서 바라본 기후변화에 관련된 내용을 추출 및 재구성하여 웹기반을 활용한 기후변화 환경교육을 위한 교수·학습 모형을 개발하고, 이를 바탕으로 환경교육 프로그램을 구안 및 적용시켰다. 둘째, 웹기반을 활용한 기후변화 환경교육 프로그램이 초등학생의 환경 인식 및 태도에 긍정적 영향을 미쳤다. 셋째, 웹기반을 활용한 기후변화 환경교육 프로그램의 적용은 지식적 측면에서는 차이를 보이진 않았다. 넷째, 웹기반을 활용한 기후변화 환경교육 프로그램을 적용한 후에 환경 인식이 높은 학생일수록 환경태도가 높게 나타났다. 결론적으로 웹기반을 활용한 기후변화 환경교육 프로그램은 초등학교 학교현장에 적용 가능하며, 다양한 환경교육 방법이 요구되고 있는 시점에서 새로운 교육방법으로써 그 가치가 크다고 할 수 있다. 차후 이와 관련된 심층적인 연구와 교수ㆍ학습 활동에 관한 후속 연구가 필요하다고 본다. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of the web-based climate change educational program on environmental awareness and attitudes of 5th grade elementary school students in Gyeonggi-Do. The students were divided into an experiment group and a control group. A reconstructed questionnaire through Hwang(2009)`s test tool was used to survey the affects of web-based climate change educational programs. The SPSS 12.0 program was used to analyze the results. The major results of this study were as follows: First, the researcher was able to develop and apply a professor-learning model for web-based climate change environmental education by extracting and recreating the climate change-related contents from 5th and 6th grader curriculum. Second, the web-based climate change educational program had a positive effect on elementary school students' environmental awareness and attitude. Third, after implementing the web-based climate change educational program, the students with higher environmental awareness showed a higher regard for the environment. In conclusion, the web-based climate change educational program was effectively used on elementary school students and the program proved to have a positive affect on 5th graders' environmental awareness and attitude. Therefore, in-depth study and follow-up research on teaching and learning activities should be highly considered.

      • KCI등재

        일반논문 : 전국(戰國)시기를 중심으로 본 신(信)관념의 변화 -제주지역 공유재 연구를 위한 담론2-

        정창원 ( Chang Won Jung ) 제주대학교 탐라문화연구소 2014 탐라문화 Vol.0 No.46

        “공유재(common pool resources)의 사용과 관리”는 역사적 관점에서 접근하자면 “사회적인 약속 - 信”이라는 관념적 기초에서 파생된다고 말할 수 있다. 다자간의 의식 속에 함유된 信의 관념이 유지될 때 비로소 공유재의 사용에 대한 사회적 약속 또한 합리적인 구속력을 유지할 수 있을 것이다. 춘추시대 인식된 信의 관념은 그 시대에 흐름에 따라 변화를 가져올 수밖에 없었을 것이다. 信의 윤리도덕에 내재된 의미는 외부의 열악한 시공과 환경으로 좌절될 수 없지만, 현실정치의 이해와 충돌하였을 때에는 信의 관념이 희생되는 면도 없지 않다. 그러나 信이라고 하는 윤리도덕에 내재하고 있는 의미는 여전히 사람이 처세하고 사회적 합의를 이루는데 있어서 중요하고 영원불변한 기본덕목일 것이다. 춘추전국시대의 정치발전은 ‘信'에 대한 관념이 변하고 있음을 뚜렷이 보여주고 있다. 이러한 현상의 형성은 두 가지 신흥세력인 종횡가와 병가와 밀접한 관계가 있는데, 종횡가와 병가의 공통 목표는 모두 국가로 하여금 강성하게 하는 것이었고, 그들에게 있어 중요한 것은 바로 어떻게 하면 패하지 않는 위치에 서는 것일까라는 점이었다. 현실정치의 환경에 처해서도 그들은 ‘信'의 도덕적 관념을 지킬 수 없었고, 또한 그들의 행위는 전국시대 ‘信'을 중시하지 않는 기풍을 형성하게 하였다. 秦의 통일에 따라 ‘信'의 관념은 도구적인 용도로 변하여 통치의 방법이 되었고, 그 이전시기와는 다르게 도덕적 범주를 벗어났다. 진은 법에 의거하여 국가를 세웠기 때문에 자연히 법가적 통치방법을 계승하였다. 법가는 ‘信'을 국가 통치의 도구로 삼았고 군주가 ‘信'이 있어 여러 도덕적인 역량에 호소하지 않는 것이 신민을 다스리는데 이로웠는데 이는 당연히 통일제국의 출현과 관련이 있다. 춘추시대부터 전국시대까지 ‘信'의 관념은 확실히 변화를 보였다. 그러나 변화의 과정 중에는 또한 영원불변의 부분을 내포하고 있기도 하다. In the study of continuous management of common pool resources that Jeju National University Research Team aims, the use and management of common pool resources can say to be derived from ideological basis "Social commitment - Trust (信)". When the idea of Trust (信) in consciousness of multilateral maintains, the social commitment for common pool resources will also be able to maintain reasonable binding force. Trust (信)" exists as actual personal morality for a very long time. However, the Trust (信) becomes the notion of real morality from the Spring and Autumn period, and the Confucianists (儒家) succeed and complete the ideological system in the pre-Qin period. Many pre-Qin period schools have different point of view for the Trust, but basically, they agree that the Trust (信) is an important moral ethics. The idea of Trust (信) during the Spring and Autumn period would be forced to bring the change, depending on the age. However, during the process of change, it also involves the part of eternal unchange. The notion of morality, which the Trust (信) includes, has construction-transcendent eternity. In other words, it has a part of a constant perpetuity. Inherent meaning of ethics of Trust (信) cannot be frustrated by external construction and environment, but when it confronts the understanding of real politics, the concept of Trust (信) may sacrifice. However, the inherent meaning of the Trust (信) is still important and eternal unchangeable basic virtue in getting along with people and achieving social consensus. As reaching the Warring States Periods, the period spirit becomes more cunning and odd, and so it seems to be recognized that winning the victory by using the trick and force has direct effect. To make favorable circumference of their country, the countries repeat lying and breaking the Trust among them. Therefore, the Trust (信) cannot discuss no longer in this situation. The vow also seems to become almost collapsed. As the result of not believing in each other, the universe unification of the Qin Dynasty (秦) finally could be completed. The political development of spring-autumn period and Warring States Periods shows clearly that the idea of Trust (信) is changing. The formation of this phenomenon is closely related in political strategists (縱橫家) and military strategist in ancient China (兵家). The common goal of them is to make it rigid, and the important thing for them is how to stand at the position that does not defeat. They could not keep the moral ideas of Trust (信) in real politics, and also their actions build the spirit that does not concern the Trust (信) of the Warring States Periods important. According to he unification of Qin (秦), the concept of the Trust (信) is changed to instrumental use and becomes method of ruling. Unlike the previous period, it deviates from the moral category. Jin establishes the nation under the laws, so it succeeds in Legalists(法家) ruling methods. The Legalists (法家) make the Trust (信) as a tool for governing country. It is beneficial to govern the subjects if does not complain to the moral capability. This is, of course, related to the emergence of a unified empire. From the Spring and Autumn period to the Warring States Period, the idea of Trust (信) shows definite change. However, during the process of change, it also implies the part of the eternal unchange. As describe above, the try for exploring the understanding of ideological change of the Trust (信) is for providing historical background to search fundamental elements of common pool resources`` sustainable use and management. Thus, I expect to the historical information above is provided as a basis to the current conflict elements in Jeju community that the Jeju National University SSK Research Team tries. I also hope that it becomes historical background for original searching of current social conflicts through exploring the conscious change of Trust (信) after the Spring and Autumn period.

      • KCI등재

        혈액투석 유지 요법 환자에서 하대정맥 직경과 좌심실 비대와의 관계

        박한철,최정혜,박찬현,이창화,이방헌,김상목,신진호,강경원,강종명,장성렬 대한내과학회 1998 대한내과학회지 Vol.55 No.5

        Background: Volume overload is one of the most important, correctable factor far blood sure control in hemodialysis patient. But objective parameter for the ideal body weight is not available in clinical field yet. Recently inferior vena caval examination became a possible candidate for an objective parameter for intravascular volume status. Therefore we investigated how inferior vena cava changes during hemodialysis compared with total amount of ultrafiltration and ANP, and also the effect of changes of IVC diameter on LVH. Methods: 43 patients on stable maintainance hemodialysis were enrolled. Among them, 21 patients were on antihypertensive medication. Just before and after the hemodialysis, inferior vena cava diameter, plasma atrial natriuretic peptide and left ventricular mass index were measured for each patient. Inferior vena cava was examined at the level just below the hepatic vein during quiet respiration and left ventricular mass index was calculated. Results: Inferior vena cava at expiration(IVCe) was significantly decreased during hemodialysis(before hemodialysis 21.9 4.9 mm, after hemodialysis 18.3 4.4 mm, p = 0.02). Collasibility index was significantly increased during hemodialysis (before hemodialysis 0.24 0.15, after hemodialysis 0.41 0.19, p$lt; 0.001). Atrial natriuretic peptide(ANP) was significantly decreased during hemodialysis (before hemodialysis 252.3±119.0 pg/ml, after hemodialysis 185.6±93.2 pg/ml, p$lt;0.001). Total ultrafiltration amount was significantly correlated with collapsibility change(r=-0.40) and change of ANP(r=-0.41). Left ventricular mass index was correlated with interdialysis weight gain(r=0.39, p$lt;0.05), IVCe after hemodialysis(r=0.48, p$lt;0.05) in univariate analysis but not in multivariate analysis. Conclusion: Collapsibility index of inferior vena cava, IVC diameter and ANP changes reflect the volume change during the hemodiaylsis. Therefore IVC examination can be an objective parameter for volume change during hemodialysis. Postdialysis IVCe correlates weakly with left ventricular mass index but it cannot be an independant risk factor for left ventricular hypertrophy in our study.

      • KCI등재

        주자(朱子)의 복서역학(卜筮易學)에 대한 연구(硏究)

        송인창 ( In Chang Song ), 조기원 ( Gi Won Jo ) 한국동서철학회 2011 동서철학연구 Vol.62 No.-

        『주역』을 연구하려면 가장 먼저 복서卜筮와 점占에 대한 탐색을 피할 수 없다. 복서에 기반한 『주역』은 동양철학의 원천이기 때문이다. 복서의 뿌리와 원형을 제대로 연구하지 않고는 『주역』의 본질에 접근할 수 없다. 복서는 넓은 의미에서 보면 동양인의 정신세계를 포괄하는 사유의 모델인 동시에 행위의 규범이었다. 주역사에서 주자朱子(1130-1200)는 최정상의 학자로 손꼽히는 인물이다. 그는 다양한 학문의 집대성자답게 역학사상 역시 상수역象數易과 의리역義理易과 복서역卜筮易이라는 세 갈래의 관점을 하나로 통합하였다. 그렇다고 복서역만이 주자 역학의 전모는 아니다. 그의 역학은 다양한 스펙트럼으로 조명되어야 마땅하기 때문이다. 이 논문은 주자의 역학사상 가운데 복서관을 중심으로 어떻게 상수론과 의리론을 통합하고 있는가의 문제를 살피는 것을 목적으로 한다. 하지만 대부분의 학자들은 주자의 역학을 성리학性理學의 입장에서 의리역학 혹은 상수역학의 관점에서만 다루어왔다. 주자가 『주역』의 출발과 본질이 복서라고 강조했음에도 불구하고 복서역 자체에 대해서는 아직까지 체계적인 연구는 이루어지지 않았다고 해도 과언이 아니다. 비록 주자가 복서와 상수를 강조했더라도 도덕이 배제된 『주역』은 한갓 술수론에 지나지 않는다는 것을 의식하고 『주역』의 윤리설을 도입한다. 의리역은 하늘과 인간이 하나됨을 겨냥한다. 의리가 빠진 복서는 점치는 용도에 불과하고, 의리가 배제된 상수 역시 공허한 관념론에 불과하기 때문에 복서에서 의리로, 또는 상수에서 의리로의 지향은 필연의 과정이라 할 수 있다. 따라서 주자는 복서의 논리를 중심으로 상수의 수학적 엄밀성을 도입하여 합리성을 보강했으며, 또한 이를 바탕으로 도덕의 세계로 나아가는 디딤돌을 마련하였다. 더 나아가 주자는 복서를 넘어 윤리의 세계를 지향하여 주역관을 근거로 성리학을 정립하였던 것이다. The Book of Changes is the most valuable classic that contains Confucian view of the world and life including metaphysics, epistemology, and the theory of value. Zhu Xi(1130-1200), considered to be the best scholar throughout the history of the Book of Changes, complied various teachings and synthesized three standpoints of the thoughts in the Book of Changes-the XiangshuYi(象數易), the YiliYi(義理易), and the BushiYi(卜筮易)-into one integrated point of view. The purpose of this dissertation is to study how Zhu Xi has synthesized the image and number theory with the morality and rationality theory based upon the divination theory. Although greatly emphasized the importance of the Bushi(卜筮) with the image and number, Zhu Xi realized that the Book of Changes lacking the value of morality would be nothing but a petty artifice. Therefore, he adopted ethics. The ultimate purpose of the moral and rational principle is to bring the oneness of heaven and humanity. Since the divination without morality and rationality would be just a means of fortunetelling and the image and number principle without morality and rationality would be also a vacant idealism, it would be inevitable for both BushiYi and XiangshuYi to pursue the moral and rational principle. For that reason, Zhu Xi tried to strengthen rationality of the Book of Changes in accordance with the logic of the Bushi by adopting mathematical precision, and it successfully served as a stepping stone for the world full of morality. Furthermore, this let Zhu Xi aim the world of m(orality beyond the understanding the divination and enabled him to establish Neo-Confucianism from his standpoint of the Book of Changes. Finally, the key to approach the true quality of Zhu Xi`s the Book of the Changes would be to figure out the core part of his study which is to combine the morality and rationality with the image and number based upon the BushiYixue(卜筮易學).

      • KCI등재SSCISCOPUS

        Subcortical Ischemic Change as a Predictor of Driving Cessation in the Elderly

        Mi,Jang,Chang,Hyung,Hong,Hyun-Chung,Kim,Seong,Hye,Choi,Sang,Won,Seo,Seong,Yoon,Kim,Duk,L.,Na,Yunhwan,Lee,Ki,Jung,Chang,Hyun,Woong,Roh,Sang,Joon,Son 대한신경정신의학회 2018 PSYCHIATRY INVESTIGATION Vol.15 No.12

        Objective Motor, perceptual, and cognitive functions are known to affect driving competence. Subcortical ischemic changes on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can reflect reduction in cognitive and motor performance. However, few studies have reported the relationship between subcortical ischemic changes and driving competence of the elderly. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the association between subcortical ischemic changes on MRI and driving abilities of the elderly. Methods Participants (n=540) were drawn from a nationwide, multicenter, hospital-based, longitudinal cohort. Each participant underwent MRI scan and interview for driving capacity categorized into ‘now driving' and ‘driving cessation (driven before, not driving now)'. Participants were divided into three groups (mild, n=389; moderate, n=116; and severe, n=35) depending on the degree of white matter hyperintensity (WMH) on MRI at baseline. Driving status was evaluated at follow-up. Statistical analyses were conducted using χ2 test, analysis of variance (ANOVA), structured equation model (SEM), and generalized estimating equation (GEE). Results In SEM, greater baseline degree of WMH was directly associated with driving cessation regardless of cognitive or motor dysfunction (β=-0.110, p<0.001). In GEE models after controlling for age, sex, education, cognitive, and motor dysfunction, more severe change in the degree of WMH was associated with faster change from ‘now driving' state to ‘driving cessation' state over time in the elderly (β=-0.508, p<0.001). Conclusion In both cross-sectional and longitudinal results, the degree of subcortical ischemic change on MRI might predict driving cessation in the elderly.

      • 건축 프로젝트 적정 설계변경 관리를 위한 사례조사

        김성욱(Kim Sung-Wook), 남혜원(Nam Hye-Won), 이종식(Lee Jong-Sik), 신창현(Shin Chang-Hyun), 전재열(Chun Jae-Youl) 대한건축학회 2009 대한건축학회 학술발표대회 논문집 - 계획계/구조계 Vol.29 No.1(구조계)

        Recent design changes in the existing research on the factors and issues of design changes and analysis, responsible for analyzing the relationship, procedural issues, and issues of research that can be active. However, changes in the design of problems are essentially designed to complement the book is for the procedure. Methodology for dealing with design changes in the characteristics of the country and to reflect more realistically, and various design changes and looked at trends in related research. the design Change of this study to examine the domestic status and problems, identify the status of the country about the design changes, and in suggesting the direction to the development of the design changes.

      • KCI등재

        불안수준과 위험지각이 범죄자극의 주의과정에 미치는 영향

        최철원(Cheol-Won Choi), 장문선(Mun-Seon Chang), 곽호완(Ho-Wan Kwak) 한국심리학회 2018 한국심리학회지 건강 Vol.23 No.3

        본 연구는 불안수준과 위험지각 수준이 주의편향에 미치는 영향을 살펴보기 위해 범죄단어와 중립단어로 구성된 변화탐지과제와 단어 실험 현출성이 떨어지는 것을 보강하기 위해 세 가지 그림유형(위험물 포함 + 위험물 변화, 위험물 포함 + 중립물 변화, 중립물 포함 + 중립물 변화)을 통해 비교맹시과제 실험을 함께 실시하여 통제집단과의 차이를 살펴보고자 하였다. 이를 위해 대학생 432명을 대상으로 불안척도(Beck Anxiety Inventory: BAI)와 위험지각척도(The Domain Specific Risk Taking Scale: DOSPER)를 실시하여 DOSPER 점수 상위 20% 이상을 위험지각집단으로 분류하였고, 이 중에서 BAI가 22점 이상인 집단을 불안과 위험지각 모두 높은 집단으로 분류하였다. 불안+위험지각 집단(21명), 위험지각 집단(21명), 통제집단(21명)을 대상으로 범죄단어와 중립단어로 구성된 변화탐지 과제를 실시하였다. 그 결과, 첫째, 집단의 주효과는 유효하였지만 사후검증결과 불안+위험지각 집단, 위험지각 집단의 차이는 나타나지 않았다. 둘째, 정서조건과 단어자극의 상호작용이 유의하였지만 긍정정서일 때 범죄단어에 더 빠른 반응을 보였다. 이와 같은 결과는 정서의 영향으로 다른 정보들의 양이 증가함에 따라 판단이 감소하였으며 불안+위험지각 집단은 불안의 영향으로 부정적 정서 유발 집단이 긍정정서 보다 느리게 반응하며 위험지각 집단과 차이가 나타나지 않은 결과를 나타냈다. 실험2, 비교맹시과제의 세 가지 그림자극 유형(위험물포함 + 위험물 변화, 위험물 포함 + 중립물 변화, 중립물 포함 + 중립물 변화)을 통해 주의 편향 실험을 실시하였다. 결과, 첫째, 불안+위험지각 집단, 위험지각 집단의 반응시간은 불안에 의한 회피반응으로 차이는 나지 않았다. 둘째, 그림자극유형에서 상이조건에서 위험물 포함 + 위험물 변화, 위험물 포함 + 중립물 변화, 중립물 포함 + 중립물 변화 순으로 빠른 반응의 결과를 도출되었다. 반응시간분석으로 본 연구결과는 전체적으로 불안경향집단과 위험지각 집단이 위협자극에 대해 주의편향을 보이고 있으며 이러한 주의특성으로 통제집단과는 확연히 구별됨을 볼 수 있다. This study administered (a)Change Detection Task, which consists of criminal words and neutral words, and (b)Comparison Blindness Task with three types of pictures(Risk+Risk Change, Risk+Neutral Stimulus, Neutral Stimulus+ Neutral Stimulus Change) to find the effect of anxiety levels and risk perception on attentional bias, compared with a control group, and conducted Comparison Blindness Task by presenting pictures as an alternative of words to supplement limits of Change Detection Task. Also, BAI and DOSPER were conducted among 432 undergraduate students and more than 20% of DOSPER scores was classified as the Risk Perception Group, out of which participants with more than 22 BAI scores were selected as a group with a high level of both anxiety and risk perception. The Anxiety&Risk Perception Group(n=21), Risk Perception Group(n=21), and Control Group(n=21) conducted Change Detection Task. Thereafter, there is not a significant difference between the Anxiety&Risk Perception Group and the Risk Perception Group, while the main effect among three groups is significant. However, the interaction between emotional conditions and words stimuli is significant and responses to criminal words are faster in case of positive emotion. These results indicated that as information increases, decision ability decreases by the effect of emotion, and the Anxiety & Risk Perception Group responded slowly in the condition of negative emotion and did not display any significant difference from the Risk Perception Group. In Experiment 2, attentional bias was tested through three types of pictures in Comparison Blindness Task. However, there was no significant difference in response time between the Anxiety+Risk Perception Group and the Risk Perception Group because of avoidant responses to anxiety. In the aspect of different conditions of picture stimuli types, the results showed response time was fast in Risk+Risk Change, Risk+Neutral Stimulus Change, Neutral+Neutral Stimulus Change in order. Finally, through response time analysis, results demonstrated the group with anxiety tendencies and the Risk Perception Group had attentional bias to risky stimuli and these attentional characteristics distinguished those groups from the control.

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