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Executive Summary of the 2019 International Conference of Korean Dementia Association: Exploring the Novel Concept of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementia: a Report from the Academic Committee of the Korean Dementia Association
박기형,Lim,Jae-Sung,Seo,Sang,Won,Jeong,Yong,노영,Koh,Seong-Ho,배재성,Park,Sun,Ah,Yang,Soh-Jeong,Kim,Hee,Jin,Chin,Juhee,Roh,Jee-hoon,안성수,Academic,Committee,of,the,Korean,Dementia,Association 대한치매학회 2020 Dementia and Neurocognitive Disorders Vol.19 No.2
Because of repeated failures of clinical trials, the concept of Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been changing rapidly in recent years. As suggested by the National Institute on Aging and the Alzheimer's Association Research Framework, the diagnosis and classification of AD is now based on biomarkers rather than on symptoms, allowing more accurate identification of proper candidates for clinical trials by pathogenesis and disease stage. Recent development in neuroimaging has provided a way to reveal the complex dynamics of amyloid and tau in the brain in vivo, and studies of blood biomarkers are taking another leap forward in diagnosis and treatment of AD. In the field of basic and translational research, the development of animal models and a deeper understanding of the role of neuroinflammation are taking a step closer to clarifying the pathogenesis of AD. Development of big data and the Internet of Things is also incorporating dementia care and research into other aspects. Large-scale genetic research has identified genetic abnormalities that can provide a foundation for precision medicine along with the aforementioned digital technologies. Through the first international conference of the Korean Dementia Association, experts from all over the world gathered to exchange opinions with association members on these topics. The Academic Committee of the Korean Dementia Association briefly summarizes the contents of the lectures to convey the depth of the conference and discussions. This will be an important milestone in understanding the latest trends in AD's pathogenesis, diagnostic and therapeutic research and in establishing a future direction.
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common cancer globally and the fourth most common cancer in men in Korea, where the prevalence of chronic hepatitis B infection is high in middle-aged and elderly patients. These practice guidelines will provide useful and constructive advice for the clinical management of patients with HCC. A total of 44 experts in hepatology, oncology, surgery, radiology and radiation oncology in the Korean Liver Cancer Association-National Cancer Center Korea Practice Guideline Revision Committee revised the 2014 Korean guidelines and developed new recommendations that integrate the most up-to-date research findings and expert opinions. (Gut Liver 2019;13:227- 299)
허규연,김미경,고승현,한미연,이동원,권혁상,Committee,of,Clinical,Practice,Guidelines,Korean,Diabetes,Association,and,Committee,of,the,Cooperative,Studies,Korean,Society,of,Nephrology 대한당뇨병학회 2020 Diabetes and Metabolism Journal Vol.44 No.1
The safety of metformin use for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and advanced kidney disease is controversial, and more recent guidelines have suggested that metformin be used cautiously in this group until more definitive evidence concerning its safety is available. The Korean Diabetes Association and the Korean Society of Nephrology have agreed on consensus statements concerning metformin use for patients with T2DM and renal dysfunction, particularly when these patients undergo imaging studies using iodinated contrast media (ICM). Metformin can be used safely when the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) is ≥45 mL/min/1.73 m2. If the eGFR is between 30 and 44 mL/min/1.73 m2, metformin treatment should not be started. If metformin is already in use, a daily dose of ≤1,000 mg is recommended. Metformin is contraindicated when the eGFR is <30 mL/ min/1.73 m2. Renal function should be evaluated prior to any ICM-related procedures. During procedures involving intravenous administration of ICM, metformin should be discontinued starting the day of the procedures and up to 48 hours post-procedures if the eGFR is <60 mL/min/1.73 m2.
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common cancer globally and the fourth most common cancer in men in Korea, where the prevalence of chronic hepatitis B infection is high in middle-aged and elderly patients. These practice guidelines will provide useful and constructive advice for the clinical management of patients with HCC. A total of 44 experts in hepatology, oncology, surgery, radiology, and radiation oncology in the Korean Liver Cancer Association-National Cancer Center Korea Practice Guideline Revision Committee revised the 2014 Korean guidelines and developed new recommendations that integrate the most up-to-date research findings and expert opinions.