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      • KCI등재후보

        Therapeutic Effects of Botanicals Used in Management of Dhiq al-Nafas (Bronchial Asthma): An Evidence Based Review

        Ahmad,,Taufiq,Parray,,Shabir,Ahmad,Ahmad,,Naseem,Khan,,Javed,Ahmad,Zohaib,,Sharique Cellmed Orthocellular Medicine and Pharmaceutical 2019 TANG Vol.9 No.1

        Bronchial asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases globally and currently affects approximately 300 million people worldwide. As per scientific data, approximately 10-12% of adults; and 15% of children are affected by the disease. The increasing global prevalence of the disease imposes a high health care costs into its mechanisms and treatment. Unani system of medicine (USM) is a well known traditional therapy for number of diseases since ancient times. Time has proved that USM has a special role in treatment of chronic diseases, due its special Usooleillaj (Line of treatment). Dhiq al-Nafas (bronchial asthma) is also considered as a chronic disease. Since ancient times, the disease was cured by number of single as well as compound formulations by renowned Unani scholars. This review provides a comprehensive summary of medicinal plant throughout the world, with reference to renowned Unani scholars and physicians for treatment of Dhiq al-Nafas. A number of Unani single and compound drugs, highly efficacious and safe drugs are available for the asthma. The data were taken from classical literature of USM, Modern reference books & electronic journals. The recent information was collected from different authentic search engines. This review will provide the centuries therapeutic information's of classical literature and recent scientific studies of 12 herbal drugs mentioned in USM, which will help the academia, clinicians, research scholars and post graduate students from Unani Medicine, Traditional & Complementary Medicine and other related disciplines, having research interest or work in the Unani medicine.

      • Politically Engaged Muslims in Malaysia in the Era of Abdullah Ahmad Badawi (2003–2009)

        Ahmad,Fauzi,Abdul,Hamid 서울대학교행정대학원 2010 Asian Journal of Political Science Vol.18 No.2

        Long regarded as an embodiment of tolerant Islam and peacefully co-existing withmodernisation within a multi-ethnic and multi-religious society, Malaysia unexpectedlyaroused much attention as a potential breeding ground for Muslim radicals in theaftermath of catalytic events which pitted the West against the Muslim world. MalaysianMuslims are said to be susceptible to Middle Eastern-originated radicalism, asexemplified in interlocking transnational contacts and agendas sowed between increas-ingly globalised Muslim networks adept in exploiting latest trappings of modernity. This article urges readers to engage in deeper reflection on the local dynamics ofMalaysia's Islamisation process, in order to arrive at a more nuanced understanding ofchallenges posed by politically engaged Muslims in Malaysia. It is argued that, belyingthe regime's profession of a progressive Islam known as Islam Hadhari, Malaysia underAbdullah Ahmad Badawi's Premiership witnessed an abrupt escalation of inter-religioustension which not only threatened to disrupt communal harmony and nation-building,but also posed a security risk. The origins of such instability could arguably be located tothe peculiar manner in which politically-laden Islam is applied by the regime, inparticular by its home-nurtured Islamic bureaucracy.

      • KCI등재후보

        Therapeutic Effects of Botanicals Used in Management of Dhiq al-Nafas (Bronchial Asthma): An Evidence Based Review

        Taufiq,Ahmad,Shabir,ahmad,Parray,Naseem,Ahmad,Javed,ahmad,Khan,Sharique,Zohaib 셀메드 세포교정의약학회 2019 TANG Vol.9 No.1

        Bronchial asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases globally and currently affects approximately 300 million people worldwide. As per scientific data, approximately 10–12% of adults; and 15% of children are affected by the disease. The increasing global prevalence of the disease imposes a high health care costs into its mechanisms and treatment. Unani system of medicine (USM) is a well known traditional therapy for number of diseases since ancient times. Time has proved that USM has a special role in treatment of chronic diseases, due its special Usooleillaj (Line of treatment). Dhiq al-Nafas (bronchial asthma) is also considered as a chronic disease. Since ancient times, the disease was cured by number of single as well as compound formulations by renowned Unani scholars. This review provides a comprehensive summary of medicinal plant throughout the world, with reference to renowned Unani scholars and physicians for treatment of Dhiq al-Nafas. A number of Unani single and compound drugs, highly efficacious and safe drugs are available for the asthma. The data were taken from classical literature of USM, Modern reference books & electronic journals. The recent information was collected from different authentic search engines. This review will provide the centuries therapeutic information's of classical literature and recent scientific studies of 12 herbal drugs mentioned in USM, which will help the academia, clinicians, research scholars and post graduate students from Unani Medicine, Traditional & Complementary Medicine and other related disciplines, having research interest or work in the Unani medicine.

      • KCI등재

        Moderate-intensity continuous training: is it as good as high-intensity interval training for glycemic control in type 2 diabetes?

        Ahmad,Mahdi,Ahmad 한국운동재활학회 2019 JER Vol.15 No.2

        In Egypt, type 2 diabetes is higher in females than in males. Moderate- intensity continuous training (MICT) has been the most widely used exercise form in type 2 diabetes. This study aims to compare the classical MICT to the newly popular high intensity interval training (HIIT) with regard to changes in glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and estimated average glucose (eAG) in female type 2 diabetics. Twenty-six female patients with type 2 diabetes were assigned into three groups: a control group (n= 9), a MICT group (n= 9), and a HIIT group (n= 8). Patients in both groups exercised on treadmill three days/ week for 8 weeks. Patients in MICT exercised continuously for about 40 min at 65%–75% of peak heart rate (HRpeak). Patients in HIIT exercised for 4× 4 min at 85%– 90% of HRpeak with 3-min recovery in between at 65%–75% of HRpeak. Results showed that HbA1c was reduced significantly from 8.2% (7.45%– 8.65%) to 6.9% (6.6%–7.15%) in MICT and from 8.23% (7.94%–8.85%) to 6.25% (6.1%–6.89%) in HIIT after interventions. Likewise, eAG was significantly reduced from 188.64 mg/dL (167.11–201.55 mg/dL) to 151.33 mg/dL (142.72–158.50 mg/dL) in MICT and from 189.64 mg/dL (181.18– 207.29 mg/dL) to 136.69 mg/dL (128.37–151.04 mg/dL) in HIIT. No significant difference was found between HIIT and MICT in the measured variables. It is concluded that the less physically demanding MICT is as good as HIIT for normalizing hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetic females. Therefore, recent interests surrounding HIIT should not overemphasize it compared to the traditional MICT for improving glycemic outcomes.

      • KCI등재

        Moderate-intensity continuous training: is it as good as high-intensity interval training for glycemic control in type 2 diabetes?

        Ahmad,Mahdi,Ahmad 한국운동재활학회 2019 JER Vol.15 No.2

        In Egypt, type 2 diabetes is higher in females than in males. Moderate- intensity continuous training (MICT) has been the most widely used exercise form in type 2 diabetes. This study aims to compare the classical MICT to the newly popular high intensity interval training (HIIT) with regard to changes in glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and estimated average glucose (eAG) in female type 2 diabetics. Twenty-six female patients with type 2 diabetes were assigned into three groups: a control group (n= 9), a MICT group (n= 9), and a HIIT group (n= 8). Patients in both groups exercised on treadmill three days/ week for 8 weeks. Patients in MICT exercised continuously for about 40 min at 65%–75% of peak heart rate (HRpeak). Patients in HIIT exercised for 4× 4 min at 85%– 90% of HRpeak with 3-min recovery in between at 65%–75% of HRpeak. Results showed that HbA1c was reduced significantly from 8.2% (7.45%– 8.65%) to 6.9% (6.6%–7.15%) in MICT and from 8.23% (7.94%–8.85%) to 6.25% (6.1%–6.89%) in HIIT after interventions. Likewise, eAG was significantly reduced from 188.64 mg/dL (167.11–201.55 mg/dL) to 151.33 mg/dL (142.72–158.50 mg/dL) in MICT and from 189.64 mg/dL (181.18– 207.29 mg/dL) to 136.69 mg/dL (128.37–151.04 mg/dL) in HIIT. No significant difference was found between HIIT and MICT in the measured variables. It is concluded that the less physically demanding MICT is as good as HIIT for normalizing hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetic females. Therefore, recent interests surrounding HIIT should not overemphasize it compared to the traditional MICT for improving glycemic outcomes.

      • KCI등재

        Essentials of Physiotherapy after Thoracic Surgery

        Ahmad,Mahdi,Ahmad 대한흉부외과학회 2018 The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Vol.51 No.5

        Physiotherapy has recently become an essential part of enhanced recovery protocols after thoracic surgery. The evidence-based practice of physiotherapy is essential for the effective management of postoperative patients. Unfortunately, only a small body of literature has discussed the rationale of the physiotherapy interventions that are routinely implemented following thoracic surgery. Nonetheless, we can integrate the available knowledge into our practice until new evidence emerges. Therefore, in this review, the principles of physiotherapy after thoracic surgery are presented, along with a detailed description of physiotherapy interventions, with the goals of enhancing the knowledge and practical skills of physiotherapists in postoperative care units and helping them to re-evaluate and justify their traditional practices.

      • Application of Geospatial Technology for the Promotion of Tourist Industry in Srinagar City

        Shamim,Ahmad,Shah,Muzafar,Ahmad,Wani 보안공학연구지원센터(IJUNESST) 2015 International Journal of u- and e- Service, Scienc Vol.8 No.1

        Tourism is a relaxation place for people and people can plan their tourist places based on Information. GIS -based information is gaining greater importance among tourists as it allows to familiarize with places, have profound appeal for the trip planning. Srinagar city is famous tourist destination of India, visited by huge number of tourists from different parts of the world annually. The number of tourists visited the city in 1990 was 10623 which increased to 112012 in 2000 and in year 2013 more than 13 lakh, the number can be dramatically increased, given the nature of tourism potential of the city. But in the absence of Tourist Information System, tourists face various difficulties in locating various tourist related products. The Geospatial technology has transformed every sphere of life and tourism industry cannot be exception. The purpose of the present study is to develop an interactive and user-friendly Geographic Information System (GIS) enabled data base for various amenities viz. hotels, guest houses, house boats, road networks, airport, railway station, parks, shrines, play grounds, golf course, water bodies etc. in ESRI's ArcGIS 10.1 software which could be easily uploaded on web to disseminate proper information to world over. Toposheets, maps satellite images, GPS and field surveys were used to generate the above mentioned data layers and then multimedia data like video clips, audio narrations and photographs were integrated with each feature to make comprehensive tourist information system. A major strength of this paper is that TIS is one time investment and can be updated as and when needed. It provides tools to display raw data in the form of 3D maps, SQL, understand Patterns, relationships and trends and overlay those databases in highly interactive ways which is not possible with traditional spreadsheets. The present study actively demonstrated the potential of geospatial technology application to explore destination and its facilities like hospitals, ATM Centers, hotels, restaurants, resorts and filling stations etc. and developmental planning, project monitoring and publicity of tourist products. The present study can be indispensable for other allied departments' viz police, planning, public administration, disaster management, transportation, health etc.

      • KCI등재

        First record of Aspicera hartigi (Hymenoptera, Figitidae) from India, with observations on its foraging behavior on Ephedra plants

        Zubair,Ahmad,Rather,Aijaz,Ahmad,Wachkoo,Anzar,Ahmad,Khuroo,Abdul,Rashid,Dar,Tanvir-Ul-Hassan,Dar 국립중앙과학관 2019 Journal of Asia-Pacific Biodiversity Vol.12 No.3

        Aspicera hartigi Dalla Torre, 1889 is reported for the first time from India. A brief diagnosis and photographic illustrations of the species are provided to validate this new faunal record for India from the Kashmir valley in Western Himalaya. In addition, the present study for the first time reports the feeding of Aspicera hartigi on the pollination drop of the female cones in Ephedra plants, which provides novel insights about its foraging behavior and hint toward its role as pollination drop robber.

      • KCI등재후보

        Herbal pathies (Unani, Ayurveda) need to review their way of research

        Shabir,ahmad,Parray,Zahoor,ahmad,Parray,Sharique,Zohaib,Syed,mohd,faisal,Iqbal,Suhail,Ahmad 셀메드 세포교정의약학회 2017 TANG Vol.7 No.1

        World health organization has recently published a strategic plan for the development and promotion of traditional system of medicine. Herbal pathies especially Unani and Ayurvedic systems of medicines have great scope in this aspect. But, there are several problems with these pathies in the current era, as the way of research and identification is still on classical system. The correct identification of medicinal plant is one of the major problems in both the system. This should be corrected with the modern tools and techniques. The various types of data including recent discoveries, economical growth, ethnobotanical literature and extremely rapid increase in herbal journals and books have emerged great scope for these pathies. At the same time several challenges and threats are present including herb-drug interaction, false reports, toxicity studies etc. In this review paper, opportunities, threats, and researches to be focused will be discussed.

      • KCI등재

        Algal extracts based biogenic synthesis of reduced graphene oxides (rGO) with enhanced heavy metals adsorption capability

        Shahbaz,Ahmad,Aftab,Ahmad,Sikandar,Khan,Shujaat,Ahmad,Idrees,Khan,Shah,Zada,Pengcheng,Fu 한국공업화학회 2019 Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Vol.72 No.-

        Efficient reduction of GO was performed, using cellular extracts of three algal strains. The rGO werecharacterized by SEM, TEM, UV-Visible spectroscopy, XRD, FTIR, Raman spectroscopy, Zeta potential andredox potentials. The rGO were then used as decontaminating agents for heavy metals (Cu and Pb), inwaste water. GO reduced via JSC-1 have removed up to 93% Cu and 82% Pb (adsorption capacity of93 mg g 1 and 82 mg g 1, respectively), by 211-9a have removed 74% (74 mg g 1) Cu and 89% (89 mg g 1)Pb, while by 211-11n have adsorbed 91% (91 mg g 1) Cu and 95% Pb (95 mg g 1), within 30 min.

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