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Objectives : The purpose of this study is to infer the prescription effectiveness that have not been recorded in the existing effectiveness and to find out how to classify. Methods : The herbal compositions of bang-yaghabpyeon, the herbal textbooks and contents related to the prescription textbooks' effectiveness were entered into the database using the 'Access 2014 of the MS'. The effectiveness are inferred using query sentences. Results : The prescription effectiveness in the bang-yaghabpyeon were inferred using the herbal classification, herbal effectiveness and herbal effectiveness inferred from prescription textbooks. Conclusions : Each information of herbal effectiveness strength was extracted using the prescription textbooks' effectiveness information. These results were efficient to infer and classify bang-yaghabpyeon prescription effectiveness.
이 글은 주로 1850년대 조선에 설립된 신학교의 설립 과정과 성격을 다룬 연구이다. 특히 2005년부터 제기된 정식 신학교의 출현 시점과 관련하여;기존의 주장과 자료들을 재검토했고;이를 통해 1850년대 설립된 신학교들의 성격을 정리해 보았다. 그 결과 1850년에 정식 신학교가 등장했다는 연구에 대해;1855년 메스트르 신부가 세운 배론 신학교가 정식 신학교였다는 2005년 이전의 설을 재확인할 수 있었다. 1850년 이전 조선 대목구에서의 신학생 양성은 한 곳에 정착된 상태에서 이루어진 것이 아니라 선교사들이 사목 순방 중에 하거나;여름 휴식처에서 몇 달간 교육하는 형태로 이루어진 ‘이동형 혹은 임시 형태’ 의 교육이었다. 그러나 정식 신학교는 ‘신학생 교육을 목적으로 교구장의 지시와 정주 형태의 신학교 운영’이 요구됨으로;1850년 이전의 앵베르 주교와 페레올 주교 때에는 아직 정식 신학교가 조선에 설립되지 않았다. 이것은 앵베르 주교와 페레올 주교도 자신들의 서한에서 인정하는 바이다. 그러다가 1850년에 다블뤼 신부가 병이 나서 신학생들만 가르치게 되었는데;이를 계기로 정주 형태의 신학교가 나타나게 되었다. 그러나 이 학교는 다블뤼 신부의 병이 계기가 되었고;다블뤼 신부의 병이 나으면 다시 이전과 같은 이동형 혹은 임시 형태로 바뀔 가능성이 컸다. 그러므로 이 신학교는 정주형이지만 ‘임시성’이 강하여 ‘임시 정주형 신학교’라고 할 수 있고;1851년 5월 이전에 설립된 배티 신학교가 이러한 성격의 학교라고 하겠다. 신학생들이 유학을 떠난 1854년 3월 이후;배티 신학교의 교육은 중지되었다. 그리고 1855년에 메스트르 신부가 배론에 와서 신학교를 설립하였다. 이것은 선교사들이 처음부터 신학생 교육을 위해 일정한 장소를 선정한 것으로;정식 신학교의 요건을 갖추었다고 할 수 있다. 따라서 조선 대목구의 신학생 교육은;‘이동 ? 임시 형태의 교육’에서 ‘임시 정주형 신학교’ 그리고 ‘정식 정주형 신학교’로 발전되어 갔으며;‘정식 정주형 신학교’는 1855년에 설립된 배론 신학교라는 것이 이 글의 요지이다. The Korean Catholic Church’s educational project was activated since the establishment of the Vicariate Apostolic of Joseon (1831) and the Paris Foreign Missions Society was assigned for missions in Joseon. As a result, Kim Dae-geon, Choi Yang-up, and Choi Bang-je left to study in Macao in 1836 and Bishop Imbert came to Joseon to educate Jung Ha-sang and others. After 1844, Kim Dae-geon and Fr. Daveluy started educating Theology students, and Fr. Maistre established Baeron Seminary in 1855. The foundation of Baeron Seminary means that the personal education of Theology students by missionaries was evolved into the form of official seminaries and Baeron Seminary has been known as the first seminary of the Korean Catholic Church. Since 2005, however, some have argued that the first seminary of the Korean Church is not Baeron Seminary, but the seminary founded by Fr. Daveluy in 1850. These studies have used new resources to support the argument and their performance was meaningful as they attempted to clarify the “foundation of seminaries” in the 1850s. However, these studies have misunderstood the characteristics of the seminary founded in 1850. As a result, they have failed to clarify the meaning of Baeron Seminary and the process of founding an official seminary in Joseon (now Korea). Therefore, the author has reexamined the characteristics and foundation of the seminaries founded in the 1850s. The following summarizes the findings. First, in regards to the time of foundation of official seminaries, the Theology education of the Vicariate Apostolic of Joseon developed from “mobile/temporary education” before 1850, to “temporary settlement of seminary” in 1850, to “official settlement of seminary” in 1855. The seminary in 1850 was a temporary settlement considering that it was founded by Fr. Daveluy’s disease. Baeron Seminary, established in 1855, was the official settlement that was build at a certain location with the purpose to found a seminary. Second, the seminary in 1850, although it was a temporary establishment, was the first settled seminary in Joseon. Baeti Seminary, in particular, has a historical meaning as it led to the foundation of Baeron Seminary. Third, Baeti Seminary was closed after March 1854, but the Joseon Church soon decided to resume Theology education. The missionaries decided to found the official settlement of seminary instead of the previous “mobile or temporary one.” For this purpose, they looked for a good location at the end of 1854 and chose Baeron as the right place for the seminary. In January 1855, Fr. Maistre brought the students here to found the seminary. Fourth, when Baeron Seminary was founded, the parish seminary consisted of the seminary and the preparation school. The seminary was taken charge by Fr. Maistre and the preparation school was established somewhere else and taken charge by Fr. Daveluy due to the persecution.
We report an anomalous Y-branching phenomenon for normal incidence of light, in a 2D photonic crystal composed of dielectric rods arranged on a square lattice in air. From the calculation of the band structure and the corresponding equi-frequency contour, we examine the origin of this anomalous beam splitting. By performing the finite-difference time-domain simulation, we present the time evolution of the electromagnetic wave for the Y-branching phenomenon.
This paper provides the end-point positioning of a single-link flexible robot arm by inverse dynamics. The system is composed of a flexible arm, the mobile ballscrew stage as an arm base, a DC servomotor as an actuator, and a computer. Actuator voltages required for the model of a flexible arm to follow a given tip trajectory are formulated on the basis of the Bermoullie-Euler beam theory and solved by applying the Laplace transform method, and computed by the numerical inversion method proposed by Weeks. The mobile stage as the arm base is shifted so that the end-point follows the desired trajectories. Then the trajectory of end-point is measured by the laser displacement sensor. Here, two kinds of functions are chosen for the given tip trajectories. One is what is called the bang-bang acceleration profile and the other is the Gaussian velocity profile.
The planting trends, preferences of landscape plants and management type of private gardens were surveyed with centering around Bang-Bae Dong, Seo-Cho Gu, Seoul, Korea. The total number of landscape plants observed were 37 families 56 genus 91 species and the average species number per house was 16. Acer palmatum was observed most frequently and Rhododendron poukhanense, Buxus microphylla var. Koreana, Pseudocydonia sinensis and Pinus Densiflora followed it. The species number of deciduous tree were more than evergreen, but in whole planting frequency evergreen more vice versa. Between trees and shrubs, the species number of trees were more than shrub, and shrubs were more in planting frequency. The ratio of indigenous and introduced plants were 48% and 52% respectively. The garden owners premiered Syringa vulgaris pinus densiflora, Lagerstroemia indica, Rhododendron poukhanense and Ziziphus jujuba var. inermis to any other species. In management type of private garden, agent, self, and mixed were 40, 35 and 25% respectively.
( Myung Jin Lee ),( Kye Hyung Kim ),( Jong Youn Yi ),( Su Jin Choi ),( Chung Jong Kim ),( Nak Hyun Kim ),( Kyoung Ho Song ),( Pyoeng Gyun Choi ),( Ji Hwan Bang ),( Wan Beom Park ),( Eu Suk Kim ),( San 대한내과학회 2014 대한내과학회 추계학술대회 Vol.2014 No.1
In Vitro Antiviral Activity of Ribavirin Against Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome Virus Myung Jin LEE1, Kye-Hyung KIM1, Jongyoun YI2, SuJin CHOI1, Chung-Jong KIM1, Nak- Hyun KIM1, Kyoung-Ho SONG1, Pyoeng Gyun CHOI1, Ji-Hwan BANG1, Wan Beom PARK1, Eu Suk KIM1, Sang-Won PARK1, Hong Bin KIM1, Nam Joong KIM1, Myoung- Don OH1 Seoul National University College of Medicine, Korea1, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Korea2 Background: Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease caused by a novel Bunyavirus, severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV). No effective antiviral therapy is proven yet, but clinical use of ribavirin (RBV) has been tried. We investigated the antiviral effect of RBV against SFTSV in vitro. Methods: To test for cytotoxicity of RBV, Vero cells were treated with different concentrations of RBV (3.90 to 500 μg/mL, two-fold dilution) and analyzed by cell viability MTS assay 48h post-infection. To determine antiviral activity of RBV against SFTSV, Vero cells were infected with SFTSV strain Gangwon/Korea/2012 at 100 TCID50 (50% tissue culture infective dose) per well in a 96-well plate, and RBV was added at the concentrations showing no or minimal cytotoxicity. Viral RNAs were extracted from the culture supernatants and quantifi ed using one-step real-time reverse transcription- PCR to amplify the partial large segment of SFTSV. Statistical analysis was done by one-way ANOVA with Tukey`s post hoc test. Results: Cytotoxicity due to RBV was not observed at RBV concentration =31.3 μg/ mL. Viral RNAs at 24h post-RBV treatment were reduced with increasing RBV concentrations (1-32 μg/mL), compared with those of mock-treated cells (P <0.01, Figure). Half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of RBV was 3.69 μg/mL at 24h post-RBV treatment. Conclusions: Our study shows that RBV has antiviral effect against SFTSV in a dose-dependent manner. Further studies are required to evaluate the effi cacy of RBV in SFTS.